Order of Louise

Insignia of the Order (1st Class)
Queen Louise of Prussia, for whom the Order of Louise was named. Portrait by Elizabeth Vigee-LeBrun, 1801
Kaiserin Augusta, wearing the Prussian state regalia, and the Order of Louise (on her left shoulder). Portrait by Franz Xavier Winterhalter, ca. 1861
Luise, Prinzessin von Preußen, Grand Duchess of Baden, wearing the Order of Louise. Portrait by Franz Xavier Winterhalter, ca. 1856
Maria, Prinzessin von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Duchess of Flanders, wearing the Order of Louise
Badge of the Order of Louise, First Class
Badge of the Order of Louise, Second Class

Founded on 3 August 1814 by Frederick William III of Prussia to honor his late wife, the much beloved Queen Louise (née Luise Auguste Wilhelmine Amalie, Herzogin zu Mecklenburg-Strelitz).

- Order of Louise

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Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein

The last German Empress and Queen of Prussia by marriage to Wilhelm II, German Emperor.

Empress Augusta Victoria in 1913
Dolzig Castle, Sammlung Duncker
Castle Primkenau
German State Prussia, Wedding Medal 1881 Prince Wilhelm and Auguste Victoria, obverse
The reverse shows the couple in Medieval costumes in front of 3 squires carrying the shields of Prussia, Germany, and Schleswig-Holstein
Portrait of the Queen of Prussia, by Philip de Laszlo, 1908.
With daughter Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia, Berlin (1911)
Variation of Empress Augusta Victoria's Monogram
'Kaiserin Auguste 'Viktoria', Lambert 1891
Coat of Arms of Empress Augusta Victoria
Imperial Monogram of Empress Augusta Victoria
Monogram of the Königin Augusta Garde-Grenadier-Regiment Nr.4

Grand Mistress Dame of the Imperial and Royal Decoration of Louise, Special Class

Elisabeth of Wied

The first queen of Romania as the wife of King Carol I from 15 March 1881 to 27 September 1914.

Elisabeth 1870
Castle Monrepos
Princess Elisabeth of Wied in her youth, early 1860s
Monument to Elisabeth of Wied at Peleș Castle, Sinaia (by Oscar Späthe)
Carmen Sylva by Ion Jalea at Constanța
Queen Elisabeth of Romania with her daughter Maria

German Empire: Dame of the Order of Louise

Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Queen of Prussia as the wife of King Frederick William III.

1802 portrait by Josef Grassi
Famous Schadow statue of Louise (left), with her sister, Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The statue was initially deemed too erotic, and was consequently closed to public viewing.
Louise and Frederick William, 1794 – a year after their marriage
A painting by German artist Henriette-Félicité Tassaert of Louise in 1797, the year she became queen
An Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun painting of Queen Louise, c. 1801
Queen Louise with her husband and children, c. 1806
Napoleon, Alexander I of Russia, Queen Louise, and Frederick William in Tilsit, 1807. Painted by Nicolas Gosse, c. 1900
Queen Louise in a riding habit, c. 1810, by Wilhelm Ternite
Louise's sarcophagus in the mausoleum of Charlottenburg Palace
A statue of Queen Louise in the park of Charlottenburg, Berlin
A bust of Queen Louise in the Queen Louise Memorial Temple on the Pfaueninsel in Wannsee, Berlin
The Order of Louise, First Class

The Order of Louise was founded by her grieving husband four years later as a female counterpart to the Iron Cross.

Order of the Black Eagle

The highest order of chivalry in the Kingdom of Prussia.

Badge of the Order of the Black Eagle.
Friedrich Wilhelm IV, wearing the collar and cloak of the Order of the Black Eagle. Original portrait by Krüger
Empress Auguste Viktoria, wearing the sash and star of the Order of the Black Eagle. Portrait by Philip de Laszlo
Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria-Hungary, wearing the uniform of a Prussian field marshal and the sash and star of the Order of the Black Eagle, ca. 1900
Graf Alfred von Schlieffen in 1906
Feldjäger emblem

The Order was also conferred upon Prussian queens (and, later, German empresses), though other female members of the royal family usually received the Order of Louise instead.

Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Queen of the Netherlands and Grand Duchess of Luxembourg as the wife of King-Grand Duke William III.

Emma as queen mother in 1900
Emma and Wilhelmina in 1890
Coat of arms of Queen Emma

German Imperial and Royal Family: Dame of the Order of Louise, 1st Division, 30 May 1892

Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia)

Empress of Russia as the wife of Emperor Nicholas I ((r.

Princess Charlotte (leaning against her mother) with her parents and siblings. Painting by Heinrich Anton Dähling (1806).
Princess Charlotte of Prussia with her groom, Grand Duke Nicholas Pavlovich of Russia during their wedding, 1817.
Alexandra Feodorovna with her two eldest children, the Tsarevich Alexander, and the Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, c. 1820
Alexandra Fedorovna by C. Robertson 1840s, Hermitage
The Dowager Empress Alexandra Feodorovna in 1860, the year of her death
Portrait by Franz Xaver Winterhalter in 1856. Currently at the Hermitage Museum.

Kingdom of Prussia: Dame of the Order of Louise, 1st Division

Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

The queen of Prussia and the first German empress as the consort of William I, German Emperor.

Coronation portrait by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1861
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, circa 1838, by Carl Joseph Begas
Princess Augusta of Prussia 1853.
The Empress Augusta Monument in Koblenz
Queen Victoria with the Queen of Prussia in the gardens of Frogmore House, circa 1867.
Empress Augusta in old age, 1880s

Dame of the Order of Louise, 1st Division

Alexandra of Denmark

Queen of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Empress of India, from 22 January 1901 to 6 May 1910 as the wife of King-Emperor Edward VII.

Photograph by W. & D. Downey, c. 1889
Yellow Palace, Copenhagen: Alexandra's childhood home
Christian IX of Denmark with his wife and their six children, 1862. Left to right: Dagmar, Frederick, Valdemar, Christian IX, Queen Louise, Thyra, George and Alexandra
The Landing of HRH The Princess Alexandra at Gravesend, 7 March 1863, by Henry Nelson O'Neil
Princess Alexandra of Denmark and the Prince of Wales, 1863
Alexandra with her first born child, Albert Victor, 1864
Portrait by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1864
Alexandra, photographed by Alexander Bassano, 1881
Portrait by Luke Fildes, 1905
Alexandra (right) was an enthusiastic amateur photographer. This photograph of her with her daughter Victoria is from Queen Alexandra's Christmas gift book, which was published in 1908 to raise money for charities.
Queen Alexandra, 1923
Detail of the Queen Alexandra Memorial, opposite St James's Palace
Wall-mounted plaque for Queen Alexandra in St Ninian's Chapel, Braemar, where her eldest daughter is buried

Among foreign honours received by Queen Alexandra was the Portuguese Order of Saint Isabel on 23 June 1863, the Russian Order of Saint Catherine on 25 May 1865, the Spanish Order of Queen Maria Luisa on 11 February 1872, the Hessian Order of the Golden Lion on 1 July 1889, and the Prussian Order of Louise.

Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse)

The Empress of Russia as the consort of Emperor Nicholas II from their marriage on 26 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.

Photograph by Boasson and Eggler, 1908
Alexandra, 1895.
Left to right (back row): Princess Alix of Hesse; Princess Irene of Hesse; (front row): Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein; Charlotte, Princess Bernhard of Saxe-Meiningen; Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein.
Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine when she was a child
Princess Alix of Hesse, lower right, with her grandmother Queen Victoria and her four older siblings in mourning after the deaths of her mother and sister. January 1879
Princess Alix when she was 15
Alix of Hesse (center) with her siblings, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse, Victoria of Hesse, Irene of Hesse, and Elisabeth Feodorovna (née Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine), in mourning for their father's death, 1892
Tsar Nicholas II, in hussar uniform, and Princess Alix of Hesse in an official engagement photograph, 1894
Portrait by Laurits Tuxen of the wedding of Tsar Nicholas II and the Princess Alix of Hesse-Darmstadt, which took place at the Chapel of the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, on 14/26 November 1894.
Lesser arms of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna
The Russian Imperial Family, 1913. Left to right: Grand Duchess Maria, Tsarina Alexandra, Grand Duchesses Olga and Tatiana, Tsar Nicholas II, and Grand Duchess Anastasia. Tsesarevich Alexei sits in front of his parents.
Alexandra with her son, Alexei, 1913
Alexandra with Vera Gedroitz, 1915
Portrait of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna. Livadia, 1907
Tsar, Alexandra and their children in Yevpatoria, Crimea, May 1916
The last photograph ever taken of Alexandra. With her are her daughters Olga (right) and Tatiana (left). They are sitting on the balcony of the Governor's Mansion, Tobolsk, in Siberia in spring of 1918.
Yekaterinburg's "Church on the Blood", built on the spot where the Ipatiev House once stood

Kingdom of Prussia: Dame of the Order of Louise, 1st Division, 5 September 1896

Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

The last German Crown Princess and Crown Princess of Prussia as the wife of Wilhelm, German Crown Prince, the son of German Emperor Wilhelm II.

Cecilie, Alexandrine and Friedrich Franz of Mecklenburg-Schwerin with their mother Grand Duchess Anastasia.
Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and the Wilhelm, Crown Prince of Germany in 1905.
Crown Princess Cecilie (1906), by Philip de László
The German Crown Prince with his wife and their children, circa 1925. From left to right: Prince Wilhelm, Prince Hubertus, Crown Princess Cecilie, Crown Prince Wilhelm, Prince Friedrich Georg and Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia. In the foreground: Princesses Alexandrine and Cecilie of Prussia.

On her wedding day, Kaiser Wilhelm II presented his daughter-in-law with the Order of Louise.