Ordo Templi Orientis

O.T.O.OTOO.T.OOrder of the Eastern Templethe O.T.O.
Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) ('Order of the Temple of the East' or 'Order of Oriental Templars') is an international fraternal and religious organization founded at the beginning of the 20th century by Carl Kellner and Theodor Reuss.wikipedia
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Theodor Reuss

Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) ('Order of the Temple of the East' or 'Order of Oriental Templars') is an international fraternal and religious organization founded at the beginning of the 20th century by Carl Kellner and Theodor Reuss.
Albert Karl Theodor Reuss ([German: ʀɔʏ̯s or ʁɔʏ̯s]) (June 28, 1855 – October 28, 1923) was an Anglo-German tantric occultist, freemason, alleged police agent, journalist, singer and head of Ordo Templi Orientis.

Aleister Crowley

CrowleyCrowley, Aleister Aleister Crowley: The Beast 666
English author and occultist Aleister Crowley was the best-known and most influential member of the order.
After spending time in Algeria, in 1912 he was initiated into another esoteric order, the German-based Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.), rising to become the leader of its British branch, which he reformulated in accordance with his Thelemite beliefs.

Carl Kellner (mystic)

Carl KellnerKarl KellnerKellner
Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) ('Order of the Temple of the East' or 'Order of Oriental Templars') is an international fraternal and religious organization founded at the beginning of the 20th century by Carl Kellner and Theodor Reuss.
He was the putative founder of Ordo Templi Orientis.

Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica

Gnostic Catholic ChurchGnostic churchSaints of Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica
The O.T.O. also includes the Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica (EGC) or Gnostic Catholic Church which is the ecclesiastical arm of the Order.
It is the ecclesiastical arm of the Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.), an international fraternal initiatory organization devoted to promulgating the Law of Thelema.

Liber XV, The Gnostic Mass

The Gnostic MassGnostic MassGnostic Masses
Its central rite, which is public, is called Liber XV, or the Gnostic Mass.
It is the central rite of Ordo Templi Orientis and its ecclesiastical arm, Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica.

Thelema

ThelemicThelemiteThelemites
Originally it was intended to be modelled after and associated with European Freemasonry, such as Masonic Templar organizations, but under the leadership of Aleister Crowley, O.T.O. was reorganized around the Law of Thelema as its central religious principle.
Ordo Templi Orientis Grand Lodge has stated:

Esotericism in Germany and Austria

esotericesoteric movement in Germany and Austriaesoteric scene in Germany and Austria
It originated in Germany or Austria between 1895 and 1906.
"The Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO) originated in the irregular masonic activities of Theodor Reuss, Franz Hartmann, and Karl Kellner between 1895 and 1906."

The Book of the Law

Liber AL vel LegisBook of the LawLiber AL
This Law—expressed as "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law" and "Love is the law, love under will" —was promulgated in 1904 with the writing of The Book of the Law.

Agape Lodge

Agapé LodgeAgape Lodge No. 1
By the end of the war, the only surviving O.T.O. body was Agapé Lodge in California, although there were various initiates in different countries.
The Agape Lodge was a California-based chapter of the Ordo Templi Orientis founded in 1935 by Wilfred Talbot Smith.

Karl Germer

previous OHO
At this time, Karl Germer, who had been Crowley's representative in Germany, migrated to the United States after being released from Nazi confinement.
Karl Johannes Germer (22 January 1885 – 25 October 1962), also known as Frater Saturnus, was a German occultist and the United States representative and later a successor of author and occultist Aleister Crowley as the Outer Head of the Order (OHO) of Ordo Templi Orientis from 1947 until his death in 1962.

Grady Louis McMurtry

Grady McMurtry*Grady McMurtryHymenaeus Alpha
It was not until 1969 that Grady McMurtry invoked emergency authorization from Crowley and became the Frater Superior of O.T.O. McMurtry did not claim the title of Outer Head of the Order, stating in 1974 that "There is at present no Outer Head of the Order for Aleister Crowley's Ordo Templi Orientis. The Outer Head of the Order is an international office (see p. 201, The Blue Equinox) and Aleister Crowley's Ordo Templi Orientis is not at this time established organizationally to fulfill the requirements of its Constitution in this respect."
He is best known for reviving the fraternal organization Ordo Templi Orientis, which he headed from 1971 until his death in 1985.

Rite of Memphis-Misraim

Rite of Memphis-MisraïmRite of MisraimAncient and Primitive Rite of Memphis-Misraïm
In 1902, Reuss, along with Franz Hartmann and Henry Klein, purchased the right to perform the Rite of Memphis and Mizraim of Freemasonry from English Freemason John Yarker, the authority of which was confirmed in 1904 and again in 1905.
Reuss' lineage was reduced into a nine degree structure which eventually became the original, Mixed (male and female) Masonic Ordo Templi Orientis with a tenth degree for the position of Outer Head of the Order.

Secret society

secret societiessecret organizationsecret
Similar to many secret societies, O.T.O. membership is based on an initiatory system with a series of degree ceremonies that use ritual drama to establish fraternal bonds and impart spiritual and philosophical teachings.

Kenneth Grant

Grant, Kenneth
Also in 1951 Germer granted a charter to run an O.T.O. Camp in England to Kenneth Grant, who had briefly served as Crowley's secretary during the 1940s.
Crowley instructed Grant in his esoteric practices and initiated him into his own occult order, the Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.).

Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor

Brotherhood of Luxor
The sex magic of the higher O.T.O. degrees appears to be based on the writings of the American Occultist Paschal Beverly Randolph (1825–1875), which were adopted by the Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor (or of Light), another group which Kellner had supposedly been in contact and whose teachings O.T.O. claimed to incorporate.
The order's teachings drew heavily from the magico-sexual theories of Paschal Beverly Randolph, who influenced groups such as the Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) (later headed by Aleister Crowley) (Greenfield 1997) although it is not clear whether or not Randolph himself was actually a part of the Order.

Franz Hartmann

In 1902, Reuss, along with Franz Hartmann and Henry Klein, purchased the right to perform the Rite of Memphis and Mizraim of Freemasonry from English Freemason John Yarker, the authority of which was confirmed in 1904 and again in 1905.
According to Theodor Reuss he was one of the original founders of the magical order that would later be known as Ordo Templi Orientis, along with Reuss and Carl Kellner.

Gnosticism

GnosticGnosticsGnostic Christianity
The O.T.O. also includes the Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica (EGC) or Gnostic Catholic Church which is the ecclesiastical arm of the Order.
Gnostic Thelemite organizations, such as Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica and Ordo Templi Orientis, trace themselves to Crowley's thought.

William Breeze

Hymenaeus Beta
William Breeze was elected, taking the name Hymenaeus Beta.
Ten years earlier, McMurtry and his wife, known as Soror Meral, had re-established Ordo Templi Orientis by invoking the emergency orders from Crowley given to McMurtry in the “Caliphate letters”, which gave McMurtry authority (subject to previous OHO's approval) to "take charge of the whole work of the Order in California to reform the Order".

Gérard Encausse

PapusGerard EncausseGérard Encausse, ''Papus
Kellner, Reuss, Hartmann, and Klein also acquired authority to operate the rites of the Martinist Order from French Occultist Gérard Encausse and a clandestine form of the Scottish Rite deriving from Joseph Cerneau.
Reuss elevated Encausse as X° of the Ordo Templi Orientis as well as giving him license to establish a "Supreme Grand Council General of the Unified Rites of Ancient and Primitive Masonry for the Grand Orient of France and its Dependencies at Paris."

Allen H. Greenfield

Allen GreenfieldT. Allen GreenfieldGreenfield, Allen
In February 2006, a long-time high-ranking member and occult author, T. Allen Greenfield, called for the resignation of upper management and stepped down from all managerial duties in protest.
Greenfield was elected to the mystical episcopate of the Neopythagorean Gnostic Assembly in 1986 and again in 1994, and further consecrated within the Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO) by Frater Superior William Breeze in 1987 and later again by their U.S. Grand Master General David Scriven, but has long parted ways with the OTO in favor of the broadly-based Free Illuminist movement.

Arnold Krumm-Heller

Arnoldo Krumm-HellerKrumm-Heller
He described this in a 1930 letter to Arnold Krumm-Heller:
He joined several esoteric and fraternal orders, including Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO), and was a contemporary of Theodor Reuss (founder of the OTO) and of Spencer Lewis (Imperator of AMORC).

Weiser Antiquarian Books

Samuel WeiserSamuel Weiser Antiquarian BookstoreSamuel Weiser Books
One of the customers of the shop was Karl Germer, successor to Aleister Crowley as head of the Ordo Templi Orientis.

Sex magic

sexual magicsex magicksexual alchemy
Carl Kellner, the founder of Ordo Templi Orientis, (O.T.O.), claimed to have learned the techniques of sex magic from three adepts in this art.

Gerald Gardner (Wiccan)

Gerald GardnerGardnerGardner, Gerald
Crowley had granted a charter to run an O.T.O. Camp in England to Gerald Gardner, and Germer acknowledged Gardner as the O.T.O.'s main representative in Europe.
Shortly before his death, Crowley elevated Gardner to the IV° of Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) and issued a charter decreeing that Gardner could admit people into its Minerval degree.

Marcelo Ramos Motta

Marcelo MottaMottaSociety Ordo Templi Orientis
Marcelo Ramos Motta (1931–1987), a third claimant, was never initiated into O.T.O. at all, but claimed on the basis that Germer's wife, Sasha, told him that Karl's last words stated that Motta was "the follower."
Later, in the USA, P. Krumm-Heller introduced Motta to Karl Germer, leader of Ordo Templi Orientis at that time.