Organ (music)

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In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.wikipedia
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Keyboard instrument

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In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
The most common of these are the piano, organ, and various electronic keyboards, including synthesizers and digital pianos.

Organ recital

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Subsequently it re-emerged as a secular and recital instrument in the Classical music tradition.
An organ recital is a concert at which music specially written for the organ is played.

Organist

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Little barrel organs dispense with the hands of an organist and bigger organs are powered in most cases by an organ grinder or today by other means such as an electric motor.
An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ.

Barrel organ

hand organbarrel-organOrgan Grinder
Mechanical organs include the barrel organ, water organ, and Orchestrion.
The basic principle is the same as a traditional pipe organ, but rather than being played by an organist, the barrel organ is activated either by a person turning a crank, or by clockwork driven by weights or springs.

Accordion

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Non-piped organs include the reed organ or harmonium, which like the accordion and harmonica (or "mouth organ") use air to excite free reeds.

Positive organ

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Small organs are called "positive" (easily placed in different locations) or "portative" (small enough to carry while playing).
It was common in sacred and secular music between the 10th and the 18th centuries, in chapels and small churches, as a chamber organ and for the basso continuo in ensemble works.

Swell box

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Although the keyboard is not expressive as on a piano and does not affect dynamics (it is binary; pressing a key only turns the sound on or off), some divisions may be enclosed in a swell box, allowing the dynamics to be controlled by shutters.
In an organ, "Swell" (German: "Schwellwerk;" French: "Récit") refers to the division whose pipes are enclosed in a swell box.

Organ repertoire

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Most services also include solo organ repertoire for independent performance rather than by way of accompaniment, often as a prelude at the beginning the service and a postlude at the conclusion of the service.
Because of the organ's (or pipe organ's) prominence in worship in Western Europe from the Middle Ages on, a significant portion of organ repertoire is sacred in nature.

Choir

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Due to its simultaneous ability to provide a musical foundation below the vocal register, support in the vocal register, and increased brightness above the vocal register, the organ is ideally suited to accompany human voices, whether a congregation, a choir, or a cantor or soloist.
Accompanying instruments vary widely, from only one instrument (a piano or pipe organ) to a full orchestra of 70 to 100 musicians; for rehearsals a piano or organ accompaniment is often used, even if a different instrumentation is planned for performance, or if the choir is rehearsing unaccompanied music.

Figured bass

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Pre-Beethoven keyboard music may usually be as easily played on a chamber organ as on a piano or harpsichord, and a chamber organ is sometimes preferable to a harpsichord for continuo playing as it is more suitable for producing a sustained tone.
Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.

Music

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In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
German Baroque composers wrote for small ensembles including strings, brass, and woodwinds, as well as for choirs and keyboard instruments such as pipe organ, harpsichord, and clavichord.

Hammond organ

Hammond B-3 organorganHammond B3
Electronic organs or digital organs, notably the Hammond organ, generate electronically produced sound through one or more loudspeakers.
Jimmy Smith's use of the Hammond B-3, with its additional harmonic percussion feature, inspired a generation of organ players, and its use became more widespread in the 1960s and 1970s in rhythm and blues, rock, and reggae, as well as being an important instrument in progressive rock.

Silent film

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The theatre organ or cinema organ was designed to accompany silent movies.
Beginning in the mid-1910s, large city theaters tended to have organists or ensembles of musicians.

Piano accordion

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It generated its sounds using reeds similar to those of a piano accordion.
A piano accordion is an accordion equipped with a right-hand keyboard similar to a piano or organ.

Musical instrument

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The organ is a relatively old musical instrument, dating from the time of Ctesibius of Alexandria (285–222 BC), who invented the water organ.
The 9th-century Persian geographer Ibn Khordadbeh mentioned in his lexicographical discussion of music instruments that, in the Byzantine Empire, typical instruments included the urghun (organ), shilyani (probably a type of harp or lyre), salandj (probably a bagpipe) and the lyra.

Rodgers Instruments

RodgersRodgers Organ CompanyRodgers Organs
Conn-Selmer and Rodgers, dominant in the market for larger instruments, also made electronic organs that used separate oscillators for each note rather than frequency dividers, giving them a richer sound, closer to a pipe organ, due to the slight imperfections in tuning. Major manufacturers include Allen, Walker, Compton, Wicks, Marshall & Ogletree, Phoenix, Makin Organs, Wyvern Organs and Rodgers.
Rodgers Instruments Corporation is an American manufacturer of classical and church organs.

Lowrey organ

LowreyLowrey Organ CompanyLowery Organ Company
Lowrey was the leading manufacturer of this type of organs in the smaller (spinet) instruments.
While originally intended for the home entertainment market, Lowrey also produced theatre organs and a full 2-manual with pedal church organ.

Keyboard expression

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Although the keyboard is not expressive as on a piano and does not affect dynamics (it is binary; pressing a key only turns the sound on or off), some divisions may be enclosed in a swell box, allowing the dynamics to be controlled by shutters.
Displacement-sensitive keyboards are often found on organs.

Procol Harum

Mick GrabhamRay RoyerLiquorice John Death
It was widely used in rock and popular music during the 1960s and 1970s by bands like Emerson, Lake and Palmer, Procol Harum, Santana and Deep Purple.
The line-up for the first three albums was Brooker (piano and lead vocals), Trower (guitar and lead vocals), Fisher (organ and lead vocals), Knights (bass), Wilson (drums), and Reid (lyricist).

Louis Vierne

VierneVierne, Louis
Major names in French Romantic organ composition are Charles-Marie Widor, Louis Vierne, Alexandre Guilmant, Charles Tournemire, and Eugène Gigout.
Louis Victor Jules Vierne (8 October 1870 – 2 June 1937) was a French organist and composer.

Classical music

classicalWestern classical musicEuropean classical music
Subsequently it re-emerged as a secular and recital instrument in the Classical music tradition.
They consist of the instruments found in an orchestra or in a concert band, together with several other solo instruments (such as the piano, harpsichord, and organ).

John Compton (organ builder)

John ComptonComptonCompton Organ
Major manufacturers include Allen, Walker, Compton, Wicks, Marshall & Ogletree, Phoenix, Makin Organs, Wyvern Organs and Rodgers.
Comptons made many fine church and concert organs as well.

Pipe organ

organorganistpipe organs
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.

Sigfrid Karg-Elert

Karg-ElertKarg-Elert, SigfridSigfrid Karg–Elert
Sigfrid Karg-Elert specialized in smaller organ pieces, mostly chorale-preludes.
Sigfrid Karg-Elert (November 21, 1877 – April 9, 1933) was a German composer of considerable fame in the early twentieth century, best known for his compositions for organ and harmonium.

George Frideric Handel

HandelGeorg Friedrich HändelHändel
In England, Handel was famous for his organ-playing no less than for his composing; several of his organ concertos, intended for his own use, are still frequently performed.
At the same time Handel continued practice on the harpsichord, learned violin and organ, but according to Burney his special affection was for the hautbois (oboe).