Organization

organisationorganizationsorganisationsenterpriseenterprisesorganisedorganizationalorganizedgrouphead
An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a particular purpose.wikipedia
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Voluntary association

associationassociationsvoluntary organisation
An organization or organisation is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association, that has a particular purpose.
A voluntary group or union (also sometimes called a voluntary organization, common-interest association, association, or society) is a group of individuals who enter into an agreement, usually as volunteers, to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose.

Military

armed forcesdefensedefence
There are a variety of legal types of organisations, including corporations, governments, non-governmental organisations, political organisations, international organisations, armed forces, charities, not-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and educational institutions.
A military or an armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.

International organization

international organizationsinternational organisationinternational organisations
There are a variety of legal types of organisations, including corporations, governments, non-governmental organisations, political organisations, international organisations, armed forces, charities, not-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and educational institutions.
An international organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence.

Nonprofit organization

non-profitnon-profit organizationnonprofit
There are a variety of legal types of organisations, including corporations, governments, non-governmental organisations, political organisations, international organisations, armed forces, charities, not-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and educational institutions.
In economic terms, it is an organization that uses its surplus of the revenues to further achieve its ultimate objective, rather than distributing its income to the organization's shareholders, leaders, or members.

Partnership

partnerpartnershipspartners
There are a variety of legal types of organisations, including corporations, governments, non-governmental organisations, political organisations, international organisations, armed forces, charities, not-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and educational institutions.
The partners in a partnership may be individuals, businesses, interest-based organizations, schools, governments or combinations.

Organizational structure

organizational designorganisational structureoperating structure
The study of organisations includes a focus on optimising organisational structure. The broader analysis of organisations is commonly referred to as organisational structure, organisational studies, organisational behaviour, or organisation analysis.
Organizations are a variant of clustered entities.

Hierarchical organization

hierarchicalhierarchical organisationhierarchy
Pyramids or hierarchies A hierarchy exemplifies an arrangement with a leader who leads other individual members of the organisation.
A hierarchical organization is an organizational structure where every entity in the organization, except one, is subordinate to a single other entity.

Social group

groupsocial groupsgroups
Compare the concept of social groups, which may include non-organizations.
The attention of those who use, participate in, or study groups has focused on functioning groups, on larger organizations, or on the decisions made in these organizations.

Leadership

leaderleadersLeader of the
A hierarchy exemplifies an arrangement with a leader who leads other individual members of the organisation.
Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.

Management

managermanagersadministration
In the social sciences, organisations are the object of analysis for a number of disciplines, such as sociology, economics, political science, psychology, management, and organisational communication.
Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body.

Organizational behavior

organizational behaviourorganisational behaviourorganizational change
The broader analysis of organisations is commonly referred to as organisational structure, organisational studies, organisational behaviour, or organisation analysis.
Organizational behavior (OB) or organisational behaviour is "the study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and the organization itself".

Communication

communicationscommunicatecommunication skills
An organisation is defined by the elements that are part of it (who belongs to the organisation and who does not?), its communication (which elements communicate and how do they communicate?), its autonomy (which changes are executed autonomously by the organisation or its elements?), and its rules of action compared to outside events (what causes an organisation to act as a collective actor?).
Communication (from Latin communicare, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.

Strategic management

business strategycorporate strategystrategy
Complexity theory and organisations, the use of complexity theory in the field of strategic management and organisational studies.
In the field of management, strategic management involves the formulation and implementation of the major goals and initiatives taken by an organization's top management on behalf of owners, based on consideration of resources and an assessment of the internal and external environments in which the organization operates.

Complexity theory and organizations

complexity theorycomplexity studiesComplexity theory and organisations
Complexity theory and organisations, the use of complexity theory in the field of strategic management and organisational studies.
Application areas include understanding how organizations or firms adapt to their environments and how they cope with conditions of uncertainty.

Division of labour

division of laborspecializationspecialised
These elements and their actions are determined by rules so that a certain task can be fulfilled through a system of coordinated division of labour.
Smith saw the importance of matching skills with equipment – usually in the context of an organization.

Organizational theory

organizational theoristorganization theorybusiness theorist
Weber's Ideal of Bureaucracy (refer to Max Weber's chapter on "Bureaucracy" in his book Economy and Society)
Organizations are defined as social units of people that are structured and managed to meet a need, or to pursue collective goals.

Formal organization

formal organisationformalformally established
An organisation that is established as a means for achieving defined objectives has been referred to as a formal organisation.
A Formal organization is an organization with a fixed set of rules of intra-organization procedures and structures.

Informal organization

informalinformal group (society)informal organisation
In contrast to the appointed head or chief of an administrative unit, a leader emerges within the context of the informal organisation that underlies the formal structure.
It is the aggregate of, norms, personal and professional connections through which work gets done and relationships are built among people who share a common organizational affiliation or cluster of affiliations.

Decentralized autonomous organization

decentralized autonomous corporationblockchainDAO
Decentralized autonomous organization
A decentralized autonomous organization (DAO), sometimes labeled a decentralized autonomous corporation (DAC), is an organization represented by rules encoded as a computer program that is transparent, controlled by shareholders and not influenced by a central government.

Complex system

complex systemscomplexity theorycomplexity science
Complexity theory and organisations, the use of complexity theory in the field of strategic management and organisational studies.
The components of a complex system may themselves be complex systems. For example, an economy is made up of organisations, which are made up of people, which are made up of cells - all of which are complex systems.

Member

membershipmember-onlymemberships
The informal organisation expresses the personal objectives and goals of the individual membership.
A Member is a person who belongs to a social group or organization.

Mutual organization

Mutualmutual companymutual organisation
Mutual organization
A mutual, mutual organization, or mutual society is an organization (which is often, but not always, a company or business) based on the principle of mutuality.

Garbage can model

Garbage Can Model, describes a model which disconnects problems, solutions and decision makers from each other.
Organized anarchies are organizations, or decision situations (also known as choice opportunities), characterized by problematic preferences, unclear technology, and fluid participation.

Economics

economiceconomisteconomic theory
In the social sciences, organisations are the object of analysis for a number of disciplines, such as sociology, economics, political science, psychology, management, and organisational communication.
Neoclassical economics studies the behaviour of individuals, households, and organizations (called economic actors, players, or agents), when they manage or use scarce resources, which have alternative uses, to achieve desired ends.

Umbrella organization

umbrella organisationumbrella groupumbrella body
Umbrella organization
In business, political, or other environments, one group, the umbrella organization, provides resources and often an identity to the smaller organizations.