Organizational Self-management

workers' self-managementself-managementautogestionworker self-managementself-managedrecovered factoryself-management socialismfactory occupationsrecovered factoriessocialist self-management
Organizational Self-management, also referred to as Workers' Self-management, Labor Management and Autogestión (see also workers' control, industrial democracy, democratic management and worker cooperative), is a form of organizational management based on self-directed work processes on the part of an organization's workforce.wikipedia
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Libertarian socialism

libertarian socialistlibertarian socialistslibertarian
Self-management is a characteristic of many forms of socialism, with proposals for Self-management having appeared many times throughout the history of the socialist movement, advocated variously by libertarian and market socialists, communists and anarchists.
Libertarian socialism is seen as a synonym for anarchism and libertarianism and it criticizes wage labour relationships within the workplace, instead emphasizing workers' self-management of the workplace and decentralized structures of political organization,

Anarchism

anarchistanarchistsanarchistic
Self-management is a characteristic of many forms of socialism, with proposals for Self-management having appeared many times throughout the history of the socialist movement, advocated variously by libertarian and market socialists, communists and anarchists.
Anarchism is an anti-authoritarian political and social philosophy that rejects hierarchies deemed unjust and advocates their replacement with self-managed, self-governed societies based on voluntary, cooperative institutions.

Worker cooperative

worker cooperativesworker co-operativeworkers' co-operative
Organizational Self-management, also referred to as Workers' Self-management, Labor Management and Autogestión (see also workers' control, industrial democracy, democratic management and worker cooperative), is a form of organizational management based on self-directed work processes on the part of an organization's workforce.
A worker cooperative is a cooperative that is owned and self-managed by its workers.

Anarcho-syndicalism

anarcho-syndicalistanarcho-syndicalistsrevolutionary syndicalist
Worker self-management became a primary component of some trade union organizations, in particular revolutionary syndicalism which was introduced in late 19th century France and guild socialism in early 20th century Britain, although both movements collapsed in the early 1920s.
The basic principles of anarcho-syndicalism are solidarity, direct action (action undertaken without the intervention of third parties such as politicians, bureaucrats and arbitrators) and direct democracy, or workers' self-management.

Industrial Workers of the World

IWWWobbliesWobbly
The philosophy of workers' self-management has been promoted by the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) since its founding in the United States in 1905.
They are known for the Wobbly Shop model of workplace democracy, in which workers elect their managers and other forms of grassroots democracy (self-management) are implemented.

Market economy

market economiesfree market economymarket
The classical liberal philosopher John Stuart Mill believed that worker-run and owned cooperatives would eventually displace traditional capitalist (capital-managed) firms in the competitive market economy due to their superior efficiency and stronger incentive structure.
These models range from systems based on employee-owned enterprises based on self-management to a combination of public ownership of the means of production with factor markets.

Josip Broz Tito

TitoMarshal TitoPresident Tito
The economy of Yugoslavia was organized according to the theories of Josip Broz Tito and more directly Edvard Kardelj.
Firms were socially owned by their employees and structured on workers' self-management; they competed in open and free markets.

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

SFR YugoslaviaYugoslaviaFPR Yugoslavia
This theory is used to explain why self-management in Yugoslavia never advanced beyond the confines of the larger state-monopoly economy, or why many modern worker-owned facilities tend to return to hiring managers and accountants after only a few years of operation.
The economic reforms began with the introduction of workers' self-management in June 1950.

Management

managerBusiness Managementmanagers
Organizational Self-management, also referred to as Workers' Self-management, Labor Management and Autogestión (see also workers' control, industrial democracy, democratic management and worker cooperative), is a form of organizational management based on self-directed work processes on the part of an organization's workforce.
As one consequence, workplace democracy (sometimes referred to as Workers' self-management) has become both more common and more advocated, in some places distributing all management functions among workers, each of whom takes on a portion of the work.

State ownership

state-ownedpublic ownershipstate owned
Self-management of an organization may coincide with employee ownership of that organization, but Self-management can also exist in the context of organizations under public ownership and to a limited extent within private companies in the form of co-determination and worker representation on the board of directors.
There is a wide variety of organizational forms for state-run industry, ranging from specialized technocratic management to direct workers' self-management.

Edvard Kardelj

KardeljEdo Kardelj
The economy of Yugoslavia was organized according to the theories of Josip Broz Tito and more directly Edvard Kardelj.
He is considered the main creator of the Yugoslav system of workers' self-management.

LIP (company)

LIPLip factoryLip company
After May 1968 in France, LIP factory, a clockwork factory based in Besançon, became self-managed starting in 1973 after the management's decision to liquidate it.
The Unified Socialist Party (PSU), which included former Radical Pierre Mendès-France, was then in favor of autogestion (workers' self-management).

French Democratic Confederation of Labour

CFDTConfédération Française Démocratique du TravailFrench and Democratic Confederation of Labour
French trade-union CFDT (Confédération Française Démocratique du Travail) included worker self-management in its 1970 program before later abandoning it.
Then, the CFDT was auto-gestionary.

Industrial democracy

industrialdemocratisation of the economyextending democracy to the economic sphere
Organizational Self-management, also referred to as Workers' Self-management, Labor Management and Autogestión (see also workers' control, industrial democracy, democratic management and worker cooperative), is a form of organizational management based on self-directed work processes on the part of an organization's workforce.

Communist society

stateless communismcommunismpure communism
Karl Marx championed the idea of a free association of producers as a characteristic of communist society, where self-management processes replaced the traditional notion of the centralized state.
Natural resources would become public property, while all manufacturing centers and workplaces would become socially owned and democratically managed.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

ProudhonPierre Joseph ProudhonThe System of Economic Contradictions, or The Philosophy of Poverty
Historical economic figures who supported cooperatives and self-management of some kind include the anarchist Pierre Joseph Proudhon, classical economist John Stuart Mill and the neoclassical economist Alfred Marshall.
Proudhon was one of the main influences on the theory of workers' self-management (autogestion) in the late 19th and 20th century.

Workers' control

worker controldirecting the economyparticipatory control by the ranks at their workplace
Organizational Self-management, also referred to as Workers' Self-management, Labor Management and Autogestión (see also workers' control, industrial democracy, democratic management and worker cooperative), is a form of organizational management based on self-directed work processes on the part of an organization's workforce.

Hotel Bauen

Bauen Hotel
Although initially referring to industrial facilities, the term may also apply to businesses other than factories (e.g. Hotel Bauen in Buenos Aires).
The Hotel Bauen is a recuperated business located at 360 Callao Avenue in Buenos Aires run collectively by its workers, serving both as a hotel and as a free meeting place for Argentine leftist and workers' groups.

Economic system

economyeconomic systemseconomic
Self-management refers to control rights within a productive organization, being distinct from the questions of ownership and what economic system the organization operates under.

Occupation of factories

factory occupationsfactory occupationoccupation
Workers took over control of the factories in which they had worked, commonly after bankruptcy, or after a factory occupation to circumvent a lockout.
They may sometimes lead to "recovered factories", in which the workers self-manage the factories.

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
Self-management is a characteristic of many forms of socialism, with proposals for Self-management having appeared many times throughout the history of the socialist movement, advocated variously by libertarian and market socialists, communists and anarchists.
Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership of the means of production and workers' self-management, as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

Decentralized planning (economics)

decentralized planningdecentralized economic planningdecentralized planned economy
This economic model is a major version of market socialism and decentralized planned economy, stemming from the notion that people should be able to participate in making the decisions that affect their well-being.

Evergreen Cooperatives

Cleveland Model
Due to the economic downturn and stagnation in the rustbelt, worker cooperatives such as the Evergreen Cooperatives have been formed in response, inspired by Mondragon.
Although the effort failed, it gave rise to the idea of worker self-management.

Unified Socialist Party (France)

Unified Socialist PartyPSUParti Socialiste Unifié
The Unified Socialist Party (PSU) which included former Radical Pierre Mendès-France was in favour of autogestión or self-management.
In contrast with the established socialist parties, the PSU also supported the student uprising of May 1968; it subsequently moved away from cooperation with the Socialist Party (PS) which succeeded to the SFIO after 1969, and developed its own program, based on autogestion (workers' self-management).

Democratic socialism

democratic socialistdemocratic socialistsdemocratic-socialist
Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside a socially owned economy, with an emphasis on workers' self-management and democratic control of economic institutions within a market or some form of a decentralised planned socialist economy.