Origen

Origen of AlexandriaOrigenismOrigenistOrigenesOrigen AdamantiusOrigenistsAdamantius OrigenOrigen and OrigenismOrigen the ChristianOrigène
Origen of Alexandria (c. undefined 184 – c. undefined 253), also known as Origen Adamantius, was an early Christian scholar, ascetic, and theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria.wikipedia
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Christian apologetics

Christian apologistChristian apologistsapologetics
He was one of the most influential figures in early Christian theology, apologetics, and asceticism. He also authored Contra Celsum, the most influential work of early Christian apologetics, in which he defended Christianity against the pagan philosopher Celsus, one of its foremost early critics.
Christian apologetics has taken many forms over the centuries, starting with Paul the Apostle in the early church and Patristic writers such as Origen, Augustine of Hippo, Justin Martyr and Tertullian, then continuing with writers such as Thomas Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William of Ockham and Anselm of Canterbury during Scholasticism.

Contra Celsum

Against CelsusContra CelsusAdv. Cels.
He also authored Contra Celsum, the most influential work of early Christian apologetics, in which he defended Christianity against the pagan philosopher Celsus, one of its foremost early critics.
Against Celsus (Greek: Κατὰ Κέλσου Kata Kelsou; Latin: Contra Celsum), preserved entirely in Greek, is a major apologetics work by the Church Father Origen of Alexandria, written in around 248 AD, countering the writings of Celsus, a pagan philosopher and controversialist who had written a scathing attack on Christianity in his treatise The True Word.

Homiletics

homiletichomileticalhomiletically
He was a prolific writer who wrote roughly 2,000 treatises in multiple branches of theology, including textual criticism, biblical exegesis and biblical hermeneutics, homiletics, and spirituality.
Origen, a third-century theologian, preached through most books of the Old Testament and many of the New, which we have today.

Catechetical School of Alexandria

School of Alexandriathe Catechetical SchoolThe Catechetical School of Alexandria
When he was eighteen years old, Origen became a catechist at the Catechetical School of Alexandria.
Other notable theologians with a connection to the school include Origen, Gregory Thaumaturgus, Heraclas, Dionysius "the Great", and Didymus the Blind.

Origenist Crises

First Origenist Crisis
Argument over the orthodoxy of Origen's teachings spawned the First Origenist Crisis in the late fourth century AD, in which he was attacked by Epiphanius of Salamis and Jerome, but defended by Tyrannius Rufinus and John of Jerusalem.
The Origenist Crises or Origenist Controversies are two major theological controversies in early Christianity involving the teachings of followers of the third-century Alexandrian theologian Origen (c.

Ransom theory of atonement

ransomransom theoryransom sacrifice
Origen was the first to propose the ransom theory of atonement in its fully developed form and, though he was probably a Subordinationist, he also significantly contributed to the development of the concept of the Trinity.
It originated in the early Church, particularly in the work of Origen.

Hexapla

Hexaplar SeptuagintHexaplaric
Origen produced the Hexapla, the first critical edition of the Hebrew Bible, which contained the original Hebrew text as well as five different Greek translations of it, all written in columns, side-by-side.
The term especially and generally applies to the edition of the Old Testament compiled by the theologian and scholar Origen, sometime before the year 240 CE.

Ambrose of Alexandria

Ambrose
Origen was able to produce a massive quantity of writings due to the patronage of his close friend Ambrose, who provided him with a team of secretaries to copy his works, making him one of the most prolific writers in all of antiquity.
Ambrose of Alexandria (before 212 – c. 250) was a friend of the Christian theologian Origen.

Early centers of Christianity

JerusalemJerusalem churchAntioch
undefined 253), also known as Origen Adamantius, was an early Christian scholar, ascetic, and theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria.
Origen (d.254) compiled his Hexapla there and it held a famous library and theological school, St. Pamphilus (d.309) was a noted scholar-priest.

Pre-existence

pre-mortal existencepre-mortal lifepreexistence
Origen taught that, before the creation of the material universe, God had created the souls of all the intelligent beings.
A concept of pre-existence was advanced by Origen, a second and third-century church father.

On the First Principles

De PrincipiisOn First Principles
His treatise On the First Principles systematically laid out the principles of Christian theology and became the foundation for later theological writings.
On the First Principles is a theological treatise by the church father Origen.

Tyrannius Rufinus

RufinusRufinus of AquileiaRufinius
Argument over the orthodoxy of Origen's teachings spawned the First Origenist Crisis in the late fourth century AD, in which he was attacked by Epiphanius of Salamis and Jerome, but defended by Tyrannius Rufinus and John of Jerusalem.
He is best known as a translator of Greek patristic material into Latin — especially the work of Origen.

Subordinationism

subordinationistGod the Father's uniqueness and Christ's subordination under the Fatherhierarchical trinity of subordinate persons
Origen was the first to propose the ransom theory of atonement in its fully developed form and, though he was probably a Subordinationist, he also significantly contributed to the development of the concept of the Trinity.

Athanasius of Alexandria

AthanasiusSaint AthanasiusSt. Athanasius
His teachings were especially influential in the east, with Athanasius of Alexandria and the three Cappadocian Fathers being among his most devoted followers.
Its famous catechetical school, while sacrificing none of its famous passion for orthodoxy since the days of Pantaenus, Clement of Alexandria, Origen of Alexandria, Dionysius and Theognostus, had begun to take on an almost secular character in the comprehensiveness of its interests, and had counted influential pagans among its serious auditors.

Celsus

Celsus of AlexandriaAulus CelsusCelso
He also authored Contra Celsum, the most influential work of early Christian apologetics, in which he defended Christianity against the pagan philosopher Celsus, one of its foremost early critics.
He is known for his literary work, On The True Doctrine (or Discourse, Account, Word;, Logos Alēthēs), which survives exclusively in quotations from it in Contra Celsum, a refutation written in 248 by Origen of Alexandria.

Clement of Alexandria

ClementClemens AlexandrinusSt. Clement of Alexandria
Eusebius claims that Origen studied under Clement of Alexandria (c.
Among his pupils were Origen and Alexander of Jerusalem.

John II, Bishop of Jerusalem

John IIBishop John II of JerusalemJohn of Jerusalem
Argument over the orthodoxy of Origen's teachings spawned the First Origenist Crisis in the late fourth century AD, in which he was attacked by Epiphanius of Salamis and Jerome, but defended by Tyrannius Rufinus and John of Jerusalem.
The first time was in the frame of the first polemic with Origen's followers, and is narrated mainly in Jerome's treatise dedicated to Pammachius "Contra Ioannes Hierosolymitanum (Against John of Jerusalem)", as well as in other letters of Jerome (n.

Satan

the DevilDevilLucifer
Demetrius condemned Origen for insubordination and accused him of having castrated himself and of having taught that even Satan would eventually attain salvation, an accusation which Origen himself vehemently denied.
The classical theologian Origen attributes this reference to the non-canonical Assumption of Moses.

Pope Demetrius I of Alexandria

DemetriusDemetrius of AlexandriaDemetrius I
He came into conflict with Demetrius, the bishop of Alexandria, in 231 after he was ordained as a presbyter by his friend, the bishop of Caesarea, while on a journey to Athens through Palestine.
203), Demetrius appointed Origen, who was in his eighteenth year, as Clement's successor.

Asceticism

asceticasceticsascetical
He was one of the most influential figures in early Christian theology, apologetics, and asceticism. undefined 253), also known as Origen Adamantius, was an early Christian scholar, ascetic, and theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria.
Christian authors of late antiquity such as Origen, St. Jerome, St. Ignatius, John Chrysostom, and Augustine interpreted meanings of Biblical texts within a highly asceticized religious environment.

Firmilian

St. Firmilian
Firmilian, the bishop of Caesarea Mazaca in Cappadocia, was such a devoted disciple of Origen that he begged him to come to Cappadocia and teach there.
232, was a disciple of Origen.

Hippolytus of Rome

HippolytusSaint HippolytusSt. Hippolytus
In Rome, Origen attended lectures by Hippolytus of Rome and was influenced by his logos theology.
It was at this time that Origen, then a young man, heard him preach.

Universal reconciliation

universal salvationChristian universalistuniversalism
Origen hoped that all people might eventually attain salvation, but was always careful to maintain that this was only speculation.
Origen and a form of apocatastasis were condemned in 544 by the Patriarch Mennas of Constantinople and the condemnation was allegedly ratified in 553 by the Fifth Ecumenical Council.

Early Christianity

early Christianearly Churchearly Christians
undefined 253), also known as Origen Adamantius, was an early Christian scholar, ascetic, and theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria.
Origen was the first to challenge the doctrine openly.

Alexandrian school

AlexandrianAlexandrian scholarsGreat Catechetical School of Theology of Alexandria
Origen studied at numerous schools throughout Alexandria, including the Platonic Academy of Alexandria, where he was a student of Ammonius Saccas.
The founders of the Alexandrian school of Christian theology were Clement of Alexandria and Origen.