Orion (constellation)

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Orion is a prominent constellation located on the celestial equator and visible throughout the world.wikipedia
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Betelgeuse

α OriBetelg'''euseBetelgeuse mass loss
Its brightest stars are Rigel (Beta Orionis) and Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis), a blue-white and a red supergiant, respectively.
Betelgeuse, also designated α Orionis (Latinised to Alpha Orionis, abbreviated Alpha Ori, α Ori), is on average the ninth-brightest star in the night sky and second-brightest in the constellation of Orion.

Orion (mythology)

Orionabovecharacter
It was named after Orion, a hunter in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, Orion (Ancient Greek: Ὠρίων or Ὠαρίων; Latin: Orion) was a giant huntsman whom Zeus placed among the stars as the constellation of Orion.

Rigel

β Ori (Rigel)B2 IaeBeta Orionis
Its brightest stars are Rigel (Beta Orionis) and Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis), a blue-white and a red supergiant, respectively.
Rigel, also designated β Orionis (Latinized to Beta Orionis, abbreviated Beta Ori, β Ori), is on average the seventh-brightest star in the night sky and the brightest in the constellation of Orion—though occasionally it is outshone within the constellation by the variable star Betelgeuse.

Sah (god)

Sah
In ancient Egypt, the stars of Orion were regarded as a god, called Sah.
In Egyptian mythology, Sah was the "Father of the gods" that was in turn the anthropomorphic representation of a large egyptian constellation that today is represented by the modern myths of Orion and Lepus constellations (but also borrowing stars from modern Eridanus, Monoceros and Columba constellations ), and therefore was the egyptian counterpart of the Babylonian "Good Shepherd of Anu" or "Loyal Shepherd of Heaven" (Sumerian: MULSIPA.ZI.AN.NA, Akkadian: šitaddaru).

Constellation

constellationsEuropean constellationModern constellation
Orion is a prominent constellation located on the celestial equator and visible throughout the world.
Where possible, these modern constellations usually share the names of their Graeco-Roman predecessors, such as Orion, Leo or Scorpius.

Ophiuchus

OphOphiuchus constellationEchidna
However, Ophiuchus, the Serpent Bearer, revived Orion with an antidote.
It is opposite Orion.

Saiph

κ Oriκ Ori (Saiph)
Orion's sixth brightest star, Saiph, is named from the Arabic, saif al-jabbar, meaning "sword of the giant".
Saiph, also designated Kappa Orionis (κ Orionis, abbreviated Kappa Ori, κ Ori) and 53 Orionis (53 Ori), is the sixth-brightest star in the constellation of Orion.

Sopdu

Sopdharsopd
The god Sopdu was said to be the son of Sah and Sopdet.
As a sky god, Sopdu was connected with the god Sah, the personification of the constellation Orion, and the goddess Sopdet, representing the star Sirius.

Osiris

OsirianOsirian MysteriesIsirus
Sah was syncretized with Osiris, while Sopdet was syncretized with Osiris' mythological wife, Isis.
Through the hope of new life after death, Osiris began to be associated with the cycles observed in nature, in particular vegetation and the annual flooding of the Nile, through his links with the heliacal rising of Orion and Sirius at the start of the new year.

Rooster

cockerelcockcockerels
The lore of the True Shepherd of Anu (SIPA.ZI.AN.NA – Orion and his accompanying animal symbol, the Rooster, with both representing the herald of the gods, being their divinely ordained role to communicate messages of the gods.

Asterism (astronomy)

asterismasterismsconstellation
Another name for the asterism of Alnilam, Alnitak and Mintaka is Väinämöisen vyö (Väinämöinen's Belt) and the stars "hanging" from the belt as Kalevanmiekka (Kaleva's sword).
This process was essentially arbitrary, and different cultures have identified different constellations, although a few of the more obvious patterns tend to appear in the constellations of multiple cultures, such as those of Orion and Scorpius.

Canis Major

CMaGreat DogSirius
In artistic renderings, the surrounding constellations are sometimes related to Orion: he is depicted standing next to the river Eridanus with his two hunting dogs Canis Major and Canis Minor, fighting Taurus.
Its name is Latin for "greater dog" in contrast to Canis Minor, the "lesser dog"; both figures are commonly represented as following the constellation of Orion the hunter through the sky.

Canis Minor

CMiMinor
In artistic renderings, the surrounding constellations are sometimes related to Orion: he is depicted standing next to the river Eridanus with his two hunting dogs Canis Major and Canis Minor, fighting Taurus.
Its name is Latin for "lesser dog", in contrast to Canis Major, the "greater dog"; both figures are commonly represented as following the constellation of Orion the hunter.

Isis

cult of IsisAsetan Egyptian goddess
Sah was syncretized with Osiris, while Sopdet was syncretized with Osiris' mythological wife, Isis.
Passages in the Pyramid Texts connect Isis closely with Sopdet, the goddess representing the star Sirius, whose relationship with her husband Sah—the constellation Orion—and their son Sopdu parallels Isis's relations with Osiris and Horus.

Orion Pictures

OrionOrion TelevisionOrion Pictures Corporation
The film distribution company Orion Pictures used the constellation as its logo.
In February 1978, the five men forged a deal with Warner Bros. The executives formed Orion Pictures Company, named after the constellation, which they claimed had five main stars (it actually has seven/eight).

Beta Eridani

β Eriβ Eri (Cursa)β Eridani
The index finger is represented by Rigel; the Orion Nebula is the thumb; the Belt of Orion is the wrist; and the star Beta Eridani is the pinky finger.
Beta Eridani (β Eridani, abbreviated Beta Eri, β Eri), also named Cursa, is the second-brightest star in the constellation of Eridanus, located in the northeast end of this constellation near the shared border with Orion.

Lepus (constellation)

LepusLepconstellation Lepus
He is sometimes depicted hunting Lepus the hare.
It is located below—immediately south—of Orion (the hunter), and is sometimes represented as a hare being chased by Orion or, alternatively, by Orion's hunting dogs.

Monoceros

MonEnhörningenMa
Orion is bordered by Taurus to the northwest, Eridanus to the southwest, Lepus to the south, Monoceros to the east, and Gemini to the northeast.
It is bordered by Orion to the west, Gemini to the north, Canis Major to the south and Hydra to the east.

Orion's Belt

Belt of Orionthe Beltbelt
Four stars—Rigel, Betelgeuse, Bellatrix and Saiph—form a large roughly rectangular shape, in the centre of which lie the three stars of Orion's Belt—Alnitak, Alnilam and Mintaka.
Orion's Belt or the Belt of Orion, also known as the Three Kings or Three Sisters, is an asterism in the constellation Orion.

Orion Nebula

1976M42Orion
Descending from the 'belt' is a smaller line of three stars, Orion's Sword (the middle of which is in fact not a star but the Orion Nebula), also known as the hunter's sword.
The Orion Nebula (also known as Messier 42, M42, or NGC 1976) is a diffuse nebula situated in the Milky Way, being south of Orion's Belt in the constellation of Orion.

Orion OB1 Association

Orion OB1Orion OB1aOri OB1b
Many of the stars are luminous hot blue supergiants, with the stars of the belt and sword forming the Orion OB1 Association.
The Orion OB1 stellar association is a contingent group of several dozen hot giant stars of spectral types O and B. Associated are thousands of lower-mass stars, and a (smaller but significant) number of protostars.

Omicron2 Orionis

ο 2 OriOmicron 2 Orionisο 2 Orionis
The Hunter held an unidentified animal skin aloft in his right hand; his hand was represented by Omicron 2 Orionis and the skin was represented by the 5 stars designated Pi Orionis.
Omicron 2 Orionis (ο 2 Ori) is a solitary star in the constellation Orion.

Bellatrix

γ Oria star in the Orion constellationγ Ori (Bellatrix)
Bellatrix was designated Gamma Orionis by Johann Bayer, but is known colloquially as the "Amazon Star". It is the twenty-seventh brightest star in the night sky. Bellatrix is considered a B-type blue giant, though it is too small to explode in a supernova. Bellatrix's luminosity is derived from its high temperature rather than its radius, a factor that defines Betelgeuse. Bellatrix serves as Orion's left shoulder.
Bellatrix, also designated γ Orionis (Latinized to Gamma Orionis, abbreviated to Gamma Ori, γ Ori), is the third-brightest star in the constellation of Orion, 5° west of the red supergiant Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis).

Meissa

λ OriHekaλ
Of the lesser stars, Meissa (or Lambda Orionis) forms Orion's head, whilst Hatsya (or Iota Orionis) forms the tip of Orion's sword.
Meissa, designated Lambda Orionis (λ Orionis, abbreviated Lambda Ori, λ Ori) is a star in the constellation of Orion.

Taurus (constellation)

TaurusTauriTaurus constellation
In artistic renderings, the surrounding constellations are sometimes related to Orion: he is depicted standing next to the river Eridanus with his two hunting dogs Canis Major and Canis Minor, fighting Taurus.
Taurus is a big and prominent constellation in the northern hemisphere's winter sky, between Aries to the west and Gemini to the east; to the north lies Perseus and Auriga, to the southeast Orion, to the south Eridanus, and to the southwest Cetus.