Ormus

HormuzOrmuzKingdom of HormuzKingdom of OrmusKing of Hormuzharbour town of HormuzHurmuzKingdom of Hormus
The Kingdom of Ormus (also known as Ohrmuzd, Hormuz, and Ohrmazd; Arabic: هرمز, Portuguese: Ormuz) was a 10th- to 17th-century kingdom located within the Persian Gulf and extending as far as the Strait of Hormuz.wikipedia
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Strait of Hormuz

Straits of HormuzHormuzHormuz Strait
The Kingdom of Ormus (also known as Ohrmuzd, Hormuz, and Ohrmazd; Arabic: هرمز, Portuguese: Ormuz) was a 10th- to 17th-century kingdom located within the Persian Gulf and extending as far as the Strait of Hormuz. The Strait of Hormuz is a narrow, strategically important waterway between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf in the southwest.
In the 10th17th centuries AD, the Kingdom of Ormus, which seems to have given the strait its name, was located here.

Portuguese Empire

PortuguesePortugalPortuguese colonies
The Kingdom was established by Arab princes in the 10th century who in 1262 came under the suzerainty of Persia, before becoming a client state of the Portuguese Empire.
Having failed to conquer Ormuz, they instead followed a strategy intended to close off commerce to and from the Indian Ocean.

Hormuz Island

HormuzHormozisland of Hormuz
This port was located on Hormuz Island, which is located near the modern city of Bandar-e Abbas.
The island, known as Organa to the ancient Greeks and as Jarun in the Islamic period, acquired the name of "Hormuz" from the important harbour town of Hormuz (Ormus) on the mainland 60 km away, which had been a centre of a minor principality on both sides of the strait.

Kerman Seljuk Sultanate

KermanSeljuk armyKirman SeljukSeljuk rulers of Kerman
It was destroyed, date uncertain, either by one of the princes of the Kirman Seljuk, or by the Mongols.
It was during this period that the Spice Road burgeoned with the flourishing of the ports of Tiz, Hormuz and Kish, and this state, as the highway of this important economic road, could use tremendous wealth with the conditions it had created.

Afonso de Albuquerque

AlbuquerqueAlfonso de Albuquerquede Albuquerque
In September 1507, the Portuguese Afonso de Albuquerque landed on the island.
At Socotra, they parted ways: Tristão da Cunha sailed for India, where he would relieve the Portuguese besieged at Cannanore, while Afonso took seven ships and 500 men to Ormuz in the Persian Gulf, one of the chief eastern centers of commerce.

Bahrain

Kingdom of BahrainBahreinBHR
As vassals of the Portuguese state, the Kingdom of Ormus jointly participated in the 1521 invasion of Bahrain that ended Jabrid rule of the Persian Gulf archipelago.
In 1330, the archipelago became a tributary state of the rulers of Hormuz, though locally the islands were controlled by the Shi'ite Jarwanid dynasty of Qatif.

Safavid dynasty

SafavidSafavid EmpireSafavids
After the Portuguese made several abortive attempts to seize control of Basra, the Safavid ruler Abbas I of Persia conquered the kingdom with the help of the English, and expelled the Portuguese from the rest of the Persian Gulf, with the exception of Muscat.
He also used his new force to dislodge the Portuguese from Bahrain (1602) and, with English help, from Hormuz (1622), in the Persian Gulf (a vital link in Portuguese trade with India).

Capture of Ormuz (1507)

Capture of OrmuzHormuzBattle of Hormuz
Portugal occupied Ormuz from 1515 to 1622.

António Correia (admiral)

António CorreiaAntonio Correia
The Jabrid ruler was nominally a vassal of Ormus, but the Jabrid King, Muqrin ibn Zamil had refused to pay the tribute Ormus demanded, prompting the invasion under the command of the Portuguese conqueror, António Correia.
King Muqrin was the nominal vassal of the Portuguese vassals, the Huwala Kingdom of Hormuz, to whom Muqrin paid tribute from the lucrative pearl fisheries that had made Bahrain prosperous.

List of Sunni dynasties

List of Sunni Muslim dynastiesIslamic sultanateList of Muslim dynasties

Capture of Ormuz (1622)

Capture of OrmuzOrmuzAbbas retook
After the Portuguese made several abortive attempts to seize control of Basra, the Safavid ruler Abbas I of Persia conquered the kingdom with the help of the English, and expelled the Portuguese from the rest of the Persian Gulf, with the exception of Muscat.

Hormozgan Province

HormozganHormozgānHormozgān Province
Today, it is part of the Iranian province of Hormozgan.

Persian Gulf

GulfGulf regionPersian Gulf region
The Kingdom of Ormus (also known as Ohrmuzd, Hormuz, and Ohrmazd; Arabic: هرمز, Portuguese: Ormuz) was a 10th- to 17th-century kingdom located within the Persian Gulf and extending as far as the Strait of Hormuz. After the Portuguese made several abortive attempts to seize control of Basra, the Safavid ruler Abbas I of Persia conquered the kingdom with the help of the English, and expelled the Portuguese from the rest of the Persian Gulf, with the exception of Muscat.

Suzerainty

suzerainBritish Paramountcysuzerains
The Kingdom was established by Arab princes in the 10th century who in 1262 came under the suzerainty of Persia, before becoming a client state of the Portuguese Empire.

Client state

client kingclient kingdomclient
The Kingdom was established by Arab princes in the 10th century who in 1262 came under the suzerainty of Persia, before becoming a client state of the Portuguese Empire.

Bandar Abbas

Bandar-AbbasBandarabbasBandar-e Abbas
This port was located on Hormuz Island, which is located near the modern city of Bandar-e Abbas.

Gulf of Oman

Sea of OmanOmanOman Sea
The Strait of Hormuz is a narrow, strategically important waterway between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf in the southwest.

United Arab Emirates

UAEEmiratiUnited Arab Emirates (UAE)
On the north coast is Iran and on the south coast is the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman.

Musandam Governorate

MusandamRas MusandamMusandam Peninsula
On the north coast is Iran and on the south coast is the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman.

Enclave and exclave

exclaveenclaveexclaves
On the north coast is Iran and on the south coast is the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman.

Slavery

slaveslavesenslaved
The city-state of Ormus dates back to the 13th century when it controlled the slave market from Africa and Arabia to Khorasan in Persia.

Arabian Peninsula

ArabiaArabianArab Peninsula
The city-state of Ormus dates back to the 13th century when it controlled the slave market from Africa and Arabia to Khorasan in Persia.

Greater Khorasan

KhorasanKhurasanKhorassan
The city-state of Ormus dates back to the 13th century when it controlled the slave market from Africa and Arabia to Khorasan in Persia.

Persian Empire

PersianPersiaPersians
The city-state of Ormus dates back to the 13th century when it controlled the slave market from Africa and Arabia to Khorasan in Persia.

Cannon

cannonsgunsartillery pieces
These ships were not armed with cannons.