Orphan

orphansorphanedwar orphanorphaned childrenwar orphansChildren born to unknown parentsloss of parentsabandoned childrenchildren orphanedchildren who had lost their families
An orphan (from the ορφανός) is someone whose parents have died, are unknown, or have permanently abandoned them.wikipedia
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List of orphans and foundlings

Famous orphans
Famous orphans include world leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, Andrew Jackson; the Hebrew prophet Moses and the Muslim prophet Muhammad; writers such as Edgar Allan Poe, and Leo Tolstoy; athletes such as Aaron Hernandez and Jacques Villeneuve.
Notable orphans and foundlings include world leaders, celebrated writers, entertainment greats, figures in science and business, as well as innumerable fictional characters in literature and comics.

Anne of Green Gables

Diana BarryAnneGreen Gables
Examples from classic literature include Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre, Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist, Mark Twain's Tom Sawyer, L. M. Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables, Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscure, and J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings.
Set in the late 19th century, the novel recounts the adventures of Anne Shirley, an 11-year-old orphan girl, who is mistakenly sent to two middle-aged siblings, Matthew and Marilla Cuthbert, who had originally intended to adopt a boy to help them on their farm in the fictional town of Avonlea on Prince Edward Island.

Child abandonment

foundlingabandoned childrenfoundlings
An abandoned child is referred to as a foundling (as opposed to a runaway or an orphan).

AIDS orphan

AIDS orphansabuse and exploitationlost at least one parent
An AIDS orphan is a child who became an orphan because one or both parents died from AIDS.

Orphanage

orphanagesOrphan Asylumchildren's home
Historically, an orphanage is a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.

Empower Orphans

Neha Gupta
Empower Orphans is a registered 501(c)(3) non-profit organization which intends to address the problems associated with orphans and abandoned children, and children born into homes living in poverty.

Euro-orphan

The expression itself is a misnomer, since it is meant to describe temporary child abandonment, rather than the death of both parents.

Orphans (Lyle Kessler play)

Orphans*''Orphans1983 play of the same name
One recurring storyline has been the relationship that the orphan can have with an adult from outside their immediate family as seen in Lyle Kessler's play Orphans.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
One legal definition used in the United States is a minor bereft through "death or disappearance of, abandonment or desertion by, or separation or loss from, both parents".

Minor (law)

minorminorsjuvenile
One legal definition used in the United States is a minor bereft through "death or disappearance of, abandonment or desertion by, or separation or loss from, both parents".

UNICEF

United Nations Children's FundUnited Nations Children’s FundUnited Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
However, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS), and other groups label any child who has lost one parent as an orphan.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

UNAIDSJoint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDSJoint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS
However, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS), and other groups label any child who has lost one parent as an orphan.

Lesotho

Malawi

Republic of MalawiMalawianMalaŵi

Uganda

UgandanRepublic of UgandaUGA

Ministry of Civil Affairs

Minister of Civil AffairsMinistry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of ChinaVice Minister of Civil Affairs

Nelson Mandela

MandelaNelson Rolihlahla MandelaPresident Nelson Mandela
Famous orphans include world leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, Andrew Jackson; the Hebrew prophet Moses and the Muslim prophet Muhammad; writers such as Edgar Allan Poe, and Leo Tolstoy; athletes such as Aaron Hernandez and Jacques Villeneuve.

Alexander Hamilton

HamiltonHamiltonianA. Hamilton
Famous orphans include world leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, Andrew Jackson; the Hebrew prophet Moses and the Muslim prophet Muhammad; writers such as Edgar Allan Poe, and Leo Tolstoy; athletes such as Aaron Hernandez and Jacques Villeneuve.

Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr, Jr.Aaron Burr Jr.Burr, Aaron
Famous orphans include world leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, Andrew Jackson; the Hebrew prophet Moses and the Muslim prophet Muhammad; writers such as Edgar Allan Poe, and Leo Tolstoy; athletes such as Aaron Hernandez and Jacques Villeneuve.