Orphanage

orphanageschildren's homeOrphan Asylumasylumchildren's homesOrphanariumChildren’s HomeBoys' homeorphansasylum buildings
Historically, an orphanage was a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.wikipedia
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Child care

day carechildcaredaycare
Historically, an orphanage was a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.
Another form of childcare that is on the rise in contrast to familial caregiving is that of center based child care.In lieu of familial care giving, these responsibilities may be given to paid-caretakers, orphanages or foster homes to provide care, housing, and schooling.

Congregate care

Today’s residential institutions for children, also described as congregate care, include group homes, residential child care communities, children's homes, refuges, rehabilitation centers, night shelters, and youth treatment centers.
Orphanage

Residential child care community

children's homeresidential child care communitiescare home
Today’s residential institutions for children, also described as congregate care, include group homes, residential child care communities, children's homes, refuges, rehabilitation centers, night shelters, and youth treatment centers.
When using these terms one has to be careful not to confuse this concept with that of a residential treatment center (which is highly restrictive and established for children with severe behavioral issues) or an orphanage.

Group home

group homesfacility
Today’s residential institutions for children, also described as congregate care, include group homes, residential child care communities, children's homes, refuges, rehabilitation centers, night shelters, and youth treatment centers.
Prior to the 1970s this function was served by institutions, asylums, poorhouses, and orphanages until long-term services and supports, including group homes were developed in the US. The primary frameworks in the US undergirding group homes are often termed social and functional competency-based (e.g., community participation, social role valorization, social and community acceptance, self-determination, functional home and community skills) and another, positive behavioral supports (which may be considered overly structured for homes and home life).

Tennessee Children's Home Society

Deinstitutionalisation of orphanages and childrens homes program began in the 1950s, after a series of scandals involving the coercion of birth parents and abuse of orphans (notably at Georgia Tann's Tennessee Children's Home Society).
Tennessee Children's Home Society was an orphanage operated in the state of Tennessee during the first half of the twentieth century, and is most often associated with its Memphis branch operator Georgia Tann as an organization involved with the kidnapping of children and their illegal adoptions.

Foster care

foster homefoster parentfoster parents
Under the influence of Charles Loring Brace, foster care became a popular alternative from the mid-19th century.
They started placing the children in orphanages and workhouses as well.

Stora Barnhuset

General Child House
One of the first orphanages in Sweden was the Stora Barnhuset (1633-1922) in Stockholm, which remained the biggest orphanage in Sweden for centuries.
Stora Barnhuset (literally: "Great Child-house"), from 1785 known as Allmänna Barnhuset ("Public Child-house"), was Sweden's largest orphanage, founded 1633 in Stockholm and active until 1922.

New Orphan Houses, Ashley Down, Bristol

Ashley Down orphanageMuller HomesMuller Orphanage at Ashley Down
The New Orphan Houses, Ashley Down, commonly known as the Muller Homes, were an orphanage in the district of Ashley Down, in the north of Bristol.

Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601

Poor Law Act 1601Elizabethan Poor LawElizabethan Poor Law of 1601
The Elizabethan Poor Laws were enacted at the time of the Reformation, and placed public responsibility on individual parishes to care for the indigent poor.
The demands, needs and expectations of the poor also ensured that workhouses came to take on the character of general social policy institutions, combining the functions of crèche, night shelter, geriatric ward and orphanage.

Orphan

orphansorphanedwar orphan
Historically, an orphanage was a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.
Orphanage

Residential education

residential education programsresidential institution
Historically, an orphanage was a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.
Some typical forms of residential education include boarding schools, preparatory schools, orphanages, children and youth villages, residential academies, military schools and, most recently, residential charter schools.

Deinstitutionalisation (orphanages and children's institutions)

DeinstBucharest Early Intervention Projectdeinstitutionalisationdeinstitutionalization
/ "Attitudes regarding the institutional care of children have shifted dramatically in recent years in Ethiopia. There appears to be general recognition by MOLSA and the NGOs with which Pact is working that such care is, at best, a last resort, and that serious problems arise with the social reintegration of children who grow up in institutions, and deinstitutionalization through family reunification and independent living are being emphasized."
Deinstitutionalisation is the process of reforming child care systems and closing down orphanages and children's institutions, finding new placements for children currently resident and setting up replacement services to support vulnerable families in non institutional ways.

Foundling Hospital

Foundling Hospital of ParisFounding HospitalFoundling Hospita
The Foundling Hospital was founded in 1741 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram in London, England, as a children's home for the "education and maintenance of exposed and deserted young children."

Boarding school

boardingresidential schoolboarders
After reaching school age, all children enroll at internats (boarding schools).
Some function essentially as orphanages, e.g. the G.I. Rossolimo Boarding School Number 49 in Russia.

St. John's Orphanage

Notable former orphanages include the Melbourne Orphanage and the St. John's Orphanage in Goulburn, New South Wales.
St. John's Orphanage, sometimes referred to as the Goulburn Boys Orphanage, is a decommissioned orphanage located on Mundy Street in Goulburn, a town located in New South Wales, Australia.

Aberlour

Aberlour HouseAberlour on SpeyCharlestown of Aberlour
Aberlour once was the site of an orphanage which was founded by a minister called Charles Jupp.

Street children

street urchinstreet childstreet kid
There are campaigns to include orphanage children and street children in progress statistics.
While some governments have implemented programs to deal with street children, the general solution involves placing the children into orphanages, juvenile homes, or correctional institutions.

Bisley, Surrey

BisleyBisley RangesBisley, England
Actor Barry Evans attended Bisley boys' school which was an orphanage run by The Shaftesbury Homes.

Community-based care

Community-based care
Community-based care serves as a "bridge" between orphanage and settlement house.

Hope and Homes for Children

Hope and Homes for Children are working with governments to deinstitutionalise their child care systems.
The first project was an orphanage in Croatia, in a town called Lipik.

Boys Town (organization)

Boys TownBoystownBoy's Town
Boys Town (organization)
Boys Town was founded on December 12, 1917, as an orphanage for boys, then called the "City of Little Men".

Barnardo's

Barnardos AustraliaDr Barnardo'sBarnado's
A very influential philanthropist of the era was Thomas John Barnardo, the founder of the charity Barnardos.
In 1870 he founded a boys' orphanage at 18 Stepney Causeway and later opened a girls' home.

Lumos (charity)

Lumos
Lumos works to replace institutions with community-based services that provide children with access to health, education and social care tailored to their individual needs.
Lumos, formerly known as Children’s High Level Group, is an international non-governmental charity (NGO) founded by British author of Harry Potter, J. K. Rowling, which promotes an end to the institutionalisation of children worldwide.

Adoption

adoptedadoptadoptive
Joint Council on International Children's Services is a nonprofit child advocacy organization based in Alexandria, Virginia. It is the largest association of international adoption agencies in America, and in addition to working in 51 different countries, advocates for ethical practices in American adoption agencies
Oblation marks the beginning of a shift toward institutionalization, eventually bringing about the establishment of the foundling hospital and orphanage.

Spurgeons

Stockwell Home and later Birchington, started by Charles H Spurgeon, is now Spurgeons after the last orphanage closed in 1979. Spurgeons Children's Charity provides support to vulnerable and disadvantaged children and families across England.
Spurgeons charity was founded in 1867 when Anne Hillyard donated £20,000 to Charles Spurgeon, to be used to open an orphanage for fatherless boys.