Orphanage

orphanagesOrphan Asylumchildren's homeasylumchildren's homesOrphanariumChildren’s HomeBoys' homeorphansasylum buildings
Historically, an orphanage is a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.wikipedia
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Child care

day carechildcaredaycare
Historically, an orphanage is a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.
In lieu of familial care giving, these responsibilities may be given to paid caretakers, orphanages or foster homes to provide care, housing, and schooling.

Group home

group homesboys' homefacility
Today's residential institutions for children, also described as congregate care, include group homes, residential child care communities, children's homes, refuges, rehabilitation centers, night shelters, and youth treatment centers.
Prior to the 1970s this function was served by institutions, asylums, poorhouses, and orphanages until long-term services and supports, including group homes were developed in the US.

Tennessee Children's Home Society

Deinstitutionalization of orphanages and children's homes program in the United States began in the 1950s, after a series of scandals involving the coercion of birth parents and abuse of orphans (notably at Georgia Tann's Tennessee Children's Home Society).
Tennessee Children's Home Society was an orphanage that operated in the state of Tennessee during the first half of the twentieth century.

Foster care

foster homefoster parentfoster parents
Under the influence of Charles Loring Brace, foster care became a popular alternative from the mid-19th century.
They started placing the children in orphanages and workhouses as well.

Stora Barnhuset

Allmänna BarnhusetGeneral Child House
One of the first orphanages in Sweden was the Stora Barnhuset (1633-1922) in Stockholm, which remained the biggest orphanage in Sweden for centuries.
Stora Barnhuset (literally: "Great Children's Home"), from 1785 known as Allmänna Barnhuset ("Public Children's Home"), was Sweden's largest orphanage, founded 1633 in Stockholm and active until 1922.

New Orphan Houses, Ashley Down, Bristol

Ashley Down orphanageMuller HomesMuller Orphanage at Ashley Down
The New Orphan Houses, Ashley Down, commonly known as the Muller Homes, were an orphanage in the district of Ashley Down, in the north of Bristol.

Act for the Relief of the Poor 1601

Elizabethan Poor LawPoor Law Act 1601Old Poor Law
The Elizabethan Poor Laws were enacted at the time of the Reformation, and placed public responsibility on individual parishes to care for the indigent poor.
The demands, needs and expectations of the poor also ensured that workhouses came to take on the character of general social policy institutions, combining the functions of crèche, night shelter, geriatric ward and orphanage.

Orphan

orphansorphanedwar orphan
Historically, an orphanage is a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.

Decree 770

Decreţeidecreţei 770banned abortion and contraception
In Romania, a decree was established that aggressively promoted population growth, banning contraception and abortions forwomen with fewer than four children, despite the wretched poverty of most families.
Many children born in this period became malnourished, were severely physically handicapped, or ended up in care under grievous conditions, which led to a rise in child mortality.

Residential education

residential education programsresidential institution
Historically, an orphanage is a residential institution, or group home, devoted to the care of orphans and other children who were separated from their biological families.
Some typical forms of residential education include boarding schools, preparatory schools, orphanages, children and youth villages, residential academies, military schools and, most recently, residential charter schools.

Deinstitutionalisation (orphanages and children's institutions)

DeinstBucharest Early Intervention Projectdeinstitutionalisationdeinstitutionalization
/ "Attitudes regarding the institutional care of children have shifted dramatically in recent years in Ethiopia. There appears to be general recognition by MOLSA and the NGOs with which Pact is working that such care is, at best, a last resort, and that serious problems arise with the social reintegration of children who grow up in institutions, and deinstitutionalization through family reunification and independent living are being emphasized."
Deinstitutionalisation is the process of reforming child care systems and closing down orphanages and children's institutions, finding new placements for children currently resident and setting up replacement services to support vulnerable families in non institutional ways.

Foundling Hospital

Foundling Hospital of ParisLondon Foundling HospitalFounding Hospital
The Foundling Hospital was founded in 1741 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram in London, England, as a children's home for the "education and maintenance of exposed and deserted young children."

Boarding school

boardingboardersresidential school
After reaching school age, all children enroll at internats (boarding schools).
Some function essentially as orphanages, e.g. the G.I. Rossolimo Boarding School Number 49 in Russia.

St. John's Orphanage

Notable former orphanages include the Melbourne Orphanage and the St. John's Orphanage in Goulburn, New South Wales.
St. John's Orphanage, sometimes referred to as the Goulburn Boys Orphanage, is a decommissioned orphanage located on Mundy Street in Goulburn, a town located in New South Wales, Australia.

Aberlour

Charlestown of AberlourAberlour Child Care TrustAberlour House
Aberlour once was the site of an orphanage which was founded in 1875 by Margaret Macpherson Grant and a minister called Charles Jupp.

Street children

street urchinstreet childstreet kid
There are campaigns to include orphanage children and street children in progress statistics.
While some governments have implemented programs to deal with street children, the general solution involves placing the children into orphanages, juvenile homes, or correctional institutions.

Bisley, Surrey

BisleyBisley CampBisley Ranges
Actor Barry Evans attended Bisley boys' school which was an orphanage run by The Shaftesbury Homes.

Boys Town (organization)

Boys TownBoystownGirls and Boys Town
Boys Town was founded on December 12, 1917, as an orphanage for boys, then called the "City of Little Men".

Community-based care

Community-based care serves as a "bridge" between orphanage and settlement house.

Hope and Homes for Children

The first project was an orphanage in Croatia, in a town called Lipik.

Barnardo's

BarnardosBarnardo’sBarnados
A very influential philanthropist of the era was Thomas John Barnardo, the founder of the charity Barnardos.
In 1870 he founded a boys' orphanage at 18 Stepney Causeway and later opened a girls' home.

Whole Child International

Whole Child focuses on improving the quality of care for vulnerable children worldwide by working within childcare institutions (orphanages) and in limited-resource childcare centers where children often show the same unmet developmental needs and poor outcomes as those in orphanages.

Lumos (charity)

LumosThe Children's VoiceChildren's High Level Group
Lumos, formerly known as Children’s High Level Group, is an international non-governmental charity (NGO) founded by British author of Harry Potter, J. K. Rowling, which promotes an end to the institutionalisation of children worldwide.

Thomas John Barnardo

Thomas BarnardoDr BarnardoBarnardo
A very influential philanthropist of the era was Thomas John Barnardo, the founder of the charity Barnardos.
In 1870 he founded a boys' orphanage at 18 Stepney Causeway and later opened a girls' home.

Adoption

adoptedadoptadoptive
Oblation marks the beginning of a shift toward institutionalization, eventually bringing about the establishment of the foundling hospital and orphanage.