A report on Orvieto

Facade of the Orvieto Cathedral.
The Pozzo di S. Patrizio, a well built for the Popes.
The site of Orvieto was once an Etruscan acropolis.
The monumental Cathedral of Orvieto.
The underground tunneling system.
A narrow vicolo
San Giovenale.

City and comune in the Province of Terni, southwestern Umbria, Italy, situated on the flat summit of a large butte of volcanic tuff.

- Orvieto

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Overall

Façade of the cathedral

Orvieto Cathedral

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Façade of the cathedral
Coronation of the Virgin mosaic on the top gable of the cathedral
Rose window
Marble Pieta, Madonna Mourning the Crucified Jesus with St. Nicodemus
Creation of Eve (probably by Maitani)
The interior
Baptismal font
Gentile da Fabriano, Madonna Enthroned with Child.
Partial view of the apse
Chapel of the Corporal
Partial view on the vault – Christ in Judgment by Fra Angelico and Benozzo Gozzoli; other frescoes by Luca Signorelli and his school
'Selfportrait of Luca Signorelli (left) with Fra Angelico.
Christ and the Doubting Thomas
Pietà wall painting
Fresco of the Deeds of the Antichrist (c. 1501) in Orvieto Cathedral.
The Apocalypse
Resurrection of the Flesh (1499–1502) Fresco Chapel of San Brizio, Duomo, Orvieto.
The Damned in Hell
The Elect In Paradise

Orvieto Cathedral (Duomo di Orvieto; Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta) is a large 14th-century Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and situated in the town of Orvieto in Umbria, central Italy.

Bolsena

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Town and comune of Italy, in the province of Viterbo in northern Lazio on the eastern shore of Lake Bolsena.

Town and comune of Italy, in the province of Viterbo in northern Lazio on the eastern shore of Lake Bolsena.

The Castle of Bolsena.

While it is fairly certain that the city is the successor to the ancient Roman town of Volsinii (sometimes termed Volsinii Novi – New Volsinii – to distinguish it from the Etruscan city), scholarly opinion is sharply divided as to whether Volsinii was the same as the ancient Etruscan city of Velzna or Velsuna (sometimes termed Volsinii Veteres – Old Volsinii), the other candidate being Orvieto, 20 km (12 mi) NE.

Arnolfo di Cambio by Vasari

Arnolfo di Cambio

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Arnolfo di Cambio (c.

Arnolfo di Cambio (c.

Arnolfo di Cambio by Vasari
The ciborium over the high altar of St. John Lateran is derived from a design by Arnolfo di Cambio and decorated with paintings by Barna da Siena in 1367–1368. The cage above contains silver reliquaries which are said to hold the heads of SS. Peter and Paul.
The sculpture of St. Peter found within St. Peter's Basilica, Rome
Detail of the tomb of Riccardo Cardinal Annibaldi, at St. John Lateran. This was the first major work of Arnolfo in Rome.
Tomb of Honorius IV (The columns and upper entablature are of a later date).

He designed Florence Cathedral and the sixth city wall around Florence (1284-1333), while his most important surviving work as a sculptor is the tomb of Cardinal de Braye in S. Domenico, Orvieto.

Viterbo

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Ancient city and comune in the Lazio region of central Italy, the capital of the province of Viterbo.

Ancient city and comune in the Lazio region of central Italy, the capital of the province of Viterbo.

View from space of Viterbo and Rome
Etruscan warrior, found near Viterbo, dated circa 500 BC.
The Palace of the Popes – In the background the bell-tower of the cathedral
Fontana di Piazza della Rocca (12th–16th-century) in the center of Old Town Viterbo
St. Lawrence Cathedral and bell-tower
Bagno del Papa in Viterbo.
"The Awakening" by Seward Johnson in Viterbo
The Fontana Grande ("Grand Fountain") in the eponymous square.
A recent Macchina design in 2007
Porta Fiorentina is one of three train stations serving Viterbo.

In the fourteenth century, Giovanni di Vico had created a seignory extending to Civitavecchia, Tarquinia, Bolsena, Orvieto, Todi, Narni and Amelia.

Pozzo San Patrizio at Orvieto

Pozzo di S. Patrizio

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Pozzo San Patrizio at Orvieto
The Pozzo di San Patrizio, a well built for Rome commissioned by Pope Clement VII
Interior view, showing the double helix staircase

The Pozzo di San Patrizio (English: "St. Patrick's Well") is a historic well in Orvieto, Umbria, central Italy.

Bolsena at the site of Roman Volsinii. 42.64472°N, 11.98583°W

Volsinii

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Name of two ancient cities of Etruria, one situated on the shore of Lacus Volsiniensis (modern Lago di Bolsena), and the other on the Via Clodia, between Clusium (Chiusi) and Forum Cassii (Vetralla).

Name of two ancient cities of Etruria, one situated on the shore of Lacus Volsiniensis (modern Lago di Bolsena), and the other on the Via Clodia, between Clusium (Chiusi) and Forum Cassii (Vetralla).

Bolsena at the site of Roman Volsinii. 42.64472°N, 11.98583°W
Orvieto, candidate for the location of Etruscan Velzna. Etruscan antiquities there are extensive. 42.71667°N, 12.1°W
Attic red-figure calyx-krater, c. 460–450 BC, from Orvieto (the Niobid Krater).

Umbrian Orvieto, about 14 km from Bolsena, is a strong candidate.

A tapestry depicting the Miracle of Bolsena as part of the Corpus Christi procession in Orvieto

Corporal of Bolsena

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The Corporal of Bolsena dates from a Eucharistic miracle in Bolsena, Italy, in 1263 when a consecrated host allegedly began to bleed onto a corporal, the small cloth upon which the host and chalice rest during the Canon of the Mass.

The Corporal of Bolsena dates from a Eucharistic miracle in Bolsena, Italy, in 1263 when a consecrated host allegedly began to bleed onto a corporal, the small cloth upon which the host and chalice rest during the Canon of the Mass.

A tapestry depicting the Miracle of Bolsena as part of the Corpus Christi procession in Orvieto
The Corporal of Bolsena processing out of Orvieto's Duomo as part of Corpus Christi celebrations
"Bloody bread": S. marcescens growing on bread

Today the Corporal of Bolsena is preserved in a rich reliquary at Orvieto in the cathedral.

An altarpiece in Ascoli Piceno, Italy,
by Carlo Crivelli (15th century)

Thomas Aquinas

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Italian Dominican friar and priest, who was an immensely influential philosopher, theologian, and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism; he is known within the scholastic tradition as the Doctor Angelicus, the Doctor Communis, and the Doctor Universalis.

Italian Dominican friar and priest, who was an immensely influential philosopher, theologian, and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism; he is known within the scholastic tradition as the Doctor Angelicus, the Doctor Communis, and the Doctor Universalis.

An altarpiece in Ascoli Piceno, Italy,
by Carlo Crivelli (15th century)
The Castle of Monte San Giovanni Campano
Thomas is girded by angels with a mystical belt of purity after his proof of chastity. Painting by Diego Velázquez.
Triumph of St Thomas Aquinas, "Doctor Communis", between Plato and Aristotle, Benozzo Gozzoli, 1471. Louvre, Paris.
Icon of the crucifixion speaking to Thomas Aquinas is depicted on this stained glass window in Saint Patrick Church (Columbus, Ohio).
Triumph of St. Thomas Aquinas, "Doctor Angelicus", with saints and angels, Andrea di Bonaiuto, 1366. Basilica of Santa Maria Novella, fresco.
The remains of Thomas Aquinas are buried in the Church of the Jacobins in Toulouse.
St. Thomas Aquinas and the Pope
Detail of The Apotheosis of Saint Thomas Aquinas by Francisco de Zurbarán, 1631
Saint Thomas Aquinas by Luis Muñoz Lafuente
Super libros de generatione et corruptione
Super Physicam Aristotelis, 1595
Thomas Aquinas by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, 1650
17th-century sculpture of Thomas Aquinas
Portrait of St. Thomas by Antonio del Castillo y Saavedra, c. 1649
A stained glass window of Thomas Aquinas in St. Joseph's Catholic Church (Central City, Kentucky)

In September 1261 he was called to Orvieto, where as conventual lector he was responsible for the pastoral formation of the friars unable to attend a studium generale.

Umbria

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Region of central Italy.

Region of central Italy.

Cityscape of the capital Perugia
A typical landscape of the Umbrian countryside
View of Assisi
View of Norcia
View of the medieval town of Gubbio
The Orvieto Cathedral
Corsa dei ceri, or race of the "candles", which are symbolized by these tall wooden poles
East side of Carbonana Castle

The region is characterized by hills, mountains, valleys and historical towns such as the university centre of Perugia, Assisi, a World Heritage Site associated with St. Francis of Assisi, Terni, Norcia, Città di Castello, Gubbio, Spoleto, Orvieto, Todi, Castiglione del Lago, Narni, Amelia, Spello and other small cities.

Portrait of Luca Signorelli, from Serie degli uomini. I più illustri nella pittura, scultura, e architettura, III (1769)

Luca Signorelli

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Luca Signorelli (c.

Luca Signorelli (c.

Portrait of Luca Signorelli, from Serie degli uomini. I più illustri nella pittura, scultura, e architettura, III (1769)
Self portrait of Luca Signorelli
Testament and Death of Moses, detail
Lamentation over the Dead Christ, detail, 1502
Lamentation of Christ, Orvieto, Monte Oliveto
Signorelli paid great attention to anatomy. Two nude youths carrying a young woman and a young man
Annunciation, Volterra
Portrait of an older man (1492)
Portrait of Ritratto di Camillo Vitelli (c. 1493–1496)
Portrait of Vitellozzo Vitelli
Saint Anthony and Saint Eligius
Crucifixion
Martyrdom of St Sebastian
Madonna and Child with Saints and Angels
Madonna with Angels and Saints, detail, San Girolamo (Saint Jerome)
Fresco of the Deeds of the Antichrist (c. 1501) in Orvieto Cathedral.
Selfportrait of Luca Signorelli (left) with Fra Angelico
Resurrection of the Flesh (1499–1502) Fresco Chapel of San Brizio, Duomo, Orvieto.
The Elect In Paradise
The Damned in Hell
Christ and the Doubting Thomas

From the Monastery of Monte Oliveto Maggiore near Siena, Signorelli went to Orvieto and produced his masterpiece, the frescoes in the chapel of S. Brizio (then called the Cappella Nuova), in the cathedral.