Osman I

Osman GaziOsmanOsman al-GhaziOsman BeyOsman GhaziOthmanbelowempire's founderOsman Ghazi IOsmangazi
Osman I or Osman Gazi (Birinci Osman or Osman Gazi; died 1323/4), sometimes transliterated archaically as Othman, was the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the Ottoman dynasty.wikipedia
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Ottoman dynasty

OttomanSultanHouse of Osman
Osman I or Osman Gazi (Birinci Osman or Osman Gazi; died 1323/4), sometimes transliterated archaically as Othman, was the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the Ottoman dynasty.
According to Ottoman tradition, the family originated from the Kayı tribe branch of the Oghuz Turks, under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia in the district of Bilecik Söğüt.

Ottoman Turks

OttomansOttomanTurks
Osman I or Osman Gazi (Birinci Osman or Osman Gazi; died 1323/4), sometimes transliterated archaically as Othman, was the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the Ottoman dynasty.
Reliable information about the early history of Ottoman Turks is scarce, but they take their Turkish name, Osmanlı ("Osman" being corrupted in some European languages as "Ottoman"), from the house of Osman I (reigned ca.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
He and the dynasty bearing his name later established and ruled the nascent Ottoman Empire (then known as the Ottoman Beylik or Emirate).
It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt (modern-day Bilecik Province) by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I.

Turkey

TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
Historians commonly mark the end date at the abolition of the sultanate in 1922, the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, or the abolition of the caliphate in 1924.
In its wake, one of the Turkish principalities governed by Osman I would evolve over the next 200 years into the Ottoman Empire.

Anatolian beyliks

beylikAnatolian beylikbeyliks
The Ottoman principality was just one of many Anatolian beyliks that emerged in the second half of the thirteenth century.
Under its eponymous founder, Osman I, the Beylik of Osmanoğlu expanded at Byzantine expense south and west of the Sea of Marmara in the first decades of the 14th century.

Battle of Bapheus

BapheusBapheus (Koyunhisar)Bapheus, Battle of
The first datable event in Osman's life is the Battle of Bapheus in 1301 or 1302, in which he defeated a Byzantine force sent to counter him.
The Battle of Bapheus occurred on 27 July 1302, between an Ottoman army under Osman I and a Byzantine army under George Mouzalon.

Abolition of the Ottoman sultanate

abolition of the sultanateSultanate abolishedSultanate was abolished
Historians commonly mark the end date at the abolition of the sultanate in 1922, the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, or the abolition of the caliphate in 1924.
The Ottoman Empire's sovereignty was embodied in the dynasty of Osman I, who was its founder and namesake.

Söğüt

District of SöğütSögütSogut
He then pledged allegiance to the Sultan of the Anatolian Seljuks, who granted him dominion over the town of Söğüt on the Byzantine frontier.
Legend has it that the bey (chief) of the tribe in the late 13th century, Ertuğrul, bravely kept the enemies at bay so that his son, Osman, could conquer them all during his reign, 1299 to 1326.

Anatolia

Asia MinorAsiatic TurkeyAnatolian Plateau
According to Ottoman tradition, Osman's father Ertuğrul led the Turkic Kayı tribe west from Central Asia into Anatolia, fleeing the Mongol onslaught.
The Osmanli ruler Osman I was the first Turkish ruler who minted coins in his own name in 1320s, for it bears the legend "Minted by Osman son of Ertugrul".

Malhun Hatun

Mal HatunMalhun
These early victories and exploits are favorite subjects of Ottoman writers, especially in love stories of his wooing and winning the fair Mal Hatun.
Malhun Hatun (died November 1323, other names Mal Hatun, Mala Hatun, Kameriye Sultana) was the first wife of Osman I, the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman Empire.

Siege of Bursa

BursaBursa (1326)Bursa, Siege of
Although Osman did not physically participate in the battle, the victory at Bursa proved to be extremely vital for the Ottomans as the city served as a staging ground against the Byzantines in Constantinople, and as a newly adorned capital for Osman's son, Orhan.
According to some sources Osman I died of natural causes just before the fall of the city, while others suggest that he lived long enough to hear about the victory on his death-bed and was buried in Bursa afterwards.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines
He then pledged allegiance to the Sultan of the Anatolian Seljuks, who granted him dominion over the town of Söğüt on the Byzantine frontier. Situated in the region of Bithynia, Osman's principality was particularly well-placed to launch attacks on the vulnerable Byzantine Empire, which his descendants would eventually go on to conquer.
In time, one of the Beys, Osman I, created an empire that would eventually conquer Constantinople.

Rabia Bala Hatun

Rabia Bala
Râbi'a Bâlâ Hâtun (died January 1324 birth name Rabia) was the wife of Ottoman Sultan Osman I.

List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman SultanSultanSultan of the Ottoman Empire
The Sword of Osman (Taklid-i Seyf) was an important sword of state used during the coronation ceremony of the Ottoman Sultans.
The empire came into existence at the end of the thirteenth century, and its first ruler (and the namesake of the Empire) was Osman I.

Alaeddin Pasha

Alaeddin
Alaeddin Bey, or Alaeddin Pasha (Alâeddin Paşa; Söğüt, 1280/1282 – Bursa, 1331), was the half-brother of Orhan I, who succeeded their father, Osman I Ghazi, in the leadership of the Ottoman Empire.

Köse Mihal

Gazi MihalMichael of the Peaked Beard
undefined 1340) accompanied Osman I in his ascent to power as an Emir and founder of the Ottoman Empire.

Ghazi (warrior)

GhazighazisGazi
In modern Turkish, it is used to refer to soldiers who are hurt during battle, and also as a title for Turkic champions such as Ertuğrul, Osman Gazi and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Orhan

Orhan IOrhan GaziOrhan Bey
Although Osman did not physically participate in the battle, the victory at Bursa proved to be extremely vital for the Ottomans as the city served as a staging ground against the Byzantines in Constantinople, and as a newly adorned capital for Osman's son, Orhan.
He was born in Söğüt, as the son of Osman Gazi and Malhun Hatun.

Osmanoğlu family

Osman Selaheddin OsmanoğluEmine MükbileMahmud Namık
There were 36 Ottoman Sultans who ruled over the Empire, and each one was a direct descendant through the male line of the first Ottoman Sultan, Sultan Osman I.

Ertuğrul

Ertuğrul GaziErtugrulErtogrul
According to Ottoman tradition, Osman's father Ertuğrul led the Turkic Kayı tribe west from Central Asia into Anatolia, fleeing the Mongol onslaught.
Ertugrul (, Ertuğrul Gazi, Erṭoġrıl; often with the title Gazi) (died c. 1280 ) was the father of Osman I.

Sheikh Edebali

Sheik EdebaliEdebali
The practice started when Osman was girt with the sword of Islam by his father-in-law Sheik Edebali.
Edebali often conversed with his close friend Ertugrul Ghazi, the father of Osman Ghazi, about Islam and the state of affairs of Muslims in Anatolia.

Tughra

monogramtugrahTuğra
Depending on the period, this name can be as simple as Orhan, son of Osman in the first tughra in 1326.

Islam

IslamicMuslimMuslims
Accordingly, he interpretated a dream of Osman Gazi as God's legitimation of his reign.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
It existed until shortly after the end of World War I.

Ottoman Caliphate

Ottoman CaliphcaliphateCaliph
Historians commonly mark the end date at the abolition of the sultanate in 1922, the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, or the abolition of the caliphate in 1924.