Osmanya script

OsmanyaOsmanya alphabetOsmania alphabet
The Osmanya script (Farta Cismaanya; Osmanya: ), also known as Far Soomaali ("Somali writing") and, in Arabic, as al-kitābah al-ʿuthmānīyah, is a writing script created to transcribe the Somali language.wikipedia
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Osman Yusuf Kenadid

Osman Yuusuf Keenadiid
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid, the son of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid and brother of Sultan Ali Yusuf Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo.
He created the Osmanya alphabet for writing Somali.

Yusuf Ali Kenadid

Yusuf Ali Keenadid
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid, the son of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid and brother of Sultan Ali Yusuf Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo.
He is the father of Osman Yusuf Kenadid, who would go on to create the Osmanya writing script for the Somali language.

Ali Yusuf Kenadid

Ali Yusuf
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid, the son of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid and brother of Sultan Ali Yusuf Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo.
Ali Yusuf's brother, Osman Yusuf Kenadid, would go on to invent the Osmanya writing script for the Somali language.

Somali language

SomalisomAf Soomaali
The Osmanya script (Farta Cismaanya; Osmanya: ), also known as Far Soomaali ("Somali writing") and, in Arabic, as al-kitābah al-ʿuthmānīyah, is a writing script created to transcribe the Somali language.
Writing systems developed in the twentieth century include the Osmanya, Borama and Kaddare alphabets, which were invented by Osman Yusuf Kenadid, Abdurahman Sheikh Nuur and Hussein Sheikh Ahmed Kaddare, respectively.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
While Osmanya gained reasonably wide acceptance in Somalia and quickly produced a considerable body of literature, it proved difficult to spread among the population mainly due to stiff competition from the long-established Arabic script as well as the emerging Somali Latin alphabet developed by the Somali linguist Shire Jama Ahmed.
Indigenous writing systems developed in the 20th century include the Osmanya, Borama and Kaddare scripts, which were invented by Osman Yusuf Kenadid, Sheikh Abdurahman Sheikh Nuur and Hussein Sheikh Ahmed Kaddare, respectively.

Unicode

Unicode StandardUnicode Transformation FormatThe Unicode Standard
Osmanya script was added to the Unicode Standard in April 2003 with the release of version 4.0.

Somali alphabets

Somali alphabetLatin scriptSomali orthography
Writing systems developed locally in the twentieth century include the Osmanya, Borama and Kaddare scripts.

Borama script

BoramaBorama alphabet
Though not as widely known as Osmanya, the other major orthography for transcribing Somali, Borama has produced a notable body of literature mainly consisting of qasidas.

Shire Jama Ahmed

While Osmanya gained reasonably wide acceptance in Somalia and quickly produced a considerable body of literature, it proved difficult to spread among the population mainly due to stiff competition from the long-established Arabic script as well as the emerging Somali Latin alphabet developed by the Somali linguist Shire Jama Ahmed.
Among those proposed was the Osmanya script, an orthography invented in the early twentieth century by the Majeerteen poet and ruler, Osman Yusuf Kenadid, which had enjoyed a strong following.

Kaddare script

KaddareKaddare alphabet
Several of Kaddare's letters are similar to those in the Osmanya script, while others bear a resemblance to Brahmi.

Writing system

scriptwriting systemsscripts
The Osmanya script (Farta Cismaanya; Osmanya: ), also known as Far Soomaali ("Somali writing") and, in Arabic, as al-kitābah al-ʿuthmānīyah, is a writing script created to transcribe the Somali language.

Sultanate of Hobyo

Sultan of Hobyo
It was invented between 1920 and 1922 by Osman Yusuf Kenadid, the son of Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid and brother of Sultan Ali Yusuf Kenadid of the Sultanate of Hobyo.

Arabic alphabet

ArabicArabic scriptArabic letters
While Osmanya gained reasonably wide acceptance in Somalia and quickly produced a considerable body of literature, it proved difficult to spread among the population mainly due to stiff competition from the long-established Arabic script as well as the emerging Somali Latin alphabet developed by the Somali linguist Shire Jama Ahmed. Letter names are based on the names of letters in Arabic, and the long vowels uu and ii are represented by the letters waaw and yaa, respectively.

Somali Latin alphabet

Latin alphabetLatin scriptmodified Latin script
While Osmanya gained reasonably wide acceptance in Somalia and quickly produced a considerable body of literature, it proved difficult to spread among the population mainly due to stiff competition from the long-established Arabic script as well as the emerging Somali Latin alphabet developed by the Somali linguist Shire Jama Ahmed.

Linguistics

linguistlinguisticlinguists
While Osmanya gained reasonably wide acceptance in Somalia and quickly produced a considerable body of literature, it proved difficult to spread among the population mainly due to stiff competition from the long-established Arabic script as well as the emerging Somali Latin alphabet developed by the Somali linguist Shire Jama Ahmed.

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
In October 1972, because of the Latin script's simplicity, its ability to cope with all of the sounds in the language, and the widespread existence of machines and typewriters designed for its use, made President Mohamed Siad Barre require it for writing Somali instead of the Arabic or Osmanya scripts.

Vowel length

shortlong vowellong
Letter names are based on the names of letters in Arabic, and the long vowels uu and ii are represented by the letters waaw and yaa, respectively.

University of London

London UniversityLondonThe University of London
* I.M. Lewis (1958) Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol.

Osman Mahmoud

Sultan of Hobyo, Yusuf Ali Kenadid, who ruled over much of what today is Puntland as far as Hobyo, and his son, Osman Yuusuf Keenadiid, who invented the Osmanya writing script.

Hirsi Magan

Hirsi Magan Isse
As a trained linguist and anthropologist, he is known as a champion of Osmanya, the Somali writing script invented by Osman Yusuf Kenadid, unlike the former head of state, Siad Barre, who made Shire Jama Ahmed's modified Latin script the national standard in Somalia in 1973

Open-source Unicode typefaces

Free software Unicode typefacesFree software Unicode fontsfreely available
Armenian, Cherokee, Coptic, Cypriot Syllabary, Cyrillic, Deseret, Georgian, Glagolitic, Gothic, Greek, Hebrew, Latin, Limbu, Linear B (partial coverage), Old Italic, Old Persian cuneiform, Osmanya, Phoenician, Shavian, Syloti Nagri (no conjuncts), Tai Le (no combining tone marks), Thaana, Tifinagh, Ugaritic, and Vietnamese.

Writing systems of Africa

African writing systemsWriting systems of Africa (section on Latin script)African languages
Writing systems developed in the twentieth century for transcribing Somali include the Osmanya, Borama and Kaddare alphabets, which were invented by Osman Yusuf Kenadid, Sheikh Abdurahman Sheikh Nuur and Hussein Sheikh Ahmed Kaddare, respectively.

List of writing systems

adopted writing systemsFictional alphabetfifth most widely used writing system