Osteoporosis

bone lossosteoporoticpostmenopausal osteoporosisdecreased bone mineral densityosteoperosisbone healthbrittle bonebrittle bonesdecreased bone massdegenerative bone disease
Osteoporosis is a disease in which bone weakening increases the risk of a broken bone.wikipedia
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Bone fracture

fracturefracturescompound fracture
Osteoporosis is a disease in which bone weakening increases the risk of a broken bone.
A bone fracture may be the result of high force impact or stress, or a minimal trauma injury as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis, osteopenia, bone cancer, or osteogenesis imperfecta, where the fracture is then properly termed a pathologic fracture.

Anorexia nervosa

anorexiaanorexicanorexics
Osteoporosis may also occur due to a number of diseases or treatments, including alcoholism, anorexia, hyperthyroidism, kidney disease, and surgical removal of the ovaries.
Complications may include osteoporosis, infertility, and heart damage, among others.

Fall prevention

fallsfalls riskpreventing falls
Efforts to prevent broken bones in those with osteoporosis include a good diet, exercise, and fall prevention.
Because of underlying osteoporosis and decreased mobility and reflexes, falls often result in hip fractures and other fractures, head injuries, and even death in older adults.

Glucocorticoid

glucocorticoidssteroidssteroid
Certain medications increase the rate of bone loss, including some antiseizure medications, chemotherapy, proton pump inhibitors, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and glucocorticosteroids.
Some examples include inhibition of bone formation, suppression of calcium absorption (both of which can lead to osteoporosis), delayed wound healing, muscle weakness, and increased risk of infection.

Old age

senior citizenelderlysenior citizens
It is the most common reason for a broken bone among the elderly.

Hip

hip jointhipship-joint
Bones that commonly break include the vertebrae in the spine, the bones of the forearm, and the hip.
The head of the femur is attached to the shaft by a thin neck region that is often prone to fracture in the elderly, which is mainly due to the degenerative effects of osteoporosis.

Hip fracture

hip fracturesbroken hipintertrochanteric
Hip fracture, in particular, usually requires prompt surgery, as serious risks are associated with it, such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and increased mortality.
Risk factors include osteoporosis, taking many medications, alcohol use, and metastatic cancer.

Pathologic fracture

pathological fracturefragility fracturebone fractures
The term "established osteoporosis" is used when a broken bone due to osteoporosis has occurred.
This process is most commonly due to osteoporosis, but may also be due to other pathologies such as: cancer, infection (such as osteomyelitis), inherited bone disorders, or a bone cyst.

Menopause

postmenopausalmenopausalpremenopausal
Bone loss increases after menopause due to lower levels of estrogen.
Long-term effects of menopause may include osteoporosis, vaginal atrophy as well as changed metabolic profile resulting in cardiac risks.

Testosterone

low testosterone levels due to agingmetabolismprenatal exposure to androgens
In addition, testosterone is involved in health and well-being, and the prevention of osteoporosis.

Hyperthyroidism

thyrotoxicosishyperthyroidoveractive thyroid
Osteoporosis may also occur due to a number of diseases or treatments, including alcoholism, anorexia, hyperthyroidism, kidney disease, and surgical removal of the ovaries.
Long term untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to osteoporosis.

Calcitriol

1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D 3 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D 3
A manufactured form is used to treat kidney disease with low blood calcium, hyperparathyroidism due to kidney disease, low blood calcium due to hypoparathyroidism, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, and familial hypophosphatemia.

Vitamin D deficiency

hypovitaminosis Dvitamin Ddeficiency of vitamin D
It can also worsen osteomalacia and osteoporosis in adults, leading to an increased risk of bone fractures.

Bone density

bone mineral densitybone massBone Densitometry
Osteoporosis is defined as a bone density of 2.5 standard deviations below that of a young adult.
Bone density measurement is used in clinical medicine as an indirect indicator of osteoporosis and fracture risk.

Relative energy deficiency in sport

female athlete triadFemale athlete triad syndromeRED-S
Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) is a syndrome in which disordered eating (or low energy availability), amenorrhoea/oligomenorrhoea, and decreased bone mineral density (osteoporosis and osteopenia) are present.

Vertebral column

spinespinal columnspinal
Bones that commonly break include the vertebrae in the spine, the bones of the forearm, and the hip.

Caffeine

caffeinatedHealth effects of caffeineNo-Doz
Caffeine is not a risk factor for osteoporosis.
In postmenopausal women, high caffeine consumption can accelerate bone loss.

Frailty syndrome

frailtymedically frailFrail elderly
Osteoporosis is a part of frailty syndrome.
Osteoporosis is an age-related disease of bone that leads to an increased risk of fracture.

Lansoprazole

PrevacidLanzorPrevacid 24HR
Serious side effects may include osteoporosis, low blood magnesium, Clostridium difficile infection, and pneumonia.

Kallmann syndrome

Kallmann's syndromeKallman's syndromeKallmann syndrome with Spastic paraplegia
If left untreated, people will have poorly defined secondary sexual characteristics, show signs of hypogonadism, almost invariably are infertile and are at increased risk of developing osteoporosis.

Cushing's syndrome

Cushing syndromeCushing’s syndromehypercortisolism
Signs and symptoms may include high blood pressure, abdominal obesity but with thin arms and legs, reddish stretch marks, a round red face, a fat lump between the shoulders, weak muscles, weak bones, acne, and fragile skin that heals poorly.

Oophorectomy

ovariotomyovariectomyovariectomized
Osteoporosis may also occur due to a number of diseases or treatments, including alcoholism, anorexia, hyperthyroidism, kidney disease, and surgical removal of the ovaries.
The reported risks and adverse effects include premature death, cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment or dementia, parkinsonism, osteoporosis and bone fractures, decline in psychological well-being, and decline in sexual function.

Estrogen

oestrogenestrogensestrogenic
Bone loss increases after menopause due to lower levels of estrogen.
Due to hypoestrogenism, the risk of osteoporosis increases during menopause.

Bone remodeling

bone metabolismremodelingbone turnover
An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two sub-processes, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many metabolic bone diseases, such as osteoporosis.

Premature ovarian failure

premature menopauseovarian failureprimary ovarian failure
For example, osteoporosis (decreased bone density) affects almost all women with POF due to an insufficiency of estrogen.