Silesia in the early period of Poland's fragmentation, 1172–1177, Lower Silesia with Lubusz Land in orange, Upper Silesia in green and yellow
Self-governing districts of Ostrava
Battle of Legnica (1241) during the First Mongol invasion of Poland
Cadastral areas of Ostrava
Lands of the Bohemian Crown between 1635 and 1742, before most of Silesia was ceded to Prussia
City logo
Typical Silesian baroque architecture in Wrocław
The Church of St. Wenceslaus, one of the oldest and most important monuments of Ostrava
First map of Silesia by Martin Helwig, 1561; north at the bottom
Marian Column (1702) at Masaryk Square
Bolesław Śmiały Coal Mine, Łaziska Górne
The Sophienhütte ironworks, c. 1910
Polish names of Silesian cities, from a 1750 Prussian official document published in Berlin during the Silesian Wars
Miloš Sýkora Bridge over the Ostravice River and Silesian Ostrava Town Hall
Confessions in the German Empire (Protestant/Catholic; c. 1890). Lower Silesia was mostly Protestant, while Glatz (Kłodzko) and Upper Silesia were mostly Catholic.
Leoš Janáček Airport Ostrava
Coat of arms of the Prussian province of Upper Silesia (1919–1938 and 1941–1945)
Ostrava trams in their traditional blue and white livery at the "Nová Ves vodárna" stop
Coat of arms of the Silesian Voivodeship
Railway station Ostrava-Svinov
The coat of arms of the Opolskie Voivodeship
The Ostravice River
Henryk IV's Probus coat of arms
Inside the Antonín Dvořák Theatre
Coat of arms of Austrian Silesia (1742–1918)
Colours of Ostrava
Prussian province of Lower Silesia (1919–1938 and 1941–1945)
Ostrava Puppet Theatre
Coat of arms of the Lower Silesia Voivodeship
Jirásek Square, former chicken market (kuří rynek), in Moravská Ostrava
Coat of arms of Czech Silesia
Heyrovský Secondary Industrial School and High School
Flag of Prussian Upper Silesia province (1919–1938 and 1941–1945)
VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava
Flag of Silesia Voivodeship
VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava – Ceremonial Hall
Flag of the Austrian Silesia (1742–1918), and Czech Silesia
Vítkovice stadium
Flag of Prussian Lower Silesia province (1919–1938 and 1941–1945)
Flag of Lower Silesia Voivodeship
Churches of Peace, Świdnica and Jawor
Centennial Hall, Wrocław
Historic Silver Mine, Tarnowskie Góry
Muskau Park, Łęknica and Bad Muskau<ref>Łęknica and Bad Muskau were considered part of Silesia in years 1815–1945.</ref>

Parts of the Czech city of Ostrava and the German city of Görlitz are within Silesia's borders.

- Silesia

The settlement occupied a strategic position on the border between the two historic provinces of Moravia and Silesia and on the ancient trade route from the Baltic Sea to the Adriatic Sea known as the Amber Road.

- Ostrava

3 related topics


Czech Republic

Landlocked country in Central Europe.

Landlocked country in Central Europe.

The Crown of Bohemia within the Holy Roman Empire (1600). The Czech lands were part of the Empire in 1002–1806, and Prague was the imperial seat in 1346–1437 and 1583–1611.
Battle between Hussites and crusaders during the Hussite Wars; Jena Codex, 15th century
The 1618 Defenestration of Prague marked the beginning of the Bohemian Revolt against the Habsburgs and therefore the first phase of the Thirty Years' War.
The First Czechoslovak Republic comprised 27% of the population of the former Austria-Hungary and nearly 80% of the industry.
Prague during the 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia
Václav Havel, one of the most important figures in the history of the 20th century. Leader of the Velvet Revolution, the last president of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the Czech Republic.
Topographic map
The Chamber of Deputies, lower house of the Parliament of the Czech Republic
Interior of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic in Brno
Visa-free entry countries for Czech citizens in green, EU in blue (see citizenship of the European Union)
General Staff of the Army of the Czech Republic in Prague
Real GPD per capita development the Czech Republic 1973 to 2018
The Czech Republic is part of the European Single Market and the Schengen Area, but uses its own currency, the Czech koruna.
Škoda Octavia RS iV
Dukovany Nuclear Power Station
Václav Havel Airport Prague
Founders and owners of the antivirus group Avast
Medieval castle Karlštejn
Český Krumlov
Chemist Jaroslav Heyrovský, Nobel Prize winner
Eli Beamlines Science Center with the most powerful laser in the world in Dolní Břežany
Saint Wenceslaus, patron saint of the Czech lands
The oldest part of Charles University, founded in 1348
Historic center of Prague
Czech artists developed a distinct cubist style in architecture and applied arts. It later evolved into national Czechoslovak style, rondocubism.
Franz Kafka
Antonín Dvořák
American poster of Karel Zeman's 1958 film A Deadly Invention
Oscar-winning director Miloš Forman
Seat of Czech television
A mug of Pilsner Urquell, the first pilsner type of pale lager beer, brewed since 1842
Hockey player Jaromír Jágr
Antonín Dvořák

The capital and largest city is Prague; other major cities and urban areas include Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň and Liberec.

The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.


River in Central Europe.

River in Central Europe.

Oder in Wrocław, overlooking Ostrów Tumski - Cathedral Island
The Oder dividing Poland and Germany seen from the Polish side near Kostrzyn nad Odrą
Estuary of the Lusatian Neisse into the Oder
The Oder in Szczecin, Poland, flows along the banks of the Old Town and the Ducal Castle
Łarpia, a left distributary of the Oder in Police, Poland

845) specified the following West Slavic peoples: Sleenzane, Dadosesani, Opolanie, Lupiglaa, and Golensizi in Silesia and Wolinians with Pyrzycans in Western Pomerania.

Ostrava – Bohumín – Racibórz – Kędzierzyn-Koźle – Krapkowice – Opole – Brzeg – Oława – Jelcz-Laskowice – Wrocław – Brzeg Dolny – Ścinawa – Szlichtyngowa – Głogów – Bytom Odrzański – Nowa Sól – Zielona Góra – Krosno Odrzańskie – Eisenhüttenstadt – Frankfurt (Oder) – Słubice – Lebus – Kostrzyn – Cedynia – Schwedt – Gartz – Gryfino – Szczecin – Police

A fragment from the Bogucice Parish visitation report from 1598 that mentions the name Katowice for the first time


Capital city of the Silesian Voivodeship in southern Poland, and the central city of the Upper Silesian metropolitan area.

Capital city of the Silesian Voivodeship in southern Poland, and the central city of the Upper Silesian metropolitan area.

A fragment from the Bogucice Parish visitation report from 1598 that mentions the name Katowice for the first time
Baildon steelworks, 19th century
Katowice in the 1930s
Parachute Tower, one of the symbols of the Polish Defense of Katowice
3 Maja Street is one of the main promenades in the city
Katowice International Conference Centre, built in 2015
Cathedral of Christ the King, seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Katowice
The Great Synagogue in Katowice was destroyed by the German Nazis during the invasion of Poland on 4 September 1939
Plac Grunwaldzki in Koszutka under construction, 1950s
Modernist Osiedle Gwiazdy built in late 1970s and the light cubes of the New Silesian Museum
Scientific Information Center and Academic Library
KTW towers under construction, 2021
Nikiszowiec, a historic workers' housing estate
Spodek, a multipurpose arena from 1971
Galeria Katowicka shopping center
Silesia City Center – a large shopping mall in Katowice. Located over former coal mine "Gottwald"
High-rise buildings in Śródmieście, the most urbanized part of the city
A historical townhouse on the corner of Stawowa and Mickiewicz Streets
Las Murckowski
Silesian Library in Katowice
University of Silesia in Katowice – Faculty of Theology
Pesa Twist tram in Katowice
City by bike bicycles in Józefowiec district
Katowice Central Station
Spanish fans at the EuroBasket 2009 in Katowice
2012 FIVB Volleyball World League match in Katowice
Maria Goeppert Mayer
Wojciech Kilar
Kazimierz Kutz

In 1742, along with most of Silesia, it was seized by Prussia following the First Silesian War.

This metropolitan area extends into the neighboring Czechia, where the other center is the city of Ostrava.