Ottawa

Ottawa, OntarioOttawa, CanadaOttawa, ONOttawa, Ontario, CanadaCity of OttawaAntrimCanada's CapitalCapital of CanadaCedardaleNational Capital Region
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.wikipedia
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Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Gatineau

Gatineau, QuebecGatineau, QCCity of Gatineau
Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; the two form the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR).
It is located on the northern bank of the Ottawa River, immediately across from Ottawa, Ontario, together with which it forms Canada's National Capital Region.

National Capital Region (Canada)

National Capital RegionOttawa-GatineauOttawa–Gatineau
Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; the two form the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR).
The National Capital Region (Région de la capitale nationale), also referred to as Canada's Capital Region and Ottawa–Gatineau (formerly Ottawa–Hull), is an official federal designation for the Canadian capital of Ottawa, Ontario, the neighbouring city of Gatineau, Quebec, and surrounding urban and rural communities.

Bytown

CorktownBytown, Upper CanadaRichmond Landing
Founded in 1826 as Bytown, and incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada. Bytown, Ottawa's original name, was founded as a community in 1826 when hundreds of land speculators were attracted to the south side of the river when news spread that British authorities were immediately constructing the northerly end of the Rideau Canal military project at that location.
Bytown is the former name of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Ottawa River

OttawaOttawa valleya major waterway
It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. The Algonquins called the Ottawa River Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi meaning "Great River" or "Grand River".
From Lake Timiskaming, the river flows southeast to Ottawa and Gatineau, where it tumbles over Chaudière Falls and further takes in the Rideau and Gatineau rivers.

Kitchissippi Ward

KitchissippiKichissippi
The Algonquins called the Ottawa River Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi meaning "Great River" or "Grand River".
Kitchissippi Ward (Ward 15) is a city ward in the city of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
In Canada, there is a federal capital, while the ten provinces and three territories all have capital cities.

Ottawa Valley

ValleyOttawa
With the draining of the Champlain Sea around ten thousand years ago, the Ottawa Valley became habitable.
Approximately 1.3 million people reside in the valley (and along its tributaries), around 80% of whom reside in Ottawa, the remainder on the north side of the Ottawa River, in Quebec.

Parliament Hill

Parliament BuildingsParliamentCanadian Parliament Buildings
Colonel By set up military barracks on the site of today's Parliament Hill. On 3 February 1916 the Centre Block of the Parliament buildings was destroyed by a fire.
Parliament Hill (Colline du Parlement), colloquially known as The Hill, is an area of Crown land on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Lower Town

LowertownLower town of Zagreb
He also laid out the streets of the town and created two distinct neighbourhoods named "Upper Town" west of the canal and "Lower Town" east of the canal.
Lower Town (also spelled "Lowertown" (la Basse-Ville) is a neighbourhood in Rideau-Vanier Ward in central Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, to the east of downtown.

Eastern Ontario

EasternEast OntarioSoutheastern Ontario
It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario.
It includes the census divisions of the following: the counties of Prescott and Russell, Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry, Lanark, Renfrew, Leeds and Grenville, Frontenac and Lennox and Addington; and the single-tier municipality of Ottawa.

Rideau Canal

Rideau WaterwayRideauRideau Canal Festival
Bytown, Ottawa's original name, was founded as a community in 1826 when hundreds of land speculators were attracted to the south side of the river when news spread that British authorities were immediately constructing the northerly end of the Rideau Canal military project at that location.
The Rideau Canal, also known unofficially as the Rideau Waterway, connects Canada's capital city of Ottawa, Ontario, to Lake Ontario and the Saint Lawrence River at Kingston, Ontario.

Ottawa River timber trade

timber tradeOttawa Valley timber tradelumber industry
Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade (soon to be the area's most significant economic activity) by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City.
The trade in squared timber and later sawed lumber led to population growth and prosperity to communities in the Ottawa Valley, especially the city of Bytown (now Ottawa, the capital of Canada).

Bytown and Prescott Railway

Prescott and Bytown RailwayOttawa and Prescott RailwaySt. Lawrence & Ottawa Railway (SL&OR)
By 1854 it also had a modern all-season Bytown and Prescott Railway that carried passengers, lumber and supplies the 82-kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond.
The Bytown and Prescott Railway (B&PR) was a railway joining Ottawa (then called Bytown) with Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River.

John By

Colonel ByColonel John ByLieutenant-Colonel John By
The following year, the town was named after British military engineer Colonel John By who was responsible for the entire Rideau Waterway construction project.
Lieutenant-Colonel John By (7 August 1779 – 1 February 1836) was an English military engineer, best remembered for supervising the construction of the Rideau Canal and founding Bytown in the process, which would become the Canadian capital, Ottawa.

John A. Macdonald

Sir John A. MacdonaldJohn Alexander MacdonaldMacdonald
In reality, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald had assigned this selection process to the Executive Branch of the Government, as previous attempts to arrive at a consensus had ended in deadlock.
He fought to block provincial efforts to take power back from the national government in Ottawa.

Chaudière Falls

Victoria IslandChaudiere FallsHull-2
In 1889 the Government developed and distributed 60 "water leases" (still currently in use) to mainly local industrialists which gave them permission to generate electricity and operate hydroelectric generators at Chaudière Falls.
The Chaudière Falls, also known as the Kana:tso or Akikodjiwan Falls, are a set of cascades and waterfall in the centre of the Ottawa-Gatineau metropolitan area in Canada where the Ottawa River narrows between a rocky escarpment on both sides of the river.

Centre Block

Hall of HonourCanadian Parliamentparliament buildings
On 3 February 1916 the Centre Block of the Parliament buildings was destroyed by a fire.
The Centre Block (Édifice du Centre) is the main building of the Canadian parliamentary complex on Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, Ontario, containing the original House of Commons and Senate chambers, as well as the offices of a number of members of parliament, senators, and senior administration for both legislative houses.

Stony Monday Riot

Stoney Monday' riot
Bytown encountered some impassioned and violent times in her early pioneer period that included Irish labour unrest that attributed to the Shiners' War from 1835 to 1845 and political dissension evident from the 1849 Stony Monday Riot.
The Stony Monday Riot took place in Bytown (now Ottawa), Ontario on Monday September 17, 1849.

Ottawa Electric Railway

Ottawa Electric Railway Companyelectric streetcar systemOttawa City Passenger Railway
Public transportation began in 1870 with a horsecar system, overtaken in the 1890s by a vast electric streetcar system that lasted until 1959.
Ottawa Electric Railway Company was a streetcar public transit system in the city of Ottawa, Canada, part of the electric railway streetcars that operated between 1891 and 1959.

Dow's Lake

It also spread across the Ottawa River and destroyed about one fifth of Ottawa from the Lebreton Flats south to Booth Street and down to Dow's Lake.
Dow's Lake in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada is a small man-made lake on the Rideau Canal, situated two kilometres north of Hog's Back Falls in the middle of Ottawa.

LeBreton Flats

federal land in downtown OttawaLeBreton Flats ParkClaridge Homes Stage
It also spread across the Ottawa River and destroyed about one fifth of Ottawa from the Lebreton Flats south to Booth Street and down to Dow's Lake.
LeBreton Flats (also spelled Lebreton Flats) (Plaines Lebreton) is a neighbourhood in Somerset Ward in central Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Booth Street

Booth
It also spread across the Ottawa River and destroyed about one fifth of Ottawa from the Lebreton Flats south to Booth Street and down to Dow's Lake.
Booth Street is a major street just to the west of downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Library of Parliament

LibraryLibrarian of ParliamentLibrary of Parliament of Canada
The Library of Parliament and Parliament Hill landscaping would not be completed until 1876.
The main branch of the library sits at the rear of the Centre Block on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario, and is the last untouched part of that larger building's original incarnation after it burned down in 1916.

National War Memorial (Canada)

National War MemorialNational War Memorial of CanadaCanadian National War Memorial
It was redeveloped as a ceremonial centre in 1938 as part of the City Beautiful Movement and became the site of the National War Memorial in 1939 and designated a National Historic Site in 1984.
The National War Memorial (French: Monument commémoratif de guerre), titled The Response (French: La Réponse) is a tall, granite memorial arch with accreted bronze sculptures in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, designed by Vernon March and first dedicated by King George VI in 1939.