Otto Krayer

Otto Hermann Krayer (October 22, 1899 in Köndringen, Baden – March 18, 1982 in Tucson, Arizona) was a German-American physician, pharmacologist and university professor.wikipedia
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Teningen

KöndringenLandeck woodNimburg
Otto Hermann Krayer (October 22, 1899 in Köndringen, Baden – March 18, 1982 in Tucson, Arizona) was a German-American physician, pharmacologist and university professor.

Ullrich Georg Trendelenburg

Ullrich TrendelenburgUllrich
Ullrich Trendelenburg, who was the son of Paul Trendelenburg and Krayer's student and friend, closed this article with the following words: "Considering the horrors of the Third Reich, his deeds should be a comfort to us. When looking for a role model for the young generation, it is found in Otto Krayer. May the memory of this one righteous person never fade."
Inspired by his friendship with persons such as Otto Krayer, he published biographies of pharmacologists who had been persecuted by National Socialism

Grand Duchy of Baden

BadenBaden, GermanyDuchy of Baden
Otto Hermann Krayer (October 22, 1899 in Köndringen, Baden – March 18, 1982 in Tucson, Arizona) was a German-American physician, pharmacologist and university professor.

Tucson, Arizona

TucsonTucson, AZTucson, Arizona Territory
Otto Hermann Krayer (October 22, 1899 in Köndringen, Baden – March 18, 1982 in Tucson, Arizona) was a German-American physician, pharmacologist and university professor.

Arizona

AZState of ArizonaArizona, U.S.
Otto Hermann Krayer (October 22, 1899 in Köndringen, Baden – March 18, 1982 in Tucson, Arizona) was a German-American physician, pharmacologist and university professor.

Nazism

NaziNazisNational Socialism
He was the only German scientist who refused on moral grounds to succeed a colleague who had been dismissed from his professorial chair by the National-Socialist government for anti-semitic reasons.

Antisemitism

anti-Semitismanti-Semiticantisemitic
He was the only German scientist who refused on moral grounds to succeed a colleague who had been dismissed from his professorial chair by the National-Socialist government for anti-semitic reasons.

Emmendingen

KollmarsreuteWindenreute
Otto Krayer's education in Emmendingen and at the Rotteck-Gynasium in Freiburg was disrupted by the First World War: he was wounded on the Western Front.

Freiburg im Breisgau

FreiburgFreiburg, GermanyFreiburg-im-Breisgau
Otto Krayer's education in Emmendingen and at the Rotteck-Gynasium in Freiburg was disrupted by the First World War: he was wounded on the Western Front.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
Otto Krayer's education in Emmendingen and at the Rotteck-Gynasium in Freiburg was disrupted by the First World War: he was wounded on the Western Front.

Western Front (World War I)

Western FrontFranceFrance and Flanders 1914–18
Otto Krayer's education in Emmendingen and at the Rotteck-Gynasium in Freiburg was disrupted by the First World War: he was wounded on the Western Front.

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

University of MunichMunichMunich University
From 1919 to 1924 Krayer studied medicine in Freiburg, Munich and Berlin.

Humboldt University of Berlin

University of BerlinBerlinHumboldt University
From 1919 to 1924 Krayer studied medicine in Freiburg, Munich and Berlin.

Paul Trendelenburg

In 1925 he interned for Paul Trendelenburg at the University of Freiburg's Institute of Pharmacology.

Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf

University of DüsseldorfHeinrich Heine UniversityHeinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
In 1933 the Jewish pharmacologist Philipp Ellinger (1887-1952) was removed from his post as a professor at the [[Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf#Die "Medizinische Akademie" (1907/1923 bis 1965)|Düsseldorf Medical Academy]] (now part of the University of Düsseldorf) and Krayer was appointed as his successor.

Düsseldorf

Düsseldorf, GermanyDusseldorfDüsseldorf, West Germany
"Apart from unimportant factual considerations, the main reason for my reluctance is that I feel the exclusion of Jewish scientists to be an injustice, the necessity of which I cannot understand, since it has been justified by reasons that lie outside the domain of science. This feeling of injustice is an ethical phenomenon. It is innate to the structure of my personality and not something imposed from the outside. Under these circumstances, the acceptance of such a position as the one in Düsseldorf, would mean to me mental stress which would make it difficult to me to take up my work as a teacher with the joy and dedication without I cannot teach properly. […] I would rather refuse to achieve a position which corresponds to my inclinations and abilities than to decide against my conviction; or, by remaining silent at the wrong time, to encourage an opinion about myself which does not agree with the facts.

Wilhelm Stuckart

Dr. Wilhelm StuckartSTUCKART, Wilhelm
The State Secretary in the Prussian Ministry of Culture, Wilhelm Stuckart, imposed a ban on German universities on Krayer, which included the use of public libraries.

University College London

University College, LondonUCLUniversity College
After a stay as a Rockefeller Fellow at the Department of Pharmacology of the University College London in 1934, he led the Department of Pharmacology of the American University of Beirut ( Lebanon ) from 1934 to 1937 and was then Associate Professor at the Department of Pharmacology at Harvard University in Cambridge ( Massachusetts ) until 1939.

American University of Beirut

American University in BeirutSyrian Protestant CollegeAmerican University
After a stay as a Rockefeller Fellow at the Department of Pharmacology of the University College London in 1934, he led the Department of Pharmacology of the American University of Beirut ( Lebanon ) from 1934 to 1937 and was then Associate Professor at the Department of Pharmacology at Harvard University in Cambridge ( Massachusetts ) until 1939.

Harvard University

HarvardHarvard CollegeUniversity of Harvard
After a stay as a Rockefeller Fellow at the Department of Pharmacology of the University College London in 1934, he led the Department of Pharmacology of the American University of Beirut ( Lebanon ) from 1934 to 1937 and was then Associate Professor at the Department of Pharmacology at Harvard University in Cambridge ( Massachusetts ) until 1939.

Peking University

Beijing UniversityUniversity of BeijingPeking
In 1938 Krayer was offered a chair of Pharmacology of Peking University.

German Chemical Society

Gesellschaft Deutscher ChemikerSociety of German ChemistsGDCh
At the annual meeting of the German Chemical Society in 1937, the president, Alfred Stock, described the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Carl von Ossietzky as a slap in the face of every German.

Alfred Stock

Stock, Alfred
At the annual meeting of the German Chemical Society in 1937, the president, Alfred Stock, described the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Carl von Ossietzky as a slap in the face of every German.

Nobel Peace Prize

Nobel PrizePeaceNobel Prize for Peace
At the annual meeting of the German Chemical Society in 1937, the president, Alfred Stock, described the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Carl von Ossietzky as a slap in the face of every German.

Carl von Ossietzky

Carl von Ossietzky MedalOssietzkyCarl Ossietzky
At the annual meeting of the German Chemical Society in 1937, the president, Alfred Stock, described the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Carl von Ossietzky as a slap in the face of every German.