Ottoman military band

mehterMehterânJanissary musicCeddin DedenJanissaries’JanissaryJanissary band musicJanissary bandsMehter TakımıOttoman Empire
Ottoman military bands are thought to be the oldest variety of military marching bands in the world.wikipedia
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Military band

military bandsBandmilitary
Ottoman military bands are thought to be the oldest variety of military marching bands in the world.
Ottoman military bands are thought to be the oldest variety of military marching bands in the world, dating from the 13th century.

Marching band

bandmarchingmarching bands
Ottoman military bands are thought to be the oldest variety of military marching bands in the world.
A prototype of the Ottoman military band may be mentioned in the 11th-century Divânu Lügati't-Türk.

Janissaries

JanissaryJannisaryJannisaries
In West Europe, the band's music is also often called Janissary music because the janissaries formed the core of the bands.
They wore unique uniforms, were paid regular salaries (including bonuses) for their service, marched to music (the mehter), lived in barracks and were the first corps to make extensive use of firearms.

Turkish music (style)

Turkish styleTurkish musiccompositions
The sound associated with the mehterân also exercised an influence on European classical music, with composers such as Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven all writing compositions inspired by or designed to imitate the music of the mehters.
This music was modelled—though often only distantly—on the music of Turkish military bands, specifically the Janissary bands.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
The notion of a military marching band, such as those in use even today, began to be borrowed from the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century.
The main corps of the Ottoman Army included Janissary, Sipahi, Akıncı and Mehterân.

Turkish crescent

cevgenCrescentjingling johnny
The standard instruments employed by a mehterân are the kös (a giant timpani), the nakare (a small kettledrum), the davul (a bass drum), the zil (cymbals), the kaba zurna (a bass variety of the zurna), the boru (a kind of trumpet), and the cevgen (a kind of stick bearing small concealed bells).
Today the instrument is prominent in the marching bands of the German Bundeswehr, the French Foreign Legion, the Russian Armed Forces, the Armed Forces of Chile and in Ottoman military bands.

Davul

tapantupanasma davul
The standard instruments employed by a mehterân are the kös (a giant timpani), the nakare (a small kettledrum), the davul (a bass drum), the zil (cymbals), the kaba zurna (a bass variety of the zurna), the boru (a kind of trumpet), and the cevgen (a kind of stick bearing small concealed bells). According to its final form, each one was composed of nine davuls, nine zurnas, nine nakkares, nine cymbals and nine horns.
It has also traditionally been used for communication and for Turkish mehter, or janissary music.

Istanbul Military Museum

Military Museum
Today, the Armed Forces Mehter Unit (Mehter Bölüğü) is the traditional band of the Turkish Armed Forces and it performs regularly at the Military Museum (Askeri Müze) in Istanbul as well as during certain state ceremonies.
The Janissary Band "Mehter Takımı", world’s oldest military band gives concerts of march music in traditional uniforms each afternoon.

Zill

finger cymbalsfinger cymbalzil
The sound of the Ottoman military band is characterized by an often shrill sound combining bass drums, horns (boru), bells, the triangle and cymbals (zil), among others.
Zills belong to the family of instruments used in Ottoman military bands and also occasionally appear as part of Western orchestral or other musical performances.

Retinue

retainersretainerretinues
In Ottoman, the band was generally known as mehterân, though those bands used in the retinue of a vizier or prince were generally known as mehterhane (مهترخانه, meaning roughly, "a gathering of mehters", the band as a whole is often termed mehter bölüğü ("mehter company [troop]"), mehter takımı ("mehter platoon").

Vizier

wazirvizirviziers
In Ottoman, the band was generally known as mehterân, though those bands used in the retinue of a vizier or prince were generally known as mehterhane (مهترخانه, meaning roughly, "a gathering of mehters", the band as a whole is often termed mehter bölüğü ("mehter company [troop]"), mehter takımı ("mehter platoon").

Prince

princelyprincessovereign prince
In Ottoman, the band was generally known as mehterân, though those bands used in the retinue of a vizier or prince were generally known as mehterhane (مهترخانه, meaning roughly, "a gathering of mehters", the band as a whole is often termed mehter bölüğü ("mehter company [troop]"), mehter takımı ("mehter platoon").

Old Turkic script

Orkhon scriptOld Turkic alphabetOld Turkic
It is believed that individual instrumentalists may have been mentioned in the 8th century Orkhon inscriptions.

Kayqubad III

Alaaddin Kekubat IIIAla al-Din Kayqubad IIIAlaeddin Keykubad III
It is believed that the first "mehter" was sent to Osman I by the Seljuk Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad III as a present along with a letter that salutes the newly formed state.

Classical period (music)

ClassicalClassical periodClassical era
The sound associated with the mehterân also exercised an influence on European classical music, with composers such as Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven all writing compositions inspired by or designed to imitate the music of the mehters.

Joseph Haydn

HaydnFranz Joseph HaydnJ. Haydn
The sound associated with the mehterân also exercised an influence on European classical music, with composers such as Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven all writing compositions inspired by or designed to imitate the music of the mehters.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

MozartW. A. MozartW.A. Mozart
The sound associated with the mehterân also exercised an influence on European classical music, with composers such as Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven all writing compositions inspired by or designed to imitate the music of the mehters.

Ludwig van Beethoven

BeethovenLudwig von BeethovenBeethoven, Ludwig van
The sound associated with the mehterân also exercised an influence on European classical music, with composers such as Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven all writing compositions inspired by or designed to imitate the music of the mehters.

Sultan

SultanateSultansSulṭān
In 1826, the music of the mehters fell into disfavor following Sultan Mahmud II's abolition of the Janissary corps, who had formed the core of the bands.

Auspicious Incident

The Auspicious IncidentabolitionAuspicious Event
In 1826, the music of the mehters fell into disfavor following Sultan Mahmud II's abolition of the Janissary corps, who had formed the core of the bands.

Istanbul

İstanbulConstantinopleIstanbul, Turkey
Today, the Armed Forces Mehter Unit (Mehter Bölüğü) is the traditional band of the Turkish Armed Forces and it performs regularly at the Military Museum (Askeri Müze) in Istanbul as well as during certain state ceremonies. In 1911, as the empire was beginning to collapse, the director of Istanbul's military museum attempted a somewhat successful revival of the tradition, and by 1953—so as to celebrate the 500-year anniversary of the Fall of Constantinople to the forces of Sultan Mehmed II—the tradition had been fully restored as a band of the Turkish Armed Forces.

Fall of Constantinople

conquest of Constantinoplesiege of ConstantinopleConstantinople
In 1911, as the empire was beginning to collapse, the director of Istanbul's military museum attempted a somewhat successful revival of the tradition, and by 1953—so as to celebrate the 500-year anniversary of the Fall of Constantinople to the forces of Sultan Mehmed II—the tradition had been fully restored as a band of the Turkish Armed Forces.

Turkey

TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
Today, the music of the mehters is largely ceremonial and considered by many Turks as a stirring example of heroism and a reminder of Turkey's historical past.

Turkish language

TurkishModern TurkishTr
Mehter (Modern Turkish) or Mehteran (Ottoman Turkish مهتران literally "pre-eminences") was the type of military ensemble within the Ottoman army which played martial tunes during military campaigns.