Outdoor fitness

exercise outdoorsoutdoor exerciseOutdoor fitness § History
Outdoor fitness consists of exercise undertaken outside a building for the purpose of improving physical fitness.wikipedia
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Exercise

physical exerciseexercisingphysical activity
Outdoor fitness consists of exercise undertaken outside a building for the purpose of improving physical fitness.
Many individuals choose to exercise outdoors where they can congregate in groups, socialize, and enhance well-being.

Fitness boot camp

boot campBootcampFitness boot camp § History
Outdoor fitness boot camps developed in Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1990s and Canada in 2001.
Fitness boot camps as outdoor fitness group classes developed independently in Australia in 1991 (Original Bootcamp), the United States in the 1990s, the United Kingdom in 1999 (British Military Fitness), and Canada in 2001 (The Original Boot Camp).

Be Military Fit

British Military Fitness
Growing participation was seen in organized events that expanded internationally such as Parkruns, Tough Mudder and Be Military Fit and sports such as triathlon and cycling.
BMF was founded in 1999 as British Military Fitness and pioneered the concept of group classes for outdoor fitness in the United Kingdom.

Fitness culture

fitnessfitness culture.gym culture
The Royal Canadian Air Force Exercise Plans, developed by Dr. Bill Orban and published in 1961, and Kenneth Cooper's book "Aerobics" (1968) and mass-market version "The New Aerobics" (1979) helped to launch modern fitness culture. There was a running boom in the 1970s and outdoor fitness trails were developed in the USA and Europe.
The attention is moving from aerobics, bodybuilding and traditional technique of exercises, to activities such as yoga, zumba, pilates, spinning and aquacycling, tai chi, kickboxing, and outdoor fitness.

Fitness trail

trim trailpar courseparcourse
The Royal Canadian Air Force Exercise Plans, developed by Dr. Bill Orban and published in 1961, and Kenneth Cooper's book "Aerobics" (1968) and mass-market version "The New Aerobics" (1979) helped to launch modern fitness culture. There was a running boom in the 1970s and outdoor fitness trails were developed in the USA and Europe.

Outdoor gym

outdoor fitness equipmentoutdoor gym equipmentoutdoor gyms
The trend towards outdoor fitness led to a proliferation of outdoor gyms.

Parkrun

park runParkrunsJunior Parkruns
Growing participation was seen in organized events that expanded internationally such as Parkruns, Tough Mudder and Be Military Fit and sports such as triathlon and cycling.

Calisthenics

callisthenicscalisthenicbody weight resistance exercises
An increasing number of outdoor fitness training areas and outdoor gyms are being built around the world.

Street workout

Street workouts
Street workouts have also become a popular outdoor fitness activity is some countries, with a world championship taking place since 2011.

Physical fitness

fitnessphysical trainingphysical
Outdoor fitness consists of exercise undertaken outside a building for the purpose of improving physical fitness.

Gym

gymnasiumgymsgymnasiums
It contrasts with exercise undertaken inside a gym or health club for the same purpose.

Health club

fitness centerhealth spafitness centre
It contrasts with exercise undertaken inside a gym or health club for the same purpose.

Park

parkscounty parkpublic parks
The activity may be undertaken in a park, in the wilderness, or other outdoor location.

Wilderness

outdoorwildlandwild
The activity may be undertaken in a park, in the wilderness, or other outdoor location.

Friedrich Ludwig Jahn

JahnFriedrich JahnFriedrich-Ludwig-Jahn
In nineteenth-century Germany, Turnplatz, an outdoor space for gymnastics, were promoted by German educator Friedrich Jahn and the Turners, a political and gymnastic movement.

Turners

TurnvereinTurnerTurner movement
In nineteenth-century Germany, Turnplatz, an outdoor space for gymnastics, were promoted by German educator Friedrich Jahn and the Turners, a political and gymnastic movement.

Jogging

joggerjoggersjog
After the Second World War, as people did less exercise in their daily and work lives, individualistic, health-oriented physical and recreational activities such as jogging began to prevail.

Royal Canadian Air Force Exercise Plans

5BXXBXRoyal Canadian Air Force exercises
The Royal Canadian Air Force Exercise Plans, developed by Dr. Bill Orban and published in 1961, and Kenneth Cooper's book "Aerobics" (1968) and mass-market version "The New Aerobics" (1979) helped to launch modern fitness culture. There was a running boom in the 1970s and outdoor fitness trails were developed in the USA and Europe.

Bill Orban

The Royal Canadian Air Force Exercise Plans, developed by Dr. Bill Orban and published in 1961, and Kenneth Cooper's book "Aerobics" (1968) and mass-market version "The New Aerobics" (1979) helped to launch modern fitness culture. There was a running boom in the 1970s and outdoor fitness trails were developed in the USA and Europe.

Kenneth H. Cooper

Kenneth CooperCooper Aerobics Center
The Royal Canadian Air Force Exercise Plans, developed by Dr. Bill Orban and published in 1961, and Kenneth Cooper's book "Aerobics" (1968) and mass-market version "The New Aerobics" (1979) helped to launch modern fitness culture. There was a running boom in the 1970s and outdoor fitness trails were developed in the USA and Europe.

Running boom of the 1970s

running boom1970s running boomrunning boom in the 1970s
The Royal Canadian Air Force Exercise Plans, developed by Dr. Bill Orban and published in 1961, and Kenneth Cooper's book "Aerobics" (1968) and mass-market version "The New Aerobics" (1979) helped to launch modern fitness culture. There was a running boom in the 1970s and outdoor fitness trails were developed in the USA and Europe.

Personal trainer

trainerfitness trainerpersonal training
Outdoor group fitness classes led by a personal trainer or a fitness professional became a popular form of outdoor exercise.

Professional fitness coach

fitness instructorFitness professionalgroup fitness instructor
Outdoor group fitness classes led by a personal trainer or a fitness professional became a popular form of outdoor exercise.

Exercise physiology

exercise scienceexercise physiologistTraining effect
Outdoor fitness can be studied as a specialism of exercise physiology.