A report on Ovadia Yosef

Rabbi Yosef in 2007
Ovadia Yosef as a child with his family.
Ovadia Yosef in his youth.
Ovadia Yosef in 2007

Iraqi-born Talmudic scholar, a posek, the Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel from 1973 to 1983, and a founder and long-time spiritual leader of Israel's ultra-Orthodox Shas party.

- Ovadia Yosef
Rabbi Yosef in 2007

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Yitzhak Yosef

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Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel (known as the Rishon LeZion), the rosh yeshiva of Yeshivat Hazon Ovadia, and the author of a set of books on halakha (Jewish law) called Yalkut Yosef.

Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel (known as the Rishon LeZion), the rosh yeshiva of Yeshivat Hazon Ovadia, and the author of a set of books on halakha (Jewish law) called Yalkut Yosef.

Yosef is the son of Ovadia Yosef, former Chief Rabbi of Israel, and bases his halakhic rulings on his father's methodology.

A full set of the Babylonian Talmud

Halakha

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Collective body of Jewish religious laws which is derived from the written and Oral Torah.

Collective body of Jewish religious laws which is derived from the written and Oral Torah.

A full set of the Babylonian Talmud
Sefer Torah at Glockengasse Synagogue (museum exhibits), Cologne
Hasidim walk to the synagogue, Rehovot, Israel.
A mixed-gender, egalitarian Conservative service at Robinson's Arch, Western Wall
Set of Mishneh Torah
Shulchan Aruch HaRav
Peninei Halakha Set
An illuminated manuscript of Arba'ah Turim from 1435

Yalkut Yosef, by rabbi Yitzhak Yosef, is a voluminous, widely cited and contemporary work of halakha, based on the rulings of rabbi Ovadia Yosef (1920 - 2013).

Haredi Jewish men during a Torah reading.

Haredi Judaism

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Haredi Judaism (יהדות חֲרֵדִית , ; also spelled Charedi in English; plural Haredim or Charedim) consists of groups within Orthodox Judaism that are characterized by their strict adherence to halakha (Jewish law) and traditions, in opposition to modern values and practices.

Haredi Judaism (יהדות חֲרֵדִית , ; also spelled Charedi in English; plural Haredim or Charedim) consists of groups within Orthodox Judaism that are characterized by their strict adherence to halakha (Jewish law) and traditions, in opposition to modern values and practices.

Haredi Jewish men during a Torah reading.
Young Haredi Jews in Jerusalem, 2005
Hasidic boys in Łódź, 1910
Haredi Jews from Galicia at the in Vienna's second district, Leopoldstadt, 1915
Haredi Jewish women and girls in Mea Shearim, Jerusalem, 2013
Styles of Haredi dress
Typical Haredi dress for men and women
Gender-separate beach in Israel. To accommodate Haredi and other Orthodox Jews, many coastal resorts in Israel have a designated area for sex-separate bathing.
The Bais Yaakov graduating class of 1934 in Łódź, Poland
Tziporah Heller, a weekly columnist for Hamodia
photograph of the Warsaw Ghetto
Members of Neturei Karta protest against Israel (Washington, 2005)
Haredi demonstration against the conscription of yeshiva pupils
Hasidim walk to the synagogue, Rehovot, Israel.
Haredi Rabbis and students writing a Torah scroll (Haredi settlement of Beitar Illit, Gush Etzion)
Hasidic family on the street in Borough Park, Brooklyn
Students of Telshe yeshiva, 1936

3) The second wave began in the 1970s associated with the religious revival of the so-called baal teshuva movement, although most of the newly religious become Orthodox, and not necessarily fully Haredi. The formation and spread of the Sephardic Haredi lifestyle movement also began in the 1980s by Ovadia Yosef, alongside the establishment of the Shas party in 1984. This led many Sephardi Jews to adopt the clothing and culture of the Lithuanian Haredi Judaism, though it had no historical basis in their own tradition. Many yeshivas were also established specifically for new adopters of the Haredi way of life.

Shas

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Haredi religious political party in Israel.

Haredi religious political party in Israel.

Aryeh Deri, chairman of Shas
Eli Yishai, 2009
Ovadiah Yosef, long-time spiritual leader of Shas
Shas party ballot 2009

Founded in 1984 under the leadership of Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, a former Israeli Sephardi chief rabbi, who remained its spiritual leader until his death in October 2013, it primarily represents the interests of Sephardic and Mizrahi Haredi Jews.

The pre-1948 facade of Porat Yosef Yeshiva in the Old City of Jerusalem.

Ezra Attiya

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One of the greatest teachers of Torah in the Sephardic Jewish world during the 20th century.

One of the greatest teachers of Torah in the Sephardic Jewish world during the 20th century.

The pre-1948 facade of Porat Yosef Yeshiva in the Old City of Jerusalem.
Rabbis of Porat Yosef Yeshiva in 1952. Left to right: Rabbis Yaakov Ades, Ben Zion Abba Shaul, Ezra Attiya, Mansour ben Shimon.

Among Attiya's most famous students are Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu, Rabbi Ben Zion Abba Shaul, and Rabbi Yitzchak Kaduri.

Toledot HaPoskim, History of the Jewish Codes, by Chaim Tchernowitz.

Posek

5 links

Term in Jewish law for a "decisor", a legal scholar who determines the position of halakha, the Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah in cases of Jewish law where previous authorities are inconclusive, or in those situations where no clear halakhic precedent exists.

Term in Jewish law for a "decisor", a legal scholar who determines the position of halakha, the Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah in cases of Jewish law where previous authorities are inconclusive, or in those situations where no clear halakhic precedent exists.

Toledot HaPoskim, History of the Jewish Codes, by Chaim Tchernowitz.

Ovadia Yosef (1920–2013), Yabbia Omer

The pre-1948 facade of the Porat Yosef Yeshiva (left) facing the Temple Mount. The domed Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue is to the right, rear.

Porat Yosef Yeshiva

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Sephardic yeshiva in Jerusalem, with locations in both the Old City and the Geula neighborhood.

Sephardic yeshiva in Jerusalem, with locations in both the Old City and the Geula neighborhood.

The pre-1948 facade of the Porat Yosef Yeshiva (left) facing the Temple Mount. The domed Tiferet Yisrael Synagogue is to the right, rear.
Porat Yosef Yeshiva (number 57 and adjacent schools) in the 1936-47 Survey of Palestine map
The Arab Legion attacking the Porat Yosef Yeshiva, May 1948.
Geula branch of Porat Yosef Yeshiva.

Ovadia Yosef, Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel

Mordechai Eliyahu

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Israeli rabbi, posek, and spiritual leader.

Israeli rabbi, posek, and spiritual leader.

Blessing and autograph of Mordechai Eliyahu circa 1998

Eliyahu worked for the preservation of the Iraqi Jewish rite and the opinions of the Ben Ish Hai, and opposed the attempts of Ovadia Yosef to impose a uniform "Israeli Sephardi" rite based on the Shulchan Aruch and his own halakhic opinions.

Agudat Yisrael

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Haredi Jewish political party in Israel.

Haredi Jewish political party in Israel.

Agudat Yisrael council meeting
Kashrut Badatz of Agudat Yisrael

Rabbi Shach had earlier assisted Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef in splitting from Agudah to create a Sephardic Haredi party known as Shas.

Ben Zion Abba Shaul

3 links

One of the leading Sephardic rabbis, Torah scholars and halakhic arbiters of his day, and the rosh yeshiva of Porat Yosef Yeshiva in Jerusalem for the last 15 years of his life.

One of the leading Sephardic rabbis, Torah scholars and halakhic arbiters of his day, and the rosh yeshiva of Porat Yosef Yeshiva in Jerusalem for the last 15 years of his life.

His first teacher was Rabbi Yehuda Tzadka (who was only 21 at the time) and his classmates included the future Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef.