Oval Office

President Joe Biden on the night of his inauguration, Wednesday, January 20, 2021
President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris in the Oval Office, April 12, 2021
President's House, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. George Washington's bow window (not depicted) is echoed in the shape of the Oval Office.
Theodore Roosevelt Executive Office and Cabinet Room, c. undefined1904
Taft Oval Office, completed 1909. Nearly identical in size to the modern office, it was damaged by fire in 1929 and demolished in 1933.
Location of the Oval Office in the West Wing.
Franklin D. Roosevelt in the newly completed Modern Oval Office, December 31, 1934.
Plaster ceiling medallion installed in 1934 includes elements of the Seal of the President of the United States.
Caroline Kennedy and Kerry Kennedy beneath the Resolute desk in 1963. Note the Truman carpet.
President Truman receiving a marble bust of Simon Bolivar from a Venezuelan delegation, December 27, 1946
President Barack Obama with Oval Office artwork, September 28, 2012
The Oval Office floor has been replaced several times, most recently during the administration of George W. Bush. The 2005 installation, based on the original 1933 design by Eric Gugler, features a contrasting cross pattern of quarter sawn oak and walnut.
Location of the Yellow Oval Room on the second floor of the White House. A number of presidents used this as their private office or library.
The Yellow Oval Room about 1868 used as President Andrew Johnson's private office.
The Yellow Oval Room as President Grover Cleveland's private office, 1886. Note the Resolute desk before the 3 windows.
The Yellow Oval Room as President Franklin D. Roosevelt's private office, 1933.
Exterior of the West Wing (circa 1910s), showing the curve of the Taft Oval Office.
President Hoover views West Wing fire ruins, January 15, 1930.
West Wing expansion, 1934.
Exterior of the Oval Office from the South Lawn, July 15, 2006.
George Washington (1776) by Charles Willson Peale
George Washington ({{circa}}1823) by Rembrandt Peale
City of Washington from Beyond the Navy Yard (1833) by George Cooke
Eastport and Passamaquoddy Bay ({{circa}}1840) by Victor De Grailly
Andrew Jackson (1845) by Thomas Sully
Waiting for the Hour (1863) by William Tolman Carlton
Passing the Outpost (1881) by Alfred Wordsworth Thompson
The Broncho Buster (1895) by Frederic Remington
Abraham Lincoln ({{circa}}1915) by George Story
The Avenue in the Rain (1917) by Childe Hassam
Franklin D. Roosevelt (1947) by Frank O. Salisbury
Earthrise (1968) by William Anders
John F. Kennedy's children visit the Oval Office
The Oval Office during the presidency of Gerald Ford
President Richard M. Nixon and Bob Hope play golf in the Oval Office, a tradition harking back to the tenure of Lyndon B. Johnson
President George W. Bush chose a more muted color palette than his predecessor, using shades of taupe, celadon and navy.
One of many hand-shake photos in front of the fireplace. President George W. Bush sitting to the viewer's right, the guest (Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda) to the left, March 2003. One of the rare images where there is fire in the fireplace.
A panoramic view of the Oval Office, January 26, 2017. President Donald Trump is seated at the Resolute desk.

Formal working space of the President of the United States.

- Oval Office
President Joe Biden on the night of his inauguration, Wednesday, January 20, 2021

500 related topics

Relevance

Top: the northern facade with a columned portico facing Lafayette Square
Bottom: the southern facade with a semi-circular portico facing the South Lawn and The Ellipse

White House

Official residence and workplace of the president of the United States.

Official residence and workplace of the president of the United States.

Top: the northern facade with a columned portico facing Lafayette Square
Bottom: the southern facade with a semi-circular portico facing the South Lawn and The Ellipse
Aerial view of the White House complex, from north. In the foreground is Pennsylvania Avenue, closed to traffic. Center: Executive Residence (1792–1800) with North Portico (1829) facing; left: East Wing (1942); right: West Wing (1901), with the Oval Office (1934) at its southeast corner.
Hoban's Charleston County Courthouse, Charleston, South Carolina, 1790–92, was admired by Washington.
A 1793 elevation by James Hoban. His 3-story, 9-bay original submission was altered into this 2-story, 11-bay design.
Drawing of Andrea Palladio, Project for Francesco et Lodovico de Trissini, from the book I quattro libri dell'architettura, 1570
The North Portico of the White House compared to Leinster House
The Château de Rastignac compared to the South Portico of the White House, c. 1846
Entrance Hall in 1882, showing the new Tiffany glass screen
Additions proposed by architect Frederick D. Owen (1901)
The North Lawn during the Lincoln administration
Truman reconstruction, 1949–1952. A steel structure is built within the exterior shell.
The Red Room as designed by Stéphane Boudin during the presidency of John F. Kennedy
The White House complex and vicinity, viewed from the north with the Potomac River, Jefferson Memorial and Washington Monument to the south
The building's north front has been on the reverse of the U.S. $20 bill since 1998; an illustration of the south side was used for 70 years before this.
A uniformed US Secret Service Agent on Pennsylvania Avenue
For security reasons, the section of Pennsylvania Avenue on the north side of the White House is closed to all vehicular traffic, except government officials.
First Presidential Mansion: Samuel Osgood House, Manhattan, New York. Occupied by Washington: April 1789{{snd}}February 1790.
Second Presidential Mansion: Alexander Macomb House, Manhattan, New York. Occupied by Washington: February–August 1790.
Third Presidential Mansion: President's House, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Occupied by Washington: November 1790{{snd}}March 1797. Occupied by Adams: March 1797{{snd}}May 1800.
Government House, Manhattan, New York (1790–1791). Built to be the permanent presidential mansion, Congress moved the national capital to Philadelphia before its completion.
House intended for the President, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1790s). Built to be the permanent presidential mansion, it was not used by any president.
The White House as it looked following the fire of August 24, 1814
Jefferson and Latrobe's West Wing Colonnade, in this nineteenth-century engraved view, is now the James S. Brady Press Briefing Room.
Principal story plan for the White House by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, 1807
Earliest known photograph of the White House, taken c. 1846 by John Plumbe during the administration of James K. Polk
The Cross Hall, connecting the State Dining Room and the East Room on the State Floor
Marine One prepares to land on the South Lawn, where State Arrival Ceremonies are held.
View from the south, with south fountain
View from the north, with north fountain
White House at night, view from the north

Eight years later, in 1909, President William Howard Taft expanded the West Wing and created the first Oval Office, which was eventually moved as the section was expanded.

The West Wing (lower right) by night, December 2006

West Wing

The West Wing of the White House houses the offices of the president of the United States.

The West Wing of the White House houses the offices of the president of the United States.

The West Wing (lower right) by night, December 2006
The White House Complex
The main entrance on the north side
West Wing from above. Note the Oval Office and the solar panels on the roof of the Cabinet Room.
First Floor plan
Ground Floor plan
Second Floor plan
Original West Wing and tennis court, circa 1903
Expanded West Wing, circa the 1910s. President Taft's 1909 expansion covered most of the tennis court. Note the "bow" of the first Oval Office.
President Hoover views West Wing fire ruins, January 15, 1930
Modern West Wing under construction, circa 1933
Exterior of the modern Oval Office, completed 1934
Oval Office Study, 2009
Private Dining Room, 1988
Roosevelt Room, 2006
Secretary's office, 1961
James S. Brady Press Briefing Room, 2007. Formerly, the swimming pool.
Ground Floor Lobby
The Situation Room, newly renovated during the Presidency of George W. Bush
Entrance to the White House Mess, decorated for Halloween

The West Wing contains the Oval Office, the Cabinet Room, the Situation Room, and the Roosevelt Room.

Image of the Rose Garden prior to the 2020 renovations. The West Colonnade, designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe and Thomas Jefferson, can be seen in the background.

White House Rose Garden

Image of the Rose Garden prior to the 2020 renovations. The West Colonnade, designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe and Thomas Jefferson, can be seen in the background.
200px
200px
The Rose Garden arranged for a state dinner at night in 2019

The White House Rose Garden is a garden bordering the Oval Office and the West Wing of the White House in Washington, D.C., United States.

President Nixon prepares to deliver the speech announcing his resignation.

Richard Nixon's resignation speech

President Nixon prepares to deliver the speech announcing his resignation.

President Richard Nixon made an address to the American public from the Oval Office on August 8, 1974, to announce his resignation from the presidency due to the Watergate scandal.

Challenger's solid rocket boosters run away uncontrollably from the vapor cloud left after the vehicle's breakup

Space Shuttle Challenger disaster

Fatal accident in the United States space program that occurred on January 28, 1986, when the broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, leading to the death of all seven crew members aboard; it was the first fatal accident involving an American spacecraft in flight.

Fatal accident in the United States space program that occurred on January 28, 1986, when the broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, leading to the death of all seven crew members aboard; it was the first fatal accident involving an American spacecraft in flight.

Challenger's solid rocket boosters run away uncontrollably from the vapor cloud left after the vehicle's breakup
Cross-sectional diagram of the original SRB field joint
STS-51-L crew: (back row) Onizuka, McAuliffe, Jarvis, Resnik; (front row) Smith, Scobee, McNair
Ice on the launch tower hours before Challenger launch
Gray smoke escaping from the right-side solid rocket booster
Plume on right SRB at T+58.788 seconds
Challenger is enveloped in flaming liquid propellant after rupture of the liquid oxygen tank
Jay Greene at his console after the breakup of Challenger
The forward section of the fuselage after breakup, indicated by the arrow
Right SRB debris showing the hole caused by the plume
President Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan (left) at the memorial service on January 31, 1986
Members of the Rogers Commission arrive at Kennedy Space Center
Fragment of Challengers fuselage on display at Kennedy Space Center

After a discussion with his aides, Reagan postponed the State of the Union, and instead addressed the nation about the disaster from the Oval Office.

Rembrandt Peale, Self-portrait
(1828; Detroit Institute of Arts)

Rembrandt Peale

American artist and museum keeper.

American artist and museum keeper.

Rembrandt Peale, Self-portrait
(1828; Detroit Institute of Arts)
Miniature of Rembrandt Peale in 1795, by his uncle, James Peale
The Roman Daughter (1811)
Rembrandt Peale, Rubens Peale with a Geranium (1801)
"The oldest living American artist", Detail of a photograph of Rembrandt Peale taken by Mathew B. Brady
Portrait of George Washington (1795–1823)
Ballou's Pictorial, Volume XIII, October 17, 1857
Portrait of Rosalba Peale (1820), Smithsonian American Art Museum
Portrait of Edward Shippen Burd of Philadelphia (ca. 1806–1808)
Working Sketch of the Mastodon (1801)
Thomas Jefferson (1800)
Samuel Fisher Bradford (1803–1808)
Albert Gallatin (1805)
Portrait of Margaret Irvine Miller (1805)
Portrait of William Short (1806)
Portrait of Henry Robinson (1806–1808)
Portrait of Rubens Peale (1807)
Alida Livingston Armstrong and Daughter (c. 1810)
Boy from the Taylor Family (1812)
William Henry Harrison (1814)
Portrait of Jacob Gerard Koch (ca. 1817)
Portrait of Jane Griffith Koch (ca. 1817)
General Samuel Smith (ca. 1817)
Charles Mathews (ca. 1822)
DeWitt Clinton (ca. 1823)
Washington Before Yorktown (1823)
Michelangelo and Emma Clara Peale (1826)
The Sisters (Eleanor and Rosalba Peale) (1826)
Portrait of Dr. David Hosack (1826)
Horace H. Hayden (1829)
Raja Rammohan Roy (1833)
John C. Calhoun (1834)
Caroline Louisa Pratt Bartlett (1836)
Girl at a Window (Rosalba Peale) (1846)
Niagara Falls (1849)
Portraits of Richard Colgate Dale Jr and Elizabeth Woodruff Dale (1857)

Peale went on to create over 70 detailed replicas, including one of Washington in full military uniform that currently hangs in the Oval Office.

Childe Hassam

Childe Hassam

American Impressionist painter, noted for his urban and coastal scenes.

American Impressionist painter, noted for his urban and coastal scenes.

Childe Hassam
View in Montmartre, Paris, 1889, Princeton University Art Museum
Washington Arch, in Washington Square Park, c. 1893
Rainy Day, Boston (1885), Toledo Museum of Art in Ohio, with "an uncanny resemblance" to Caillebotte's 1877 Paris Street; Rainy Day
Late Afternoon, New York, Winter, c. 1900. Brooklyn Museum
Snowstorm, Madison Square, c. 1890
Celia Thaxter in her Garden, 1892, Smithsonian Institution
August Afternoon, Appledore, 1900
The Ten
Church at Old Lyme, oil on canvas, 1905
July Fourteenth, Rue Daunou, 1910
The Water Garden, c. 1909
Self-Portrait, 1916, National Gallery of Art
Portrait photograph of Childe Hassam, between 1911 and 1936
The Avenue in the Rain, oil on canvas, 1917. The White House
Hassam's The Avenue in the Rain hanging on the wall of the Oval Office, 2009
A Back Road, Brooklyn Museum
Meadows, Brooklyn Museum
Montauk, Brooklyn Museum
The Gorge, Appledore, Brooklyn Museum
Sterling Turner
Celia Thaxter's Garden, 1890, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Victorian Chair
Summer Sunlight
Improvisation
Mt. Beacon at Newburgh, 1916
April - (The Green Gown)
Girl in a Modern Gown, 1922, National Gallery of Art

On entering the White House, Barack Obama chose to display it in the Oval Office.

Seal of the President of the United States

Used to mark correspondence from the president of the United States to the U.S. Congress, and is also used as a symbol of the presidency itself.

Used to mark correspondence from the president of the United States to the U.S. Congress, and is also used as a symbol of the presidency itself.

A member of the White House Communications Agency (WHCA) placing the seal on the president's lectern, September 2003
The Presidential Seal podium plaque, April 2019
Reverse of the Kennedy Half dollar, 1964–1975, 1977–present
Dorsett seal, reversed photo
"The Old Seal", possibly from the 1840s
Hayes coat of arms
The Bailey Banks & Biddle print used during discussions; annotations from McCandless are on the right
Illustration from the 1945 executive order, with 48 stars
Illustration from the 1960 executive order
The Presidential Seal as depicted in National Treasure: Book of Secrets. This is a modification of a Great Seal graphic, not a presidential seal.
The 2019 spoof seal

at the center of the iconic oval rug in the Oval Office of the White House (each president typically designs his own, but most rugs since President Truman have used the arms ).

Top: the northern facade with a columned portico facing Lafayette Square
Bottom: the southern facade with a semi-circular portico facing the South Lawn and The Ellipse

Address to the Nation

Speech made from the White House by the President of the United States.

Speech made from the White House by the President of the United States.

Top: the northern facade with a columned portico facing Lafayette Square
Bottom: the southern facade with a semi-circular portico facing the South Lawn and The Ellipse

It is traditionally made from the Oval Office.

CIA reference photograph of a Soviet medium-range ballistic missile in Red Square, Moscow

Cuban Missile Crisis

35-day (16 October – 20 November 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, which escalated into an international crisis when American deployments of missiles in Italy and Turkey were matched by Soviet deployments of similar ballistic missiles in Cuba.

35-day (16 October – 20 November 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, which escalated into an international crisis when American deployments of missiles in Italy and Turkey were matched by Soviet deployments of similar ballistic missiles in Cuba.

CIA reference photograph of a Soviet medium-range ballistic missile in Red Square, Moscow
Image of plans for the Bay of Pigs Invasion
More than 100 US-built missiles having the capability to strike Moscow with nuclear warheads were deployed in Italy and Turkey in 1961.
The relative ranges of the Il-28, SS-4, and SS-5 based on Cuba in nautical miles (NM).
Map created by American intelligence showing Surface-to-Air Missile activity in Cuba, September 5, 1962
A U-2 reconnaissance photograph of Cuba, showing Soviet nuclear missiles, their transports and tents for fueling and maintenance.
One of the first U-2 reconnaissance images of missile bases under construction shown to President Kennedy on the morning of October 16, 1962
President Kennedy meets in the Oval Office with General Curtis LeMay and the reconnaissance pilots who found the missile sites in Cuba.
As the article describes, both the US and the Soviet Union considered many possible outcomes of their actions and threats during the crisis (Allison, Graham T.; Zelikow, Philip D.). This game tree models how both actors would have considered their decisions. It is broken down into a simple form for basic understanding.
President Kennedy and Secretary of Defense McNamara in an EXCOMM meeting
President Kennedy meets with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko in the Oval Office (October 18, 1962)
A US Navy P-2H Neptune of VP-18 flying over a Soviet cargo ship with crated Il-28s on deck during the Cuban Crisis.
President Kennedy signs the Proclamation for Interdiction of the Delivery of Offensive Weapons to Cuba at the Oval Office on October 23, 1962.
Soviet First Secretary Khrushchev's October 24, 1962 letter to Kennedy stating that the blockade of Cuba "constitute[s] an act of aggression..."
Adlai Stevenson shows aerial photos of Cuban missiles to the United Nations, October 25, 1962.
A declassified map used by the US Navy's Atlantic Fleet showing the position of American and Soviet ships at the height of the crisis.
S-75 Dvina with V-750V 1D missile (NATO designation SA-2 Guideline) on a launcher. An installation similar to this one shot down Major Anderson's U-2 over Cuba.
A Lockheed U-2F, the high altitude reconnaissance type shot down over Cuba, being refueled by a Boeing KC-135Q. The aircraft in 1962 was painted overall gray and carried USAF military markings and national insignia.
The engine of the Lockheed U-2 shot down over Cuba on display at Museum of the Revolution in Havana.
October 29, 1962 EXCOMM meeting held in the White House Cabinet Room. President Kennedy, Robert McNamara and Dean Rusk.
A US Navy HSS-1 Seabat helicopter hovers over Soviet submarine B-59, forced to the surface by US Naval forces in the Caribbean near Cuba (October 28–29, 1962)
Removal of Missiles in Cuba November 11, 1962 – NARA – 193868
The nuclear-armed Jupiter intermediate-range ballistic missile. The US secretly agreed to withdraw the missiles from Italy and Turkey.

After the EXCOMM meeting, a smaller meeting continued in the Oval Office.