A report on Oval Office

President Joe Biden on the night of his inauguration, Wednesday, January 20, 2021
President Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris in the Oval Office, April 12, 2021
President's House, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. George Washington's bow window (not depicted) is echoed in the shape of the Oval Office.
Theodore Roosevelt Executive Office and Cabinet Room, c. undefined1904
Taft Oval Office, completed 1909. Nearly identical in size to the modern office, it was damaged by fire in 1929 and demolished in 1933.
Location of the Oval Office in the West Wing.
Franklin D. Roosevelt in the newly completed Modern Oval Office, December 31, 1934.
Plaster ceiling medallion installed in 1934 includes elements of the Seal of the President of the United States.
Caroline Kennedy and Kerry Kennedy beneath the Resolute desk in 1963. Note the Truman carpet.
President Truman receiving a marble bust of Simon Bolivar from a Venezuelan delegation, December 27, 1946
President Barack Obama with Oval Office artwork, September 28, 2012
The Oval Office floor has been replaced several times, most recently during the administration of George W. Bush. The 2005 installation, based on the original 1933 design by Eric Gugler, features a contrasting cross pattern of quarter sawn oak and walnut.
Location of the Yellow Oval Room on the second floor of the White House. A number of presidents used this as their private office or library.
The Yellow Oval Room about 1868 used as President Andrew Johnson's private office.
The Yellow Oval Room as President Grover Cleveland's private office, 1886. Note the Resolute desk before the 3 windows.
The Yellow Oval Room as President Franklin D. Roosevelt's private office, 1933.
Exterior of the West Wing (circa 1910s), showing the curve of the Taft Oval Office.
President Hoover views West Wing fire ruins, January 15, 1930.
West Wing expansion, 1934.
Exterior of the Oval Office from the South Lawn, July 15, 2006.
George Washington (1776) by Charles Willson Peale
George Washington ({{circa}}1823) by Rembrandt Peale
City of Washington from Beyond the Navy Yard (1833) by George Cooke
Eastport and Passamaquoddy Bay ({{circa}}1840) by Victor De Grailly
Andrew Jackson (1845) by Thomas Sully
Waiting for the Hour (1863) by William Tolman Carlton
Passing the Outpost (1881) by Alfred Wordsworth Thompson
The Broncho Buster (1895) by Frederic Remington
Abraham Lincoln ({{circa}}1915) by George Story
The Avenue in the Rain (1917) by Childe Hassam
Franklin D. Roosevelt (1947) by Frank O. Salisbury
Earthrise (1968) by William Anders
John F. Kennedy's children visit the Oval Office
The Oval Office during the presidency of Gerald Ford
President Richard M. Nixon and Bob Hope play golf in the Oval Office, a tradition harking back to the tenure of Lyndon B. Johnson
President George W. Bush chose a more muted color palette than his predecessor, using shades of taupe, celadon and navy.
One of many hand-shake photos in front of the fireplace. President George W. Bush sitting to the viewer's right, the guest (Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda) to the left, March 2003. One of the rare images where there is fire in the fireplace.
A panoramic view of the Oval Office, January 26, 2017. President Donald Trump is seated at the Resolute desk.

Formal working space of the President of the United States.

- Oval Office
President Joe Biden on the night of his inauguration, Wednesday, January 20, 2021

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CIA reference photograph of a Soviet medium-range ballistic missile in Red Square, Moscow

Cuban Missile Crisis

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35-day (16 October – 20 November 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, which escalated into an international crisis when American deployments of missiles in Italy and Turkey were matched by Soviet deployments of similar ballistic missiles in Cuba.

35-day (16 October – 20 November 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, which escalated into an international crisis when American deployments of missiles in Italy and Turkey were matched by Soviet deployments of similar ballistic missiles in Cuba.

CIA reference photograph of a Soviet medium-range ballistic missile in Red Square, Moscow
Image of plans for the Bay of Pigs Invasion
More than 100 US-built missiles having the capability to strike Moscow with nuclear warheads were deployed in Italy and Turkey in 1961.
The relative ranges of the Il-28, SS-4, and SS-5 based on Cuba in nautical miles (NM).
Map created by American intelligence showing Surface-to-Air Missile activity in Cuba, September 5, 1962
A U-2 reconnaissance photograph of Cuba, showing Soviet nuclear missiles, their transports and tents for fueling and maintenance.
One of the first U-2 reconnaissance images of missile bases under construction shown to President Kennedy on the morning of October 16, 1962
President Kennedy meets in the Oval Office with General Curtis LeMay and the reconnaissance pilots who found the missile sites in Cuba.
As the article describes, both the US and the Soviet Union considered many possible outcomes of their actions and threats during the crisis (Allison, Graham T.; Zelikow, Philip D.). This game tree models how both actors would have considered their decisions. It is broken down into a simple form for basic understanding.
President Kennedy and Secretary of Defense McNamara in an EXCOMM meeting
President Kennedy meets with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko in the Oval Office (October 18, 1962)
A US Navy P-2H Neptune of VP-18 flying over a Soviet cargo ship with crated Il-28s on deck during the Cuban Crisis.
President Kennedy signs the Proclamation for Interdiction of the Delivery of Offensive Weapons to Cuba at the Oval Office on October 23, 1962.
Soviet First Secretary Khrushchev's October 24, 1962 letter to Kennedy stating that the blockade of Cuba "constitute[s] an act of aggression..."
Adlai Stevenson shows aerial photos of Cuban missiles to the United Nations, October 25, 1962.
A declassified map used by the US Navy's Atlantic Fleet showing the position of American and Soviet ships at the height of the crisis.
S-75 Dvina with V-750V 1D missile (NATO designation SA-2 Guideline) on a launcher. An installation similar to this one shot down Major Anderson's U-2 over Cuba.
A Lockheed U-2F, the high altitude reconnaissance type shot down over Cuba, being refueled by a Boeing KC-135Q. The aircraft in 1962 was painted overall gray and carried USAF military markings and national insignia.
The engine of the Lockheed U-2 shot down over Cuba on display at Museum of the Revolution in Havana.
October 29, 1962 EXCOMM meeting held in the White House Cabinet Room. President Kennedy, Robert McNamara and Dean Rusk.
A US Navy HSS-1 Seabat helicopter hovers over Soviet submarine B-59, forced to the surface by US Naval forces in the Caribbean near Cuba (October 28–29, 1962)
Removal of Missiles in Cuba November 11, 1962 – NARA – 193868
The nuclear-armed Jupiter intermediate-range ballistic missile. The US secretly agreed to withdraw the missiles from Italy and Turkey.

After the EXCOMM meeting, a smaller meeting continued in the Oval Office.

Rembrandt Peale, Self-portrait
(1828; Detroit Institute of Arts)

Rembrandt Peale

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American artist and museum keeper.

American artist and museum keeper.

Rembrandt Peale, Self-portrait
(1828; Detroit Institute of Arts)
Miniature of Rembrandt Peale in 1795, by his uncle, James Peale
The Roman Daughter (1811)
Rembrandt Peale, Rubens Peale with a Geranium (1801)
"The oldest living American artist", Detail of a photograph of Rembrandt Peale taken by Mathew B. Brady
Portrait of George Washington (1795–1823)
Ballou's Pictorial, Volume XIII, October 17, 1857
Portrait of Rosalba Peale (1820), Smithsonian American Art Museum
Portrait of Edward Shippen Burd of Philadelphia (ca. 1806–1808)
Working Sketch of the Mastodon (1801)
Thomas Jefferson (1800)
Samuel Fisher Bradford (1803–1808)
Albert Gallatin (1805)
Portrait of Margaret Irvine Miller (1805)
Portrait of William Short (1806)
Portrait of Henry Robinson (1806–1808)
Portrait of Rubens Peale (1807)
Alida Livingston Armstrong and Daughter (c. 1810)
Boy from the Taylor Family (1812)
William Henry Harrison (1814)
Portrait of Jacob Gerard Koch (ca. 1817)
Portrait of Jane Griffith Koch (ca. 1817)
General Samuel Smith (ca. 1817)
Charles Mathews (ca. 1822)
DeWitt Clinton (ca. 1823)
Washington Before Yorktown (1823)
Michelangelo and Emma Clara Peale (1826)
The Sisters (Eleanor and Rosalba Peale) (1826)
Portrait of Dr. David Hosack (1826)
Horace H. Hayden (1829)
Raja Rammohan Roy (1833)
John C. Calhoun (1834)
Caroline Louisa Pratt Bartlett (1836)
Girl at a Window (Rosalba Peale) (1846)
Niagara Falls (1849)
Portraits of Richard Colgate Dale Jr and Elizabeth Woodruff Dale (1857)

Peale went on to create over 70 detailed replicas, including one of Washington in full military uniform that currently hangs in the Oval Office.

Oval Office Study

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Working office of the president of the United States.

Working office of the president of the United States.

Located in the West Wing of the White House, it adjoins the Oval Office, the ceremonial office of the president.

Official portrait, 1959

Dwight D. Eisenhower

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American military officer and statesman who served as the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961.

American military officer and statesman who served as the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961.

Official portrait, 1959
The Eisenhower family home in Abilene, Kansas
Eisenhower (third from left) and Omar Bradley (second from right) were members of the 1912 West Point football team.
Mamie Eisenhower, painted in 1953 by Thomas E. Stephens
Eisenhower (far right) with three friends (William Stuhler, Major Brett, and Paul V. Robinson) in 1919, four years after graduating from West Point
Eisenhower as a major general, 1942
General Eisenhower, General Patton (standing to the left) and President Roosevelt in Sicily, 1943
Eisenhower speaks with men of the 502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR), part of the 101st "Screaming Eagles" Airborne Division, on June 5, 1944, the day before the D-Day invasion. The officer Eisenhower is speaking to is First Lieutenant Wallace Strobel.
From left, front row includes army officers Simpson, Patton, Spaatz, Eisenhower, Bradley, Hodges and Gerow in 1945
Eisenhower with Allied commanders following the signing of the German Instrument of Surrender at Reims
Eisenhower as General of the Army, 1945
General Eisenhower served as military governor of the American zone (highlighted) in Allied-occupied Germany from May through November 1945.
General Eisenhower (left) in Warsaw, Poland, 1945
Eisenhower lighting the Columbia University Yule Log, 1949
Eisenhower posing in front of Alma Mater at Columbia in 1953
As president of Columbia, Eisenhower presents an honorary degree to Jawaharlal Nehru.
Eisenhower button from the 1952 campaign
1952 electoral vote results
1956 electoral vote results
February 1959 White House portrait
Eisenhower meeting with Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser during Nasser's visit to United Nations in New York, September 1960
Eisenhower visits the Kingdom of Afghanistan and its king Mohammed Zahir Shah in Kabul.
Eisenhower with Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
U.S. President Eisenhower visits the Republic of China and its President Chiang Kai-shek in Taipei.
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev during his 11-day U.S. visit as guest of President Eisenhower, September 1959.
President Eisenhower with Wernher von Braun, 1960
Eisenhower in Korea with General Chung Il-kwon, and Baik Seon-yup, 1952
Spanish dictator Francisco Franco and Eisenhower in Madrid in 1959.
Eisenhower with the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1959)
Eisenhower and Vice President Richard Nixon with their host, King Saud of Saudi Arabia, at the Mayflower Hotel (1957)
A U-2 reconnaissance aircraft in flight
Official White House Portrait of President Eisenhower, c. 1960
Eisenhower speaks to the press at the 1964 Republican National Convention
President Lyndon Johnson with Eisenhower aboard Air Force One in October 1965
Eisenhower with President Richard Nixon in February 1969
Eisenhower's funeral service
Graves of Dwight D. Eisenhower, Doud Dwight "Icky" Eisenhower and Mamie Eisenhower in Abilene, Kansas
Eisenhower signs the legislation that changes Armistice Day to Veterans Day, June 1, 1954
President John F. Kennedy meets with General Eisenhower at Camp David, April 22, 1961, three days after the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion
Eisenhower Interstate System sign south of San Antonio, Texas
Bronze statue of Eisenhower in the Capitol rotunda
The star of the Soviet Order of Victory awarded to Eisenhower
The coat of arms granted to Eisenhower upon his incorporation as a knight of the Danish Order of the Elephant in 1950. The anvil represents the fact that his name is derived from the German for "iron hewer", making these an example of canting arms.

On January 17, 1961, Eisenhower gave his final televised Address to the Nation from the Oval Office.

Bust in the Oval Office in 2017, to the right of the fireplace (seated, Angela Merkel and Donald Trump)

Bust of Winston Churchill (Epstein)

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Completed in 1947 and cast in an edition often said to number 10 .

Completed in 1947 and cast in an edition often said to number 10 .

Bust in the Oval Office in 2017, to the right of the fireplace (seated, Angela Merkel and Donald Trump)

Two casts have been previously displayed in the Oval Office.

The Avenue in the Rain, 1917

The Avenue in the Rain

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1917 oil painting by the American Impressionist painter Childe Hassam.

1917 oil painting by the American Impressionist painter Childe Hassam.

The Avenue in the Rain, 1917
Barack Obama working at the Resolute desk in the Oval Office in 2009, with the painting to his right
The Fourth of July, 1916
Flags on Waldorf, 1916
Avenue of the Allies, 1917
Flags, Fifth Avenue, 1918
Allies Day, 1918
Rue Montorgueil à Paris. Fête du 30 juin 1878
Rue Saint-Denis, fête du 30 juin 1878

It was in the President's Dining Room for many years and hung in the Oval Office during Bill Clinton's, Barack Obama's, and Donald Trump’s terms, as well as currently under Joe Biden's term.

Childe Hassam

Childe Hassam

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American Impressionist painter, noted for his urban and coastal scenes.

American Impressionist painter, noted for his urban and coastal scenes.

Childe Hassam
View in Montmartre, Paris, 1889, Princeton University Art Museum
Washington Arch, in Washington Square Park, c. 1893
Rainy Day, Boston (1885), Toledo Museum of Art in Ohio, with "an uncanny resemblance" to Caillebotte's 1877 Paris Street; Rainy Day
Late Afternoon, New York, Winter, c. 1900. Brooklyn Museum
Snowstorm, Madison Square, c. 1890
Celia Thaxter in her Garden, 1892, Smithsonian Institution
August Afternoon, Appledore, 1900
The Ten
Church at Old Lyme, oil on canvas, 1905
July Fourteenth, Rue Daunou, 1910
The Water Garden, c. 1909
Self-Portrait, 1916, National Gallery of Art
Portrait photograph of Childe Hassam, between 1911 and 1936
The Avenue in the Rain, oil on canvas, 1917. The White House
Hassam's The Avenue in the Rain hanging on the wall of the Oval Office, 2009
A Back Road, Brooklyn Museum
Meadows, Brooklyn Museum
Montauk, Brooklyn Museum
The Gorge, Appledore, Brooklyn Museum
Sterling Turner
Celia Thaxter's Garden, 1890, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Victorian Chair
Summer Sunlight
Improvisation
Mt. Beacon at Newburgh, 1916
April - (The Green Gown)
Girl in a Modern Gown, 1922, National Gallery of Art

On entering the White House, Barack Obama chose to display it in the Oval Office.

Working on the Statue of Liberty

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1946 oil painting by American illustrator Norman Rockwell, showing workmen cleaning the torch held aloft by the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor.

1946 oil painting by American illustrator Norman Rockwell, showing workmen cleaning the torch held aloft by the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor.

It was displayed in the Oval Office during the administrations of Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama, sometimes to the left of the President's desk, above a cabinet or table on which was displayed Frederic Remington's sculpture The Bronco Buster.

Frederic Remington, Fired On, 1907, Smithsonian American Art Museum

Fired On

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1907 oil painting by Frederic Remington.

1907 oil painting by Frederic Remington.

Frederic Remington, Fired On, 1907, Smithsonian American Art Museum
In its simple wooden frame

The painting was displayed in the Oval Office during the presidency of Harry S. Truman.

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City of Washington from Beyond the Navy Yard

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1833 oil painting by the American painter George Cooke.

1833 oil painting by the American painter George Cooke.

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Barack Obama meets Shimon Peres in the Oval Office. Cooke's painting is on display to the left of Peale's Porthole Portrait of George Washington (1795)

Since 1972, the painting has been in the White House collections and has subsequently been displayed in the Oval Office under various administrations.