Overseas department and region

overseas departmentoverseas regionregiondepartmentoverseas departmentsFrench overseas departmentFrench overseas departmentsoverseas regionsdépartements d'outre-merdépartement d'outre-mer
The overseas departments and regions of France (département et régions d’outre-mer or DROM) are departments of France which are outside metropolitan France, the European part of France.wikipedia
618 Related Articles

Departments of France

departmentdépartementdepartments
The overseas departments and regions of France (département et régions d’outre-mer or DROM) are departments of France which are outside metropolitan France, the European part of France.
Ninety-five departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions.

Metropolitan France

metropolitanmainland FranceContinental France
The overseas departments and regions of France (département et régions d’outre-mer or DROM) are departments of France which are outside metropolitan France, the European part of France.
Overseas France (la France d'outre-mer, l'Outre-mer or colloquially les DOM-TOM) is the collective name for the part of France outside Europe: French overseas regions (départements et régions d'outre-mer or DROM), territories (territoires d'outre-mer or TOM), collectivities (collectivités d'outre-mer or COM) and the sui generis collectivity (collectivité sui generis) of New Caledonia.

Regions of France

regionrégionadministrative region
Each overseas department is the sole department in its own overseas region (région d'outre-mer) with powers identical to the regions of metropolitan France.
France is divided into 18 administrative regions (régions, singular région ), of which 13 are located in metropolitan France (i.e. on the European continent), while the other five are overseas regions (not be confused with the "overseas collectivities", which have a semi-autonomous status).

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
The overseas departments and regions of France (département et régions d’outre-mer or DROM) are departments of France which are outside metropolitan France, the European part of France. As integral parts of France and the European Union, overseas departments are represented in the National Assembly, Senate, and Economic and Social Council, vote to elect members of the European Parliament (MEP), and also use the euro as their currency.
Since 2016 France is mainly divided into 18 administrative regions: 13 regions in metropolitan France (including the territorial collectivity of Corsica), and five located overseas.

National Assembly (France)

National AssemblyFrench National AssemblyNational Assembly of France
As integral parts of France and the European Union, overseas departments are represented in the National Assembly, Senate, and Economic and Social Council, vote to elect members of the European Parliament (MEP), and also use the euro as their currency.
Of the 577 elected deputies, 539 represent Metropolitan France, 27 represent the overseas departments and overseas collectivities, and 11 represent French residents overseas.

French Guiana

GuyaneGuianaFrench Guianese
Under the 1947 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Algeria in North Africa, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean, French Guiana in South America, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean were defined as overseas departments.
French Guiana ( or ; Guyane ) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern, Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas.

Martinique

MartiniquaisMartinicanMartiniquan
Under the 1947 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Algeria in North Africa, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean, French Guiana in South America, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean were defined as overseas departments.
Like Guadeloupe, it is an overseas region (région d'outre-mer) of France, consisting of a single overseas department.

Mayotte

Mayotte IslandMahoréMahoran
Following a yes vote in a referendum held on 29 March 2009, the former overseas collectivity of Mayotte became an overseas department on 31 March 2011.
Mayotte (Mayotte, ; Shimaore: Maore, ; Mahori) is an overseas department and region of France officially named the Department of Mayotte (French: Département de Mayotte).

Réunion

La RéunionReunion IslandRéunion Island
Under the 1947 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Algeria in North Africa, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean, French Guiana in South America, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean were defined as overseas departments.
Réunion (La Réunion ; previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of France and an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and 175 km southwest of Mauritius.

South America

South AmericanSouthSouth-America
Under the 1947 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Algeria in North Africa, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean, French Guiana in South America, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean were defined as overseas departments.
French Guiana is a French overseas department, while the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands are British overseas territories.

Guadeloupe

GuadaloupeBasse-Terre IslandBasse-Terre
Under the 1947 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Algeria in North Africa, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean, French Guiana in South America, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean were defined as overseas departments.
Together with Martinique, La Réunion, Mayotte and French Guiana, Guadeloupe is one of the overseas departments, being both a region and a department combined into one entity.

Caribbean

the CaribbeanWest IndiesWest Indian
Under the 1947 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Algeria in North Africa, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean, French Guiana in South America, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean were defined as overseas departments.
and are organized into 30 territories including sovereign states, overseas departments, and dependencies.

2009 Mahoran status referendum

2009 referendumreferendumMahoran status referendum
Following a yes vote in a referendum held on 29 March 2009, the former overseas collectivity of Mayotte became an overseas department on 31 March 2011.
A referendum on becoming an overseas department of France was held in Mayotte on 29 March 2009.

Overseas collectivity

overseas collectivitiescollectivité d'outre-merFrench overseas collectivity
The overseas departments and regions are not the same as the overseas collectivities, which have a semi-autonomous status. The overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon was an overseas department from 1976 to 1985.
The COMs should not be confused with the overseas regions and overseas departments, which have the same status as Mainland France but are just located outside Europe.

Administrative divisions of France

Administrative division of Franceadministrative division in Franceadministrative entity

Overseas France

overseas departments and territories of FranceFrench overseas territoriesoverseas departments and territories
Almost all inhabited French administrative divisions outside Europe are classified as either overseas regions or overseas collectivities; these statuses are very different from one another from a legal and administrative standpoint.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSt. Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre-et-Miquelon
The overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon was an overseas department from 1976 to 1985.
The archipelago became an overseas territory in 1946, then an overseas department in 1976, before acquiring the status of territorial collectivity in 1985.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
As integral parts of France and the European Union, overseas departments are represented in the National Assembly, Senate, and Economic and Social Council, vote to elect members of the European Parliament (MEP), and also use the euro as their currency.

Senate (France)

Senate of FranceFrench SenateSenate
As integral parts of France and the European Union, overseas departments are represented in the National Assembly, Senate, and Economic and Social Council, vote to elect members of the European Parliament (MEP), and also use the euro as their currency.

French Economic, Social and Environmental Council

Economic and Social CouncilFrench Economic and Social CouncilEconomic, Social and Environmental Council
As integral parts of France and the European Union, overseas departments are represented in the National Assembly, Senate, and Economic and Social Council, vote to elect members of the European Parliament (MEP), and also use the euro as their currency.

European Parliament

EU ParliamentEP constituencyMEP
As integral parts of France and the European Union, overseas departments are represented in the National Assembly, Senate, and Economic and Social Council, vote to elect members of the European Parliament (MEP), and also use the euro as their currency.

Euro

EUReuros
As integral parts of France and the European Union, overseas departments are represented in the National Assembly, Senate, and Economic and Social Council, vote to elect members of the European Parliament (MEP), and also use the euro as their currency.

Single territorial collectivity

consolidatedsingle territorial collectivities
Guadeloupe and Réunion each have separate departmental and regional councils, while in Mayotte, Guiana and Martinique, the two layers of government are consolidated so one body wields both sets of powers.

Regional council (France)

Regional CouncilConseil régionalRegional Councils
The overseas departments acquired these additional powers in 1982, when France's decentralisation policy dictated that they be given elected regional councils and other regional powers, however the term "overseas region" was only introduced with the French constitutional amendment of 28 March 2003.

Constitutional amendments under the French Fifth Republic

Constitutional amendments constitutional amendmentConstitutional amendments under the Fifth French RepublicFrench constitutional amendment
The overseas departments acquired these additional powers in 1982, when France's decentralisation policy dictated that they be given elected regional councils and other regional powers, however the term "overseas region" was only introduced with the French constitutional amendment of 28 March 2003.