Overtime

overtime payextra timeOTOver Timea.e.t.aetmandatory overtimecoerced overtimecompensatory timedouble overtime
Overtime is the amount of time someone works beyond normal working hours.wikipedia
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Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

Fair Labor Standards ActFLSAFair Labor Standards
In the United States the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 applies to employees in industries engaged in or producing goods for interstate commerce.
The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA ) is a United States labor law that creates the right to a minimum wage, and "time-and-a-half" overtime pay when people work over forty hours a week.

Independent contractor

contractorindependent contractorscontractors
Independent contractors are not considered employees and therefore are not protected by the FLSA.
Employees are also entitled to receive overtime pay for work performed over the 40-hour-per-week standard, whereas independent contractors may work any number of hours (including far above this standard) with no change in pay.

Backward bending supply curve of labour

backward bending labor supply curvesBackward bending supply of laborbackward-bending
Companies may choose to pay workers higher overtime pay even if not obliged to do so by law, particularly if they believe that they face a backward bending supply curve of labour.

Flextime

flexible workingflexitimeflexible working hours
In particular, the new rules would have allowed more companies to offer flextime to their workers instead of overtime.
The benefits for the company include; better motivated workers, more efficient and effective operation, less fatigued workers, so fewer errors; they get people working overtime hours without paying overtime rates, fewer facilities required, and lower sickness rates.

Retroactive overtime

Retroactive overtime (ROT) is an additional amount of money that is awarded when an employee has a combination of overtime and an additional amount of money, such as a commission or a bonus that is guaranteed based upon work requirements.

Effects of overtime

Employees who work overtime hours experience numerous mental, physical, and social effects.

Work–life balance

work-life balancework life balancework-life
At least 134 countries have laws setting the maximum length of the work week; the U.S. does not have a maximum work week length and does not place any limits on the amount of overtime that an employee is required to work each week.

Eight-hour day

eight-hour workdayeight-hour work day8-hour day
In those industries, it set the maximum workweek at 40 hours, but provided that employees working beyond 40 hours a week would receive additional overtime bonus salaries.

Labour law

labor lawemployment lawlabor laws
Most nations have overtime labour laws designed to dissuade or prevent employers from forcing their employees to work excessively long hours (such as the situation in the textile mills in the 1920s).

Public holiday

public holidaysnational holidayholiday
A worker may receive overtime pay plus equal time off for each hour worked on certain agreed days, such as public holidays.

Trade union

uniontrade unionistlabor union
In some cases, particularly when employees are represented by a labour union, overtime may be paid at a higher rate than 1.5 times the hourly pay.

Directive (European Union)

directiveEuropean Union directiveEU Directive
Directives issued by the European Union must be incorporated into law by member states.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
Directives issued by the European Union must be incorporated into law by member states.

Workweek and weekend

weekendweekdayweekends
The FLSA establishes a standard work week of 40 hours for certain kinds of workers, and mandates payment for overtime hours to those workers of one and one-half times the workers' normal rate of pay for any time worked above 40 hours.

Wage and Hour Division

Out of approximately 120 million American workers, nearly 50 million are exempt from overtime laws (US Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Division, 1998).

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOrganisation for European Economic Co-operationOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
In 2004, the United States was 7th out of 24 OECD countries in terms of annual working hours per worker.

Working time

working hours9 to 5work day
(See Working time for a complete listing.) In 2015, the United States Department of Labor proposed dramatic changes to certain exemptions from federal minimum wage and overtime requirements.

United States Department of Labor

U.S. Department of LaborDepartment of LaborUS Department of Labor
(See Working time for a complete listing.) In 2015, the United States Department of Labor proposed dramatic changes to certain exemptions from federal minimum wage and overtime requirements. On August 23, 2004, President George W. Bush and the Department of Labor proposed changes to regulations governing implementation of the law.

George W. Bush

BushPresident BushPresident George W. Bush
On August 23, 2004, President George W. Bush and the Department of Labor proposed changes to regulations governing implementation of the law.

Uber

CriticismUber ElevateUber Health
Uber is an example of a company that, in various jurisdictions, has been subject to litigation regarding exemptions.