Overture

concert overtureouvertureoverturesFrench overtureOverturaAperturaB-vertureconcert overturesGrand Overtureintroductions
Overture (from French ouverture, lit. "opening") in music was originally the instrumental introduction to a ballet, opera, or oratorio in the 17th century.wikipedia
634 Related Articles

Felix Mendelssohn

MendelssohnFelix Mendelssohn BartholdyFelix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy
During the early Romantic era, composers such as Beethoven and Mendelssohn composed overtures which were independent, self-existing instrumental, programmatic works that presaged genres such as the symphonic poem. However, the overture A Midsummer Night's Dream (1826) by Felix Mendelssohn is generally regarded as the first concert overture.
His best-known works include his overture and incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, the Italian Symphony, the Scottish Symphony, the oratorio Elijah, the overture The Hebrides, his mature Violin Concerto, and his String Octet.

Symphonic poem

tone poemtone poemssymphonic poems
During the early Romantic era, composers such as Beethoven and Mendelssohn composed overtures which were independent, self-existing instrumental, programmatic works that presaged genres such as the symphonic poem.
Nevertheless, composers began to explore the "more compact form" of the concert overture "...as a vehicle within which to blend musical, narrative and pictoral ideas."

Prelude (music)

preludepreludesIntrada
The style is most often used in preludes to suites, and can be found in non-staged vocal works such as cantatas, for example in the opening chorus of Bach's cantata Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, BWV 61.
The prelude also may refer to an overture, particularly to those seen in an opera or an oratorio.

Bach cantata

cantatachurch cantatacantatas
The style is most often used in preludes to suites, and can be found in non-staged vocal works such as cantatas, for example in the opening chorus of Bach's cantata Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, BWV 61.
In Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, BWV 61, for the first Sunday in Advent, the beginning of a new liturgical year, he rendered the opening chorus as a French overture.

Music

audiomusicalPop
Overture (from French ouverture, lit. "opening") in music was originally the instrumental introduction to a ballet, opera, or oratorio in the 17th century.
Examples include orchestral overtures, which are sometimes no more than a string of the best tunes of the musical theatre show or opera to come.

List of musical medleys

medleymedleysMedley (music)
This "medley form" persists in the overtures to many works of musical theatre written in the 20th and 21st centuries.
A medley is the most common form of overture for musical theater productions.

Suite (music)

suitesuitesorchestral suite
The style is most often used in preludes to suites, and can be found in non-staged vocal works such as cantatas, for example in the opening chorus of Bach's cantata Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, BWV 61.
In the Baroque era the suite was an important musical form, also known as Suite de danses, Ordre (the term favored by François Couperin), Partita or Ouverture (after the theatrical "overture" which often included a series of dances) as with the orchestral suites of Christoph Graupner, Telemann and J.S. Bach.

A Midsummer Night's Dream (Mendelssohn)

A Midsummer Night's DreamMidsummer Night's DreamA Midsummer Night’s Dream
However, the overture A Midsummer Night's Dream (1826) by Felix Mendelssohn is generally regarded as the first concert overture.
First in 1826, near the start of his career, he wrote a concert overture (Op.

Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage (Mendelssohn)

Calm Sea and Prosperous VoyageMeeresstille und glückliche FahrtMeeresstille und glückliche Fahrt'' (Mendelssohn)
Mendelssohn's other contributions to this genre include his Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage overture (1828), his overture The Hebrides (1830; also known as Fingal's Cave) and the overtures Die schöne Melusine (The Fair Melusine, 1834) and Ruy Blas (1839).
27, is an orchestral concert overture by Felix Mendelssohn inspired by the same verses that inspired Beethoven's 1815 cantata of the same title (and indeed inspired by Beethoven's version, which is in the same key, D major).

The Hebrides (overture)

Hebrides OvertureThe HebridesFingal's Cave
Mendelssohn's other contributions to this genre include his Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage overture (1828), his overture The Hebrides (1830; also known as Fingal's Cave) and the overtures Die schöne Melusine (The Fair Melusine, 1834) and Ruy Blas (1839).
Felix Mendelssohn's concert overture The Hebrides (Die Hebriden) was composed in 1830, revised in 1832, and published the next year as his Op. 26.

Musical theatre

musicalmusicalsmusical comedy
This "medley form" persists in the overtures to many works of musical theatre written in the 20th and 21st centuries.
Musicals may begin with an overture played by the orchestra that "weav[es] together excerpts of the score's famous melodies."

Richard Wagner

WagnerWagnerianWagnerian opera
Richard Wagner's Vorspiel to Lohengrin is a short self-contained movement founded on the music of the Grail.
He was also greatly impressed by a performance of Mozart's Requiem. Wagner's early piano sonatas and his first attempts at orchestral overtures date from this period.

Symphony

symphoniessymphonicsymphonic works
In this context, they became important in the early history of the symphony.
The opera sinfonia, or Italian overture had, by the 18th century, a standard structure of three contrasting movements: fast, slow, fast and dance-like.

1812 Overture

18121812'' OvertureThe 1812
81. An example clearly influenced by the symphonic poem is Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture.
49, popularly known as the 1812 Overture, is a concert overture written in 1880 by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky to commemorate the successful Russian defence against Napoleon's invading Grande Armée in 1812.

Giulio Cesare

Giulio Cesare in EgittoJulius CaesarJulius Caesar in Egypt
Handel also uses the French overture form in some of his Italian operas such as Giulio Cesare.
* Overture

Academic Festival Overture

Akademische Festouvertüre
In the age when the symphonic poem had already become popular, Brahms wrote his Academic Festival Overture, Op.
80, by Johannes Brahms, was one of a pair of contrasting concert overtures — the other being the Tragic Overture, Op.

List of films with overtures

For a comprehensive list, see the list of films with overtures.
This is a chronological partial list of films which include a musical Overture at the beginning, against a blank screen or still pictures.

Les francs-juges

first attempt at operaFranc-Juges overtureLes Francs juges
Other notable early concert overtures were written by Hector Berlioz (e.g., Les Francs juges (1826), and Le corsaire (1828)).
He retained the overture, which has become a popular concert item, and used some other musical material in later compositions.

The School for Scandal (Barber)

an overtureOverture to "The School for ScandalThe School for Scandal
5, is a concert overture by Samuel Barber.

Overture to a Picaresque Comedy

The Overture to a Picaresque Comedy is a concert overture composed by Arnold Bax in 1930.

Overtures by Hector Berlioz

Le carnaval romainLe CorsaireRoman Carnival Overture
Other notable early concert overtures were written by Hector Berlioz (e.g., Les Francs juges (1826), and Le corsaire (1828)).
The French composer Hector Berlioz wrote a number of overtures, many of which have become popular concert items.

Candide (operetta)

CandideGlitter and Be GayOverture to Candide
Hershy Kay orchestrated all but the overture, which Bernstein did himself.

In the South (Alassio)

In the SouthIn the South: AlassioOverture ''In the South (Alassio)
50, is a concert overture composed by Edward Elgar during a family holiday in Italy in the winter of 1903 to 1904.

Tragic Overture (Brahms)

Tragic Overture
80, as well as his Tragic Overture, Op.
The Tragic Overture (Tragische Ouvertüre), Op. 81, is a concert overture for orchestra written by Johannes Brahms during the summer of 1880.

Carnival Overture

CarnivalCarnival Overture'' (Dvořák)Carnival Overture, Op. 92
The concert overture Carnival (Karneval, koncertní ouvertura), Op.