Owens Lake

Cottonwood Charcoal KilnsOwens Dry LakeLakeOwens
Owens Lake is a mostly dry lake in the Owens Valley on the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada in Inyo County, California.wikipedia
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Owens Valley

OwensOwens BasinOwens River valley
Owens Lake is a mostly dry lake in the Owens Valley on the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada in Inyo County, California.
The bed of Owens Lake, now a predominantly dry endorheic alkali flat, sits on the southern end of the valley.

Owens River

Owens
Unlike most dry lakes in the Basin and Range Province that have been dry for thousands of years, Owens held significant water until 1913, when much of the Owens River was diverted into the Los Angeles Aqueduct, causing Owens Lake to desiccate by 1926.
The river terminates at the endorheic Owens Lake south of Lone Pine, at the bottom of a 2600 mi2 watershed.

Sierra Nevada (U.S.)

Sierra NevadaSierra Nevada MountainsSierra Nevada foothills
Owens Lake is a mostly dry lake in the Owens Valley on the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada in Inyo County, California.
From north to south, the Susan River flows into intermittent Honey Lake, the Truckee River flows from Lake Tahoe into Pyramid Lake, the Carson River runs into Carson Sink, the Walker River into Walker Lake; Rush, Lee Vining and Mill Creeks flow into Mono Lake; and the Owens River into dry Owens Lake.

Keeler, California

KeelerKeeler, CA
As the lake dried, soda processing at nearby Keeler, CA switched from relatively cheap chemical methods to more expensive physical ones. The town of Cartago, below the Sierra Nevada near present-day Olancha, California, was the western shipping port for the Cerro Gordo Mines production and transported goods across Owens Lake with the northern ports of Swansea and Keeler directly below the mines.
Keeler is located on the east shore of Owens Lake 11.5 mi south-southeast of New York Butte, at an elevation of 3602 feet (1098 m). The population was 66 people at the 2010 census, unchanged from the 2000 census.

Los Angeles Aqueduct

Los Angeles Aqueduct systemSecond Los Angeles Aqueductaqueduct
Unlike most dry lakes in the Basin and Range Province that have been dry for thousands of years, Owens held significant water until 1913, when much of the Owens River was diverted into the Los Angeles Aqueduct, causing Owens Lake to desiccate by 1926.
The construction of the Los Angeles Aqueduct effectively eliminated the Owens Valley as a viable farming community and eventually devastated the Owens Lake ecosystem.

Los Angeles Department of Water and Power

Department of Water and PowerLADWPLos Angeles City Water Company
Starting in 1913, the river and streams that fed Owens Lake were diverted by Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) into the Los Angeles Aqueduct, and the lake level started to drop quickly.
The LADWP has been a leading actor in the struggle over access to water from the Owens Valley, starting with its initial acquisition of water rights, as well as buying out farms and asserting control over Mono Lake and Owens Lake.

Trona

Trona ore
The lake is currently a large salt flat whose surface is made of a mixture of clay, sand, and a variety of minerals including halite, burkeite, mirabilite, thenardite, and trona.
Trona is found at Owens Lake and Searles Lake, California; the Green River Formation of Wyoming and Utah; the Makgadikgadi Pans in Botswana and in the Nile Valley in Egypt.

Halophile

halophilichalophilesextreme salt concentrations
When conditions are right, bright pink halophilic (salt-loving) archaea spread across the salty lakebed.
Halophiles can be found anywhere with a concentration of salt five times greater than the salt concentration of the ocean, such as the Great Salt Lake in Utah, Owens Lake in California, the Dead Sea, and in evaporation ponds.

Richard Lemon Owings

Richard Owens
Owens Lake was given that name by the explorer John C. Fremont, in honor of one of his guides, Richard Owens.
The Owens Valley, Owens River, and Owens Lake in eastern California were all named after him by Fremont, even though Owings apparently never visited any of them.

Lone Pine, California

Lone PineLone Pine, Calif
It is about 5 mi south of Lone Pine, California.
Owens Dry Lake is just over six miles (10 km) south of town on US395.

Crowley Lake

Long Valley Dam
After an unsuccessful appeal attempt to the state supreme court in 1941, LADWP built the Long Valley Dam, which impounded Lake Crowley for flood control.
For more on the history of the lake, see Owens Lake.

Cartago, California

CartagoCarthago
The town of Cartago, below the Sierra Nevada near present-day Olancha, California, was the western shipping port for the Cerro Gordo Mines production and transported goods across Owens Lake with the northern ports of Swansea and Keeler directly below the mines.
Cartago is located on the west side of Owens Lake 3 mi north-northwest of Olancha, at an elevation of 3629 feet (1106 m). The population was 92 at the 2010 census, down from 109 at the 2000 census.

Olancha, California

Olancha
The town of Cartago, below the Sierra Nevada near present-day Olancha, California, was the western shipping port for the Cerro Gordo Mines production and transported goods across Owens Lake with the northern ports of Swansea and Keeler directly below the mines.
Located in the Owens Valley next to the now mostly dry Owens Lake, the arid settlement is home to a major bottled water plant for Crystal Geyser Natural Alpine Spring Water.

Inyo Mountains

Inyo
The town of Keeler, below the Inyo Mountains on the former north shore, replaced Swansea as the shipping port for the mines after the 1872 Lone Pine earthquake.
The range separates the Owens Valley to the west from Saline Valley to the east, extending for approximately 70 mi (130 km) SSE from the southern end of the White Mountains, from which they are separated by Westgard Pass, to east of Owens Lake.

Swansea, California

Swansea
The town of Cartago, below the Sierra Nevada near present-day Olancha, California, was the western shipping port for the Cerro Gordo Mines production and transported goods across Owens Lake with the northern ports of Swansea and Keeler directly below the mines.
Swansea was a boomtown located on the eastern shore of Owens Lake.

Mono Lake

MonoLake
The highest totals for individuals of a species included 13,873 California gulls (an inland nester at Mono Lake and elsewhere); 9,218 American avocets; 1,767 eared grebes; 13,826 peeps or small sandpipers such as dunlin, western and least sandpipers; and 2,882 individual ducks.
From the compilation of δ 18 O data over the past 51,000 years from lakes throughout the Great Basin, including Pyramid Lake, Summer Lake, Owens Lake, and Mono Lake, it has been observed that changes in lake level can be correlated to Dansgaard-Oeschger events.

Places of interest in the Death Valley area

Panamint Charcoal Kilnsalso protectsArtist's Palette
They were similar to the nearby Panamint Charcoal Kilns near Death Valley.
Other historic charcoal kilns in the United States include the Cottonwood Charcoal Kilns at Owens Lake, the Piedmont Charcoal Kilns in Wyoming, and the Walker Charcoal Kiln in Arizona.

Owens River course

Crowley Lake Watershedsource of the Owens River
Owens River course
The Owens River course includes headwaters points near the Upper San Joaquin Watershed, reservoirs and diversion points (e.g., for the Los Angeles Aqueduct), and the river's mouth at Owens Lake.

California water wars

Owens River Projectacquiring the rights to the water supply of the distant Owens ValleyCalifornian aqueducts
California Water Wars
By 1926, Owens Lake at the bottom of Owens Valley was completely dry due to water diversion.

List of drying lakes

List of drying lakes
Owens Lake in California, U.S.

Tremors (film)

Tremors1990 filmfirst ''Tremors'' film
Other films that had scenes shot at Owens Lake or the nearby Alabama Hills where Owens Lake is visible includes Top Gun (1986) starring Tom Cruise, and Tremors (1990) starring Kevin Bacon.
The mountains in the distance are the Sierra Nevada, and Owens Lake can be seen in the background during the film's climax.

List of lakes in California

California waterbodyLakes in CaliforniaLakes of California
List of lakes in California

Dry lake

playasalt panalkali flats
Owens Lake is a mostly dry lake in the Owens Valley on the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada in Inyo County, California.

Inyo County, California

Inyo CountyInyoInyo Counties
Owens Lake is a mostly dry lake in the Owens Valley on the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada in Inyo County, California.

Basin and Range Province

Basin and Rangedesert mountain ranges and valleysthe northwest Nevada volcanic region
Unlike most dry lakes in the Basin and Range Province that have been dry for thousands of years, Owens held significant water until 1913, when much of the Owens River was diverted into the Los Angeles Aqueduct, causing Owens Lake to desiccate by 1926.