Oxford English Dictionary

OEDOxford DictionaryThe Oxford English DictionaryNew English DictionaryOxfordOxford English Dictionary (OED)A New English Dictionary on Historical PrinciplesCompact Editions of the Oxford English DictionaryCompact Oxford English DictionaryOED2
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press (OUP).wikipedia
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Historical dictionary

historical principleshistorical dictionaries
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press (OUP).
The main historical dictionary of English, the Oxford English Dictionary, was initiated in 1857 and was completed in 1928.

Oxford University Press

Clarendon PressOUPOxford
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press (OUP).
OUP took on the project that became the Oxford English Dictionary in the late 19th century, and expanded to meet the ever-rising costs of the work.

English language

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press (OUP).

Serial (literature)

Work began on the dictionary in 1857, but it was only in 1884 that it began to be published in unbound fascicles as work continued on the project, under the name of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles; Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by The Philological Society.

List of unusual deaths

drownedLinda Goldbloombecame inflamed and infected, and as a result Sigurd died
Oxford Dictionaries defines the word unusual as "not habitually or commonly occurring or done" and "remarkable or interesting because different from or better than others".

List of wort plants

wortWort plantshonewort
According to the Oxford English Dictionary's Ask Oxford site, "A word with the suffix -wort is often very old. The Old English word was wyrt, from Proto-Indo-European origins that connect it to root. It was often used in the names of herbs and plants that had medicinal uses, the first part of the word denoting the complaint against which it might be specially efficacious. By the middle of the 17th-century -wort was beginning to fade from everyday use.

List of events named massacres

massacreList of massacresmassacres
Massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers".

Chapman (surname)

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) supplies four meanings for chapman, all of which pertain to buying and selling: 1) A man whose business was buying and selling; 2) an itinerant dealer who travels, also known as a hawker or peddler; 3) an agent in a commercial transaction; 4) a purchaser or customer.

Rule of law

the rule of lawlegal forcerule
The rule of law is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as: "The authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behavior; (hence) the principle whereby all members of a society (including those in government) are considered equally subject to publicly disclosed legal codes and processes."

Animal painter

wildlife artanimal paintingwildlife artist
The OED dates the first express use of the term "animal painter" to the mid-18th century: by English physician, naturalist and writer John Berkenhout (1726-1791).

Coup d'état

coupcoup d'etatmilitary coup
Although the concept of a coup d'état has featured in politics since antiquity, the phrase is of relatively recent coinage; the Oxford English Dictionary identifies it as a French expression meaning a "stroke of state".


hangedhangdeath by hanging
The Oxford English Dictionary states that hanging in this sense is "specifically to put to death by suspension by the neck", though it formerly also referred to crucifixion and death by impalement in which the body would remain "hanging".


Wordhunt was a national appeal run by the Oxford English Dictionary, looking for earlier evidence of the use of 50 words and phrases in the English language.

Mullet (haircut)

mulletmullet haircutmullets
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, use of the term mullet to describe this hairstyle was "apparently coined, and certainly popularized, by American hip-hop group the Beastie Boys", who used "mullet" and "mullet head" as epithets in their 1994 song "Mullet Head".


Anglo-IndiansAnglo IndianNominated
The Oxford English Dictionary, for example, gives three possibilities: "Of mixed British and Indian parentage, of Indian descent but born or living in Britain or (chiefly historical) of English descent or birth but living or having lived long in India".

Voivodeships of Poland

The word "voivodeship", as an equivalent for "województwo", appears in some large English dictionaries such as the OED and Webster's Third New International Dictionary but is not in common English usage.

Cool (aesthetic)

the OED definition) and often is used as an expression of admiration or approval.


Proscription (proscriptio) is, in current usage, a ’decree of condemnation to death or banishment’ (Oxford English Dictionary) and can be used in a political context to refer to state-approved murder or banishment.

List of true homonyms

Other authors, such as the Oxford English Dictionary, use the term more narrowly, referring only to words that have different meanings and different origins, excluding a number of words with related meanings.


descent to the underworldkatabaticcatabasis
The main meaning given for catabasis by the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) describes "A going down; a military retreat, in allusion to that of the ten thousand Greeks under Xenophon, related by him in his Anabasis:


cat fightscrag fightcat fighting
The term "catfight" was recorded by the Oxford English Dictionary as the title and subject of an 1824 mock heroic poem by Ebenezer Mack.

Salience (language)

The Oxford English Dictionary defines salience as "most noticeable or important."