Pacific Northwest

northwestNorthwest CoastPacific Northwest CoastCascadiaPacific CoastnorthwesternNorthwest Plateauthe Pacific NorthwestU.S. Pacific NorthwestCascadia (region)
The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Rocky Mountains on the east.wikipedia
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Oregon

ORState of OregonOregon, USA
Though no official boundary exists, the most common conception includes the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) and the U.S. states of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.

Washington (state)

WashingtonWashington StateWA
Though no official boundary exists, the most common conception includes the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) and the U.S. states of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.

British Columbia

BCBritish Columbia, CanadaB.C.
Though no official boundary exists, the most common conception includes the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) and the U.S. states of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
The largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, and the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest.

Oregon Country

Oregonearly non-native explorersEuropean settlement
Definitions based on the historic Oregon Country reach east to the Continental Divide, thus including all of Idaho and parts of western Montana and western Wyoming.
In the nineteenth century, the Oregon Country was a disputed region of the Pacific Northwest of North America.

Idaho

IDState of Idaho(ID)
Though no official boundary exists, the most common conception includes the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) and the U.S. states of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. Definitions based on the historic Oregon Country reach east to the Continental Divide, thus including all of Idaho and parts of western Montana and western Wyoming.
Forming part of the Pacific Northwest (and the associated Cascadia bioregion), Idaho is divided into several distinct geographic and climatic regions.

Vancouver Island

Vancouver Island, British ColumbiaWest Coast of Vancouver IslandNorthern Vancouver Island
The coastal migration hypothesis has been bolstered by findings such as the report that the sediments in the Port Eliza Cave on Vancouver Island indicate the possibility of survivable climate as far back as 16 kya (16,000 years ago) in the area, while the continental ice sheets were nearing their maximum extent. In 1778 English mariner Captain James Cook visited Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island and also voyaged as far as Prince William Sound.
Vancouver Island is in the northeastern Pacific Ocean in North America's Pacific Northwest.

Columbia River

ColumbiaColumbia basinLower Columbia
On August 17, 1775, Heceta, returning south, sighted the mouth of the Columbia River and named it Bahia de la Asunción.
The Columbia River is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America.

Northwestern United States

NorthwestnorthwesternAmerican Northwest
Sometimes, the Pacific Northwest is defined as being the Northwestern United States specifically, excluding Canada.
The related but distinct term "Pacific Northwest" generally excludes areas from the Rockies eastward.

North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Rocky Mountains on the east.
Megalopolises have formed between both nations in the case of the Pacific Northwest and the Great Lakes Megaregion.

San Juan Islands

San JuanSan Juan ArchipelagoSan Juans
Manuel Quimper, with Gonzalo López de Haro as pilot, explored the Strait of Juan de Fuca, discovering the San Juan Islands and Admiralty Inlet in the process. From a base at Port Discovery, his pilotos (masters) José María Narváez and Juan Carrasco explored the San Juan Islands, Haro Strait, Rosario Strait, and Bellingham Bay.
The San Juan Islands are an archipelago in the Pacific Northwest of the United States between the U.S. state of Washington and Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.

Indigenous peoples of the Americas

Native AmericanNative Americansindigenous
The culture of the Pacific Northwest is influenced by the Canada–United States border, which the United States and the United Kingdom established at a time when the region's inhabitants were composed mostly of indigenous peoples.
Another route proposed involves migration – either on foot or using primitive boats – along the Pacific Northwest coast to the south, including as far as South America.

Bruno de Heceta

Bruno de HezetaCaptain Don Bruno de HecetaDon Bruna de Heceta
This was followed, in 1775, by another Spanish expedition, under the command of Bruno de Heceta and including Juan Peréz and Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra as officers.
Bruno de Heceta (Hezeta) y Dudagoitia (1743–1807) was a Spanish Basque explorer of the Pacific Northwest.

Nootka Sound

NootkaNootka ControversySan Lorenzo de Nootka
In 1778 English mariner Captain James Cook visited Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island and also voyaged as far as Prince William Sound.
Nootka Sound (Baie de Nootka) is a sound of the Pacific Ocean on the rugged west coast of Vancouver Island, in the Pacific Northwest, historically known as King George's Sound.

William Douglas (sea captain)

William DouglasCaptain William DouglasDouglas
Upon entering Nootka Sound, they found William Douglas and his ship Iphigenia.
Douglas was an officer on Nootka during Meares's first fur trading voyage to the Pacific Northwest coast from 1786 to 1787.

Puget Sound

Puget Sound, WashingtonPuget Sound Clean Air AgencyPuget
From 1792 to 1794, George Vancouver charted the Pacific Northwest on behalf of Great Britain, including the Strait of Georgia, the bays and inlets of Puget Sound, and the Johnstone Strait–Queen Charlotte Strait and much of the rest of the British Columbia Coast and southeast Alaska shorelines.
Puget Sound is a sound of the Pacific Northwest, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean, and part of the Salish Sea.

Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra

Bodega y QuadraDon Juan de la Bodega y QuadraJuan de la Bodega
This was followed, in 1775, by another Spanish expedition, under the command of Bruno de Heceta and including Juan Peréz and Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra as officers.
Assigned to the Pacific coast Spanish Naval Department base at San Blas, in the Viceroyalty of New Spain (present day Mexico), this navigator explored the Northwest Coast of North America as far north as present day Alaska.

Alaska

CityAKAlaskan
Broader definitions of the region have included the U.S. states of Alaska and parts of the states of California, Montana, and Wyoming, and the Canadian territory of the Yukon.
Geologists have identified Alaska as part of Wrangellia, a large region consisting of multiple states and Canadian provinces in the Pacific Northwest, which is actively undergoing continent building.

Nootka Convention

Nootka Sound ConventionNootka Conventionsconcessions
Conflict led to the Nootka Crisis, which was resolved by agreements known as the Nootka Convention.
The Nootka Sound Conventions were a series of three agreements between the Kingdom of Spain and the Kingdom of Great Britain, signed in the 1790s, which averted a war between the two countries over overlapping claims to portions of the Pacific Northwest coast of North America.

Francisco de Eliza

In 1790, the Spanish sent three ships to Nootka Sound, under the command of Francisco de Eliza.
He is remembered mainly for his work in the Pacific Northwest.

Northern California

NorthernNorth CaliforniaNorCal
Broader conceptions reach north into Southeast Alaska and Yukon, south into northern California, and east to the Continental Divide to include Western Montana and parts of Wyoming.
A network of railroads spread throughout northern California, and in 1887, a rail link was completed to the Pacific Northwest.

Salvador Fidalgo

Salvador '''Fidalgo
Salvador Fidalgo was sent north to the Alaska coast.
He commanded an exploring expedition for Spain to Alaska and the Pacific Northwest during the late 18th century.

Juan Carrasco (explorer)

Juan Carrasco1790 Quimper expedition
From a base at Port Discovery, his pilotos (masters) José María Narváez and Juan Carrasco explored the San Juan Islands, Haro Strait, Rosario Strait, and Bellingham Bay.
He is remembered mainly for his work in the Pacific Northwest during the late 18th century.

Fort Ross, California

Fort RossFort Ross ChapelRotchev House
By the late 18th century and into the mid-19th century, Russian settlers had established several posts and communities on the northeast Pacific coast, eventually reaching as far south as Fort Ross, California.
By that time, British and American fur trade companies had also established a coastal presence, in the Pacific Northwest, and Mexico was soon to gain independence.

Gonzalo López de Haro

Gonzalo Lopez de Haro
Two further Spanish expeditions, in 1788 and 1789, both under Esteban Jose Martínez and Gonzalo López de Haro, sailed to the Pacific Northwest.
1788 in Puebla – 1823) was a Spanish explorer, notable for his expeditions in the Pacific Northwest in the late 18th century.

Esteban José Martínez Fernández y Martínez de la Sierra

Esteban José MartínezEsteban José MartinezJosé Martínez
Two further Spanish expeditions, in 1788 and 1789, both under Esteban Jose Martínez and Gonzalo López de Haro, sailed to the Pacific Northwest.
He was a key figure in the Spanish Exploration of the Pacific Northwest.