Pacific Ocean

Partial picture of the Pacific Ocean from space, by the Apollo 11 crew
Model of a Fijian drua, an example of an Austronesian vessel with a double-canoe (catamaran) hull and a crab claw sail
Map showing the migration of the Austronesian peoples, the first seaborne human migration in history (c.3000-1500 BCE)
Map showing a large number of Spanish expeditions across the Pacific Ocean from the 16th to 18th centuries including the Manila galleon route between Acapulco and Manila, the first transpacific trade route in history.
Universalis Cosmographia, the Waldseemüller map dated 1507, from a time when the nature of the Americas was ambiguous, particularly North America, as a possible part of Asia, was the first map to show the Americas separating two distinct oceans. South America was generally considered a "new world" and shows the name "America" for the first time, after Amerigo Vespucci
The bathyscaphe Trieste, before her record dive to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, 23 January 1960
Abel Aubert du Petit-Thouars taking over Tahiti on 9 September 1842
Sunset over the Pacific Ocean as seen from the International Space Station. tops of thunderclouds are also visible.
The island geography of the Pacific Ocean Basin
Regions, island nations and territories of Oceania
Tarawa Atoll in the Republic of Kiribati
Sunset in Monterey County, California, U.S.
Impact of El Niño and La Niña on North America
Typhoon Tip at global peak intensity on 12 October 1979
Ring of Fire. The Pacific is ringed by many volcanoes and oceanic trenches.
Ulawun stratovolcano situated on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea
Mount Saint Helens in 2020
Pacific Ocean currents have created 3 "islands" of debris.
Marine debris on a Hawaiian coast
Prime Minister Suga declined to drink the bottle of Fukushima's treated radioactive water that he was holding, which would otherwise be discharged to the Pacific. 2020.
Made in 1529, the Diogo Ribeiro map was the first to show the Pacific at about its proper size
Map of the Pacific Ocean during European Exploration, circa 1754.
Maris Pacifici by Ortelius (1589). One of the first printed maps to show the Pacific Ocean<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Library Acquires Copy of 1507 Waldseemüller World Map – News Releases (Library of Congress)||access-date=April 20, 2013}}</ref>
Map of the Pacific Ocean during European Exploration, circa 1702–1707
Ladrilleros Beach in Colombia on the coast of Chocó natural region
Tahuna maru islet, French Polynesia
Los Molinos on the coast of Southern Chile

Largest and deepest of Earth's five oceanic divisions.

- Pacific Ocean

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South China Sea

Satellite image of the South China Sea
Sunset on the South China Sea off Mũi Né village on the south-east coast of Vietnam
South China Sea
Millions of barrels of crude oil are traded through the South China Sea each day
Island claims in the South China Sea
Map of various countries occupying the Spratly Islands

The South China Sea is a marginal sea of the Western Pacific Ocean.

East China Sea

East China Sea coast in Cangnan County, Zhejiang
View of East China Sea from Yeliou, Taiwan

The East China Sea is an arm of the Western Pacific Ocean, located directly offshore from East China (hence the name), covering an area of roughly 1249000 km².

Sea of Okhotsk

Sea of Okhotsk full map
Sea of Okhotsk seasons winter and summer
Most of the Sea of Okhotsk, with the exception of the Sakhalin Island, had been well mapped by 1792
Nagayevo Bay near Magadan, Russia
Shiretoko National Park on the Sea of Okhotsk coast of Hokkaido, Japan

The Sea of Okhotsk (オホーツク海) is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean.

Philippine Sea

An image captured from the ISS while flying over the Philippine Sea
Location of the Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea plate
View of the beach, rocky coastline and the Philippine Sea in Pingtung County, Taiwan
Japanese Carrier Division Three under attack by United States Navy aircraft from Task Force 58, late afternoon, 20 June 1944. The heavy cruiser circling at right, nearest to the camera, is either or . Beyond that, is the small aircraft carrier.

The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea of the Western Pacific Ocean east of the Philippine archipelago (hence the name), the largest in the world, occupying an estimated surface area of 5 e6km2.

Coral Sea

A map of the Coral Sea Islands
The Great Dividing Range consists of a complex of mountain ranges, plateaus, upland areas and escarpments.
Thermal profile of the East Australian Current
Tropical Cyclone Larry over the Great Barrier Reef, 19 March 2006
Corals on Flynn Reef near Cairns
Crown-of-thorns starfish
Christmas tree worm (Spirobranchus giganteus) in Porites coral. Admiralty, Osprey Reef
A banded sea krait Laticauda colubrina
Shen Neng 1 aground on the Great Barrier Reef on 5 April 2010

The Coral Sea (Mer de Corail) is a marginal sea of the South Pacific off the northeast coast of Australia, and classified as an interim Australian bioregion.

Sea of Japan

Marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula, and the mainland of the Russian Far East.

Relief of the Sea of Japan and nearby areas.
Map showing Japanese archipelago, Sea of Japan and surrounding part of continental East Asia in Early Miocene (23–18 Ma).
Map showing Japanese archipelago, Sea of Japan and surrounding part of continental East Asia in Middle Pliocene to Late Pliocene (3.5–2 Ma).
Von Kármán vortices off the coast of Rishiri Island
Tategami rock
Mitsukejima "Battleship Island"
The Tumen River flows into the Sea of Japan. The last 17 km of the river form the border between North Korea and Russia. This picture is of the Korea Russia Friendship Bridge that crosses the Tumen River.
The mouth of Partizanskaya River near Nakhodka. View from Sopka Sestra.
Sea lions on Moneron Island
Heishi rock near Kamome Island, Hokkaido
Zolotoy Rog bay near Vladivostok, Russia
The Sea of Japan seen from the south of Slavyanka. From a distance, the two islands of Antipenko (left) and Sibiryakov (right).
A bay at Sibiryakov Island, {{cvt|50|km|mi}} south from Vladivostok.
Sunset on {{ill|Little Verkhovsky Islands|ru|Острова Верховского}} near Vladivostok.

The Japanese archipelago separates the sea from the Pacific Ocean.

Tasman Sea

Satellite photo of the Tasman Sea
Smoke from the Black Saturday bushfires crosses the southern Tasman Sea

The Tasman Sea (Māori: Te Tai-o-Rēhua, Tasman Sii) is a marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean, situated between Australia and New Zealand.

Southern Hemisphere

Half of Earth that is south of the Equator.

The Southern Hemisphere from above the South Pole
The Southern Hemisphere highlighted in yellow. The hemispheres appear to be unequal in this image because Antarctica is not shown and the Equator slightly too low, but in reality are the same size.
Aurora australis appearing in the night sky of Swifts Creek, 100 km north of Lakes Entrance, Victoria, Australia
Aurora australis appearing from Stewart Island / Rakiura in the south of New Zealand
A photo of Earth from Apollo 17 (Blue Marble) with the south pole at the top and the continent of Africa.

It contains all or parts of five continents (Antarctica, Australia, about 90% of South America, approx. one third of Africa, and some islands off the continental mainland of Asia) and four oceans (Indian Ocean, South Atlantic Ocean, Southern Ocean, and South Pacific Ocean), as well as New Zealand and most of the Pacific Islands in Oceania.

Isthmus of Panama

The Isthmus of Panama
Núñez de Balboa's travel route to the South Sea, 1513
An 1850 oil painting by Charles Christian Nahl: The Isthmus of Panama on the Height of the Chagres River
The closure of the Isthmus led to allopatric speciation events of marine organisms isolated on each side (blue and green). Terrestrial species also migrated between the two continents (the Great American Biotic Interchange) upon the formation of a passable land bridge.

The Isthmus of Panama (Istmo de Panamá), also historically known as the Isthmus of Darien (Istmo de Darién), is the narrow strip of land that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, linking North and South America.

Western Hemisphere

Half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian and east of the antimeridian.

The Western Hemisphere

The center of the Western Hemisphere is located in the Pacific Ocean at the intersection of the 90th meridian west and the Equator, among the Galápagos Islands.