Packed red blood cells

packed red blood cellblood bagsbloodleukocyte reduced red blood cellspacked red cell bloodred blood cell concentratered blood cell concentratesred blood cell transfusionred blood cells
Packed red blood cells, also known as packed cells, are red blood cells that have been separated for blood transfusion.wikipedia
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Blood transfusion

transfusionblood transfusionstransfusions
Packed red blood cells, also known as packed cells, are red blood cells that have been separated for blood transfusion.
Historically, red blood cell transfusion was considered when the hemoglobin level fell below 100 g/L or hematocrit fell below 30%.

Red blood cell

red blood cellserythrocyteserythroid
Packed red blood cells, also known as packed cells, are red blood cells that have been separated for blood transfusion.
Packed red blood cells (pRBC) are red blood cells that have been donated, processed, and stored in a blood bank for blood transfusion.

WHO Model List of Essential Medicines

World Health Organization's List of Essential MedicinesList of Essential MedicinesModel List of Essential Medicines
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.

Whole blood

blood
Packed red blood cells are produced from whole blood or by apheresis.
It is used to make a number of blood products including packed red blood cells, platelet concentrate, cryoprecipitate, and fresh frozen plasma.

Single unit transfusion

single unit
This refers to transfusing a single unit or bag of red blood cells to a person who is not bleeding and haemodynamically stable followed by an assessment to see if further transfusion is required.
Following one bag of red blood cells, symptom relief is assessed in terms of shortness of breath, chest pain and tiredness.

Transfusion-related acute lung injury

transfusion related acute lung injuryTRALIlung injury
Side effects include allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis, red blood cell breakdown, infection, volume overload, and lung injury.
TRALI can also occur in recipients of packed red blood cells both in adult and pediatric patients.

Blood plasma

plasmaserumblood serum
The red blood cells are denser and settle to the bottom, and the majority of the liquid blood plasma remains on the top.
When donating whole blood or packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions, O- is the most desirable and is considered a "universal donor," since it has neither A nor B antigens and can be safely transfused to most recipients.

Hemoglobin

haemoglobinoxyhemoglobindeoxyhemoglobin
They are typically used in anemia that is either causing symptoms or when the hemoglobin is less than usually 70–80 g/L (7–8 g/dL).

Chemotherapy

chemotherapeuticantineoplasticantineoplastic agent
Repeated transfusions may be required in people receiving cancer chemotherapy or who have hemoglobin disorders.

Hemoglobinopathy

hemoglobinopathieshaemoglobinopathiesHaemoglobinopathy
Repeated transfusions may be required in people receiving cancer chemotherapy or who have hemoglobin disorders.

Cross-matching

crossmatchcompatibility testingCross matching
Cross matching is typically required before the blood is given.

Intravenous therapy

intravenousintravenouslyinjection into a vein
It is given by injection into a vein.

Allergy

allergiesallergic reactionallergic
Side effects include allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis, red blood cell breakdown, infection, volume overload, and lung injury.

Anaphylaxis

anaphylactic shockanaphylacticanaphylactic reaction
Side effects include allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis, red blood cell breakdown, infection, volume overload, and lung injury.

Hemolysis

hemolytichaemolysishaemolytic
Side effects include allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis, red blood cell breakdown, infection, volume overload, and lung injury.

Infection

infectious diseaseinfectious diseasesinfections
Side effects include allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis, red blood cell breakdown, infection, volume overload, and lung injury.

Volume overload

left ventricular volume overload
Side effects include allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis, red blood cell breakdown, infection, volume overload, and lung injury.

Developed country

developed countriesdeveloped worlddeveloped
With current preparation methods in the developed world the risk of viral infections such as hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS are less than one in a million.

Viral disease

viral infectionviral infectionsviral
With current preparation methods in the developed world the risk of viral infections such as hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS are less than one in a million.

Hepatitis C

Chepatitis-CHCV
With current preparation methods in the developed world the risk of viral infections such as hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS are less than one in a million.

HIV/AIDS

AIDSHIVacquired immune deficiency syndrome
With current preparation methods in the developed world the risk of viral infections such as hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS are less than one in a million.

Apheresis

pheresisaphaeresisApheresis machine
Packed red blood cells are produced from whole blood or by apheresis.

Health system

health care systemhealthcare systemhealth systems
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.

Washed red blood cells

A number of other versions also exist including whole blood, leukocyte reduced red blood cells, and washed red blood cells.

Transfusion medicine

Blood transfusionTransfusiology
RBCs are used to restore oxygen-carrying capacity in people with anemia due to trauma or other medical problems, and are by far the most common blood component used in transfusion medicine.