Pakistan Naval Air Arm Atlantique shootdown

Atlantique incidentAerial Incident of 10 August 1999Atlantique casecause of the Atlantique shootdownescalating the tensionsincident took place inshoot downThe aircraft was shot down
On 10 August 1999, a Breguet Atlantic maritime patrol aircraft of the Pakistan Naval Air Arm was shot down by a MiG 21 fighter of the Indian Air Force over the Rann of Kutch, on the border between India and Pakistan.wikipedia
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Indian Air Force

Royal Indian Air ForceAir ForceIAF
On 10 August 1999, a Breguet Atlantic maritime patrol aircraft of the Pakistan Naval Air Arm was shot down by a MiG 21 fighter of the Indian Air Force over the Rann of Kutch, on the border between India and Pakistan. Indian Air Force ground radar picked up the plane as it approached the India-Pakistan border.
The aircraft was shot down killing all 16 Pakistani Navy personnel on board.

R-60 (missile)

R-60Molniya R-60AA-8 Aphid
At 11:17 am IST (10:47 am PKT), nearly two hours after takeoff from Pakistan, the Atlantic was intercepted and an infrared homing R-60 air-to-air missile was fired at it by Squadron Leader P.K. Bundela, hitting the engine on the port side of the plane.
Part of the wreckage was found in contested territory, this incident is widely known as the Atlantique incident.

Sir Creek

coastal areasJoint Army-Marine Base Sir CreekSir Creek Conflict
Following this, and the rising tensions in the area coupled by the fact that the Sir Creek was a disputed territory, both the countries' militaries near the Rann of Kutch and nearby were put on high alert.
This disputed region is known for the Atlantique Incident which occurred on August 1999.

Kargil War

Operation VijayIndo-Pakistani War of 1999Kargil conflict
The episode took place just a month after the Kargil War, aggravating already tense relations between the two countries.
One month after conclusion of the Kargil War, the Atlantique Incident, in which a Pakistan Navy plane was shot down by India, briefly reignited fears of a conflict between the two countries.

Nawaz Sharif

Muhammad Nawaz SharifMian Muhammad Nawaz SharifMian Nawaz Sharif
The downing of the Pakistani aircraft came at a particularly bad juncture for the Pakistani prime minister, Nawaz Sharif.
In August, India shot down a Pakistan Navy reconnaissance aircraft in the Atlantique Incident, killing 16 naval officers, the greatest number of combat casualties for the navy since the Indo-Pakistani Naval War of 1971.

Bréguet 1150 Atlantic

Breguet AtlanticBreguet AtlantiqueAtlantique 2
On 10 August 1999, a Breguet Atlantic maritime patrol aircraft of the Pakistan Naval Air Arm was shot down by a MiG 21 fighter of the Indian Air Force over the Rann of Kutch, on the border between India and Pakistan.
In 1999, a Pakistan Navy Atlantic inadvertently flew into Indian airspace while probing Indian air defenses, it being intercepted and shot down by Indian Air Force aircraft after the Atlantic ignored instructions and attempts to force it to land at an Indian base; the event become known as the Atlantique incident.

No. 45 Squadron IAF

45 SquadronNo. 45 Squadron
Indian Air Force No.45 Squadron was involved in the Atlantique incident on 10 August 1999.

Fasih Bokhari

Admiral Fasih Bokhari
About the Atlantique incident in 1999, Admiral Bokhari reacted angrily on statements issued by the Indian External Affairs ministry and reportedly quoted: "They [Indian] have been trying take the conflict to maritime scale, after the Kargil incident."

Pakistan Naval Air Arm

Naval AviationNaval Air Arm222nd Squadron ''Iron Claw
On 10 August 1999, a Breguet Atlantic maritime patrol aircraft of the Pakistan Naval Air Arm was shot down by a MiG 21 fighter of the Indian Air Force over the Rann of Kutch, on the border between India and Pakistan.

Rann of Kutch

Rann of KachchhLittle Rann of KutchBattle of Rann of Kutch of 1965
On 10 August 1999, a Breguet Atlantic maritime patrol aircraft of the Pakistan Naval Air Arm was shot down by a MiG 21 fighter of the Indian Air Force over the Rann of Kutch, on the border between India and Pakistan.

International Court of Justice

World CourtICJInternational Court of Justice (ICJ)
Pakistan later lodged a compensation claim at the International Court of Justice, blaming India for the incident, but the court dismissed the case, ruling that the Court had no jurisdiction in the matter.

PNS Mehran

Mehran Naval BaseMehran Naval Air StationMehran naval airbase
Atlantic-91 left Mehran naval base in Pakistan at 9:15 am PKT (9:45 IST).

Time in Pakistan

PSTPKTUTC+05:00
Atlantic-91 left Mehran naval base in Pakistan at 9:15 am PKT (9:45 IST).

Time in India

UTC+05:30ISTlocal time
Atlantic-91 left Mehran naval base in Pakistan at 9:15 am PKT (9:45 IST).

Ground-controlled interception

GCIground control interceptGround-Control Intercept
Indian Air Force ground radar picked up the plane as it approached the India-Pakistan border.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21

MiG-21MiG 21MiG-21s
On 10 August 1999, a Breguet Atlantic maritime patrol aircraft of the Pakistan Naval Air Arm was shot down by a MiG 21 fighter of the Indian Air Force over the Rann of Kutch, on the border between India and Pakistan. Two IAF MiG-21 interceptor aircraft of No.45 Squadron, from the Indian airbase at Naliya in the Kutch region, were scrambled.

Interceptor aircraft

interceptorinterceptorsfighter-interceptor
Two IAF MiG-21 interceptor aircraft of No.45 Squadron, from the Indian airbase at Naliya in the Kutch region, were scrambled.

Squadron (aviation)

squadronsquadronsfighter squadron
Two IAF MiG-21 interceptor aircraft of No.45 Squadron, from the Indian airbase at Naliya in the Kutch region, were scrambled.

Air base

airbasemilitary airbaseAir Force Base
Two IAF MiG-21 interceptor aircraft of No.45 Squadron, from the Indian airbase at Naliya in the Kutch region, were scrambled.

Naliya

Naliya Jain Derasar
Two IAF MiG-21 interceptor aircraft of No.45 Squadron, from the Indian airbase at Naliya in the Kutch region, were scrambled.

Kutch district

KutchKachchhKachchh District
Two IAF MiG-21 interceptor aircraft of No.45 Squadron, from the Indian airbase at Naliya in the Kutch region, were scrambled.

Jet aircraft

jetjetsjet airplane
After a series of manoeuvres—with conflicting versions of events from both sides—the two jets were given clearance to shoot down the Pakistani plane.

Infrared homing

heat-seekingheat-seeking missileinfrared seeker
At 11:17 am IST (10:47 am PKT), nearly two hours after takeoff from Pakistan, the Atlantic was intercepted and an infrared homing R-60 air-to-air missile was fired at it by Squadron Leader P.K. Bundela, hitting the engine on the port side of the plane.

Air-to-air missile

air-to-airair-to-air missilesAAM
At 11:17 am IST (10:47 am PKT), nearly two hours after takeoff from Pakistan, the Atlantic was intercepted and an infrared homing R-60 air-to-air missile was fired at it by Squadron Leader P.K. Bundela, hitting the engine on the port side of the plane.