Palazzo Pitti

Early, tinted 20th-century photograph of the Palazzo Pitti, then still known as La Residenza Reale following the residency of King Victor Emmanuel II between 1865 and 1871, when Florence was the capital of Italy.
Virtual reconstruction of the fifteenth-century façade of Palazzo Pitti. Reconstruction by Adriano Marinazzo (2014).
Luca Pitti (1398–1472) began work on the palazzo in 1458.
Eleanor of Toledo, Duchess of Florence, bought the palazzo from the Pitti in 1549 for the Medici. Portrait after Bronzino.
19th-century architectural drawing and plan of the Palazzo Pitti
Cornice of the Jupiter Room, showing lunette frescoes and stucco work by Pietro da Cortona.
Artemisia Gentileschi Judith and her hand servant with the head of Holofernes 1613–1618
Close-up of Canova's Venere Italica (1810) as seen in Room of Venus
Mary Stuart at Crookstone, by Giovanni Fattori, in the Gallery of Modern Art at the Palazzo Pitti.
The "Casino del Cavaliere" in the Boboli Gardens now houses the porcelain museum.
Raphael Madonna del Granduca. 84 × 55 cm.
Raphael Madonna of the Canopy. 276 × 224 cm.
Raphael Portrait of Agnolo Doni. 63 × 45 cm.
Raphael Woman with a Veil. 82 × 60 cm.
Raphael Madonna della Seggiola. Diameter 71 cm.
Raphael Vision of Ezekiel. 41 × 30 cm.
Raphael Portrait of Tommaso Inghirami. 90 × 62 cm.
Raphael and Assistants Madonna dell'Impannata. 158 × 125 cm.
Raphael La Donna Gravida. 66 × 52 cm.
Titian Christ the Redeemer. 78 × 55 cm.
Titian The Concert. 87 × 124 cm.
Titian La Bella. 100 × 75 cm.
Titian Portrait of Vincenzo Mosti. 85 × 67 cm.
Titian Portrait of Pope Julius II. 99 × 82 cm.
Titian Penitent Magdalene. 84 × 69 cm.
Peter Paul Rubens The Four Philosophers. 167 × 143 cm.
Peter Paul Rubens Consequences of War. 206 × 342 cm.
Peter Paul Rubens Madonna of the Basket. 114 × 80 cm.
Anthony van Dyck Portrait of Cardinal Guido Bentivoglio. 195 × 147 cm.
Filippo Lippi Bartolini Tondo. Diameter 135 cm
Caravaggio Portrait of Fra Antonio Martelli. 118 × 95 cm.
Giorgione The Three Ages of Man. 62 × 77 cm.
Verrocchio St. Jerome. 41 × 27 cm.
Caravaggio Sleeping Cupid. 72 × 105 cm.
Paolo Veronese Portrait of a Gentleman in a Fur. 140 × 107 cm.
Fra Bartolomeo Lamentation. 158 × 199 cm.
Andrea del Sarto Pietà with Saints. 239 × 199 cm.
A modern view of the Palazzo Pitti.
Southern façade of Palazzo Pitti facing the Boboli amphitheatre and obelisk.

Vast, mainly Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy.

- Palazzo Pitti

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City in Central Italy and the capital city of the Tuscany region.

View of Florence by Hartmann Schedel, published in 1493
Julius Caesar established Florence in 59 BC.
The Goth King Totila razes the walls of Florence during the Gothic War: illumination from the Chigi manuscript of Villani's Cronica.
The Basilica di San Miniato al Monte
Leonardo da Vinci statue outside the Uffizi Gallery
Girolamo Savonarola being burnt at the stake in 1498. The brooding Palazzo Vecchio is at centre right.
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and his family. Leopold was, from 1765 to 1790, the Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Porte Sante cemetery, burial place of notable figures of Florentine history
1/5 Mahratta Light Infantry, Florence, 28 August 1944
Florence with snow cover in December 2009
Seats in the Florence City Council
Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore
Palazzo Vecchio
1835 City Map of Florence, still largely in the confines of its medieval city centre
Ponte Vecchio, which spans the Arno river
Florence in the evening --Same picture as above. The same picture--
Palazzo Pitti
Ponte Santa Trinita with the Oltrarno district
The city of Florence as seen from the hill of Fiesole
Florence Duomo as seen from Michelangelo hill
Piazzale degli Uffizi
Palazzo Pitti on Boboli Gardens' side
The façade of the Cathedral
Piazza della Repubblica
Panorama composite, overview of Firenze, taken from the Giardino Bardini viewpoint
Replica of David and other statues, Piazza della Signoria
Tourists flock to the Fontana del Porcellino.
Tourists and restaurant in the Piazza del Duomo
Fiaschi of basic Chianti
Botticelli's Venus, stored in the Uffizi
Sculptures in the Loggia dei Lanzi
Michelangelo's David
The Uffizi are the 10th most visited art museum in the world.
The Palazzo della Signoria, better known as the Palazzo Vecchio (English: The Old Palace)
Brunelleschi's dome
The introduction of the Decameron (1350–1353) by Giovanni Boccaccio
The Teatro della Pergola
Florentine steak in Florence
UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre
A display of proboscideans in the Museo di Storia Naturale di Firenze, or the Natural History Museum of Florence
Luxury boutiques along Florence's prestigious Via de' Tornabuoni
Calcio Storico
Stadio Artemio Franchi
Rectorate's auditorium of University of Florence
Tramway Sirio in Florence
Route map of the tramway
Florence Airport
Mobikes at Parco delle Cascine, Florence
Dante Alighieri
Lorenzo de' Medici
Amerigo Vespucci
Niccolò Machiavelli
The traditional boroughs of the whole comune of Florence
The 5 administrative boroughs of the whole comune of Florence

The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics.

Ponte Vecchio

Medieval stone closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge over the Arno River, in Florence, Italy.

Vasari Corridor from Palazzo Vecchio to Palazzo Pitti
Damage shown shortly after liberation in August 1944 during World War II

In contemporary times, despite being closed to vehicular traffic, the bridge is crossed by a considerable pedestrian flow generated both by the notoriety of the place itself and by the fact that it connects places of high tourist interest on the two banks of the river: piazza del Duomo, piazza della Signoria on one side with the area of Palazzo Pitti and Santo Spirito in the Oltrarno.

Rustication (architecture)

Range of masonry techniques used in classical architecture giving visible surfaces a finish texture that contrasts with smooth, squared-block masonry called ashlar.

Two different styles of rustication in the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi in Florence; smooth-faced above and rough-faced below.
Extreme Mannerist "cyclopian" rustication at the Palace of Fontainebleau
Illustration to Serlio, rusticated doorway of the type now called a Gibbs surround, 1537
Courtyard of Somerset House in London, mostly smooth-faced "V" joints, but with vermiculated square blocks around the Gibbs surround to the door.
Regular smooth-faced rustication (left) turns to horizontal banded rustication at the corner of Castle Howard in North Yorkshire, England.
Two adjacent vermiculated blocks showing rather different interpretations of the pattern.
Sicilian Baroque pilasters with two types of prismatic rustication against a smooth background at the University of Catania
Simple smooth-faced rustication in wood at Mount Vernon; an imitation of European style popular in America
"V" joints and roughened faces within a flat margin, Giulio Romano for his house in Mantua
Vermiculation at 286 Boulevard Saint-Germain, Paris
An unusual pattern book of effects in the Loggia di Giulio Romano in Mantua
"Frost-work" on the Diana Fountain, London, c. 1690
Smooth-faced rustication with the blocks dropping back to the wall at 90°, rather than a "V" chamfer
Quoins only, with long and short strips, on a Czech railway station
Banded, with "elbows" and very wide joints, Cleveland, Ohio
Banded rustication in a wholly modern context, Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Late 15th-century gateway to the Palacio de Jabalquinto, with small "diamonds" erupting from ashlar at the sides
Palazzo dei Diamanti, Ferrara
Casa dos Bicos, Lisbon
"Diamond rustication" in Germany

Also in Florence, Palazzo Strozzi, begun 1489, with large oblong rounded cushions, and the front of the Palazzo Pitti, begun 1458, rusticated their whole facades in the same style.

Palazzo Vecchio

Town hall of Florence, Italy.

Palazzo Vecchio overlooks Piazza della Signoria
Palazzo Vecchio by night.
Painting of the Palazzo and the square in 1498, during the execution of Girolamo Savonarola
Engraving of a map depicting the palazzo and square with the corridor, by Stefano Buonsignori, 1584
Entrance with frontispiece and statues
First courtyard with Putto with Dolphin by Verrocchio in the middle, and frescoes of Austrian cities on the wall by Vasari
Salone dei Cinquecento. West Wall at left. East Wall at Right
Genio della Vittoria by Michelangelo, in the central niche at the south
Ceiling of the Studiolo of Francesco I
Polychrome "Madonna and Child"
Stipo, an ebony cabinet
Detail of a Bronzino fresco in the Cappella di Eleonora
Triumph of Furius Camillus in the Sala dell'Udienza
Ceiling with fleurs-de-lis
Frescoes in the Hall of Lilies
Map of the British Isles by Ignazio Danti
The "mappa mundi"
Bust of Niccolò Machiavelli
Angolo Bronzino, Ritratto di Laura Battiferri, collezione Loeser
Cartoon of the Battle of Cascina by Michelangelo, lost fresco West wall
Peter Paul Rubens's copy of Da Vinci's The Battle of Anghiari Cartoon <ref>See page 226 of the 1974 book "The Unknown Leonardo" remarks on the Battle of Anghiari {reference only copyrighted)</ref>
Possible copy of original Da Vinci lost fresco East Wall
View on the West Wall with huge Battle Frescoes 1494 by Vasari & Assistants II. Site of the never done ''Battle of Cascina"
View on the West Wall with huge Battle Frescoes 1494 by Vasari & Assistants II. Site of the never done ''Battle of Cascina"
View on the East Wall - Battle Fresco 1575 by Vasari & Assistants.Site of the ruined "Battle of Anghiari"

The building acquired its current name when the Medici duke's residence was moved across the Arno River to the Palazzo Pitti.

Marie de' Medici

Queen of France and Navarre as the second wife of King Henry IV of France of the House of Bourbon, and Regent of the Kingdom of France officially between 1610 and 1617 during the minority of her son Louis XIII of France.

Portrait by Frans Pourbus the Younger
Maria de' Medici as a child. Currently at the Palazzo Pitti, Florence.
Maria de' Medici as a young woman, by Santi di Tito, ca. 1590.
Marie de Médicis, by Pietro Facchetti, c. 1595, Palazzo De Torres-Lancellotti, Rome
Marie de Médicis and her son the Dauphin (future Louis XIII) by Charles Martin, 1603. Musée des Beaux-Arts de Blois.
Coronation of Marie de' Medici in St. Denis (detail), by Peter Paul Rubens, 1622–1625
Marie de Médicis, by Frans Pourbus the Younger, c. 1606. Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao.
Portrait by Frans Pourbus the Younger, 1610. Louvre Museum, Paris.
Marie de Médicis, by Peter Paul Rubens, 1622. Museo del Prado.
The reconciliation of mother and son, by Peter Paul Rubens, 1622–1625. Louvre Museum.
Engraving of Marie de Médicis.
The exiled Queen Marie de Médicis with coronet overlooking Cologne, by Anthony van Dyck. Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille.
Marie de' Medici and her family (1607; by Frans Pourbus the younger).

Born at the Palazzo Pitti of Florence, Italy on 26 April 1575, Maria was the sixth daughter of Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Archduchess Joanna of Austria.

Giorgio Vasari

Italian painter, architect, engineer, writer, and historian, best known for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing, and the basis for biographies of several Renaissance artists, including Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.

Self-portrait by Vasari
Six Tuscan Poets by Giorgio Vasari, c. 1544, from left to right: Marsilio Ficino, Cristoforo Landino, Francesco Petrarca, Giovanni Boccaccio, Dante Alighieri, and Guido Cavalcanti
The Garden of Gethsemane by Giorgio Vasari
The Uffizi Loggia
A cover of the Lives
Alessandro de Medici resting
Bird catchers
Holy Family, with Andrea del Sarto
Last Supper
Temptations of St. Jerome
St. Luke painting the Virgin
The Prophet Elisha
Interior of the dome of Florence Cathedral
Cosimo studies the taking of Siena
Apotheosis of Cosimo I
Defeat of the Venetians in Casentino
Giorgio Vasari with drawings by Filippino Lippi, Botticelli, and Raffaellino del Garbo
Giorgio Vasari with drawings by Filippino Lippi, Botticelli, and Raffaellino del Garbo
Uffizi colonnade and loggia
Loggia of Vasari in Arezzo
Pietro in Montorio, Rome
Tomb of Michelangelo
Sala dei Cento Giorni - Giorgio Vasari - 1547 - Palazzo della Cancelleria
Villa Giulia - Court - Vasari - Vignola
Part of Loggia del Mercato Vecchio, Florence, just prior to its demolition in the 1880s

In Florence, Vasari also built the long passage, now called Vasari Corridor, which connects the Uffizi with the Palazzo Pitti on the other side of the river.

Corps de logis

Principal block of a large, , mansion or palace.

Blenheim Palace: “F” marks the corps de logis containing the principal rooms. “A” marks the cour d'honneur, while “B” and “C” are the secondary service wings

Examples of a corps de logis can be found in many of the most notable Classical Era buildings of Europe including the Palace of Versailles, Blenheim Palace, and the Palazzo Pitti.

Luxembourg Palace

At 15 Rue de Vaugirard in the 6th arrondissement of Paris.

Luxembourg Palace garden façade
The Luxembourg Palace was modeled after Palazzo Pitti in Florence at the request of Marie de Médicis.
Ceiling of the Salle du Livre d'Or
Floor plan (1752) shows the large enclosed cour d'honneur and the long Rubens gallery in the right wing
View of the Palais d'Orléans, c. 1643, with the garden parterre designed by Jacques Boyceau visible behind
Plan of the corp de logis from 1804 to 1836 with the old senate chamber
Chalgrin's grand staircase
Plan showing Gisors' garden wing and senate chamber (gray) and Chalgrin's grand staircase (blue)
Library ceiling with Dante's Inferno by Delacroix
Salle des Conférences
View of the south facade and the garden basin
View from the Luxembourg Gardens
At sunset
Panorama of the palace and its gardens
Senate chamber
Grand staircase
View from south

Marie de' Medici desired to make a building similar to her native Florence's Palazzo Pitti; to this effect she had the architect Métezeau (either Louis Métezeau or his brother, Clément Métezeau) sent to Florence to make detailed drawings of the building.

Grand Duchy of Tuscany

Italian monarchy that existed, with interruptions, from 1569 to 1859, replacing the Republic of Florence.

The Grand Duchy of Tuscany from 1815 to 1847.
Cosimo I de' Medici
Coat of arms of House of Medici
The Grand Duke Ferdinando I.
Maria Maddalena, Cosimo II and Ferdinando II, painting after Justus Sustermans
The Grand Duke Cosimo III in old age
The Grand Duke Gian Gastone's coronation portrait; he was the last Medicean monarch of Tuscany
A doppelporträt of Francis Stephen and his wife Maria Theresa, by Peter Kobler von Ehrensorg
Silver coin: 10 paoli of Grand Duchy of Tuscana 1747, under Francis of House Lorraine
Coat of arms of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine (Tuscany).
Grand Duke Leopold I with his children and wife, 1776
The Kingdom of Etruria, Tuscany's successor state during the Napoleonic Wars
Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (r. 1824–1859) in the uniform of an Austrian Field Marshal, 1828, after Pietro Benvenuti
Map of Grand Duchy of Tuscany in 1815
Coat of arms (1562–1737)
Naval flag
Civil ensign
Imperial Banner of the HRE as state/naval flag (1749–1765)
State flag with Lesser Coat of arms (1815–1848, 1849–1860)
State flag with Great Coat of arms (1765–1800, 1815–1848, 1849–1860)<ref name="">Bandiere degli Stati italiani preunitari: Toscana.</ref>
Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1848–1849)
Lesser Coat of arms (1815–1848, 1849–1860)
Great Coat of arms (1765–1800, 1815–1848, 1849–1860)<ref name=""/>
Naval flag (1737–1749)
Civil flag and civil ensign (1815–1848, 1849–1860)

Ferdinando was obsessed with new technology, and had several hygrometers, barometers, thermometers, and telescopes installed in the Pitti.

Eleanor of Toledo

Spanish noblewoman and Duchess of Florence as the first wife of Cosimo I de' Medici.

Portrait by Agnolo Bronzino
Eleanor's father, Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, Viceroy of Naples.
Cosimo I de' Medici, her husband.
Eleanor of Toledo with her son Giovanni by Agnolo Bronzino, 1545. It is considered the first state portrait to depict a ruler's wife with his heir. The picture was intended to demonstrate the wealth, domesticity, and continuity of the Medici.
A lunette painted in 1599 by Giusto Utens, depicts the Palazzo Pitti before its extensions, with the amphitheatre and the Boboli Gardens behind.
Detail of a Bronzino fresco in the Cappella di Eleonora.
1543 portrait of Eleanor de Toledo by Agnolo Bronzino.
Cardinale Giovanni de' Medici
Adriaen Haelwegh, Garzia dei Medici. National Gallery of Art, Washington.
Early, tinted 20th-century photograph of the famous Palazzo Pitti, La Residenza Reale which Eleanor bought for the Medici family.

A keen businesswoman, she financed many of her husband's political campaigns and important buildings like the Pitti Palace.