Palazzo Vecchio

Palazzo Vecchio overlooks Piazza della Signoria
Palazzo Vecchio by night.
Painting of the Palazzo and the square in 1498, during the execution of Girolamo Savonarola
Engraving of a map depicting the palazzo and square with the corridor, by Stefano Buonsignori, 1584
Entrance with frontispiece and statues
First courtyard with Putto with Dolphin by Verrocchio in the middle, and frescoes of Austrian cities on the wall by Vasari
Salone dei Cinquecento. West Wall at left. East Wall at Right
Genio della Vittoria by Michelangelo, in the central niche at the south
Ceiling of the Studiolo of Francesco I
Polychrome "Madonna and Child"
Stipo, an ebony cabinet
Detail of a Bronzino fresco in the Cappella di Eleonora
Triumph of Furius Camillus in the Sala dell'Udienza
Ceiling with fleurs-de-lis
Frescoes in the Hall of Lilies
Map of the British Isles by Ignazio Danti
The "mappa mundi"
Bust of Niccolò Machiavelli
Angolo Bronzino, Ritratto di Laura Battiferri, collezione Loeser
Cartoon of the Battle of Cascina by Michelangelo, lost fresco West wall
Peter Paul Rubens's copy of Da Vinci's The Battle of Anghiari Cartoon <ref>See page 226 of the 1974 book "The Unknown Leonardo" remarks on the Battle of Anghiari {reference only copyrighted)</ref>
Possible copy of original Da Vinci lost fresco East Wall
View on the West Wall with huge Battle Frescoes 1494 by Vasari & Assistants II. Site of the never done ''Battle of Cascina"
View on the West Wall with huge Battle Frescoes 1494 by Vasari & Assistants II. Site of the never done ''Battle of Cascina"
View on the East Wall - Battle Fresco 1575 by Vasari & Assistants.Site of the ruined "Battle of Anghiari"

Town hall of Florence, Italy.

- Palazzo Vecchio

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Rustication (architecture)

Range of masonry techniques used in classical architecture giving visible surfaces a finish texture that contrasts with smooth, squared-block masonry called ashlar.

Two different styles of rustication in the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi in Florence; smooth-faced above and rough-faced below.
Extreme Mannerist "cyclopian" rustication at the Palace of Fontainebleau
Illustration to Serlio, rusticated doorway of the type now called a Gibbs surround, 1537
Courtyard of Somerset House in London, mostly smooth-faced "V" joints, but with vermiculated square blocks around the Gibbs surround to the door.
Regular smooth-faced rustication (left) turns to horizontal banded rustication at the corner of Castle Howard in North Yorkshire, England.
Two adjacent vermiculated blocks showing rather different interpretations of the pattern.
Sicilian Baroque pilasters with two types of prismatic rustication against a smooth background at the University of Catania
Simple smooth-faced rustication in wood at Mount Vernon; an imitation of European style popular in America
"V" joints and roughened faces within a flat margin, Giulio Romano for his house in Mantua
Vermiculation at 286 Boulevard Saint-Germain, Paris
An unusual pattern book of effects in the Loggia di Giulio Romano in Mantua
"Frost-work" on the Diana Fountain, London, c. 1690
Smooth-faced rustication with the blocks dropping back to the wall at 90°, rather than a "V" chamfer
Quoins only, with long and short strips, on a Czech railway station
Banded, with "elbows" and very wide joints, Cleveland, Ohio
Banded rustication in a wholly modern context, Hattiesburg, Mississippi
Late 15th-century gateway to the Palacio de Jabalquinto, with small "diamonds" erupting from ashlar at the sides
Palazzo dei Diamanti, Ferrara
Casa dos Bicos, Lisbon
"Diamond rustication" in Germany

In some buildings, such as the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence (begun 1298) something other than cost-saving is at play, and this may be the association of the technique with the display of power and strength, from its use in military architecture.

Palazzo Pitti

Vast, mainly Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy.

Early, tinted 20th-century photograph of the Palazzo Pitti, then still known as La Residenza Reale following the residency of King Victor Emmanuel II between 1865 and 1871, when Florence was the capital of Italy.
Virtual reconstruction of the fifteenth-century façade of Palazzo Pitti. Reconstruction by Adriano Marinazzo (2014).
Luca Pitti (1398–1472) began work on the palazzo in 1458.
Eleanor of Toledo, Duchess of Florence, bought the palazzo from the Pitti in 1549 for the Medici. Portrait after Bronzino.
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19th-century architectural drawing and plan of the Palazzo Pitti
Cornice of the Jupiter Room, showing lunette frescoes and stucco work by Pietro da Cortona.
Artemisia Gentileschi Judith and her hand servant with the head of Holofernes 1613–1618
Close-up of Canova's Venere Italica (1810) as seen in Room of Venus
Mary Stuart at Crookstone, by Giovanni Fattori, in the Gallery of Modern Art at the Palazzo Pitti.
The "Casino del Cavaliere" in the Boboli Gardens now houses the porcelain museum.
Raphael Madonna del Granduca. 84 × 55 cm.
Raphael Madonna of the Canopy. 276 × 224 cm.
Raphael Portrait of Agnolo Doni. 63 × 45 cm.
Raphael Woman with a Veil. 82 × 60 cm.
Raphael Madonna della Seggiola. Diameter 71 cm.
Raphael Vision of Ezekiel. 41 × 30 cm.
Raphael Portrait of Tommaso Inghirami. 90 × 62 cm.
Raphael and Assistants Madonna dell'Impannata. 158 × 125 cm.
Raphael La Donna Gravida. 66 × 52 cm.
Titian Christ the Redeemer. 78 × 55 cm.
Titian The Concert. 87 × 124 cm.
Titian La Bella. 100 × 75 cm.
Titian Portrait of Vincenzo Mosti. 85 × 67 cm.
Titian Portrait of Pope Julius II. 99 × 82 cm.
Titian Penitent Magdalene. 84 × 69 cm.
Peter Paul Rubens The Four Philosophers. 167 × 143 cm.
Peter Paul Rubens Consequences of War. 206 × 342 cm.
Peter Paul Rubens Madonna of the Basket. 114 × 80 cm.
Anthony van Dyck Portrait of Cardinal Guido Bentivoglio. 195 × 147 cm.
Filippo Lippi Bartolini Tondo. Diameter 135 cm
Caravaggio Portrait of Fra Antonio Martelli. 118 × 95 cm.
Giorgione The Three Ages of Man. 62 × 77 cm.
Verrocchio St. Jerome. 41 × 27 cm.
Caravaggio Sleeping Cupid. 72 × 105 cm.
Paolo Veronese Portrait of a Gentleman in a Fur. 140 × 107 cm.
Fra Bartolomeo Lamentation. 158 × 199 cm.
Andrea del Sarto Pietà with Saints. 239 × 199 cm.
A modern view of the Palazzo Pitti.
Southern façade of Palazzo Pitti facing the Boboli amphitheatre and obelisk.

Vasari also built the Vasari Corridor, an above-ground walkway from Cosimo's old palace and the seat of government, the Palazzo Vecchio, through the Uffizi, above the Ponte Vecchio to the Palazzo Pitti.

Florence Cathedral

Cathedral of Florence, Italy (Duomo di Firenze).

Brunelleschi's Dome, the nave, and Giotto's Campanile of the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore as seen from Michelangelo Hill
The Duomo viewed from the heights of Piazzale Michelangelo
The Duomo, as if completed, in a fresco by Andrea di Bonaiuto, painted in the 1360s, before the commencement of the dome
The Duomo and Baptistery of St. John from Piazza del Duomo
Plan of the church with various extension phases
Dome seen from the Giotto's Campanile
Interior of the dome
Baptistery of St. John next to the cathedral
Exterior of the Cathedral
Cupola of the Dome
Model of the original medieval façade in the museum of the cathedral
Modern façade built in the 19th century
Façade of the cathedral
Main portal by Augusto Passaglia
Statue of Saint Reparata, to whom the previous cathedral was dedicated, in the main portal
Interior of the cathedral
Huge clock decorated by Paolo Uccello
Dante and the Divine Comedy
Trompe-l'œil of Niccolò da Tolentino.
The Last Judgement by Vasari and Zuccari (from directly underneath)
The Last Judgement by Vasari and Zuccari
Detail of The Last Judgement by Vasari and Zuccari
Tomb of Antonio d'Orso by Tino da Camaino
Tomb of Filippo Brunelleschi.
Donatello first version of David (1408–1409). Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence. Height 191 cm.
Possible Statue of "Isaiah" by Nanni di Banco
Donatello's colossal seated figure of Saint John the Evangelist. 1409-1411
A Fiberglass replica of Michaelangelo's David statue [seen from the north]. This was the original placement planned for the statue.
Observation of the solstice on 21 June 2012

Di Cambio was also architect of the church of Santa Croce and the Palazzo Vecchio.

Piazza della Signoria

Palazzo Vecchio
Loggia dei Lanzi
Piazza della Signoria, Florence, photo by Giacomo Brogi c. 1873–1881
The statues in front of the Palazzo Vecchio.
Painting of Savonarola's execution in the Piazza della Signoria
Some of the statues in the piazza, including a copy of David
Piazza della Signoria with Palazzo Vecchio
The square with Cosimo I de' Medici's statue
A reproduction of Michelangelo's statue David—The original is housed in the Galleria dell'Accademia
Bartolommeo Bandinelli's Hercules and Cacus
Benvenuto Cellini's statue Perseus With the Head of Medusa
Donatello's statue Judith and Holofernes
Giambologna's The Rape of the Sabine Women
The Pasquino Group at Loggia dei Lanzi
Giambologna's "Heracles and Nessus" at Loggia dei Lanzi
Pio Fedi's "The Rape of Polyxena" at Loggia dei Lanzi
Fountain of Neptune
The square
Panoramic view of piazza della Signoria

Piazza della Signoria is a w-shaped square in front of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, Italy.

Signoria of Florence

The government of the medieval and Renaissance Republic of Florence, between 1250 and 1532.

Pietro Bembo was an influential figure in the development of the Italian language from the Tuscan dialect, as a literary medium, codifying the language for standard modern usage.

Immediately after they were elected, the nine were expected to move into the Palazzo della Signoria, where they would remain for the two months of their office.

Republic of Florence

Medieval and early modern state that was centered on the Italian city of Florence in Tuscany.

The Florentine Republic in 1548
Italy in 1084, showing the Marquisate of Tuscany.
The Florentine Republic in 1548
Front and back of a Florentine florin
The growth of Florence from 1300 to 1500
The Italian Peninsula in 1499.
Coat of arms of the House of Medici
Cosimo de' Medici, founder of the House of Medici
Lorenzo de' Medici
Girolamo Savonarola
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Leo X (center) and Cardinal Giulio de' Medici (left)
Alessandro de' Medici
Cosimo I de' Medici
Leo X (center) and Cardinal Giulio de' Medici (left)

The Florentine economy reached a zenith in the latter half of the 13th century, and its success was reflected by the building of the famed Palazzo della Signoria, designed by Arnolfo di Cambio.

Giorgio Vasari

Italian painter, architect, engineer, writer, and historian, best known for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing, and the basis for biographies of several Renaissance artists, including Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.

Self-portrait by Vasari
Six Tuscan Poets by Giorgio Vasari, c. 1544, from left to right: Marsilio Ficino, Cristoforo Landino, Francesco Petrarca, Giovanni Boccaccio, Dante Alighieri, and Guido Cavalcanti
The Garden of Gethsemane by Giorgio Vasari
The Uffizi Loggia
A cover of the Lives
Alessandro de Medici resting
Pieta
Bird catchers
Holy Family, with Andrea del Sarto
Last Supper
Entombment
Temptations of St. Jerome
St. Luke painting the Virgin
Annunciation
Justice
The Prophet Elisha
Interior of the dome of Florence Cathedral
Cosimo studies the taking of Siena
Apotheosis of Cosimo I
Defeat of the Venetians in Casentino
Giorgio Vasari with drawings by Filippino Lippi, Botticelli, and Raffaellino del Garbo
Giorgio Vasari with drawings by Filippino Lippi, Botticelli, and Raffaellino del Garbo
Uffizi colonnade and loggia
Loggia of Vasari in Arezzo
Pietro in Montorio, Rome
Tomb of Michelangelo
Sala dei Cento Giorni - Giorgio Vasari - 1547 - Palazzo della Cancelleria
Villa Giulia - Court - Vasari - Vignola
Part of Loggia del Mercato Vecchio, Florence, just prior to its demolition in the 1880s

Many of his paintings still exist, the most important being on the wall and ceiling of the Sala di Cosimo I in the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, where he and his assistants were at work from 1555.

Cosimo de' Medici

Italian banker and politician who established the Medici family as effective rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance.

Portrait by Bronzino
The late medieval mark of the Medici Bank (Banco Medici), used for the authentication of documents. Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Ms. Panciatichi 71, fol. 1r.
A 16th-century portrait of Contessina de' Bardi, Cosimo's wife, attributed to Cristofano dell'Altissimo.
Cosimo goes into exile, Palazzo Vecchio.
Portrait by Jacopo Pontormo; the laurel branch (il Broncone) was a symbol used also by his heirs
The floor tomb of Cosimo de' Medici in the Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence
Donatello's David, a Medici commission.
Cosimo Pater patriae, Uffizi Gallery, Florence.

In September of that year, Cosimo was imprisoned in the Palazzo Vecchio for his part in a failure to conquer the Republic of Lucca, but he managed to turn the jail term into one of exile.

Town hall

Chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.

New York City Hall, the oldest continuous seat of local government in the United States, completed in 1812
Town hall, police, and fire station in South Palm Beach, Florida, United States
16th-century Fordwich Town Hall in Kent, England, closely resembling a market hall in its design
13th-century Old Town Hall in Wrocław, Poland
George Town City Hall, Penang, houses the office of Municipal Council of Penang Island in Malaysia
Town hall of Recife, Brazil
Stockholm City Hall, where the Nobel Banquet takes place on 10 December each year.

The Palazzo Pubblico of the Republic of Siena and the Palazzo Vecchio of the Republic of Florence, both town halls, date from 1297 and 1299 respectively.

Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

The second Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1574 until his death in 1587, he was a member of the House of Medici.

Portrait by Alessandro Allori, c. 1580-1585
Francesco I of Tuscany as a young boy, painted by Bronzino.
The "Appennine Colossus" in its niche
Francesco as a young man in a painting attributed to Alessandro Allori.

He was also passionately interested in chemistry and alchemy and spent many hours in his private laboratory and curio collection, the Studiolo in the Palazzo Vecchio, which held his collections of natural items and stones and allowed him to dabble in chemistry and alchemical schemes.