Palo Duro Canyon

Palo Duro Canyon State ParkPalo DuroPalo Duro CanyonsPalo Duro FallsPalo Duro RiverTecovas formation
Palo Duro Canyon is a canyon system of the Caprock Escarpment located in the Texas Panhandle near the cities of Amarillo and Canyon.wikipedia
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Texas Panhandle

PanhandleTexasHouston
Palo Duro Canyon is a canyon system of the Caprock Escarpment located in the Texas Panhandle near the cities of Amarillo and Canyon.
South of the city of Amarillo, the level terrain gives way to Palo Duro Canyon, the second-largest canyon in the United States.

Canyon, Texas

CanyonCanyon, TX
Palo Duro Canyon is a canyon system of the Caprock Escarpment located in the Texas Panhandle near the cities of Amarillo and Canyon. The painter Georgia O'Keeffe, who lived in nearby Amarillo and Canyon in the early 20th century, wrote of the Palo Duro: "It is a burning, seething cauldron, filled with dramatic light and color."
The city itself lies in a valley that eventually becomes Palo Duro Canyon to the east.

Amarillo, Texas

AmarilloAmarillo, TXMayor
Palo Duro Canyon is a canyon system of the Caprock Escarpment located in the Texas Panhandle near the cities of Amarillo and Canyon. The painter Georgia O'Keeffe, who lived in nearby Amarillo and Canyon in the early 20th century, wrote of the Palo Duro: "It is a burning, seething cauldron, filled with dramatic light and color."
Approximately 25 mi south of Amarillo is the canyon system, Palo Duro Canyon.

Red River of the South

Red RiverRedRed River Valley
Palo Duro Canyon was downcut by the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River, during the Pleistocene, when the whole region was uplifted.
The Red River turns and flows southeast through Palo Duro Canyon in Palo Duro Canyon State Park at an elevation of 3440 ft, then past Newlin, Texas, to meet the Oklahoma state line.

Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River

Prairie Dog Town ForkPrairie Dog Town Fork of the Red RiverPrairie Dog Town Fork Red
The canyon was formed by the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River, which initially winds along the level surface of the Llano Estacado of West Texas, then suddenly and dramatically runs off the Caprock Escarpment.
The stream initially runs northeastward then southeastward across Randall County, flowing through Palo Duro Canyon, where it is fed by springs, providing a base flow that is often increased significantly by runoff from rainstorms.

Caprock Escarpment

Caprockcap rockcaprock escarpments
Palo Duro Canyon is a canyon system of the Caprock Escarpment located in the Texas Panhandle near the cities of Amarillo and Canyon. The canyon was formed by the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River, which initially winds along the level surface of the Llano Estacado of West Texas, then suddenly and dramatically runs off the Caprock Escarpment.
The escarpment's features formed by erosion from rivers and streams, creating arroyos and highly diverse terrain, including the large Palo Duro Canyon southeast of Amarillo, Texas.

Canyon

gorgegorgescanyons
Palo Duro Canyon is a canyon system of the Caprock Escarpment located in the Texas Panhandle near the cities of Amarillo and Canyon.

West Texas

Houstonwestern TexasWest
The canyon was formed by the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River, which initially winds along the level surface of the Llano Estacado of West Texas, then suddenly and dramatically runs off the Caprock Escarpment.

Llano Estacado

Staked Plainseastern plainsHigh Plains
The canyon was formed by the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River, which initially winds along the level surface of the Llano Estacado of West Texas, then suddenly and dramatically runs off the Caprock Escarpment.

Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

Palo Duro Canyona short battledestroyed it on 28 September
The Mackenzie expedition captured about 1,200 of the Indians' horses and slaughtered them in nearby Tule Canyon during the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon.
The battle occurred on September 28, 1874 when several U.S. Army regiments under Ranald S. Mackenzie attacked a large encampment of Plains Indians in Palo Duro Canyon in the Texas Panhandle.

JA Ranch

A History of the JA Ranch
Soon after, in 1876, Charles Goodnight and a wealthy Ulster Scot named John Adair established the JA Ranch in Palo Duro Canyon.
The JA Ranch is a historic cattle ranch in the Palo Duro Canyon in Armstrong County, Texas.

Charles Goodnight

GoodnightCharles Goodnight Jr.Goodnight Trail
Soon after, in 1876, Charles Goodnight and a wealthy Ulster Scot named John Adair established the JA Ranch in Palo Duro Canyon.
To take advantage of available grass, timber, water, and game, he founded in 1876 what was to become the first Texas Panhandle ranch, the JA Ranch, in the Palo Duro Canyon of the Texas Panhandle.

Palo Duro Canyon paintings of O'Keeffe

paintings of Palo Duro Canyonvibrant paintings she made
She made paintings of Palo Duro Canyon between 1916 and 1918, when she was an instructor and head of the art department at West Texas State Normal College.
Georgia O'Keeffe made a set of paintings of Palo Duro Canyon while working as a department head and art instructor at West Texas State Normal College.

Georgia O'Keeffe

Georgia O'KeefeGeorgia O’KeeffeGeorgia O’Keefe
The painter Georgia O'Keeffe, who lived in nearby Amarillo and Canyon in the early 20th century, wrote of the Palo Duro: "It is a burning, seething cauldron, filled with dramatic light and color."
She began a series of watercolor paintings based upon the scenery and expansive views during her walks, including vibrant paintings she made of Palo Duro Canyon.

Blanco Canyon

Blanco Canyon is one of several canyons that have been cut by rivers into the east face of the Llano Estacado, including Yellow House Canyon, Tule Canyon, and Palo Duro Canyon.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
As the second-largest canyon in the United States, it is roughly 120 mi long and has an average width of 6 mi, but reaches a width of 20 mi at places.

Mesa

mesasmesetatable mountain
Its depth is around 820 ft, but in some locations, it increases to 1000 ft. Palo Duro Canyon (from the Spanish meaning "hard wood" or, more exactly, "hard stick") has been named "The Grand Canyon of Texas" both for its size and for its dramatic geological features, including the multicolored layers of rock and steep mesa walls similar to those in the Grand Canyon.

Grand Canyon

The Grand CanyonGrand Canyon, ArizonaSouth Rim
Its depth is around 820 ft, but in some locations, it increases to 1000 ft. Palo Duro Canyon (from the Spanish meaning "hard wood" or, more exactly, "hard stick") has been named "The Grand Canyon of Texas" both for its size and for its dramatic geological features, including the multicolored layers of rock and steep mesa walls similar to those in the Grand Canyon.

Erosion

erodedglacial erosioneroding
Water erosion over the millennia has shaped the canyon's geological formations.

Cave

cavescaverncaverns
Notable canyon formations include caves and hoodoos.

Hoodoo (geology)

hoodooshoodoofairy chimney
Notable canyon formations include caves and hoodoos.

Downcutting

downcutdownwarddownward erosion
Palo Duro Canyon was downcut by the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River, during the Pleistocene, when the whole region was uplifted.

Pleistocene

Pleistocene epochLate PleistocenePleistocene era
Palo Duro Canyon was downcut by the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River, during the Pleistocene, when the whole region was uplifted.