Pan (genus)

PanchimpanzeePaninichimpanzeesPaninaapesPan'' (genus)
The genus Pan consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.wikipedia
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Human

humanshuman beinghuman beings
Together with humans, gorillas, and orangutans they are part of the family Hominidae (the great apes, or hominids).
Together with chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans, they are part of the family Hominidae (the great apes, or hominids).

Hominidae

hominidgreat apesgreat ape
Together with humans, gorillas, and orangutans they are part of the family Hominidae (the great apes, or hominids).
The Hominidae, whose members are known as great apes or hominids, are a taxonomic family of primates that includes eight extant species in four genera: Pongo, the Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli orangutan; Gorilla, the eastern and western gorilla; Pan, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo; and Homo, of whom only modern humans remain, with several extinct relatives (e.g., the Neanderthal) and ancestors, such as Homo erectus.

Orangutan

orangutansorang-utanPongo
Together with humans, gorillas, and orangutans they are part of the family Hominidae (the great apes, or hominids).
Their hair is reddish-brown, instead of the brown or black hair typical of chimpanzees and gorillas.

Homo

early humansearly humanhumans
sapiens in the genus Homo, rather than in Pan''.
africanus in the genus Australopithecus, which itself had previously split from the lineage of Pan'', the chimpanzees.

Chimpanzee

chimpanzeescommon chimpanzeePan troglodytes
The genus Pan consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.
The chimpanzee and the closely related bonobo (sometimes called the "pygmy chimpanzee") are classified in the genus Pan.

Bonobo

bonobosPan paniscuspygmy chimpanzee
The genus Pan consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.
The bonobo (Pan paniscus), also historically called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other being the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).

Homininae

homininehomininsGorilla–human last common ancestor
The genus Pan is part of the subfamily Homininae, to which humans also belong.
It includes two tribes, with their extant as well as extinct species: 1) the Hominini tribe (with the genus Homo including modern humans and numerous extinct species; the subtribe Australopithecina, comprising at least two extinct genera; and the subtribe Panina, represented only by the genus Pan, which includes common chimpanzees and bonobos)―and 2) the Gorillini tribe (gorillas).

Chimpanzee–human last common ancestor

chimpanzee-human last common ancestorcommon ancestorchimpanzee–human divergence
The lineages of chimpanzees and humans separated in a process of speciation between roughly five to twelve million years ago, making them humanity's closest living relative.
The chimpanzee–human last common ancestor, or CHLCA, is the last common ancestor shared by the extant Homo (human) and Pan (chimpanzee and bonobo) genera of Hominini.

Bantu languages

BantuBantu languageBantu-speaking
The first use of the name "chimpanze" is recorded in The London Magazine in 1738, glossed as meaning "mockman" in a language of "the Angolans" (apparently from a Bantu language; reportedly modern Vili (Civili), a Zone H Bantu language, has the comparable ci-mpenzi ).

Anthropopithecus

PithecanthropusAnthropopithecus erectuspithecanthropoid
Anthropopithecus was originally coined to describe the chimpanzee and is now a junior synonym of Pan.

Galago

Galagidaebush babybushbaby
Chimpanzees also engage in targeted hunting of lower-order primates, such as the red colobus and bush babies.
As it is a 'primitive' primate, the sequence will be particularly useful in bridging the sequences of higher primates (macaque, chimpanzee, human) to close non-primates, such as rodents.

Gorilla

Silverback gorillagorillassilverback
Together with humans, gorillas, and orangutans they are part of the family Hominidae (the great apes, or hominids).

Sub-Saharan Africa

sub-SaharanSub Saharan AfricaSub-Saharan African
Native to sub-Saharan Africa, common chimpanzees and bonobos are currently both found in the Congo jungle, while only the common chimpanzee is also found further north in West Africa.

Congolian rainforests

Congolian forestsCongo RainforestCongo jungle
Native to sub-Saharan Africa, common chimpanzees and bonobos are currently both found in the Congo jungle, while only the common chimpanzee is also found further north in West Africa.

Endangered species

endangeredprotected speciesEN
Both species are listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, and in 2017 the Convention on Migratory Species selected the common chimpanzee for special protection.

IUCN Red List

IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesRed ListRed List of Threatened Species
Both species are listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, and in 2017 the Convention on Migratory Species selected the common chimpanzee for special protection.

Congo River

CongoCongo River BasinRiver Congo
troglodytes) who live north of the Congo River, and the bonobo (P.

Subspecies

nominate subspeciesnominotypical subspeciesnominate
troglodytes is divided into four subspecies, while P.

Whole genome sequencing

genome sequencingfull genome sequencingsequenced
Based on genome sequencing, these two extant Pan species diverged around one million years ago.

Jane Goodall

Dr. Jane GoodallDame Jane GoodallCulture and tool use among chimpanzees
Field studies of Pan troglodytes were pioneered by primatologist Jane Goodall.

Habitat destruction

habitat losshabitat degradationloss of habitat
Threats to wild panina populations include poaching, habitat destruction, and the illegal pet trade.

Wildlife smuggling

illegal pet tradewildlife traffickingwildlife smugglers
Threats to wild panina populations include poaching, habitat destruction, and the illegal pet trade.

Genus

generageneric namegeneric
The genus name Pan was first introduced by Lorenz Oken in 1816.

Lorenz Oken

OkenIsisIsis oder Encyclopaedische Zeitung von Oken
The genus name Pan was first introduced by Lorenz Oken in 1816.