Embera girl dressed for a dance
The Old Quarter of Panama City in the 19th century
Casco Viejo seen from Cerro Ancón
Vasco Núñez de Balboa, a recognized and popular figure of Panamanian history
The F&F tower, more commonly known as "El tornillo" or "La torre tornillo" meaning "the screw" or "the screw tower"
"New Caledonia", the ill-fated Scottish Darien scheme colony in the Bay of Caledonia, west of the Gulf of Darien
Construction boom in Panama City.
Santo Domingo Church
Panama City financial district
1903 political cartoon. The US government, working with separatists in Panama, engineered a Panamanian declaration of independence from Colombia, then sent US warships and marines to Panama.
The Interoceanic Canal Museum
US President Theodore Roosevelt sitting on a steam shovel at the Panama Canal, 1906
Plaza de la Independencia
Construction work on the Gaillard Cut of the Panama Canal, 1907
Archway and classic calicanto wall in a traditional house
Omar Torrijos (right) with farmers in the Panamanian countryside. The Torrijos government was well known for its policies of land redistribution.
Compañía de Jesús, the ruins of an ancient convent of the Society of Jesus
US President Jimmy Carter shakes hands with General Omar Torrijos after signing the Panama Canal Treaties (September 7, 1977).
Rommel Fernández Soccer Stadium
The aftermath of urban warfare during the US invasion of Panama, 1989
Rod Carew National Baseball Stadium
British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson swapped football shirts with the President of Panama, Juan Carlos Varela in London, May 14, 2018.
Roberto Durán Arena
A map of Panama
Hospital Santo Tomás, the largest public hospital in the country
La Palma, Darién
Hospital Nacional, a private hospital
The Chagres River
Instituto Oncológico Nacional, at former Gorgas Hospital
Colón Harbor, 2000
The Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies
Panama map of Köppen climate classification
The puente marino ("marine bridge"), Corredor Sur ("South Corridor")
A cooler climate is common in the Panamanian highlands.
Metrobus, the public bus system
The National Assembly of Panama
Taxi in Panama City
Panama's President-elect Juan Carlos Varela and Vice President Isabel Saint Malo with US Secretary of State John Kerry just before Varela's inauguration in 2014
Panama Metro, the metropolitan subway system
GDP per capita development Panama since 1950
Architecture in Casco Viejo (Old Quarter)
A proportional representation of Panama exports, 2019
The belltower of the San Francisco de Asis Church.
A Panamax ship in transit through the Miraflores locks, Panama Canal
The Bahá'í House of Worship
Countries with politicians, public officials or close associates implicated in the Panama Papers leak on April 15, 2016
Plaza Bolivar in Casco Viejo
Tocumen International Airport, Central America's largest airport
Ruins of the Old Panama Cathedral
Zapatilla Island, Panama
Santa Ana Park
Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980.
Causeway connecting Naos, Perico, and Flamenco Islands to the mainland
Population pyramid, 2016
The Bridge of the Americas, at the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal
Panama's population, 1961–2003
The Palace of the Herons, the official residence and office of the President of Panama
Panama City, Panama's capital
Plaza de Francia, a square in honor of the workers and French engineers who participated in the construction of the Panama Canal.
Plaza de la independencia, Panama City
Obario neighborhood seen from San Francisco neighborhood
Erika Ender
Skyline seen from Casco Viejo
A couple dancing Panamanian Cumbia
The former Balboa Avenue
Panamanian baseball catcher Carlos Ruiz during 2007 Spring Training
Panama skycrapers
Panama Bay
View of part of the metropolitan area of Panama
Panama City at night
Panama City at night
Iglesia Nuestra Sra. del Carmen
Interior view in Iglesia de la Merced
Plaza de Bolivar
Iglesia de la Merced
Street view
Street in old city

Panama City (Ciudad de Panamá; ), also simply known as Panama (or Panamá in Spanish), is the capital and largest city of Panama.

- Panama City

Its capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country's million people.

- Panama

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Panama Canal

Location of Panama between Pacific (bottom) and Caribbean (top), with canal at top center
The panamax ship MSC Poh Lin exiting the Miraflores locks, March 2013
Satellite image showing the location of Panama Canal: Dense jungles are visible in green.
Ferdinand de Lesseps, the French originator of the Suez Canal and the Panama Canal
Excavator at work in Bas Obispo, 1886
Share of the Compagnie Universelle du Canal Interocéanique de Panama, issued 29. November 1880 - signed by Ferdinand de Lesseps
The US's intentions to influence the area (especially the Panama Canal construction and control) led to the separation of Panama from Colombia in 1903.
The Culebra Cut in 1896
The Culebra Cut in 1902
Chief engineer John Frank Stevens
Sanitation officer William C. Gorgas
President Theodore Roosevelt sitting on a Bucyrus steam shovel at Culebra Cut, 1906
Construction work on the Gaillard Cut is shown in this photograph from 1907.
General George Washington Goethals, who completed the canal.
The USS Missouri, an, passes through the canal in 1945. The 108' 2" (32.96 m) beams of the Iowas and preceding were the largest ever to transit the Canal.
Pacific Side entrance
Gatun Lake provides the water used to raise and lower vessels in the Canal, gravity fed into each set of locks
Miter lock gate at Gatún
Roll-on/roll-off
ships, such as this one pictured here at Miraflores locks, are among the largest ships to pass through the canal.
Maximum ship sizes for the Panama and Suez canals
Gatun locks showing the "mule" locomotives at work
New Agua Clara locks (Atlantic side) in operation
Neopanamax ship passing through the Agua Clara locks.
A Marion steam shovel excavating the Panama Canal in 1908
The Panama Canal locks under construction in 1910
The first ship to transit the canal, the SS Ancon, passes through on 15 August 1914
Spanish laborers working on the Panama Canal in early 1900s

The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial 82 km waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean and divides North and South America.

From the Miraflores Locks one reaches Balboa harbor, again with multimodal exchange provision (here the railway meets the shipping route again). Nearby is Panama City.

Panamá District

Panamá is a district (distrito) of Panamá Province in Panama.

The district seat is Panama City.

Afro-Panamanian men in Casco Viejo.

Afro-Panamanians

Afro-Panamanians are Panamanians of African descent.

Afro-Panamanians are Panamanians of African descent.

Afro-Panamanian men in Casco Viejo.

Afro-Panamanians can be found in the towns and cities of Colón, Cristóbal and Balboa, the Río Abajo area of Panama City, the Canal Zone and the province of Bocas del Toro.

The first Africans to arrive in Panama came with Vasco Núñez de Balboa, in 1513.

El Chorrillo

El Chorrillo is a corregimiento within Panama City, in Panamá District, Panamá Province, Panama with a population of 18,302 as of 2010.

Pacific Ocean

Largest and deepest of Earth's five oceanic divisions.

Largest and deepest of Earth's five oceanic divisions.

Partial picture of the Pacific Ocean from space, by the Apollo 11 crew
Model of a Fijian drua, an example of an Austronesian vessel with a double-canoe (catamaran) hull and a crab claw sail
Map showing the migration of the Austronesian peoples, the first seaborne human migration in history (c.3000-1500 BCE)
Map showing a large number of Spanish expeditions across the Pacific Ocean from the 16th to 18th centuries including the Manila galleon route between Acapulco and Manila, the first transpacific trade route in history.
Universalis Cosmographia, the Waldseemüller map dated 1507, from a time when the nature of the Americas was ambiguous, particularly North America, as a possible part of Asia, was the first map to show the Americas separating two distinct oceans. South America was generally considered a "new world" and shows the name "America" for the first time, after Amerigo Vespucci
The bathyscaphe Trieste, before her record dive to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, 23 January 1960
Abel Aubert du Petit-Thouars taking over Tahiti on 9 September 1842
Sunset over the Pacific Ocean as seen from the International Space Station. tops of thunderclouds are also visible.
The island geography of the Pacific Ocean Basin
Regions, island nations and territories of Oceania
Tarawa Atoll in the Republic of Kiribati
Sunset in Monterey County, California, U.S.
Impact of El Niño and La Niña on North America
Typhoon Tip at global peak intensity on 12 October 1979
Ring of Fire. The Pacific is ringed by many volcanoes and oceanic trenches.
Ulawun stratovolcano situated on the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea
Mount Saint Helens in 2020
Pacific Ocean currents have created 3 "islands" of debris.
Marine debris on a Hawaiian coast
Prime Minister Suga declined to drink the bottle of Fukushima's treated radioactive water that he was holding, which would otherwise be discharged to the Pacific. 2020.
Made in 1529, the Diogo Ribeiro map was the first to show the Pacific at about its proper size
Map of the Pacific Ocean during European Exploration, circa 1754.
Maris Pacifici by Ortelius (1589). One of the first printed maps to show the Pacific Ocean<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.loc.gov/item/prn-01-093/|title=Library Acquires Copy of 1507 Waldseemüller World Map – News Releases (Library of Congress)|publisher=Loc.gov|access-date=April 20, 2013}}</ref>
Map of the Pacific Ocean during European Exploration, circa 1702–1707
Ladrilleros Beach in Colombia on the coast of Chocó natural region
Tahuna maru islet, French Polynesia
Los Molinos on the coast of Southern Chile

Panama

Panama City

Tocumen International Airport

Airport entrance
PTY - Copa Airlines connected to a bridge
Terminal interior
Copa Airlines planes. Tocumen International Airport, Panamá City.
Check-in hall
View of Tocumen Intl Airport from the tarmac

Tocumen International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Tocumen) is the international airport of Panama City, the capital of Panama.

Nombre de Dios, Colón

Nombre de Dios ("Name of God") is a city and corregimiento in Santa Isabel District, Colón Province, Panama, on the Atlantic coast of Panama in the Colón Province.

After the opening of Potosí in 1546, silver was shipped north to Panama City and carried by mule train across the isthmus to Nombre de Dios for shipment to Havana and Spain.

Tierra Firme 1513 - Castilla de Oro

Pedro Arias Dávila

Spanish soldier and colonial administrator.

Spanish soldier and colonial administrator.

Tierra Firme 1513 - Castilla de Oro

There he served as governor of Panama (1514–1526) and Nicaragua (1527–1531), and founded Panama City (1519).

Through his foundation of Panama, however, he laid the basis for the discovery of South America's west coast and the subsequent conquest of Peru.

The Pan-American Highway from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to Quellón, Chile, and Ushuaia, Argentina, with official and unofficial routes shown in Mexico and Central and South America. A few selected unofficial routes shown through the United States and Canada as they existed in the early 1960s. In 1966 the new U.S. Interstate Highway System brought official status to most previously unofficial routes in the lower 48 states.

Pan-American Highway

Network of roads stretching across the Americas and measuring about 30,000 km in total length.

Network of roads stretching across the Americas and measuring about 30,000 km in total length.

The Pan-American Highway from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, to Quellón, Chile, and Ushuaia, Argentina, with official and unofficial routes shown in Mexico and Central and South America. A few selected unofficial routes shown through the United States and Canada as they existed in the early 1960s. In 1966 the new U.S. Interstate Highway System brought official status to most previously unofficial routes in the lower 48 states.
Map of the Alaska Highway portion (in red) of the Pan-American Highway system.
Interstate 35 in the U.S. state of Iowa. I-35 is a de facto branch of the Pan-American Highway.
Interstate 25 in the U.S. state of New Mexico. I-25 is part of the other de facto branch, and is signed "Pan-American Freeway" in Albuquerque.
1933 map of the Inter-American Highway portion of the Pan-American Highway.
Pan-American Highway in Chimaltenango (Guatemala), 2015.
Pan-American Highway at David, Chiriquí
Map of the Darién Gap and the break in the Pan-American Highway between Yaviza, Panama and Turbo, Colombia
A Vía PanAm shield sign is sometimes found on routes in South American countries (such as Chile) associated with the Pan-American Highway.
Sculpture of a native man standing at the entrance of Fusagasugá, Colombia, over the Highway 40.
Monument on the Equator on the highway near Cayambe, Ecuador.
Almost all Pan-American sections in Gran Buenos Aires are modern highways
West Access to Buenos Aires
Stretch of the Pan-American Highway in Argentina
The northern end of the Pan-American Highway at Deadhorse, Alaska, USA
Interstate 25 (Pan-American Freeway) approaching the Big I interchange in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
Pan-American Highway through San Martin, El Salvador.
Another view of the Pan-American Highway in El Salvador.
Pan-American Highway in El Salvador between Lourdes and Santa Ana; this flat 1.5 km (0.93 mi) long straight section can be used as an airstrip and it was used during El Salvador Civil War.
Pan-American Highway in Guanacaste, Costa Rica (going towards the Nicaraguan border, still many kilometres [miles] away.)
Pan-American Highway in Tres Rios, Costa Rica, right before the toll plaza (about 337 more km / 209 more mi to go until the Panamanian border).
Pan-American Highway, at the border of Costa Rica and Panama
Panamericana – Pan American Highway – in Pichincha, Ecuador, near Cashapamba
Panamericana – Pan American Highway – northern Peru near Pacasmayo
Pan-American Highway near Pisco (Peru)
Panamericana – Pan American Highway – near Puerto De Lomas, Peru
Panamericana – Pan American Highway – in the Atacama Desert northern Chile
Chevy Suburban traveled all of the Pan-American Highway. Patagonia, Chile.
Panamericana – Pan American Highway – in the Cordillera de los Andes, southern Ecuador, near to Catacocha, 2,500m / 8,000 ft Elev.
National Route 7—Pan-American Highway in Junín, Buenos Aires, Argentina

The second stage was the Inter-American Highway to Panama City; previously there were no roads, and little commerce, between most Central American countries.

Finally, on July 29, 1937, in the latter years of the Great Depression, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Canada, and the United States signed the Convention on the Pan-American Highway, whereby they agreed to achieve speedy construction, by all adequate means.

Old Panama Cathedral

Panamá Viejo

Old Panama Cathedral
Diorama of Panamá Viejo
The "Casa de los Genoveses" (house of Genoans) in Panama Viejo
View from the Bell Tower to Costa del Este.
Ruins of the convent of conception
Ruins
Distant view of old Panama Cathedral

Panamá Viejo (English: "Old Panama"), also known as Panamá la Vieja, is the remaining part of the original Panama City, the former capital of Panama, which was destroyed in 1671 by the Welsh privateer Henry Morgan.