Panama

Embera girl dressed for a dance
Vasco Núñez de Balboa, a recognized and popular figure of Panamanian history
"New Caledonia", the ill-fated Scottish Darien scheme colony in the Bay of Caledonia, west of the Gulf of Darien
Santo Domingo Church
1903 political cartoon. The US government, working with separatists in Panama, engineered a Panamanian declaration of independence from Colombia, then sent US warships and marines to Panama.
US President Theodore Roosevelt sitting on a steam shovel at the Panama Canal, 1906
Construction work on the Gaillard Cut of the Panama Canal, 1907
Omar Torrijos (right) with farmers in the Panamanian countryside. The Torrijos government was well known for its policies of land redistribution.
US President Jimmy Carter shakes hands with General Omar Torrijos after signing the Panama Canal Treaties (September 7, 1977).
The aftermath of urban warfare during the US invasion of Panama, 1989
British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson swapped football shirts with the President of Panama, Juan Carlos Varela in London, May 14, 2018.
A map of Panama
La Palma, Darién
The Chagres River
Colón Harbor, 2000
Panama map of Köppen climate classification
A cooler climate is common in the Panamanian highlands.
The National Assembly of Panama
Panama's President-elect Juan Carlos Varela and Vice President Isabel Saint Malo with US Secretary of State John Kerry just before Varela's inauguration in 2014
GDP per capita development Panama since 1950
A proportional representation of Panama exports, 2019
A Panamax ship in transit through the Miraflores locks, Panama Canal
Countries with politicians, public officials or close associates implicated in the Panama Papers leak on April 15, 2016
Tocumen International Airport, Central America's largest airport
Zapatilla Island, Panama
Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980.
Population pyramid, 2016
Panama's population, 1961–2003
Panama City, Panama's capital
Plaza de la independencia, Panama City
Erika Ender
A couple dancing Panamanian Cumbia
Panamanian baseball catcher Carlos Ruiz during 2007 Spring Training

Transcontinental country in Central America and South America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

- Panama

138 related topics

Alpha

Bogotá

Capital of Colombia, and one of the largest cities in the world.

Capital of Colombia, and one of the largest cities in the world.

The Bogotá savanna is the high plateau in the Andes where Bogotá is located. The flatlands are clearly visible in the topography and the result of a Pleistocene lake; Lake Humboldt, that existed until around 30,000 years BP
The Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, founder of the city
Iglesia de San Francisco is the oldest church standing in Bogotá, built between 1557-1566, located in La Candelaria (the city Oldest part)
Bolívar Square and the cathedral
The Plateresque Colonial Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé, built between 1604-1622.
The Royal Street (in 1869), today known as Seventh Avenue (Carrera Séptima)
Bogotá La Sabana railway station
Bogotazo
Bogotá is the third largest city within city limits in South America by population, after São Paulo and Lima
International Business Center, Bogotá, D.C.
Hailstorm in Bogotá
Eastern Hills
Sumapaz Páramo
Street arrangement of Bogotá based on the Cartesian coordinate system: North is to the right. (Typical maps for the city place the north on the left.)
View of Bogotá from the mountain Monserrate
Bogotá Future Population (Medium Variant)
The Centro Andino
Parque La Colina Shopping Mall
An old house in the Teusaquillo locality, near downtown Bogotá (Estrato 4)
Map of the TransMilenio system
El Dorado International Airport
Ciclovía in Bogotá
BD Bacatá, under construction, will be the city's tallest building.
Colombian National Museum
Ibero-American Theater Festival
Teatro de Cristóbal Colón (Christopher Columbus Theater)
Estadio El Campín
Monserrate Sanctuary at top of the mount
Atlantis Plaza Mall, featuring the Hard Rock Cafe
La Candelaria, the historical district of the city
Maloka Museum
Bi-articulated TransMilenio bus
Urban (SITP) bus, part of the integrated public transport system
Bikepath in central Bogotá
Traffic on the Northern Highway (Autopista Norte)
"El Claustro" at the Del Rosario University
Luis Carlos Sarmiento Building of Science and Technology at the National University of Colombia
Centro Ático at Pontifical Xavierian University
Mario Laserna Building at the University of the Andes
Liberators Building at El Bosque University
Sergio Arboleda University
Main Cloister at Saint Thomas Aquinas University
Santa Barbara business district
Victorian architecture in Teusaquillo
Torres del Parque
Santa Maria bullring
National Library of Colombia
Julio Mario Santo Domingo Public Library
Virgilio Barco Public Library
El Tintal Public Library
Church of Our Lady of Lourdes
El Lugar de Su Presencia
Bogotá Colombia Temple
Abou Bakr Al-Siddiq Mosque
Ajiaco is one of the city's most representative dishes
"Chocolate santafereño" (Santafe hot chocolate), almojábana, cheese and pandebono
Simón Bolívar Park
Journalists' park
93 Park
Santander park
El Virrey park
Santa Clara Church Museum built between 1629 and 1647. It has a large collection of colonial Colombian paintings.
Colonial Art Museum of Bogotá
Gold Museum of Bogotá
Archaeology Museum of Pasca
Botero Museum

Early in the 20th century, Colombia had to face devastating consequences from the One Thousand Days War, which lasted from 1899 to 1902, and the loss of Panama.

Contemporary distribution (2005 map) of the world's major language families (in some cases geographic groups of families). This map includes only primary families i.e. branches are excluded.
For greater detail, see Distribution of languages on Earth.

Chibchan languages

Contemporary distribution (2005 map) of the world's major language families (in some cases geographic groups of families). This map includes only primary families i.e. branches are excluded.
For greater detail, see Distribution of languages on Earth.

The Chibchan languages (also Chibchan, Chibchano) make up a language family indigenous to the Isthmo-Colombian Area, which extends from eastern Honduras to northern Colombia and includes populations of these countries as well as Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.

Jimmy Carter and Omar Torrijos shake hands moments after the signing of the Torrijos–Carter Treaties.

Torrijos–Carter Treaties

Jimmy Carter and Omar Torrijos shake hands moments after the signing of the Torrijos–Carter Treaties.
Ceremonial Transfer of Canal Zone at Miraflores Locks

The Torrijos–Carter Treaties (Tratados Torrijos-Carter) are two treaties signed by the United States and Panama in Washington, D.C. on September 7, 1977, which superseded the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty of 1903.

Ngäbe

Guaymi Indian painting

The Ngäbe are an indigenous people within the territories of present-day Panama and Costa Rica in Central America.

The Isthmus of Panama

Isthmus of Panama

Narrow strip of land that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, linking North and South America.

Narrow strip of land that lies between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, linking North and South America.

The Isthmus of Panama
Núñez de Balboa's travel route to the South Sea, 1513
An 1850 oil painting by Charles Christian Nahl: The Isthmus of Panama on the Height of the Chagres River
The closure of the Isthmus led to allopatric speciation events of marine organisms isolated on each side (blue and green). Terrestrial species also migrated between the two continents (the Great American Biotic Interchange) upon the formation of a passable land bridge.

It contains the country of Panama and the Panama Canal.

Posthumous portrait of Columbus by Sebastiano del Piombo, 1519. There are no known authentic portraits of Columbus.

Christopher Columbus

Italian explorer and navigator who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, opening the way for the widespread European exploration and colonization of the Americas.

Italian explorer and navigator who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, opening the way for the widespread European exploration and colonization of the Americas.

Posthumous portrait of Columbus by Sebastiano del Piombo, 1519. There are no known authentic portraits of Columbus.
Christopher Columbus House in Genoa, an 18-century reconstruction of the house in which Columbus grew up. The original was likely destroyed during the 1684 bombardment of Genoa.
Columbus's copy of The Travels of Marco Polo, with his handwritten notes in Latin written on the margins
Toscanelli's notions of the geography of the Atlantic Ocean (shown superimposed on a modern map), which directly influenced Columbus's plans
"Columbus map", drawn c. 1490 in the Lisbon mapmaking workshop of Bartolomeo and Christopher Columbus
Columbus offers his services to the King of Portugal; Chodowiecki, 17th century
The Alhambra, where Columbus received permission from the Catholic Monarchs for his first voyage
The voyages of Christopher Columbus (conjectural)
First voyage (conjectural). Modern place names in black, Columbus's place names in blue
Columbus's second voyage
Third voyage
Columbus's fourth voyage
Coat of arms granted to Christopher Columbus and the House of Colon by Pope Alexander VI motu proprio in 1502
Replicas of Niña, Pinta and Santa María sailed from Spain to the Chicago Columbian Exposition in 1893
Landing of Columbus at the Island of Guanahaní, West Indies (1846), by John Vanderlyn. The landing of Columbus became a powerful icon of American genesis in the 19th century.
Discovery of America, a postage stamp from the Faroe Islands commemorates the voyages of discovery of Leif Erikson (c. 1000) and Christopher Columbus (1492)
The Columbus Monument in Columbus Circle, New York City
The remains of the pedestal base of the Columbus statue in the Baltimore inner harbor area. The statue was thrown into the harbor on 4 July 2020, as part of the George Floyd protests.

Sailing south along the Nicaraguan coast, he found a channel that led into Almirante Bay in Panama on 5 October.

Organization of American States

International organization that was founded on 30 April 1948 for the purposes of solidarity and co-operation among its member states within the Americas.

International organization that was founded on 30 April 1948 for the purposes of solidarity and co-operation among its member states within the Americas.

The Pan American Union Building shortly after its construction in Washington, D. C., 1910
Logo in 1909 publication
Pan American Union headquarters building in Washington, D.C., 1943.
Seal with the official name in English.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaks at the OAS Permanent Council in January 2019.
A session of the OAS's thirty-fifth General Assembly in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States, June 2005
Those attending the Extraordinary Assembly of the OAS voted to suspend Honduras.
Statue of Isabella I the Catholic Queen in front of the seat of the Organization of American States in Washington, D.C.

This meeting was attended by representatives of Gran Colombia (comprising the modern-day countries of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama and Venezuela), Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, The United Provinces of Central America, and Mexico but the grandly titled "Treaty of Union, League, and Perpetual Confederation" was ultimately ratified only by Gran Colombia.

Ngäbe-Buglé Comarca

Kiki Waterfall

Ngäbe-Buglé is the largest and most populous of Panama's five comarcas indígenas.

Democratic Revolutionary Party

The Democratic Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Democrático, PRD) is a political party in Panama founded in 1979 by General Omar Torrijos.

Arnulfo Arias in 1968.

Arnulfo Arias

Panamanian politician, medical doctor, and writer who served as the President of Panama from 1940 to 1941, again from 1949 to 1951, and finally for 11 days in October 1968.

Panamanian politician, medical doctor, and writer who served as the President of Panama from 1940 to 1941, again from 1949 to 1951, and finally for 11 days in October 1968.

Arnulfo Arias in 1968.

In 1925, Arias returned to Panama and assumed leadership of the nationalistic organization Patriotic Communal Action.