Panama Canal Railway

Panama RailroadPanama RailwayPanama Railroad CompanyPanama Railroad Steamship Companyisthmus railwayPacific TerminalPanama Canal RailroadPanama Canal Railway CompanyPanama Rail RoadPanama Railway Company
The Panama Canal Railway (Ferrocarril de Panamá) is a railway line linking the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean in Central America.wikipedia
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Panama City

PanamaCiudad de PanamáPanama City, Panama
The route stretches 47.6 mi across the Isthmus of Panama from Colón (Atlantic) to Balboa (Pacific, near Panama City).
One year before the start of the California Gold Rush, the Panama Railroad Company was formed, but the railroad did not begin full operation until 1855.

Colón, Panama

ColónColonAspinwall
The route stretches 47.6 mi across the Isthmus of Panama from Colón (Atlantic) to Balboa (Pacific, near Panama City).
The city was founded by the United States in 1850, as the Atlantic terminal of the Panama Railroad, then under construction to meet the demand during the California Gold Rush for a fast route to California.

Panama Canal

canalPanamaCanal Zone
Opened in 1855, the railway preceded the Panama Canal by half a century; the ship canal was later constructed parallel to the railway. The construction of the Panama Canal was envisioned by John Frank Stevens, chief American railroad construction engineer, as a huge earthmoving project using the extended railroad system.
The United States initiated construction in 1850 of the Panama Railroad (now called the Panama Railway) to cross the isthmus and it opened in 1855.

William Henry Aspinwall

William H. AspinwallAspinwallAspinwalls
William H. Aspinwall, the man who had won the bid for the building and operating the Pacific mail steamships, conceived a plan to construct a railway across the isthmus.
William Henry Aspinwall (December 16, 1807 – January 18, 1875) was a prominent American businessman who was a partner in the merchant firm of Howland & Aspinwall and was a co-founder of both the Pacific Mail Steamship Company and Panama Canal Railway companies which revolutionized the migration of goods and people to the Western coast of the United States.

Kansas City Southern (company)

Kansas City Southern
Since 1998 it has been jointly owned by Kansas City Southern and Mi-Jack Products and leased to the government of Panama.
In addition to KCSM, international holdings include a 50% interest in Panama Canal Railway Company (1998), which operates the Panama Canal Railway.

Chagres and Fort San Lorenzo

San LorenzoChagresSan Lorenzo el Real Chagres
President Bolívar of La Gran Colombia (Venezuela, Ecuador, Panama, Colombia) commissioned a study into the possibility of building a railway from Chagres (on the Chagres River) to the town of Panama City.
Although the advent of steamboat service on the Chagres River had, by 1853, shortened the time required to cross the isthmus from several days to about twelve hours, the 1855 completion of the Panama Railway further reduced the transcontinental travel time to about three hours.

California Gold Rush

Gold RushForty-Niners49er
The principal incentive for the United States to build the rail line was the vast increase in passenger and freight traffic to California following the 1849 California Gold Rush.
The Panama Railway, spanning the Isthmus of Panama, was finished in 1855.

George Law (financier)

George LawGeorge Law Sr.
In early 1850, George Law, owner of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, bought up the options of the land from the mouth of the Chagres River to the end of Navy Bay in order to force the directors of the new Panama Railroad to give him a position on the board of the company.
Impressed by the returns from the short amount of line of William Henry Aspinwall's Panama Railway, he acquired a large interest in the project in 1852.

George Totten

George Totten and John Trautwine initially submitted one of the winning bids.
He was also the chief engineer of the Panama Railroad with John Trautwine.

Balboa, Panama

BalboaBalboa, Canal ZoneBalboa, Panama Canal Zone
The route stretches 47.6 mi across the Isthmus of Panama from Colón (Atlantic) to Balboa (Pacific, near Panama City).
Balboa has a multimodal (ship-to-train) terminal, called the Pacific Terminal, connected to Colón by the Panama Canal Railway.

Pacific Mail Steamship Company

Pacific MailPacific Mail SSCPacific Mail Steamship
In early 1850, George Law, owner of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, bought up the options of the land from the mouth of the Chagres River to the end of Navy Bay in order to force the directors of the new Panama Railroad to give him a position on the board of the company.
SS Columbus (1851–1854): Sailed from New York on February 12, 1850 and arrived San Francisco June 6, 1850. Sold to the Pacific Mail Steamship Company in 1851, it operated on the San Francisco to Panama City route until 1854. Chartered to the U. S. Navy for a while in 1854 she was then sold to the Panama Railroad Company and operated on the west coast of Central America.

David Hoadley (businessman)

David HoadleyDavid
Among the key individuals in building the railway were William H. Aspinwall, David Hoadley, George Muirson Totten, and John Lloyd Stephens.
He is best known for taking over the Panama Railway in November 1851 as the company faced bankruptcy while attempting to build a railroad across the Isthmus of Panama.

John Lloyd Stephens

StephensStephens, John Lloyd
Among the key individuals in building the railway were William H. Aspinwall, David Hoadley, George Muirson Totten, and John Lloyd Stephens.
Stephens was a pivotal figure in the rediscovery of Maya civilization throughout Middle America and in the planning of the Panama railroad.

Gatún

Gatun
After almost 20 months of work, the Panama Railroad had laid about 8 mi of track and had spent about $1,000,000 to cross the swamps to Gatún.
After 1869, with the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States, traffic on the Panama Railroad decreased and the town’s main role was as a river trading post for bananas and other crops grown inland and brought by barge to be transported to larger markets by rail.

John Trautwine

JC TRAUTWINE
George Totten and John Trautwine initially submitted one of the winning bids.
He later executed surveys for the Panama Railway in 1850, for the Lackawanna and Lanesborough Railway in Susquehanna County, Pa., in 1856, and for a railway route across Honduras in 1857.

Rail transport in Panama

Panamarailroads
Rail transport in Panama
Since 2008, the only functioning railroad in Panama has been the Panama Canal Railway, operated by the Panama Canal Railway Company, successor of Panama Railway, which provides passenger and freight service between Panama City (on the Pacific coast) and Colón (on the Atlantic coast).

Kansas City Southern Railway

Kansas City SouthernKCSKansas City Southern Railroad
On June 19, 1998, the government of Panama had turned over control to the private Panama Canal Railway Company (PCRC), a joint venture between the Kansas City Southern Railroad and privately held Lanigan Holdings, LLC.
On June 19, 1998 the government of Panama turned over control of the Panama Canal Railway to Kansas City Southern Railroad and the privately held Lanigan Holdings, LLC.

Panama Canal Zone

Canal ZoneC.Z.Panama
Panama Canal Zone
The resulting Mallarino–Bidlack Treaty allowed the United States to intervene militarily to ensure that the interoceanic road (and when it was built, the Panama Railroad as well) would not be disrupted.

Trams in Panama

Panama Tramways CompanyTram in Panama City
Tramways of Panama
The Panama Railroad was operating between Colón and Panama City by 1855.

John Frank Stevens

John F. StevensJohn StevensStevens
The construction of the Panama Canal was envisioned by John Frank Stevens, chief American railroad construction engineer, as a huge earthmoving project using the extended railroad system.
Reflecting his background, he saw the early stage of the canal project itself as primarily a problem in railroad engineering, which included rebuilding the Panama Railway and devising a rail-based system for disposing of the soil from the excavations.

Transcontinental railroad

transcontinentaltranscontinental railwaytranscontinental rail line
Referred to as an when it opened, it was later also described by some as representing a "transcontinental" railroad, despite transversing only the narrow isthmus connecting the North and South American continents.
The first railroad to directly connect two oceans (although not by crossing a broad "continental" land mass ) was the Panama Rail Road.

Manzanillo International Terminal

ManzanilloManzanillo IslandPAMIT
Two container handling terminals were created: on the Atlantic side, near Manzanillo International Terminal (Colón), and the Pacific Intermodal Terminal near Balboa Harbour.
The Atlantic terminus of the re-built Panama Canal Railway was constructed nearby.

Commuter rail

commuter traincommutersuburban rail
While the main purpose of the train is as a commuter rail for those living in Panama City and working in Colon, it has also become a popular tourist excursion.
Mexico City's Suburban Railway of the Valley of Mexico Metropolitan Area, Toronto's GO Transit rail services, the Havana Suburban Railway, the Panama Canal Railway and Costa Rica's Tren Urbano de Costa Rica are examples of North American commuter rail systems outside of the United States.

Double-stack rail transport

double-stackdouble stackdouble stack container trains
A train is composed of double-stack bulkhead-type rail cars, typically containing 75 containers, a mix of 60 × 40' and 15 × 20' containers.
🇵🇦 Panama - The rebuilt Panama Canal Railway operates double-stack container trains 47.6 miles (76.6 km) across the Isthmus of Panama from Colón on the Atlantic Ocean, to Balboa on the Pacific, near Panama City.