pantherPanthersbig catpantherine(jaguar)cateponymous felinegreat catsHyoupanther-like
Panthera is a genus within the family Felidae that was named and described by Lorenz Oken in 1816 who placed all the spotted cats in this group.wikipedia
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tigersPanthera tigristigress
leo), tiger (P.
The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest species among the Felidae and classified in the genus Panthera.


Panthera oncajaguarsYaguareté
tigris), jaguar (P.
The jaguar (Panthera onca) is a large felid species and the only extant member of the genus Panthera native to the Americas.


leopardsPanthera parduspanther
onca), and leopard (P.
The leopard or panther (Panthera pardus) is one of the five extant species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae.


wild catfelidfeline
Panthera is a genus within the family Felidae that was named and described by Lorenz Oken in 1816 who placed all the spotted cats in this group.
Pantherinae includes five Panthera and two Neofelis species, while Felinae includes the other 34 species in ten genera.

Snow leopard

snow leopardsPanthera unciaUncia uncia
Results of genetic analysis indicate that the snow leopard (formerly Uncia uncia) also belongs to the Panthera (''P.
Since phylogenetic studies revealed the relationships among Panthera species, it is considered a member of this genus.

Roar (vocalization)

roarroaringRoar (utterance)
The tiger, lion, leopard, and jaguar are the only cat species with the anatomical structure that enables them to roar.
These include big cats, bears, gorillas, howler monkeys, hammer-headed bats, elephants, some bovids, red deer, and some pinnipeds.

Panthera blytheae

Panthera blytheae, the oldest known Panthera species, exhibits similar skull features as the snow leopard.
Panthera blytheae is an extinct species of the genus Panthera that is thought to have existed during the late Messinian to early Zanclean ages approximately 5.95–4.1 million years ago.

Panthera spelaea

cave lioncave lionsEurasian cave lion
atrox) is a sister lineage to P. spelaea'' that diverged about.
Panthera spelaea, also known as the Eurasian cave lion, European cave lion, or steppe lion, is an extinct Panthera species that evolved in Europe probably after the third Cromerian interglacial stage, less than 600,000 years ago.

Black panther

PantherPanthersblack leopard
Black panthers do not form a distinct species, but are melanistic specimens of the genus, most often encountered in the leopard and jaguar.
A black panther is the melanistic colour variant of any Panthera species.

Caspian tiger

Panthera tigris virgatatigerPersian tiger
In 1929, Reginald Innes Pocock subordinated the tiger to the genus Panthera.


Genetic studies indicate that the pantherine cats diverged from the subfamily Felinae between six and ten million years ago.
Pocock originally defined the Pantherinae as comprising the genera Panthera and Uncia.

Sumatran tiger

Sumatran tigersSumatrantiger
The genus Panthera was proposed by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1929 who described a skin and a skull of a tiger specimen from Sumatra using the name Panthera tigris sumatrae.

Javan tiger

Javanese tigerP. t. sondaicatiger
In 1929, the British taxonomist Reginald Innes Pocock subordinated the tiger under the genus Panthera using the scientific name Panthera tigris.

Panthera youngi

P. youngi
Panthera youngi is a fossil cat species that was described in 1934; remains were excavated in a Sinanthropus formation in Choukoutien, northeastern China.

Panthera gombaszoegensis

European jaguarEuropean jaguars
The prehistoric Panthera onca gombaszogensis, often called the European jaguar, is probably closely related to the modern jaguar.
Panthera gombaszoegensis, also known as the European jaguar, is a Panthera species that lived about 1.95−1.77 million years ago in Europe.

Panthera balamoides

P. balamoides
Panthera balamoides is an extinct species of the genus Panthera that lived in the Yucatan Peninsula during the Pleistocene.

Panthera leo fossilis

cave lionP. fossiliscave lions
Panthera leo fossilis is a fossil cat of the genus Panthera, which was first excavated near Mauer in Germany, and lived during the Upper Pleistocene.

Tuscany lion

Panthera toscana
The Tuscany lion (Panthera toscana), or Tuscany jaguar, was a prehistoric large feline of the Villafranchian of Italy.

Panthera palaeosinensis

Recent studies place it close to the base of the genus Panthera.

Panthera hybrid

Panthera'' hybridJaglionLipard
A Panthera hybrid is a crossbreed between any of four species—tiger, lion, jaguar and leopard—in captivity.

Panthera crassidens

crassidens'' do not represent a genuine species, and instead belong to some other form of big cat.


generageneric namegeneric
Panthera is a genus within the family Felidae that was named and described by Lorenz Oken in 1816 who placed all the spotted cats in this group.