Pantherinae

pantherinepantherinesPantherpantherine catsPantheriniPanthersbig catsRoyal Panthers
Pantherinae is a subfamily within the family Felidae, which was named and first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1917.wikipedia
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Felidae

wild catfelidfeline
Pantherinae is a subfamily within the family Felidae, which was named and first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1917.
Reginald Innes Pocock divided the extant Felidae into three subfamilies: the Pantherinae, the Felinae and the Acinonychinae, differing from each other by the ossification of the hyoid apparatus and by the cutaneous sheaths which protect their claws.

Felinae

felinefelinessmall wild cat
The area between the nostrils is narrow and not extended sidewards as in the Felinae.
The Felinae and Pantherinae probably diverged about 11.5 million years ago.

Panthera

pantherPanthersbig cat
Pocock originally defined the Pantherinae as comprising the genera Panthera and Uncia.
Genetic studies indicate that the pantherine cats diverged from the subfamily Felinae between six and ten million years ago.

Clouded leopard

Neofelis nebulosaclouded leopardsleopard
The clouded leopard is considered to form an evolutionary link between the Pantherinae and the Felinae.

American lion

Panthera atroxlionsan extinct North American lion
The American lion (Panthera atrox) is an extinct pantherine cat that lived in North America during the Pleistocene epoch about 340,000 to 11,000 years ago.

Panthera zdanskyi

Longdan tiger
Panthera zdanskyi, also known as the Longdan tiger, is an extinct pantherine species that is seen as a close relative of the modern tiger.

List of felids

Felidae comprises two subfamilies, the Pantherinae and the Felinae.

Reginald Innes Pocock

PocockR. I. PocockReginald Pocock
Pantherinae is a subfamily within the family Felidae, which was named and first described by Reginald Innes Pocock in 1917.

Genetic divergence

divergeddivergencegenetically divergent
The Pantherinae and the Felinae diverged from a common ancestor between 10.8 and 11.5 million years ago.

Common descent

common ancestorcommon ancestryapical ancestor
The Pantherinae and the Felinae diverged from a common ancestor between 10.8 and 11.5 million years ago.

Ossification

ossifiedbone formationosteogenic
The members of the Pantherinae have an imperfectly ossified suspensorium of the hyoid apparatus.

Hyoid apparatus

The members of the Pantherinae have an imperfectly ossified suspensorium of the hyoid apparatus.

Tendon

tendonssinewtendinous
It is connected to the base of the base skull by an elastic tendon, which provides mobility to the larynx.

Larynx

laryngealvoice boxlaryngologist
It is connected to the base of the base skull by an elastic tendon, which provides mobility to the larynx.

Vocal cords

vocal foldsvocal cordvocal fold
They have a single rounded vocal fold with a thick mucosal lining, a large vocalis muscle and a large cricothyroid muscle with long and narrow membranes.

Mucous membrane

mucosamucous membranesmucosal
They have a single rounded vocal fold with a thick mucosal lining, a large vocalis muscle and a large cricothyroid muscle with long and narrow membranes.

Thyroarytenoid muscle

vocalis musclethyroarytenoidThyroarytenoid muscles
They have a single rounded vocal fold with a thick mucosal lining, a large vocalis muscle and a large cricothyroid muscle with long and narrow membranes.

Cricothyroid muscle

cricothyroidCricothyreoideusthyroid lamina
They have a single rounded vocal fold with a thick mucosal lining, a large vocalis muscle and a large cricothyroid muscle with long and narrow membranes.

Roar (vocalization)

roarroaringRoar (utterance)
This structure of the larynx enables them to roar.

Rhinarium

nose padrhinariatip of the nose
Their rhinarium is flat and, at most, only barely reaches the dorsal side of the nose.

Nostril

naresnaricornsnostrils
The area between the nostrils is narrow and not extended sidewards as in the Felinae.

DNA

deoxyribonucleic aciddouble-stranded DNAdsDNA
DNA analysis suggests that the snow leopard Uncia uncia is basal to the entire Pantherinae and should be renamed Panthera uncia.

Basal (phylogenetics)

basalbasalmostprimitive
DNA analysis suggests that the snow leopard Uncia uncia is basal to the entire Pantherinae and should be renamed Panthera uncia.

Snow leopard

snow leopardsPanthera unciaUncia uncia
DNA analysis suggests that the snow leopard Uncia uncia is basal to the entire Pantherinae and should be renamed Panthera uncia.

Year

myaMay
The oldest known skull, dated to 2.16 to 2.55 mya, belongs to the Longdan tiger (Panthera zdanskyi), which is seen as a sister species to the modern tiger.