Water-soluble B vitamin and therefore an essential nutrient.- Pantothenic acid
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Organic molecule that is an essential micronutrient which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism.
Some sources list fourteen vitamins, by including choline, but major health organizations list thirteen: vitamin A (as all-trans-retinol, all-trans-retinyl-esters, as well as all-trans-beta-carotene and other provitamin A carotenoids), vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin), vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B7 (biotin), vitamin B9 (folic acid or folate), vitamin B12 (cobalamins), vitamin C (ascorbic acid), vitamin D (calciferols), vitamin E (tocopherols and tocotrienols), and vitamin K (phylloquinone and menaquinones).
Molecule that participates in many biochemical reactions in protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
Coenzyme A (CoASH or CoA) consists of a β-mercaptoethylamine group linked to the vitamin pantothenic acid (B5) through an amide linkage and 3'-phosphorylated ADP.
B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism and synthesis of red blood cells.
Vitamin Bx: an alternative name for both pABA (see vitamin B10) and pantothenic acid.
Naturally occurring beta amino acid, which is an amino acid in which the amino group is attached to the β-carbon (i.e. the carbon two atoms away from the carboxylate group) instead of the more usual α-carbon for alanine (α-alanine).
It is a component of the peptides carnosine and anserine and also of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), which itself is a component of coenzyme A.
Coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids, and the oxidation of pyruvate in the citric acid cycle.
In humans, CoA biosynthesis requires cysteine, pantothenate (vitamin B5), and adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Humans require thirteen vitamins in their diet, most of which are actually groups of related molecules (e.g. vitamin E includes tocopherols and tocotrienols): vitamins A, C, D, E, K, thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), vitamin B6 (e.g., pyridoxine), biotin (B7), folate (B9), and cobalamin (B12).
"Tingling" and "Pins and needles" redirect here.
Vitamin B5 deficiency
Alpha hydroxy acid with the formula HOCH2C2CH(OH)CO2H.
The amide of pantoic acid with β-alanine is pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), a component of coenzyme A.
Amino acids are organic compounds that contain amino (\sNH3+) and carboxylate (\sCO2-) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.
A rare exception to the dominance of α-amino acids in biology is the β-amino acid beta alanine (3-aminopropanoic acid), which is used in plants and microorganisms in the synthesis of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), a component of coenzyme A.
Panthenol (also called pantothenol) is the alcohol analog of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), and is thus a provitamin of B5.