Papua New Guinea

Papua-New GuineaPapua New GuineanPNGNew GuineaIndependent State of Papua New GuineaPapuanPapuaPapua, New GuineaPapua New-GuineaPG
Papua New Guinea (PNG;, also ; Papua Niugini; Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini; Independen Stet bilong Papua Niu Gini), is a sovereign state in Oceania that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.wikipedia
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New Guinea

PapuaIrianPapua New Guinean
Papua New Guinea (PNG;, also ; Papua Niugini; Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini; Independen Stet bilong Papua Niu Gini), is a sovereign state in Oceania that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
The eastern half of the island is the major land mass of the independent state of Papua New Guinea.

Port Moresby

Port Moresby, Papua New GuineaPort MorsebyHohola
Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby.
Port Moresby (Tok Pisin: Pot Mosbi), also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea and the largest city in the South Pacific outside of Australia and New Zealand.

Western New Guinea

West PapuaIrian JayaPapua
The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.
Lying to the west of the independent state of Papua New Guinea, it is the only Indonesian territory to be situated in Oceania.

Papua (province)

PapuaPapua ProvincePapua, Indonesia
The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.
It is bordered by the state of Papua New Guinea to the east, the province of West Papua to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the north, and the Arafura Sea to the south.

Oceania

South PacificPacificSouthwest Pacific
Papua New Guinea (PNG;, also ; Papua Niugini; Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini; Independen Stet bilong Papua Niu Gini), is a sovereign state in Oceania that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
Portuguese navigators, between 1512 and 1526, reached the Tanimbar Islands, some of the Caroline Islands and west Papua New Guinea.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.
The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia.

Melanesia

Geography of MelanesiaHistory of MelanesiaMelanesian
Papua New Guinea (PNG;, also ; Papua Niugini; Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini; Independen Stet bilong Papua Niu Gini), is a sovereign state in Oceania that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
The region includes the four independent countries of Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Fiji, and Papua New Guinea, as well as the French special collectivity of New Caledonia, and the Indonesian region of Western New Guinea.

Commonwealth realm

Commonwealth realmsrealmsCommonwealth
It became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1975 with Elizabeth II as its queen.
As of 2019, there are 16 Commonwealth realms: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, and the United Kingdom.

Languages of Papua New Guinea

Main languages Mengen language3
There are 851 known languages in the country, of which 11 now have no known speakers.
These languages are spoken by the tribal groups inhabiting Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.

Autonomous Region of Bougainville

BougainvilleBougainville ProvinceNorth Solomons Province
Local and national governments are discussing the potential of resuming mining operations at the Panguna mine in Bougainville Province, which has been closed since the civil war in the 1980s–1990s.
Bougainville, officially the Autonomous Region of Bougainville and previously known as North Solomons, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea.

West Papua (province)

West PapuaWest Papua provincePapua Barat
The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.
West Papua has a medium Human Development Index, which is higher than that of Papua New Guinea, but it remains the second lowest among Indonesia's 34 provinces.

Pacific Ocean

PacificSouth PacificWestern Pacific
Papua New Guinea (PNG;, also ; Papua Niugini; Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini; Independen Stet bilong Papua Niu Gini), is a sovereign state in Oceania that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
Sailing around and east of the Moluccas, between 1525 and 1527, Portuguese expeditions discovered the Caroline Islands, the Aru Islands, and Papua New Guinea.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
With the Papua Act 1905, the UK transferred this territory to the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia, which took on its administration.
The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.

Bougainville Island

BougainvilleBouganvilleBuin
A secessionist revolt in 1975–76 on Bougainville Island resulted in an eleventh-hour modification of the draft Constitution of Papua New Guinea to allow for Bougainville and the other eighteen districts to have quasi-federal status as provinces.
Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea.

Austronesian languages

AustronesianAustronesian languageAustronesian language family
A major migration of Austronesian-speaking peoples to coastal regions of New Guinea took place around 500 BC.
However, extreme inventories are also found, such as Nemi (New Caledonia) with 43 consonants, or Northwest Mekeo (Papua New Guinea) with only 7 consonants.

Law of Papua New Guinea

Constitution of Papua New GuineaconstitutionPapua New Guinea
A secessionist revolt in 1975–76 on Bougainville Island resulted in an eleventh-hour modification of the draft Constitution of Papua New Guinea to allow for Bougainville and the other eighteen districts to have quasi-federal status as provinces.
The law of Papua New Guinea consists of the Constitution, ordinary statutes enacted by Parliament or adopted at Independence from overseas (together with their pendant regulations) and judge-made law.

List of island countries

island countryIsland countriesList of island countries by area
It is the world's 3rd largest island country with 462840 km2.

Bougainville Civil War

civil warBougainville conflict1988 revolt
A renewed uprising on Bougainville started in 1988 and claimed 20,000 lives until it was resolved in 1997.
The Bougainville Civil War, also known as the Bougainville conflict, was a multi-layered armed conflict fought from 1988 to 1998 in the North Solomons Province of Papua New Guinea (PNG) between PNG and the secessionist forces of the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), and between the BRA and other armed groups on Bougainville.

James Tanis

James Tanis won that election in December 2008 and served until the inauguration of John Momis, the winner of the 2010 elections.
) is a politician in Papua New Guinea who was elected President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in 2008 following the death of Joseph Kabui while in office, serving the remainder of the term from 2009 to 2010.

Territory of Papua and New Guinea

Papua and New GuineaTerritory of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea
After World War II and the victory of the Allies, the two territories were combined into the Territory of Papua and New Guinea.
In 1972, the name of the Territory changed to "Papua New Guinea" and in 1975 it became the Independent State of Papua New Guinea.

German New Guinea

New GuineaGerman MicronesiaDeutsch-Neuguinea
In the nineteenth century, Germany ruled the northern half of the country for some decades, beginning in 1884, as a colony named German New Guinea.
The mainland part of German New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago and the North Solomon Islands are now part of Papua New Guinea.

Subsistence agriculture

subsistence farmingsubsistence farmerssubsistence
Most of the people still live in strong traditional social groups based on farming.
Subsistence horticulture may have developed independently in South East Asia and Papua New Guinea.

Solomon Islands

SolomonsSolomon IslandSolomon
Papua New Guinea (and the Solomon Islands) are unusual among Commonwealth realms in that governors-general are elected by the legislature, rather than chosen by the executive branch.
Solomon Islands is a sovereign state consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of 28400 km2.

Cabinet of Papua New Guinea

CabinetFirst Marape CabinetCabinet Minister
The Prime Minister heads the cabinet, which consists of 31 MPs from the ruling coalition, which make up the government.
The Cabinet of Papua New Guinea functions as the policy and decision-making body of the executive branch within the government system of Papua New Guinea.

Bob Dadae

Robert DadaeGrand Chief Sir Bob DadaeSir Bob Dadae
The monarch is represented by the Governor-General of Papua New Guinea, currently Bob Dadae.
Sir Bob Dadae, (born 8 March 1961) is a Papua New Guinean politician who is the tenth and current Governor-General of Papua New Guinea.