Paramount leader

Informal term for the most prominent political leader in China.

- Paramount leader

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Mao Zedong

History of the People's Republic of China

The history of the People's Republic of China details the history of mainland China since 1 October 1949, when Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China (PRC) from atop Tiananmen, after a near complete victory (1949) by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in the Chinese Civil War.

The history of the People's Republic of China details the history of mainland China since 1 October 1949, when Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China (PRC) from atop Tiananmen, after a near complete victory (1949) by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in the Chinese Civil War.

Mao Zedong
People were required to produce more steel during the Great Leap Forward.
Red Guards on Tiananmen Square during the Cultural Revolution (1967).
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Deng Xiaoping and Jimmy Carter at the arrival ceremony for the Vice Premier of China.
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Xiamen, one of the first special economic zones of China.
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Zhao Ziyang, a leading reformist, was assigned by Deng to take charge of the political reforms since 1986. However, he was forced to leave his position as the General Secretary of CCP after the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre, while the majority of the planned political reforms (after 1986) ended drastically.
The 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, which was ended by a military-led massacre.
Deng Xiaoping and Jimmy Carter in 1979.
Jiang Zemin
On 10 November 2001, the Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Doha approved China's entry into the WTO.
Hu Jintao
The 2008 Beijing Olympics
Xi Jinping
The 2019 Hong Kong protests

The paramount leaders have been Mao Zedong (1949-1976); Hua Guofeng (1976-1978); Deng Xiaoping (1978-1989); Jiang Zemin (1989-2002); Hu Jintao (2002-2012); and Xi Jinping (2012 to present).

Orders of precedence in China

Ranking of political leaders in China for the purposes of event protocol and to arrange the ordering of names in official news bulletins, both written and televised.

Ranking of political leaders in China for the purposes of event protocol and to arrange the ordering of names in official news bulletins, both written and televised.

Individuals can hold multiple top leadership titles but also be unable to claim to be the de facto head as was the case with Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party Hua Guofeng, when "paramount leader" Deng Xiaoping was present.

Joe Biden, as the US President, is the de facto leader of the Democratic Party.

Party leader

In a governmental system, a party leader acts as the official representative of their political party, either to a legislature or to the electorate.

In a governmental system, a party leader acts as the official representative of their political party, either to a legislature or to the electorate.

Joe Biden, as the US President, is the de facto leader of the Democratic Party.

The leaders of communist parties often hold the title of general secretary (e.g. General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party) and the officeholder is usually considered the paramount leader of China.