Paranormal

paranormal phenomenaparanormal activityparanormal researchphenomenaparanormal phenomenonparanormal researcherpsychology of paranormal beliefParanormal Eventsthe paranormaladvocates of the paranormal
Paranormal events are purported phenomena described in popular culture, folk, and other non-scientific bodies of knowledge, whose existence within these contexts is described as beyond normal experience or scientific explanation.wikipedia
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Ghost hunting

paranormal investigatorghost huntersghost hunter
Notable paranormal beliefs include those that pertain to extrasensory perception (for example, telepathy), spiritualism and the pseudosciences of ghost hunting, cryptozoology, and ufology. The participant-observer approach to the paranormal has gained increased visibility and popularity through reality television programs like Ghost Hunters, and the formation of independent ghost hunting groups that advocate immersive research at alleged paranormal locations.
Typically, a ghost-hunting team will attempt to collect evidence supporting the existence of paranormal activity.

Telepathy

telepathictelepathtelepathically
Notable paranormal beliefs include those that pertain to extrasensory perception (for example, telepathy), spiritualism and the pseudosciences of ghost hunting, cryptozoology, and ufology.
As the physical sciences made significant advances, scientific concepts were applied to mental phenomena (e.g., animal magnetism), with the hope that this would help to understand paranormal phenomena.

Levitation (paranormal)

levitationlevitatelevitating
Reported events that he collected include teleportation (a term Fort is generally credited with coining); poltergeist events; falls of frogs, fishes, and inorganic materials of an amazing range; crop circles; unaccountable noises and explosions; spontaneous fires; levitation; ball lightning (a term explicitly used by Fort); unidentified flying objects; mysterious appearances and disappearances; giant wheels of light in the oceans; and animals found outside their normal ranges (see phantom cat).
Levitation or transvection in the paranormal context is the rising of a human body and other objects into the air by mystical means or meditation.

Wild Talents

From this research Fort wrote seven books, though only four survive: The Book of the Damned (1919), New Lands (1923), Lo! (1931) and Wild Talents (1932); one book was written between New Lands and Lo!, but it was abandoned and absorbed into Lo!
Wild Talents, published in 1932, is the fourth and final non-fiction book by the author Charles Fort, known for his writing on the paranormal.

Out-of-place artifact

OOPArtsOOPArtout-of-place artefact
He offered many reports of OOPArts, the abbreviation for "out of place" artefacts: strange items found in unlikely locations.
The term is used largely by cryptozoologists, proponents of ancient astronaut theories, young Earth creationists, and paranormal enthusiasts.

Skeptical movement

scientific skepticismskepticscientific skeptic
This section deals with various approaches to the paranormal: anecdotal, experimental, and participant-observer approaches and the skeptical investigation approach.
It is closely associated with skeptical investigation or rational inquiry of controversial topics (compare list of topics characterized as pseudoscience) such as U.F.O.s, claimed paranormal phenomena, cryptids, conspiracy theories, alternative medicine, religion, or exploratory or fringe areas of scientific or pseudoscientific research.

Bigfoot

SasquatchGrassmanBig Foot
Cryptozoology is a pseudoscience and subculture that aims to prove the existence of entities from the folklore record, such as Bigfoot, chupacabras, or Mokele-mbembe.
Tom Biscardi is a long-time Bigfoot enthusiast and CEO of Searching for Bigfoot Inc. He appeared on the Coast to Coast AM paranormal radio show on July 14, 2005 and said that he was "98% sure that his group will be able to capture a Bigfoot which they had been tracking in the Happy Camp, California area."

Committee for Skeptical Inquiry

CSICOPCommittee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the ParanormalCommittee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI)
Criticisms of the field were focused in the founding of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (1976), now called the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, and its periodical, Skeptical Inquirer. Richard Wiseman, of The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, draws attention to possible alternative explanations for perceived paranormal activity in his article, The Haunted Brain.
Paul Kurtz proposed the establishment of CSICOP in 1976 as an independent non-profit organization (before merging with CFI as one of its programs in 2015 ), to counter what he regarded as an uncritical acceptance of, and support for, paranormal claims by both the media and society in general.

James Randi

Randi, JamesJames "The Amazing" RandiRandi
James Randi, an investigator with a background in illusion, feels that the simplest explanation for those claiming paranormal abilities is often trickery, illustrated by demonstrating that the spoon bending abilities of psychic Uri Geller can easily be duplicated by trained stage magicians.
James Randi (born Randall James Hamilton Zwinge; August 7, 1928) is a Canadian-American retired stage magician and a scientific skeptic who has extensively challenged paranormal and pseudoscientific claims.

The Book of the Damned

Book of the Damned
From this research Fort wrote seven books, though only four survive: The Book of the Damned (1919), New Lands (1923), Lo! (1931) and Wild Talents (1932); one book was written between New Lands and Lo!, but it was abandoned and absorbed into Lo!
Fort was one of the first major writers to deal extensively with paranormal phenomena.

Terence Hines

Hines, Terence
On the classification of paranormal subjects, Terence Hines in his book Pseudoscience and the Paranormal (2003) wrote:
Hines is the author of the book Pseudoscience and the Paranormal, which mostly focuses on pseudoscience and the paranormal within the United States.

Charles Fort

ForteanForteanaanomalous phenomena
Charles Fort (1874–1932) is perhaps the best-known collector of paranormal anecdotes.
Examples of the odd phenomena in Fort's books include many occurrences of the sort variously referred to as occult, supernatural, and paranormal.

Anomalistic psychology

Anomalistic Psychology Research Unitnon-paranormal
In anomalistic psychology, paranormal phenomena have naturalistic explanations resulting from psychological and physical factors which have sometimes given the impression of paranormal activity to some people, in fact, where there have been none.
In psychology, anomalistic psychology is the study of human behaviour and experience connected with what is often called the paranormal, with the assumption that there is nothing paranormal involved.

Spoon bending

metal bendingspoon-benderspoon-bending
James Randi, an investigator with a background in illusion, feels that the simplest explanation for those claiming paranormal abilities is often trickery, illustrated by demonstrating that the spoon bending abilities of psychic Uri Geller can easily be duplicated by trained stage magicians.
Spoon bending attracted considerable media attention in the 1970s when some people claimed to have the ability to cause such events by paranormal psychic means.

Supernatural

supernaturalismsupernatural powersspiritual
He is also the founder of the James Randi Educational Foundation and its million dollar challenge that offered a prize of US$1,000,000 to anyone who could demonstrate evidence of any paranormal, supernatural or occult power or event, under test conditions agreed to by both parties.
The supernatural is featured in occult and religious contexts, but can also feature as an explanation in more secular contexts, as in the cases of superstitions or belief in the paranormal.

One Million Dollar Paranormal Challenge

$1 million prizemillion dollar challengeone million dollars
He is also the founder of the James Randi Educational Foundation and its million dollar challenge that offered a prize of US$1,000,000 to anyone who could demonstrate evidence of any paranormal, supernatural or occult power or event, under test conditions agreed to by both parties.
James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF) to pay out one million U.S. dollars to anyone who could demonstrate a supernatural or paranormal ability under agreed-upon scientific testing criteria.

Ghost Hunters (TV series)

Ghost HuntersAmy BruniUFO Hunters
The participant-observer approach to the paranormal has gained increased visibility and popularity through reality television programs like Ghost Hunters, and the formation of independent ghost hunting groups that advocate immersive research at alleged paranormal locations.
Jason Hawes and Grant Wilson, along with other team members who belong to the group they founded, The Atlantic Paranormal Society (TAPS), investigate locations of interest by using various electronic equipment, which they believe is capable of detecting paranormal activity.

James Randi Educational Foundation

JREF James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF)James Randi Education Foundation
He is also the founder of the James Randi Educational Foundation and its million dollar challenge that offered a prize of US$1,000,000 to anyone who could demonstrate evidence of any paranormal, supernatural or occult power or event, under test conditions agreed to by both parties.
The JREF's mission includes educating the public and the media on the dangers of accepting unproven claims, and to support research into paranormal claims in controlled scientific experimental conditions.

Michael Persinger

Persinger, Michael A.Tectonic strain theory
Michael Persinger proposed that ghostly experiences could be explained by stimulating the brain with weak magnetic fields.
He argued that all phenomena including consciousness, spiritual experiences, and "paranormal events" can be explained by universal physical mechanisms and can be verified using the scientific method.

Coincidence

coincidencescoincidentalCoincidentally
The psychologist David Marks wrote that paranormal phenomena can be explained by magical thinking, mental imagery, subjective validation, coincidence, hidden causes, and fraud.
The perception of remarkable coincidences may lead to supernatural, occult, or paranormal claims.

Uri Geller

Uri GellarGellerFenomen med Uri Geller
James Randi, an investigator with a background in illusion, feels that the simplest explanation for those claiming paranormal abilities is often trickery, illustrated by demonstrating that the spoon bending abilities of psychic Uri Geller can easily be duplicated by trained stage magicians.
Geller has claimed his feats are the result of paranormal powers given to him by extraterrestrials, but critics such as James Randi have shown that Geller's tricks can be replicated with stage magic techniques.

Society for Psychical Research

Journal of the Society for Psychical ResearchSPRParanormal Review
A psychological study involving 174 members of the Society for Psychical Research completed a delusional ideation questionnaire and a deductive reasoning task.
Its stated purpose is to understand events and abilities commonly described as psychic or paranormal.

Richard Wiseman

Wiseman, RichardProf. Richard WisemanProfessor Richard Wiseman
Richard Wiseman, of The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, draws attention to possible alternative explanations for perceived paranormal activity in his article, The Haunted Brain.
Wiseman is known for his critical examination and frequent debunking of unusual phenomena, including reports of paranormal phenomena.

Grey alien

Greysgrey aliensGrey
Research has shown that people reporting contact with aliens have higher levels of absorption, dissociativity, fantasy proneness and tendency to hallucinate.
Grey aliens, also referred to as Zeta Reticulans, Roswell Greys, or Grays, are purported extraterrestrial beings whose existence is discussed in ufological, paranormal, and New Age communities and who are named for their unique skin color.

Ghost

ghostsapparitionwraith
In traditional ghostlore and fiction featuring ghosts, a ghost is a manifestation of the spirit or soul of a person.