Paraphilia

sexual perversionparaphiliasparaphilicsexual deviancysexual deviationsexual devianceparaphilic disorderperversionsexual deviantSexual deviations
Paraphilia (previously known as sexual perversion and sexual deviation) is the experience of intense sexual arousal to atypical objects, situations, fantasies, behaviors, or individuals.wikipedia
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Sexual fetishism

fetishsexual fetishfetishes
Such attraction may be labeled sexual fetishism.
Paraphilias such as urophilia, necrophilia and coprophilia have been described as fetishes.

DSM-5

DSM-Vmental health disordersDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
The DSM-5 has specific listings for eight paraphilic disorders.
Notable changes in the DSM-5 include the reconceptualization of Asperger syndrome from a distinct disorder to an autism spectrum disorder; the elimination of subtypes of schizophrenia; the deletion of the "bereavement exclusion" for depressive disorders; the renaming of gender identity disorder to gender dysphoria, along with a revised treatment plan; the inclusion of binge eating disorder as a discrete eating disorder; the renaming and reconceptualization of paraphilias to paraphilic disorders; the removal of the axis system; and the splitting of disorders not otherwise specified into other specified disorders and unspecified disorders.

Sexology

sexologistsexologistssex researcher
Sexologist John Money popularized the term paraphilia as a non-pejorative designation for unusual sexual interests.
Topics of study include sexual development (puberty), sexual orientation, gender identity, sexual relationships, sexual activities, paraphilias, and atypical sexual interests.

Sexual arousal

sexually arousedarousalaroused
Paraphilia (previously known as sexual perversion and sexual deviation) is the experience of intense sexual arousal to atypical objects, situations, fantasies, behaviors, or individuals.
When sexual arousal is achieved by or dependent on the use of objects, it is referred to as sexual fetishism, or in some instances a paraphilia.

John Money

Gender Identity ClinicMoney, John
Sexologist John Money popularized the term paraphilia as a non-pejorative designation for unusual sexual interests.
Money introduced the terms gender identity, gender role and sexual orientation and popularised the term paraphilia.

Kink (sexuality)

kinkkinkykinky sex
Sexologist John Money popularized the term paraphilia as a non-pejorative designation for unusual sexual interests. No consensus has been found for any precise border between unusual sexual interests and paraphilic ones.
The term "kink" has been claimed by some who practice sexual fetishism as a term or synonym for their practices, indicating a range of sexual and sexualistic practices from playful to sexual objectification and certain paraphilias.

Pedophilia

pedophilepaedophilepaedophilia
Researcher Anil Aggrawal writes that the now-obsolete DSM-I listed examples of supplementary terms for pathological behavior to include "homosexuality, transvestism, pedophilia, fetishism, and sexual sadism, including rape, sexual assault, mutilation."
Pedophilia is termed pedophilic disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), and the manual defines it as a paraphilia involving intense and recurrent sexual urges towards and fantasies about prepubescent children that have either been acted upon or which cause the person with the attraction distress or interpersonal difficulty.

Wilhelm Stekel

Wilhelm SteckelStekel
It was used with some regularity by Wilhelm Stekel in the 1920s.
He is also credited with coining the term paraphilia to replace perversion.

Perversion

pervertpervertedperverse
It is often considered derogatory, and, in psychological literature, the term paraphilia has been used as a replacement, though this term is controversial, and deviation is sometimes used in its place.

Love

Christian loveloving
The term comes from the Greek παρά (para) "beside" and φιλία (-philia) "friendship, love".
If sexual passion is also involved, then this feeling is called paraphilia.

James Cantor

A 2012 literature study by clinical psychologist James Cantor, when comparing homosexuality with paraphilias, found that both share "the features of onset and course (both homosexuality and paraphilia being life-long), but they appear to differ on sex ratio, fraternal birth order, handedness, IQ and cognitive profile, and neuroanatomy".
He is a former editor of the journal Sexual Abuse and an expert on paraphilias.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

DSM-IVDSM-IV-TRDSM
There is debate over which, if any, of the paraphilias should be listed in diagnostic manuals, such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) or the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).
For nearly half the disorders, symptoms must be sufficient to cause "clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning", although DSM-IV-TR removed the distress criterion from tic disorders and several of the paraphilias due to their egosyntonic nature.

Martin Kafka

Martin P. Kafka
Martin Kafka writes, "Sexual disorders once considered paraphilias (e.g., homosexuality) are now regarded as variants of normal sexuality."
Martin Paul Kafka (born 1947) is an American psychiatrist best known for his work on sex offenders, paraphilias and what he calls "paraphilia-related disorders" such as sex addiction and hypersexuality.

BDSM

sadomasochisticsado-masochismsado-masochistic
This negative assumption has not changed significantly which is evident in the continued inclusion of Sexual Sadism and Sexual Masochism as paraphilias in the DSM-IV-TR.

Voyeurism

voyeurvoyeuristicpeeping tom
The types of sexual deviations listed in the DSM-II were: sexual orientation disturbance (homosexuality), fetishism, pedophilia, transvestitism (sic), exhibitionism, voyeurism, sadism, masochism, and "other sexual deviation".
The American Psychiatric Association has classified certain voyeuristic fantasies, urges and behaviour patterns as a paraphilia in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) if the person has acted on these urges, or the sexual urges or fantasies cause marked distress or interpersonal difficulty.

Necrophilia

necrophilenecrophiliacnecrophilic
No definition or examples were provided for "other sexual deviation", but the general category of sexual deviation was meant to describe the sexual preference of individuals that was "directed primarily toward objects other than people of opposite sex, toward sexual acts not usually associated with coitus, or toward coitus performed under bizarre circumstances, as in necrophilia, pedophilia, sexual sadism, and fetishism."
It is classified as a paraphilia by ICD10 published by the WHO and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association.

Human sexual activity

sexual activitysexual behaviorsex
Paraphilial psychopathology is not the same as psychologically normative adult human sexual behaviors, sexual fantasy, and sex play.
Sexual activity can be regarded as conventional or as alternative, involving, for example, fetishism, paraphilia, or BDSM activities.

Zoophilia

bestialitysex with animalszoophile
The DSM-III-R (1987) renamed the broad category to sexual disorders, renamed atypical paraphilia to paraphilia NOS (not otherwise specified), renamed transvestism as transvestic fetishism, added frotteurism, and moved zoophilia to the NOS category.
Zoophilia is a paraphilia involving a sexual fixation on non-human animals.

Sexual dysfunction

sexual disorderssexualsexual problems
The DSM-III-R (1987) renamed the broad category to sexual disorders, renamed atypical paraphilia to paraphilia NOS (not otherwise specified), renamed transvestism as transvestic fetishism, added frotteurism, and moved zoophilia to the NOS category.
The term sexual disorder may not only refer to physical sexual dysfunction, but to paraphilias as well; this is sometimes termed disorder of sexual preference.

Frotteurism

Toucherismfrotteuristicfrotteurs
The DSM-III-R (1987) renamed the broad category to sexual disorders, renamed atypical paraphilia to paraphilia NOS (not otherwise specified), renamed transvestism as transvestic fetishism, added frotteurism, and moved zoophilia to the NOS category.
Frotteurism is a paraphilic interest in rubbing, usually one's pelvic area or erect penis, against a non-consenting person for sexual pleasure.

Urolagnia

golden showersurophiliawatersports
It also provided seven nonexhaustive examples of NOS paraphilias, which besides zoophilia included telephone scatologia, necrophilia, partialism, coprophilia, klismaphilia, and urophilia.
Urolagnia (also urophilia, golden shower and watersports) is a paraphilia in which sexual excitement is associated with the sight or thought of urine or urination.

Transvestic fetishism

fetishistic transvestismTransvestic disordercrossdresser
The DSM-III-R (1987) renamed the broad category to sexual disorders, renamed atypical paraphilia to paraphilia NOS (not otherwise specified), renamed transvestism as transvestic fetishism, added frotteurism, and moved zoophilia to the NOS category.
It differs from cross-dressing for entertainment or other purposes that do not involve sexual arousal, and is categorized as a paraphilia in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Sexual arousal in response to donning sex-typical clothing is homeovestism.

Friedrich Salomon Krauss

F. S. KraussFriedrich KraussFriedrich S. Krauss
Coinage of the term paraphilia (paraphilie) has been credited to Friedrich Salomon Krauss in 1903, and it entered the English language in 1913, in reference to Krauss by urologist William J. Robinson.
His research in the field of sexuality led to some conflict and in 1913 he was brought to trial in Berlin as a pornographer, but he was a correspondent of Freud and used the term paraphilia to describe certain deviant sexual practices.

-phil-

-philiaphilia-phile
The term comes from the Greek παρά (para) "beside" and φιλία (-philia) "friendship, love".

Klismaphilia

enemasin a manner of sexual gratification
It also provided seven nonexhaustive examples of NOS paraphilias, which besides zoophilia included telephone scatologia, necrophilia, partialism, coprophilia, klismaphilia, and urophilia.
Klismaphilia (or klysmaphilia), from the Greek words κλύσμα ("enema", from κατακλυσμός, "deluge, flood") and φιλία ("(fraternal) love"), is a paraphilia involving enjoyment of, and sexual arousal from, enemas.