Paratrooper

paratroopersparatroopparatroopsparachute infantryparachuteParaparachutedparadropAirborne qualifiedParachutist
A paratrooper is a military parachutist—someone trained to parachute into an operation, and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.wikipedia
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Fallschirmjäger

paratroopersGerman paratroopersGerman paratroops
The first extensive use of paratroopers (Fallschirmjäger) was by the Germans during World War II. Later in the conflict paratroopers were used extensively by the Allied Forces. Fallschirmjäger units made the first airborne invasion when invading Denmark on April 9, 1940 as part of Operation Weserübung.
Fallschirmjäger is the German word for paratroopers.

1st Parachute Battalion (Australia)

1st Parachute Battalion1st Australian Parachute Battalion
During the Second World War the Australian Army formed the 1st Parachute Battalion; however, it did not see action.
The 1st Parachute Battalion was a parachute infantry battalion of the Australian Army.

Airborne forces

airborneairborne troopsairborne infantry
A paratrooper is a military parachutist—someone trained to parachute into an operation, and usually functioning as part of an airborne force. Fallschirmjäger units made the first airborne invasion when invading Denmark on April 9, 1940 as part of Operation Weserübung.
The British established No.1 Parachute Training School at RAF Ringway near Manchester, which trained all 60,000 European paratroopers recruited by the Allies during World War II.

Static line

static-lineBasic Static Line Parachutinglifelines
The parachutes are usually deployed by a static line.
It is used to open parachutes automatically for paratroopers and novice parachutists.

Airhead

airborne landingsairheadsairhead operations
Another common use for paratroopers is to establish an airhead for landing other units, as at the Battle of Crete.
Typically, an airhead is established by helicopter-landed or paratrooper forces, and often will take place at an airport (to allow conventional transport to land later on) or at a helicopter or glider-accessible area.

Operation Dingson

Dingson
During the Invasion of Normandy, French Airborne forces fought in Britanny, (Operation Dingson, Operation Samwest).
Operation Dingson (5–18 June 1944) was an operation in the Second World War, conducted by 178 Free French paratroops of the 4th Special Air Service (SAS), commanded by Colonel Pierre-Louis Bourgoin, who jumped into German occupied France near Vannes, Morbihan, Southern Brittany, in Plumelec, on the night of 5 June 1944 (11 h 30) with Captain Pierre Marienne and 17 men, then advanced to Saint-Marcel (8–18 June).

Douglas C-47 Skytrain

C-47Douglas DakotaDakota
Cargo aircraft of the period (for example the German Ju 52 and the American C-47) being small, they rarely, if ever, jumped in groups much larger than 20 from one aircraft.
In Europe, the C-47 and a specialised paratroop variant, the C-53 Skytrooper, were used in vast numbers in the later stages of the war, particularly to tow gliders and drop paratroops.

Junkers Ju 52

Ju 52Junkers Ju 52/3mJunkers Ju 52/3mge
Cargo aircraft of the period (for example the German Ju 52 and the American C-47) being small, they rarely, if ever, jumped in groups much larger than 20 from one aircraft.
The Luftwaffe then relied on the Ju 52 for transport roles during World War II, including paratroop drops.

Air assault

airmobilevertical envelopmentair mobility
The ability of air assault to enter the battlefield from any location allows paratroopers to evade emplaced fortifications that guard from attack from a specific direction.
Moreover, air assault should not be confused with an airborne assault, which occurs when paratroopers, and their weapons and supplies, are dropped by parachute from transport aircraft, often as part of a strategic offensive operation.

Operation Samwest

Samwest
During the Invasion of Normandy, French Airborne forces fought in Britanny, (Operation Dingson, Operation Samwest).
During World War II, Operation Samwest (5–12 June 1944) was a large raid conducted by 116 Free French paratroops of the 4th Special Air Service Regiment.

Luftwaffe

German Air ForceGermanair force
Aalborg Airport played a key role acting as a refuel station for the Luftwaffe in the further invasion into Norway.
The Luftwaffe also operated Fallschirmjäger paratrooper units.

1st Parachute Division (Germany)

1st Parachute DivisionGerman 1st Parachute Division7. Flieger-Division
Hence later in the war, the 7th Air Division's Fallschirmjäger assets were re-organised and used as the core of a new series of elite Luftwaffe Infantry divisions, numbered in a series beginning with the 1st Fallschirmjäger Division.
A division of paratroopers was termed a Fallschirmjäger Division.

Paratroopers Brigade

Paratroopersparatrooper35th Paratroopers Brigade
35th Paratroopers Brigade - Has been active since 1955 and is part of Central Command
The 35th Brigade (, Hativat HaTzanhanim), also known as the Paratroopers Brigade, is an infantry brigade unit of paratroopers within the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), and forms a major part of the Infantry Corps.

Paratroopers Brigade Folgore

Parachute Brigade ''FolgoreFolgoreFolgore'' Parachute Brigade
The Paratroopers Brigade Folgore is the largest unit of paratroopers of the Italian Army.
Its core units are three battalions of paratroopers (paracadutisti). The name Folgore is Italian for lightning.

3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment

3 RAR3RAR3rd Battalion
In the 1970s and 1980s a parachute infantry capability was revived, while a Parachute Battalion Group based on the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR) was established in 1983.
In 1985, the battalion was granted permission to wear the dull Cherry beret, common to all parachute units worldwide, and to wear parachute wings identical to those worn by the 1st Australian Parachute Battalion during the Second World War.

Aalborg

ÅlborgAalborg, DenmarkAalborg Airtaxi
In the same assault the bridges around Aalborg were taken.
During the German invasion of Denmark in 1940, the airport was captured by German paratroopers on the night of the 21 April as a base for German aircraft flying to Norway.

Operation Weserübung

German invasion of Norwayinvasion of NorwayGerman invasion
Fallschirmjäger units made the first airborne invasion when invading Denmark on April 9, 1940 as part of Operation Weserübung.
Three companies of paratroopers would be used to seize airfields.

55th Paratroopers Brigade

55th "Hod Ha-Hanit/Tip of the Spear" (Reserve) Paratroopers Brigade247th paratroopers reserve Brigade55th
55th Paratroopers Brigade (Reserve)
The Israel Defense Forces 55th Paratroopers Brigade, also known as the "Tip of The Spear Brigade" (, Utzbat Hod Ha-Hanit), is a reserve-service infantry Brigade in the Israeli Defense Forces.

Parachute

bail outparachutingbailed out
In World War II, paratroopers most often used parachutes of a circular design.
Beginning with Italy in 1927, several countries experimented with using parachutes to drop soldiers behind enemy lines.

Parachuting

skydivingskydiverparachutist
A paratrooper is a military parachutist—someone trained to parachute into an operation, and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.
Paratrooper

Invasion of Normandy

NormandyNormandy invasionBattle of Normandy
It was slotted to take part in several operations after the invasion of Normandy, but all of them were cancelled.
The Normandy invasion began with overnight parachute and glider landings, massive air attacks and naval bombardments.

Free France

Free FrenchFree French ForcesFrance
Following the Battle of France, General Charles de Gaulle formed the 1re Compagnie d’Infanterie de l’Air in September 1940 from members of the Free French forces who had escaped to Britain.
900 Free French paratroopers landed as part of the British Special Air Service (SAS) Brigade; the 2e Division Blindée (2nd Armoured Division or 2e DB)—under General Leclerc—landed at Utah Beach in Normandy on 1 August 1944 together with other follow-on Free French forces, and eventually led the drive toward Paris.

1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom)

1st Airborne DivisionBritish 1st Airborne Division1st
Operation Market Garden eventually saw the unit sent into action in support of the British 1st Airborne Division at the Battle of Arnhem in 1944.
The division's first two missions–Operation Biting, a parachute landing in France, and Operation Freshman, a glider mission in Norway–were both raids.

Jacques Massu

General MassuMassuGeneral Jacques Massu
The 10th parachute division (10e Division Parachutiste, 10e DP) came under the command of General Jacques Massu and General Henri Sauvagnac took over the 25th Parachute Division (25e Division Parachutiste, 25e DP).
The putschists threatened to conduct an assault on Paris, involving paratroopers and armoured forces based at Rambouillet, unless Charles de Gaulle was placed in charge of the Republic.

Battle of Arnhem

ArnhemArnhem 1944assault on Arnhem
Operation Market Garden eventually saw the unit sent into action in support of the British 1st Airborne Division at the Battle of Arnhem in 1944.
The division was made up of three brigades of infantry (two parachute, one glider borne), supporting artillery and anti-tank batteries and substantial Royal Engineer units, as well as supporting elements such as Royal Army Service Corps and Royal Army Medical Corps units.