Parish (administrative division)

World administrative levels

Administrative division used by several countries.

- Parish (administrative division)
World administrative levels

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Eight exclaves of highly anomalous Cowley, all in Hillingdon, then in Middlesex.

Civil parish

Eight exclaves of highly anomalous Cowley, all in Hillingdon, then in Middlesex.
The two tiny exclaves of Enfield.
Burial exclave of the 1724-created St George Hanover Square in Paddington. It remains only in the C of E. Used for burials 1763–1852.<ref>It was sold in 1967 to the Utopian Housing Society who built 7 blocks, housing 300 flats and maisonettes, completed in 1973 having communal woodland gardens. Many of the site's mature trees, including a plane about 250 years old and a red oak, were retained; see http://londongardensonline.org.uk/gardens-online-record.php?ID=WST100</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.achurchnearyou.com/church/15772/|title = St George's Hanover Square}}</ref>
Map of the other main enclaves and exclaves in Middlesex.

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government.

World administrative levels

Administrative division

Divided.

Divided.

World administrative levels
World political divisions

Parish

Galicia (Spain)

Autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.

Autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.

A satellite view of Galicia
Bronze Age gold helmet from Leiro, Rianxo
Palloza houses in eastern Galicia, an evolved form of the Iron Age local roundhouses
Castro de Baroña, an Iron Age fortified settlement
A local Iron Age head warrior from Rubiás, Bande. Now in Museo Provincial de Ourense.
Miro, king of Galicia, and Martin of Braga, from an 1145 manuscript of Martin's Formula Vitae Honestae, now in the Austrian National Library. The original work was dedicated to King Miro with the header "To King Miro, the most glorious and calm, the pious, famous for his Catholic faith"
Partial view of the Romanesque interior of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
An illustration of the Cantigas de Santa Maria (13th century)
Gothic painting at Vilar de Donas' church, Palas de Rei
Tomb of the knight Sueiro Gómez de Soutomaior
Map of the Kingdom of Galicia, 1603
Maria Pita, heroine of the defense of A Coruña during the English siege of 1589
Battle of Vigo Bay, 23 October 1702
Battle of Corunna on 16 January 1809
Re-enactment of the Battle of Corunna
Pro–devolved-government poster, 1936
Memorial to the mayor and other republicans, including a syndicalist and a journal director, executed in Verín, 17 June 1937
Estreleira, Galician nationalist flag
As Catedrais beach in Ribadeo
Cliffs of Vixía Herbeira near Cape Ortegal, the highest (613 m) in continental Europe
Meadows in Pambre, Palas de Rei
The ria of Ferrol is an important naval base of Spain
'Tres Bispos' peak, Cervantes, Lugo
Riparian forest on the banks of the Eume
The River Sil and its canyon
Galician Blond cows
Iberian wolf, Galicia
Pacios, Courel, Lugo
Rías Baixas, Pontevedra
Pazo de Raxoi, in Santiago de Compostela, seat of the presidency of the local devolved government
Parliament of Galicia
Municipalities and parishes of Galicia
Zara (Inditex) in Dundee, Scotland
Electric cars are made in the Citroën French factory in Vigo.
An Aer Lingus plane in the Santiago de Compostela Airport.
A cruise ship in the seaport of A Coruña.
Population density
One of the oldest legal documents written in Galician, the Foro do bo burgo do Castro Caldelas
Santiago de Compostela Cathedral, seat of the Archbishop of Santiago of Compostela, and third most important centre of pilgrimage in Christianity.
Romanesque façade in the Cathedral of Ourense (1160); founded in the 6th century, its construction is attributed to King Chararic.
The castle of Pambre, Palas de Rei, which resisted the Irmandiños troops
Polbo á feira
Galician wines
Galician pipers
Galician representation at the Lorient Interceltic Festival
Rosalía de Castro.
Entroido: Peliqueiros in Laza, allegedly dressed as 16th-century Castilian tax collectors
A reenactor dressed as a Roman soldier. Festa do esquecemento, Xinzo de Limia
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Galicia (L'armorial Le Blancq, c. 1560 AD).
A Coruña
Lugo
Ourense
Pontevedra
A Coruña
Lugo
Ourense
Pontevedra
Santiago de Compostela
Vigo
Ferrol
Anta (dolmen) at Axeitos, Ribeira. Hundreds of megaliths are still preserved in Galicia
Fisterra or Cape Finisterre, meaning 'Land's End', one of the westernmost points in continental Europe
Tower of Hercules, a Roman lighthouse and a World Heritage monument, A Coruña
Gates of the Iron Age oppidum of San Cibrao de Las, one of the largest castros of Galicia
Gaiteiros, or bagpipe players. Gaita ('bagpipe') is the most representative Galician musical instrument
Queimada, a traditional drink obtained after partially burning local augardente (grappa)
A hórreo or cabaceiro or canastro, a traditional and ubiquitous granary
A cruceiro, or wayside cross, and San Xurxo church in A Coruña
Millenarian rock carvings, Laxe dos carballos at Campo Lameiro, in this detail depicts a deer hit by several spears
Leña square, Pontevedra
Castle and Monastery of San Vicente do Pino, Monforte de Lemos
Roman Walls of Lugo, a World Heritage monument
A traditional dorna, a fisherman boat common in the Ria de Arousa
The rocky coast of Cabo Silleiro, Baiona

Galicia is also traditionally subdivided in some 3,700 civil parishes, each one comprising one or more vilas (towns), aldeas (villages), lugares (hamlets) or barrios (neighbourhoods).

Harju County

One of the fifteen counties of Estonia.

One of the fifteen counties of Estonia.

Toompea Castle in Tallinn. Its Latin name Castrum Danorum might refer to the origin of the names "Tallinn" and "Lindanise", meaning "Danish Town" or "Danish Castle".
The Flag of Denmark (Dannebrog) as falling from the sky during the Battle of Lindanise in 1219. It is now depicted on the coat of arms of both Tallinn and Harju County.
Russian Tsar Peter I started the construction of Kadriorg Palace near Tallinn and named it after his wife Catherine I (Catherinethal).
"Port of Tallinn" by Alexey Bogolyubov in 1853
"Old Fish Market Near Tallinn" by Gregor von Bochmann
Battles for Tallinn in August 1941
Map of Harju County after the separation of Paldiski County in 1783–1796
Map of Tallinn with its two municipalities (Toompea and Lower Town) in 1810
North-Estonian Klint at Pakri Peninsula in Paldiski (24 m)
Põhja-Kõrvemaa Nature Reserve in winter
Viru Bog, Kuusalu Parish, in Lahemaa National Park
Keri island, northernmost point of Harju County, and its lighthouse, was the first lighthouse to be powered by natural gas in the world in 1907.
Jägala Waterfall in winter
Viru Bog, Lahemaa National Park, in winter
E20 near Jägala, Jõelähtme Parish.
Stadler Flirt in Keila station.
Tallinn Passenger Port
Tallinn
Municipalities in Harju County
Tallinn Town Hall Square in winter
Tallinn St. Olaf's Church and Fat Margaret tower
Walltowers of Tallinn
Tallinn modern skyline
Pirita Convent ruins in Tallinn
Tallinn Lasnamäe district
Iru Power Plant
Paldiski railway station
Jõelähtme Church
Kose Church
Vasalemma Manor
Ääsmäe Manor
Tuhala "Witch's Well"
Jägala Waterfall
Laitse manor
Tarvasjõgi river
Kakerdaja bog

Harju County is subdivided into 16 municipalities, of which 4 are urban (linnad — cities or towns) and 12 are rural (vallad — parishes).

Ida-Viru County

One of 15 counties of Estonia.

One of 15 counties of Estonia.

The population of Ida-Viru county declined from 221,807 in 1990 to 168,656 in 2010.
Municipalities of Ida-Viru County
Pühtitsa Convent
Lake Uljaste
Ash hills in Ida-Viru County
Avinurme church
Selisoo bog
Hermann Castle
Mäetaguse manor house
Sillamäe town hall

Ida-Virumaa County is subdivided into eight municipalities, of which four are urban (linnad — cities or towns) and four are rural (vallad — parishes).

Lääne-Viru County

One of 15 counties of Estonia.

One of 15 counties of Estonia.

Porkuni Castle gate tower
Palmse manor
Rakvere Castle
Mõdriku manor
Malla manor
Vihula windmill
Laekvere pine
Lake Neeruti Tagajärv
View from tower on the hill of Emumägi
Vainupea Chapel
Vihula Manor
Altja river
Sagadi manor
Viru bog in Lahemaa National Park
Mähu boulders in Lahemaa National Park
Rapeseed field near Laekvere

There are one urban municipality (linnad – towns) and seven rural municipalities (vallad – parishes) in Lääne-Viru County.

The hamlet at Oberwil, 3 km from Waldkirch, near St. Gallen (Switzerland)

Hamlet (place)

Small human settlement.

Small human settlement.

The hamlet at Oberwil, 3 km from Waldkirch, near St. Gallen (Switzerland)
Mansikkamäki, a small rural village in Pertunmaa, Finland
The hamlet Kampung Naga in West Java Province, Indonesia
Çobanpınarı, Güzelyurt in Hekimhan, Malatya
Haynes Church End in Bedfordshire

In different jurisdictions and geographies, a hamlet may be the size of a town, village or parish, or may be considered to be a smaller settlement or subdivision or satellite entity to a larger settlement.

Calf of Man, Lower Lighthouse One of two built by Robert Stevenson in 1818 to steer ships clear of Chicken Rock. Now disused

List of places in the Isle of Man

In addition to the Isle of Man itself, the Isle of Man Government administers three small neighbouring islands: the Calf of Man, St Patrick's Isle and St Michael's Isle.

In addition to the Isle of Man itself, the Isle of Man Government administers three small neighbouring islands: the Calf of Man, St Patrick's Isle and St Michael's Isle.

Calf of Man, Lower Lighthouse One of two built by Robert Stevenson in 1818 to steer ships clear of Chicken Rock. Now disused

The historic parishes (skeerey (singular), skeeraghyn (plural)) currently included in each sheading of the Isle of Man are:

The Ponce City Hall, in the city of Ponce, Puerto Rico, is the seat of the government for both the city and the surrounding barrios making up the municipality.

Municipality

Usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate.

Usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate.

The Ponce City Hall, in the city of Ponce, Puerto Rico, is the seat of the government for both the city and the surrounding barrios making up the municipality.
Map of all city municipalities in Slovenia
A city or town municipalities (red-colored) with other non-town municipalities in Finland (2020)

In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation, usually within general municipal statutes. Types of municipalities within Canada include cities, district municipalities, municipal districts, municipalities, parishes, rural municipalities, towns, townships, villages, and villes among others. The Province of Ontario has different tiers of municipalities, including lower, upper, and single tiers. Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario include counties and regional municipalities. Nova Scotia also has regional municipalities, which include cities, counties, districts, or towns as municipal units.

German State Police officer in Hamburg, with the rank of Polizeihauptmeister mit Zulage ('police chief master with upgraded pay')

Police

The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state, with the aim to enforce the law, to ensure the safety, health and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state, with the aim to enforce the law, to ensure the safety, health and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

German State Police officer in Hamburg, with the rank of Polizeihauptmeister mit Zulage ('police chief master with upgraded pay')
The Santas Hermandades of medieval Spain were formed to protect pilgrims on the Camino de Santiago.
Gabriel Nicolas de la Reynie, founder of the first uniformed police force in the world.
Patrick Colquhoun, founder of the Thames River Police.
Poster against "detested" Police at the town of Aberystwyth, Wales; April 1850.
A Peeler of the Metropolitan Police Service in the 1850s.
Albertine i politilægens venteværelse (1885–1887), painting by Christian Krohg.
Group portrait of policemen, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England, c. 1900.
Finnish police officers supervising the public watching the procession in honor of Helsinki's 400th anniversary on June 12, 1950.
Police motorcycles are commonly used for patrols and escorts, as seen here in Australia
Brazil's National Public Security Force (Força Nacional de Segurança Pública)
Policemen on patrol in Khaki uniform in the Greater Chennai Police patrol car in India.
A Deputy U.S. Marshal covers his fellow officers with an M4 carbine during a "knock-and-announce" procedure
Jeremy Bentham, philosopher who advocated for the establishment of preventive police forces and influenced the reforms of Sir Robert Peel.
Brazilian Federal Highway Police at work.
Uniformed police officers of the West Midlands Police in the United Kingdom
Unmarked police cars may be used by detectives or officers to carry out their duties unnoticed by the public, pictured here in Sydney, Australia
The National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) headquarters building in Tikkurila, Vantaa, Finland
SWAT team members
Russian Military Police officers
Two members of the Taliban religious police (Amr bil Ma-roof, or department for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice) beating a woman for removing her burqa in public.
Armed Police Corps in Yerevan, Armenia, during the Velvet Revolution
A Ford Crown Victoria, one of the most recognizable models of American police car. This unit belongs to US Capitol Police.
A General Directorate of Security riot control officer uses force on a protester in Gezi Park protests, Turkey.
Bike cops surrounding protesters during a demonstration in the U.S.
A wreath laying team from the Armenian Police's Honour Guard Battalion at Tsitsernakaberd.
Albertine i politilægens venteværelse (1885–1887), painting by Christian Krohg.
A police car in Utrecht, Netherlands

The constable was elected by his parish every year.