Parliamentary Private Secretary

PPSParliamentary Private SecretariesParliamentary Private Secretary (PPS)private secretaryPrivate Parliamentary Secretaryjunior ministerparliamentary aidePPSs
A Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) is a United Kingdom or New Zealand Member of Parliament (MP) designated by a senior minister in government or shadow minister to act as the minister's contact with MPs.wikipedia
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Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government

Department for Communities and Local GovernmentOffice of the Deputy Prime MinisterCommunities and Local Government
In particular, the PPS in the Department for Communities and Local Government may not participate in planning decisions or in the consideration of planning cases.
Henry Smith was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government on 26 May 2015.

Desmond Swayne

Sir Desmond SwayneDesmond '''SwayneDesmond Angus Swayne
After the leaking of party details in emails associated with Desmond Swayne, PPS to David Cameron, a writer of the Thirsk and Malton Labour Party Constituency Blog commented:
He was formerly also Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, David Cameron, having been his PPS during his time as Leader of the Opposition, 2005–10, prior to his appointment in September 2012 to the office of Lord Commissioner of HM Treasury.

Payroll vote

Although not on the government payroll, PPSs are expected to act as part of the payroll vote, voting in line with the government on every division, and are regarded as members of the government for purposes of cabinet collective responsibility.
It includes ministers, junior ministers and Parliamentary Private Secretaries.

Ministerial Code

Ministerial Code 2010codeIndependent Advisor on Ministerial Interests
They are subject to some restrictions as outlined in the Ministerial Code of the British government.
Also covered is the appointment of Parliamentary Private Secretaries (backbenchers who act as an unpaid secretary to the minister, to gain experience and credit with the party), whose appointments require written authority from the Prime Minister.

Alec Douglas-Home

Sir Alec Douglas-HomeLord HomeThe Earl of Home
While giving the holder a close-up view of the workings of government at the highest levels, relatively few Parliamentary Private Secretaries to the Prime Minister seem to have gone on to serve at the highest level of government themselves, although Sir Alec Douglas-Home served as Prime Minister in 1963-4, while Anthony Barber was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1970 to 1974, Robert Carr, Home Secretary, 1972-4, and Christopher Soames, Peter Shore, and Gavin Williamson, the current Secretary of State for Education, all went on to be senior Cabinet ministers.
Any MP appointed as official Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to a government minister was privy to the inner workings of government but was expected to maintain a discreet silence in the House of Commons.

Gavin Williamson

Williamson The Right Honourable '''Gavin Williamson''' CBE Gavin '''Williamson
While giving the holder a close-up view of the workings of government at the highest levels, relatively few Parliamentary Private Secretaries to the Prime Minister seem to have gone on to serve at the highest level of government themselves, although Sir Alec Douglas-Home served as Prime Minister in 1963-4, while Anthony Barber was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1970 to 1974, Robert Carr, Home Secretary, 1972-4, and Christopher Soames, Peter Shore, and Gavin Williamson, the current Secretary of State for Education, all went on to be senior Cabinet ministers.
Williamson served in the Second Cameron ministry as Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Patrick McLoughlin, the Secretary of State for Transport prior to being appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister in October 2013.

Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State

Parliamentary Under Secretary of StateUnder-Secretary of StateParliamentary Under-Secretary
This role is junior to that of Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, which is a ministerial post, salaried by one or more departments.
The position should neither be confused with the Permanent Secretary which is the most senior civil servant in a government department (officially also known as the Permanent Under-Secretary of State), nor with a Parliamentary Private Secretary (an MP serving as an assistant to a minister entitled to directly relevant expenses but no further pay).

Peter Shore

Peter David ShorePeter Shore, Baron Shore of Stepney The Right Honourable '''Peter Shore
While giving the holder a close-up view of the workings of government at the highest levels, relatively few Parliamentary Private Secretaries to the Prime Minister seem to have gone on to serve at the highest level of government themselves, although Sir Alec Douglas-Home served as Prime Minister in 1963-4, while Anthony Barber was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1970 to 1974, Robert Carr, Home Secretary, 1972-4, and Christopher Soames, Peter Shore, and Gavin Williamson, the current Secretary of State for Education, all went on to be senior Cabinet ministers.
After only a short spell on the backbenches, Wilson chose Shore to be Parliamentary Private Secretary, responsible for liaising between the Prime Minister and Labour MPs, though Denis Healey termed him "Harold's lapdog".

Cabinet collective responsibility

collectively responsiblecabinet solidaritycollective ministerial responsibility
Although not on the government payroll, PPSs are expected to act as part of the payroll vote, voting in line with the government on every division, and are regarded as members of the government for purposes of cabinet collective responsibility.
In the United Kingdom, the doctrine applies to all members of the government, from members of the cabinet down to Parliamentary Private Secretaries.

Anthony Barber

Lord BarberAnthony Barber, Baron BarberAnthony Perrinott Lysberg Barber
While giving the holder a close-up view of the workings of government at the highest levels, relatively few Parliamentary Private Secretaries to the Prime Minister seem to have gone on to serve at the highest level of government themselves, although Sir Alec Douglas-Home served as Prime Minister in 1963-4, while Anthony Barber was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1970 to 1974, Robert Carr, Home Secretary, 1972-4, and Christopher Soames, Peter Shore, and Gavin Williamson, the current Secretary of State for Education, all went on to be senior Cabinet ministers.
He held a series of offices: Parliamentary private secretary to George Ward (Under Secretary for Air) from 1952 to 1958; junior Government whip from 1955 to 1958; and Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan from 1958 to 1959.

Peter Morrison

Hon. Peter MorrisonSir Peter MorrisonPeter Hugh Morrison
Sir Peter Hugh Morrison (2 June 1944 – 13 July 1995) was a British Conservative politician, MP for Chester from 1974 to 1992, and Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.

Anthony Eden

Sir Anthony EdenEdenAnthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon
He was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Godfrey Locker-Lampson, Under-Secretary at the Home Office (17 February 1925) (serving under Home Secretary William Joynson Hicks).

John Major

Sir John MajorMajorPrime Minister
He was appointed as a Parliamentary Private Secretary in January 1981, becoming an assistant whip in 1983.

Brendan Bracken

Brendan Bracken, 1st Viscount BrackenBrendanViscount Bracken
Bracken was sworn into the Privy Council in 1940, despite his lack of ministerial experience, and became Churchill's parliamentary private secretary.

Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister

Parliamentary Private SecretaryParliamentary Private Secretaries to the Prime MinisterParliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
While giving the holder a close-up view of the workings of government at the highest levels, relatively few Parliamentary Private Secretaries to the Prime Minister seem to have gone on to serve at the highest level of government themselves, although Sir Alec Douglas-Home served as Prime Minister in 1963-4, while Anthony Barber was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1970 to 1974, Robert Carr, Home Secretary, 1972-4, and Christopher Soames, Peter Shore, and Gavin Williamson, the current Secretary of State for Education, all went on to be senior Cabinet ministers.
*Parliamentary Private Secretary

Ian Gow

Dame Jane Whiteley1989, they have also been broadcast on televisionAssassination, bombing
He was appointed parliamentary private secretary to Margaret Thatcher in May 1979 at the time she became Prime Minister.

Graham Bright

Sir Graham Bright
During his time in Parliament, Bright served as a Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to various members of the Cabinet for 18 years, most notably to John Major for his first four years as Prime Minister (1990–94).

George Hollingbery

Sir George HollingberyGeorge '''Hollingbery
He also served twice as her Parliamentary Private Secretary, first in her role as Home Secretary from 2012 until 2015 and then as Prime Minister from 2016 until 2018.

Seema Kennedy

Seema '''Kennedy
Following Theresa May's reshuffle upon becoming Prime Minister in July 2016, Kennedy was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Nick Gibb, the Minister of State for Schools.

Andrew Bowie (politician)

Andrew BowieAndrew '''Bowie
In February 2018, Bowie was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport under Matt Hancock, and later under Jeremy Wright.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
A Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) is a United Kingdom or New Zealand Member of Parliament (MP) designated by a senior minister in government or shadow minister to act as the minister's contact with MPs.

New Zealand

NZLNZKiwi
A Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) is a United Kingdom or New Zealand Member of Parliament (MP) designated by a senior minister in government or shadow minister to act as the minister's contact with MPs.

Member of parliament

MPMemberMembers of Parliament
A Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) is a United Kingdom or New Zealand Member of Parliament (MP) designated by a senior minister in government or shadow minister to act as the minister's contact with MPs.

Minister (government)

Ministercabinet ministerministers
A Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) is a United Kingdom or New Zealand Member of Parliament (MP) designated by a senior minister in government or shadow minister to act as the minister's contact with MPs.

Select committee (United Kingdom)

Select Committeeselect committeesParliamentary Select Committee
A PPS can sit on Select Committees but must avoid "associating themselves with recommendations critical of, or embarrassing to the Government", and must not make statements or ask questions on matters affecting the minister's department.