Partition of Bengal (1905)

Partition of Bengal1905 Partition of Bengalfirst partition of Bengalpartition of Bengal in 1905Partitionpartitionedabortive attemptthe first partition of Bengal19051905 partition
The first Partition of Bengal was a territorial reorganization of the Bengal Presidency implemented by the authorities of the British Raj in 1905.wikipedia
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Bengal Presidency

BengalBengal ProvincePresidency of Bengal
The first Partition of Bengal was a territorial reorganization of the Bengal Presidency implemented by the authorities of the British Raj in 1905.
In 1905, Bengal proper was partitioned, with Eastern Bengal and Assam headquartered in Dacca and Shillong (summer capital).

1905

other events of 1905
The first Partition of Bengal was a territorial reorganization of the Bengal Presidency implemented by the authorities of the British Raj in 1905.

British Raj

British IndiaIndiaBritish rule
The first Partition of Bengal was a territorial reorganization of the Bengal Presidency implemented by the authorities of the British Raj in 1905.
Curzon's act, the Partition of Bengal—which some considered administratively felicitous, communally charged, sowed the seeds of division among Indians in Bengal and, which had been contemplated by various colonial administrations since the time of Lord William Bentinck, but never acted upon—was to transform nationalist politics as nothing else before it.

George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston

Lord CurzonGeorge CurzonCurzon
The partition separated the largely Muslim eastern areas from the largely Hindu western areas on 16 October 1905 after being announced on 19 July 1905 by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon.
Reappointed Governor-General in August 1904, he presided over the 1905 partition of Bengal, which roused such bitter opposition among the people of the province that it was later revoked (1911).

Bengali nationalism

Bengali nationalistBengali nationalistsnationalism
In order to appease Bengali sentiment, Bengal was reunited by Lord Hardinge in 1911, in response to the Swadeshi movement's riots in protest against the policy and the growing belief among Hindus that east Bengal would have its own courts and policies.
The first Bengali nationalist agitation emerged over the 1905 Partition of Bengal by British authorities.

Partition of Bengal (1947)

partition of BengalPartitionpartitioned
In 1947, Bengal was partitioned for the second time, solely on religious grounds, as part of the Partition of India following the formation of the nations India and Pakistan.
In 1905, the first partition in Bengal was implemented as an administrative preference, making governing the two provinces, West and East Bengal, easier.

Bengal

Bengal regionBengal, IndiaBengali
In order to appease Bengali sentiment, Bengal was reunited by Lord Hardinge in 1911, in response to the Swadeshi movement's riots in protest against the policy and the growing belief among Hindus that east Bengal would have its own courts and policies.
Between 1905 and 1912, an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal into two zones, that included the short-lived province of Eastern Bengal and Assam based in Dacca and Shillong.

Partition of India

independencepartitionIndian independence
In 1947, Bengal was partitioned for the second time, solely on religious grounds, as part of the Partition of India following the formation of the nations India and Pakistan.
Curzon's act, the Partition of Bengal—which some considered administratively felicitous, and, which had been contemplated by various colonial administrations since the time of Lord William Bentinck, but never acted upon—was to transform nationalist politics as nothing else before it.

Swadeshi movement

SwadeshiSwadeshi periodSwadeshi'' movement
In order to appease Bengali sentiment, Bengal was reunited by Lord Hardinge in 1911, in response to the Swadeshi movement's riots in protest against the policy and the growing belief among Hindus that east Bengal would have its own courts and policies.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
In 1947, East Bengal became East Pakistan, and in 1971 became the independent state of Bangladesh after a successful war of independence with West Pakistan.
However, the first partition of Bengal created an uproar in Calcutta and the Indian National Congress.

West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern Bengal
Between 1905 and 1911 an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal into two zones.

Governor-General of India

Viceroy of IndiaGovernor-GeneralViceroy
The partition separated the largely Muslim eastern areas from the largely Hindu western areas on 16 October 1905 after being announced on 19 July 1905 by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon.

Bihar and Orissa Province

Bihar and OrissaBihar & OrissaOrissa
The Hindus of West Bengal, who dominated Bengal's business and rural life, complained that the division would make them a minority in a province that would incorporate the province of Bihar and Orissa.

Surat

AlthanSurat, GujaratSurat, India
The venue was shifted to the "Extremist" free Surat.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
In 1947, Bengal was partitioned for the second time, solely on religious grounds, as part of the Partition of India following the formation of the nations India and Pakistan.

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
In 1947, Bengal was partitioned for the second time, solely on religious grounds, as part of the Partition of India following the formation of the nations India and Pakistan. In 1947, East Bengal became East Pakistan, and in 1971 became the independent state of Bangladesh after a successful war of independence with West Pakistan.

East Bengal

Eastern BengalEastGovernment of East Bengal
In 1947, East Bengal became East Pakistan, and in 1971 became the independent state of Bangladesh after a successful war of independence with West Pakistan.

East Pakistan

East-PakistanEastGovernor of East Pakistan
In 1947, East Bengal became East Pakistan, and in 1971 became the independent state of Bangladesh after a successful war of independence with West Pakistan.

Bangladesh Liberation War

Liberation War of Bangladeshliberation warBangladesh War of Independence
In 1947, East Bengal became East Pakistan, and in 1971 became the independent state of Bangladesh after a successful war of independence with West Pakistan.

New Delhi

New Delhi, IndiaNew DehliDelhi
Calcutta had become the centre of the nationalist movements since the late nineteenth century, which led to the Partition of Bengal by then Viceroy of British India, Lord Curzon.

Revolutionary movement for Indian independence

revolutionaryIndian revolutionariesIndian revolutionary movement
The revolutionary philosophies and movement made its presence felt during the 1905 Partition of Bengal.

United Bengal

united but independent BengalBengalnation-state of Bengal
The ideology developed among Bengali nationalists after the first partition of Bengal in 1905.

Irredentism

irredentistirredentistsirredenta
The ideology was developed by Bengali Nationalists after the First Partition of Bengal in 1905.

Universities and colleges of West Bengal

List of colleges and universities in West Bengal
In 1906, the partition of Bengal led to widespread nationalistic and anti-British feelings.

Eastern Bengal and Assam

East Bengal and Assam(Lieutenant) Governor DesignateAssamese province
Lord Curzon, the Viceroy of India, proposed the Partition of Bengal and put it into effect on 16 October 1905.