Pasha

Pasha (title)pashasBashabashawPaşaBashiFerik Pashaferik-pachamilitary leadersnoble
Pasha or Paşa (, paşa), in older works sometimes anglicized as bashaw, was a higher rank in the Ottoman political and military system, typically granted to governors, generals, dignitaries and others.wikipedia
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Governor

gubernatorialgovernorsMilitary Governor
Pasha or Paşa (, paşa), in older works sometimes anglicized as bashaw, was a higher rank in the Ottoman political and military system, typically granted to governors, generals, dignitaries and others.
In the Ottoman Empire, all Pashas (generals) administered a province of the Great Sultan's vast empire, with specific titles (such as Mutessaryf; Vali or Wāli which was often maintained and revived in the oriental successor states; Beilerbei (rendered as Governor-general, as he is appointed above several provinces under individual governors) and Dey)

Muhammad Ali of Egypt

Muhammad AliMuhammad Ali PashaMohammed Ali
The rise to power in Egypt in 1805 by Muhammad Ali, an Albanian military commander, effectively established Egypt as a de facto independent state, however, it still owed technical fealty to the Ottoman Sultan.
Following Napoleon's withdrawal, Muhammad Ali rose to power through a series of political maneuvers, and in 1805 he was named Wāli (viceroy) of Egypt and gained the rank of Pasha.

Eyalet

pashalikbeylerbeylikpashaluk
If a Pasha governed a provincial territory, it could be called a pashaluk after his military title, besides the administrative term for the type of jurisdiction, e.g. eyalet, vilayet/walayah.
The Empire was at first divided into provinces called eyalets, presided over by a Pasha of three tails (feathers borne on a state officer's ceremonial staff).

Effendi

Efendief.afande
It follows the personal name, when it is used, and is generally given to members of the learned professions and to government officials who have high ranks, such as bey or pasha.

Abaza family

Abaza clanAbazaAbaza in Egypt
In an Egyptian context, the Abaza Family is known as "the family of the pashas" for having produced the largest number of nobles holding this title under the Muhammad Ali dynasty and was noted in Egyptian media as one of the main "families that rule Egypt" to this day, and as "deeply rooted in Egyptian society and… in the history of the country."
It is known as "the family of the pashas" for having produced the largest number of nobles under the Muhammad Ali dynasty from the 19th to the mid-20th Century.

Khedive

Khedive of EgyptkhedivalKhedivate
As such, he bore the title of Pasha, in addition to the official title of Wāli, and the self-declared title of Khedive. Pashas ranked above Beys and Aghas, but below Khedives and Viziers.
After repeated failed attempts to remove and kill him, in 1805, the Sublime Porte officially recognized Muhammad Ali as Pasha and Wāli (Governor) of Egypt.

Abbas II of Egypt

Abbas IIAbbas Hilmi IIAbbas Hilmi Pasha
Abbas II Helmy Bey (also known as ‘Abbās Ḥilmī Pasha, عباس حلمي باشا) (14 July 1874 – 19 December 1944) was the last Khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt and Sudan, ruling from 8 January 1892 to 19 December 1914.

Hayreddin Barbarossa

BarbarossaBarbarossa Hayreddin PashaBarbaros
Hayreddin Barbarossa, or Barbaros Kheireddin Pasha (Barbaros Hayrettin Paşa or Hızır Hayrettin Paşa; also Hızır Reis before being promoted to the rank of Pasha and becoming the Kapudan Pasha), born Khizr or Khidr (c.

Tripoli

Tripoli, LibyaTripoli HarborTarabulus
The word pashalik designated any province or other jurisdiction of a Pasha, such as the Pasha or Bashaw of Tripoli.
In 1711, Ahmed Karamanli, a Janissary officer of Turkish origin, killed the Ottoman governor, the "Pasha", and established himself as ruler of the Tripolitania region.

Ali Pasha

Ali Pasha was the name of numerous Ottoman pashas named Ali.

Bey

BegbeysBey of the Ottoman Empire
Pashas ranked above Beys and Aghas, but below Khedives and Viziers.
Beys were lower in rank than pashas and provincial governors (wālis, usually holding the title of pasha), who governed most of the Ottoman vilayets (provinces), but higher than effendis.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
Pasha or Paşa (, paşa), in older works sometimes anglicized as bashaw, was a higher rank in the Ottoman political and military system, typically granted to governors, generals, dignitaries and others.
The creations of the Ottoman Palace's kitchens filtered to the population, for instance through Ramadan events, and through the cooking at the Yalıs of the Pashas, and from there on spread to the rest of the population.

Dragut

Turgut ReisTurgutDragut Rais
Dragut (Turgut Reis) (1485 – 23 June 1565), known as "The Drawn Sword of Islam", was a Muslim Ottoman naval commander, governor, and noble, of Greek or Turkish descent.

Wāli

valiwaliGovernor
As such, he bore the title of Pasha, in addition to the official title of Wāli, and the self-declared title of Khedive.
"Vali" (translated as "gouverneur-général" in French, such as in the Ottoman constitution) was the title in the Ottoman Empire of the most common type of Ottoman governor, in charge of a vilayet (in Ottoman Turkish), often a military officer such as a pasha; see Subdivisions of the Ottoman Empire.

Essad Pasha Toptani

Essad PashaEsat ToptaniEsad Toptani
Essad Pasha Toptani or Esad Pasha Toptani (Esad Pashë Toptani; 1863/4 or 1875 – 13 June 1920), mainly known as Essad Pasha, was an Ottoman army officer who served as the Albanian deputy in the Ottoman Parliament.

Sultanate of Egypt

EgyptBritish protectoratesultan
They also frequently gave it to foreigners in the service of the Ottoman Empire, or of the Egyptian Khedivate (later Sultanate, and Kingdom in turn), e.g. Hobart Pasha.
On 13 November 1918, thereafter celebrated in Egypt as Yawm al Jihad (Day of Struggle), Zaghlul, Fahmi, and Sharawi were granted an audience with General Sir Reginald Wingate ('Wingate Pasha'), the British High Commissioner.

Enver Pasha

Enver BeyEnverIsmail Enver
In the course of his career he was known by increasingly elevated titles as he rose through military ranks, including Enver Efendi, Enver Bey, and finally Enver Pasha, "pasha" being the honorary title Ottoman military officers gained on promotion to the rank of Mirliva (major general).

Ransford Dodsworth Bucknam

Ransford D. BucknamBucknam Pasha
Ransford Dodsworth Bucknam (June 7, 1869 – May 27, 1915) was a Nova Scotian who became a Pasha, an admiral in the Turkish navy and vice-admiral to the Turkish empire.

Fekry Abaza

Fekry Pasha Abaza
Fekry Pasha Abaza (1896 – 9 February 1979) was an Egyptian journalist and democratic political activist.

Emin Pasha

Eduard SchnitzerEmin PaschaEmin
The Ottoman Empire conferred the title "Pasha" on him in 1886, and thereafter he was referred to as "Emin Pasha".

Hussein Refki Pasha

Hussein Refki
Hussein Refki Pasha Ahmed Hafez Mohammed Hafez (حسين رفقي باشا; 1876–1950) was an Egyptian military general and politician who served as Egypt's 25th Minister of War and Marine.

Knight

knighthoodknightedknights
As an honorary title, Pasha, in one of its various ranks, is similar to a British peerage or knighthood, and was also one of the highest titles in the 20th century Kingdom of Egypt.

Kara Mustafa Pasha

Kara MustafaMerzifonlu Kara Mustafa PashaMerzifonlu Kara Mustafa Paşa
Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha (, Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Paşa; "Mustafa Pasha the Courageous of Merzifon"; 1634/1635 – 25 December 1683) was an Ottoman military commander and Grand Vizier, who was a central character in the Ottoman Empire's last attempts at expansion into both Central and Eastern Europe.

Occhiali

Uluç Ali ReisKılıç Ali PashaUluj Ali
Occhiali (Giovanni Dionigi Galeni or Giovan Dionigi Galeni, also Uluj Ali, Uluç Ali Reis, later Uluç Ali Paşa and finally Kılıç Ali Paşa; 1519 – 21 June 1587) was an Italian farmer, then Ottoman privateer and admiral, who later became beylerbey of the Regency of Algiers, and finally Grand Admiral (Kapudan Pasha) of the Ottoman fleet in the 16th century.

Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz

Colmar von der GoltzBaron von der Goltzvon der Goltz
Wilhelm Leopold Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz (12 August 1843 – 19 April 1916), also known as Goltz Pasha, was a Prussian Field Marshal and military writer.